July is: Anti-bordom month, cell phone courtesy month (actually every month should be cell phone courtesy month), blueberries month, and National Recreation and Parks Month. We'll also celebrate National Education Association Week, National Salad Week, Air Conditioning Appreciation Week, and also Take Your Houseplant for a Walk Day, Cow Appreciation Day and Shark Awareness Day (for the source, see our source page). The full moon is the Full Buck Moon (as opposed to the half buck or 50 cent moon ...........but wait, he's a hip hop artist ....)
Science Gnus is Factual and Fictual almanacish compendium of items of Science , History, Mathematics and Items of Interest with comment,elucidation, and occasional exaggeration for each day of the year. It also contains Professor Sy Yentz, answering questions, Dr. Matt Matician connecting science and mathematics, the Activity of the Month, Factorinos, Trivia Questions, Bonus Trivia Questions, Extinct Kaput animals and plants, Jokes, Obscure Questions, and Important Vocabulary Words to enrich your life. .
They have been penalized for both of those in the month of July, as they were in the month of June and the month of May, ... Are we seeing improvement? I am happy to say yes…..George Abbott.
–Monday I pledge
allegiance to Vespasian and to the Flavian Dynasty for which he stands…………Tiberius Julius Alexander ordered his Roman legions
in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as Emperor. After that lovable
loon Nero was kaputed and ended the Augustan Dynasty, Rome would enjoy a
musical chairs “year of the four emperors” with three of them emperoring and
kaputing within six months. The first
was Galba who lasted seven months before being slewn by Otho. Othos lasted 95
days before being kaputing himself after losing a battle to the forces of the
rebellious Vitellius. Surprise! Vitellius was emperor. Meanwhile, Vespasian
had been gathering support as Tiberius Julius Alexander, Governor and general
1569 – Tuesday – Fast forward 1,000
years to the Union of Lublin as the
1646 – Sunday- Every
present state of a simple substance is the natural consequence of its preceding
state, in such a way that its present is big with its future ……Say
what?...............Happy Birthday, Gottfried Leibniz, German mathematician
born in Leipzig. We thought you’d like to know that his mother was Catharina
Schmuck. Leibniz is most famous for We thought you’d like to know that his
mother was Catharina Schmuck. Leibniz is probably most well known for having invented the
differential and integral calculus (independently of Sir Isaac Newton, although
he published his results slightly after
1742 – Sunday Happy Birthday Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist who is more famous for is aphorisms than his physics. An aphorism is A pithy observation that contains a general truth. Among Lichtenberg’s were:
1770 – Sunday - Lexell's Comet (aka D/1770 L1) passed closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 a.u. or 1.4 million miles. The comet was discovered by Charles Messier, but named for the Swedish astronomer Anders Johann Lexell who first calculated its orbit. Several gravitational encounters with Jupiter have changed the comet's orbit so that it no longer comes close enough to Earth to be seen and it may even have been ejected from the Solar System altogether.
1837 – Saturday - In the early days of the
1858 –Thursday- Once upon a time a species is a population of organisms that interbred and had fertile offspring. Living organisms have descended with modifications from species that lived before them……except for the organisms that appear in gossip columns…….. There was a joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society. Everyone had to sit in a circle on the rug while the reader sat in a comfy chair.
1862 – Tuesday - The
Russian State Library was founded. Not noted for its taste, among the books
The Vladimir Putin Book of Gardening Tips
Joseph Stalin’s Jokes For Any Occasion
Nikita Khrushchev: My Shoe in My Hand and My Foot in My Mouth
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov: My Favorite Cocktails
Peter the Great, Catherine the Great and Ivan the Terrible: Extreme Monarching by Boris Gundenov
An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It by Al Gore
The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream by Barack Obama
The Lost Symbol by Dan Brown
Jonathan Livingston Seagull by Richard Bach
The Breast – Philip Roth
All seven Robert Ludlum “Bourne” books written by Eric Van Lustbaden
Battlefield Earth by L. Ron Hubbard
All Sherlock Holmes books not written by Arthur Conan Doyle
It Takes a Village by Hillary Clinton
All Ann Rice after the first three Vampire books.
The Kite Runner- Khaled Hosseini
On the Trail of the Assassins: My Investigation and Prosecution of the Murder of President Kennedy by Jim Garrison
The Art of the Deal by Donald Trump
Scarlett: The Sequel to Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind by Alexandra Ripley
The Bridges of
Chariots of the Gods by Erich Von Daniken
The Celestine Prophecy: An Adventure by James Redfield, Carol Adrienne
Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung by Chairman Mao
All the Twilight Books – Stephanie Meyer
All Clive Cussler collaborations
All Tom Clancy collaborations
Coming of Age in
Soviet Communism: A New Civilization? Beatrice & Sidney Webb,
One-Dimensional Man by Herbert Marcuse,
The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm X and Alex Haley),
All James Patterson collaborations
The Walrus was Paul: The Great Beatle Death Clues of 1969 by R. Gary Peterson
1862 – Tuesday The first of several famous battles that occurred on July
of Malvern Hill. In a preview of Gettysburg a year later, Union artillery cut down
Confederate attackers charging uphill - like Pickett’s Charge- in this, the last of the Seven Days' battles: June 26, 1862 Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville), June 27, 1862 Gaines'
Mill, June 29, 1862 Savage's Station,
June 30, 1862, Glendale, June 30, 1862 White Oak Swamp, July 1, 1862, Malvern
Hill. Gen. Robert E. Lee launched a series of uncoordinated assaults on nearly impregnable Union position on Malvern
Hill. The Confederates suffered more than 5,300 casualties without gaining an
inch of ground. Despite his victory, the ever passive, George McClellan
withdrew to entrench at Harrison’s Landing on
Wednesday- We entered Gettysburg in the afternoon, just in time to meet the enemy
entering the town, and in good season to drive him back before his getting a
foothold……John Buford…………The Battle of Gettysburg began as advance elements of Lee and Meade's armies
clashed in Gettysburg, PA. The Confederates drove the Union forces from
the town but fortunately, the
1867 –Monday O
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise
The true north, strong and free
From far and wide, O
We stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free
1869 – Thursday – Ten censure wrong, for one that writes amiss……Alexander
Pope, Essay on Criticism ………….Happy
Birthday, William Strunk, Jr.,
American grammarian born in
1872 – Monday Happy Birthday, Louis Bleriot, French aviator
who invented the monoplane (precursor of the stereoplane?). He is best known for his tlhirty seven minute
flight over the
1874 – Wednesday - I
heard that if you locked William Shakespeare in a room with a typewriter for
long enough, he'd eventually write all the songs by the Monkeys…………..Unknown…….. The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the
first commercially successful typewriter, went on sale. The typewriter was it
was produced by the gunmakers E. Remington & Sons in
Someone told me
It's all happening at the zoo.
I do believe it,
I do believe it's true.
The monkeys stand for honesty.
Giraffes are insincere.
The elephants are kindly but they're dumb.
Orangutans are skeptical of changes in their cages
And the zookeeper is they fond of rum.
Zebras are reactionaries,
Antelopes are missionaries.
Pigeons plot in secrecy
And hamsters turn on frequently.
What a gas you got to come and see
At the zoo. ….Paul Simon……….The first public zoo in the U.S -
1881 – Friday The
world's first international telephone call is made between
Friday Get me a proctologist right away! …Daffy
Battle of San Juan Hill occurred
as part of the campaign to capture Spanish-held
1903- Wednesday Happy Birthday, Amy Johnson,
pioneering British female aviator, the first womanto fly solo from
– Wednesday- Get a bicycle. You
will not regret it if you live……….Mark Twain………………. A banner day for the
performance enhancing drug industry as 1st Tour de France
bicycle race began. All riders used training wheels. Hickcock Sports.com tells
us that this, the world's greatest bicycle race originated in 1903 because of a
feud between two French sports newspapers. Le
Velo was the original publication. Its competitor, L'Auto-velo, was founded by a former advertiser who had become
unhappy with some of Le Velo's editorial policies. In January of 1903, Le Velo won a trademark suit against its
competitor, and L'Auto-velo was
forced to become simply L'Auto.Fearful that
the name change would kill the newspaper, L'Auto
editor Henri Desgrange decided that a major race would create publicity and
circulation. His cycling reporter, Georges Lefevre suggested a six-day race
over roads and through towns rather than on a track et voila! Even though the race had to be postponed once
more, to July 19, for logistical reasons, it was an enormous success. When
winner Maurice Garin entered
1908 – Wednesday -
So when you're near me, darling can't you hear me
The love you gave me, nothing else can save me
SOS ……ABBA………SOS was adopted as the international distress signal. It replaced CDQ (which did not stand for Come Quick, Danger) In 1904, the Marconi company had suggested the use of "CQD" for a distress signal and it was established on February 1 of that year. It is a general call, "CQ," followed by "D," meaning distress. At the Berlin Radiotelegraphic Conference of 1906 the distress signal chosen was SOS which was officially ratified in 1908. However people were reluctant to give up CQD and it was still around in 1912 when the Titanic went kaput. The logs of the SS Carpathia, indicate that the Titanic first used "CQD" to call for help.
The first time I tried organic wheat
bread, I thought I was chewing on roofing material …..Robin Williams………..It
was kneaded. The first completely automatic bread plant in the
1916 Saturday - The trench was a horrible sight. The dead were
stretched out on one side, one on top of each other six feet high. I thought at
the time I should never get the peculiar disgusting smell of the vapour of warm
human blood heated by the sun out of my nostrils. I would rather have smelt gas
a hundred times. I can never describe that faint sickening, horrible smell
which several times nearly knocked me up altogether. ..British Captain Leeham……….The
1923 Sunday- The premier of King Tut-Ankh-Amen's Eighth Wife directed by Andrew Remo and….whoops……the Gnus Editorial Board liked the title but we can’t find a synopsis nor a cast listing. We do know it was a mystery.
– Tuesday- He rocks in the tree
tops all day long
Hoppin' and a-boppin' and singing his song
All the little birdies on Jaybird Street
Love to hear the robin go tweet, tweet, tweet
Rockin' robin, rock, rock
Blow rockin' robin
'Cause we're really gonna rock tonight….Happy Birthday, Bobby Day, born Robert Byrd in Ft. Worth,
1934 - Sunday -Dr. Warren Sausser made , a full-body X-ray picture showing the entire skeletal system of an adult human. The Eastman Kodak Company cooperated fully on this project, making a special 20 x 70 inch film. The entire technique for the full-skeleton exposure was described in the February, 1935 issue of the National Chiropractic Journal. This first X-ray photograph of the whole body taken in a one-second exposure, using ordinary clinical conditions such as would exist at an average hospital. Wilhelm Rontgen had taken the first x-rays in 1895 (he x-rayed his wife’s hand) X-rays were so named Roentgen because they were then rays of unknown origin which, al-though' they could not be seen, could penetrate the human body and many other substances. Since the human body has different densities (skin, bones, cartilage), the differences in them could then be captured in gradations by the photographic medium behind the subject. A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five…….Groucho Marx
1941 - Tuesday A day that should live in
infamy as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the
1941 – Tuesday – Happy Birthday - Alfred G. Gilman, 1994 Nobel Prize winning pharmacologist famous for his discovery of G-protein cell signal transmission in which which information from the beyond a specific cell is conveyed to within that cell through a complex chain of events usually consisting of texting, tweeting, Facebooking, phone calls and yelling through the mitochondria. G-proteins bind to guanine nucleotides, a key component of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).
1942 – Wednesday Everyone must be
imbued with the desire kill Germans, even the padres - one for weekdays and two
1943 – Thursday Seeking to combat attacks
by Godzilla, Mothra, Rodan, Gamera, Ghidra, the Three Headed Monster and the
cast of Jersey Shore, Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was
dissolved. Since then, no city in
1956 - Sunday You ain’t nothin’ but a hound dog
Cryin’ all the time.
You ain’t nothin’ but a hound dog
Cryin’ all the time.
Well, you ain’t never caught a rabbit
And you ain’t no friend of mine. ……………………Elvis Presley appeared on The Steve Allen Show. He was told not to dance and Allen had him sing Hound Dog to a real basset hound wearing tails. The Steve Allen website quotes Allen, "When I booked Elvis, I naturally had no interest in just presenting him vaudeville-style and letting him do his spot as he might in concert. Instead we worked him into the comedy fabric of our program. I asked him to sing "Hound Dog" (which he had recorded just the day before) dressed in a classy Fred Astaire wardrobe--white tie and tails--and surrounded him with graceful Greek columns and hanging draperies that would have been suitable for Sir Laurence Olivier reciting Shakespeare. For added laughs, I had him sing the number to a sad-faced basset hound that sat on a low column and also wore a little top hat. (I learned not long ago that small ceramic statues of the dog-and-top-hat are now among the more popular items of Presley memorabilia. I think somebody owes me royalties.) We certainly didn't inhibit Elvis' then-notorious pelvic gyrations, but I think the fact that he had on formal evening attire made him, purely on his own, slightly alter his presentation. "For his other spot, I wrote a spoof of a typical country-and-western TV or radio show. Presley played my sidekick and the two of us were well supported by Andy Griffith, who in those days was a comedian, and Imogene Coca.
1960 – Friday Soomaaliyeey toosoo
Toosoo isku tiirsada ee
Hadba kiina taagdaranee
Taageera waligiineeIdinkaysu tookhaayoo
Aadamuhu tacliin barayoo
Waddankiisa taamyeelooSharcigaa isku kiin tolayoo
Luuqadaa tuwaaxid ahoo
Arligiina taaka ahoo
Kuma kala tegeysaan oo………… The
1960 – Friday Ghana
Hail the Name of Ghana
God bless our homeland Ghana,
And make our nation great and strong,
Bold to defend for ever
The cause of Freedom and of Right;
Fill our hearts with true humility,
Make us cherish fearless honesty…………….
1962 – Sunday
Adorned of hills, lakes and volcanoes
Motherland, would be always filled of happiness
Us all your children: Abanyarwanda
Let us sing your glare and proclaim your high facts
You, maternal bosom of us all
Would be admired forever, prosperous and cover of praise……………
1962 – Sunday Original
Shinga icumu mu mashinga,
Gaba intahe y'ubugabo ku bugingo.
Uhagurukana, uhagurukana, uhagurukana, ubugabo urikukira. …..The Independence of Burundi which has had thirteen presidents as of 2011.
Well, be-bop-a-lula, she's my baby
Be-bop-a-lula, I don't mean maybe
Be-bop-a-lula, she's my baby
Be-bop-a-lula, I don't mean maybe
Be-bop-a-lula, she's my baby love
My baby love, my baby love ……….Perhaps to celebrate the independence of all the African countries listed above, Gene Vincent performed at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, opening for the house band……………..The Beatles.
1963 – Monday Horatio:
He waxes desperate with imagination. Marcellus:
Let's follow. 'Tis not fit thus to obey him. Horatio:
Have after. To what issue will this come? Marcellus:
Something is rotten in the state of
Heaven will direct it…………..Hamlet Act 1, scene 4, 87–91 ZIP Codes were introduced for
s a man who leads a life of danger.
To everyone he meets he stays a stranger.
With every move he makes another chance he takes.
Odds are he won’t live to see tomorrow.
Secret Agent Man
Secret Agent Man
They've given you a number and taken away your name………… The British Government finally!!!!!!! admitted that four times married former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet communist spy. Philby had alerted notorious spies and poofters, Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean that the authorities were on to them. They escaped to the proletarian workers paradise and even though Burgess and Maclean did escape successfully to the Soviet Union in May of 1951, Philby immediately came under suspicion by the SIS and
1976 – Thursday He at first refus’d us
peremptorily; but at dinner with his council, where there was great drinking of
1979 – Sunday A kluger farshtait fun ain vort tsvai ….A wise man hears one word and understands two……Yiddish saying……….Sony introduced the Walkman. The TPS-L2 was 14 ounce, blue-and-silver, portable cassette player with bulky, unwieldy buttons, headphones and a leather case. It even had a second earphone jack so that two people could bop along at once. Originally the Walkman was introduced in the U.S. as the "Sound-About" and in the UK as the "Stowaway," but the challenge of coming up with new, non-copyrighted names in every country it was marketed in proved costly so Sony eventually decided on Walkman, although they actually called it the ウォークマン.
1980 – Tuesday O
1987 – Wednesday Host: We have Ralph from Bayside on the line. Ralph? Ralph: Hi, long time listener, first time caller. Host: What’s up Ralphie. Ralph: Why don’t the Yankees trade Derek Jeter? He hasn’t had a hit in two games. Maybe we can get something for him before it’s too late. Host: Ralph, you may be overreacting. Ralph: No, no, really, we can trade Steve Whitaker and Horace Clarke for Willie Mays and Hank Aaron…….Host: Thanks Ralph. Now we have Guido from …………….The American radio station WFAN in New York, New York was launched as the world's first all-sports radio station. The first voice heard on the new station was that of Suzyn Waldman, with a sports update, (every 20 minutes) followed by the first show, which was hosted by Jim Lampley. Other hosts besides Lampley included Bill Mazer, Pete Franklin, Greg Gumbel, Art Shamsky, and Ed Coleman.
1990 –Sunday - Cogito sumere potum alterum….I think I'll have another drink….. Evoking
their inner ’62 Mets’ essence, the New York Yankees (they were 28-45 at the
time under the leadership of the immortal, Stump Merrill) managed to lose a game to the Chicago White
1999 – Thursday The Scottish Parliament was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II. On this day that legislative powers were
officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in
1999- Thursday Deep Space 1 (DS1), launched 24 October 1998 flew by the Mars-crossing near-Earth asteroid 9969 Braille. The landscape consists of patterns of raised dots arranged in cells of up to six dots in a 3 x 2 configuration. Each cell represents a letter, numeral or punctuation mark. Some frequently used words and letter combinations also have their own single cell patterns. The Deep Space 1 was the first of a series of technology demonstration probes developed by NASA's New Millennium Program. It again flew by comet Borrelly in September 2001. Unfortunately, radio waves transmitted to Earth contained mutant quarks that were able to subsume the thought processes of highly susceptible humans causing them to text while carrying on a conversation with another human.
Monday Lawyer: This
myasthenia gravis -- does it affect your memory at all? Witness: Yes. Lawyer: And in what ways does it affect your memory?
Witness: I forget. Lawyer: You
forget. Can you give us an example of something that you've forgotten?….. well that’s sure
worked out well. The International Criminal Court was established to prosecute
individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of
aggression. he court's official seat is
2004 – Thursday – The Saturn orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens. Tthe spacecraft began a 4-year tour of the Saturnian system comprising nearly The tour included 71 gravity-assist flybys of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, and dozens of flybys of Saturn's smaller attendant moons. Unfortunately, photos sent to earth contained rogue mesons which entered the brains of susceptible humans causing them to not bath for weeks at a time and then ride on crowded subway trains.
2005 - Friday Don't gimme no Buick
Son you must take my word
If there's a God in heaven
He's got a Silver Thunderbird
You can keep your Eldorados
And the foreign car's absurd
Me I wanna go down
In a Silver Thunderbird …….Marc Cohen………The last Ford Thunderbird was produced. A beautiful car in the 1950s and into the 1960s, the geniuses at Ford couldn’t leave it alone and it turned into an eyesore….really, you have see the ghastly machine they paraded around during the 80s……… Attempts at revival in the early 21st century failed.
2007 – Sunday The universe itself keeps on expanding
In all of the directions it can whizz
As fast as it can go, at the speed of light, you know,
Twelve million miles a minute, and that's the fastest speed there is.
So remember, when you're feeling very small and insecure,
How amazingly unlikely is your birth,
And pray that there's intelligent life somewhere up in space,
'Cause there's bugger all down here on Earth…….Monty Python……… The Big Bang to the Big Bounce and ……….? The journal Nature Physics, posited the “Big Bounce” theory of the universe. Recall that the Big Bang theory holds that a infinitesimally small “singularity” (about the size of Lindsay Lohan’s brain) containing of zero volume nevertheless contained infinite density and infinitely large energy went BANG …ergo, big bang……and created our expanding universe. But noooooooooo saysome physicists used a mathematical time machine called Loop Quantum Gravity…..which is also helpful in opening bottles of beer…….. This theory, which combines Einstein's Theory of General Relativity with equations of quantum physics that did not exist in Einstein's day, is the first mathematical description to systematically establish the existence of the Big Bounce and to deduce properties of the earlier universe from which our own may have sprung. Instead of being infinitely small and dense, the singularity compacted down into a ball of some volume and density. The researchers believe that a previous Universe collapsed down to a tiny ball, and then had a Big Bounce to expand again. The previous Universe was very similar to the space-time geometry we have in our current Universe. And there you have it.
Back to Calendar
419 – Tuesday –Mama, Quanto ti
Queste parole d'amore
Che ti sospira il mio cuore
Forse non si usano piu
Ma la canzone mia piu bella sei tu
Sei tu la vita e per la vita non ti lascio mai piu..……Connie Francis…….Happy Birthday, Valentinian III, the last of three Valentinians, Roman Emperor, born Placidus Valentinianus. A ‘momma’s boy’, Valentinian was fairly useless as an Emperor. His mom, was the emperor Honorius' sister Galla Placidia and she pretty much ran the show since Valentinian didn’t seem to have had much of an aptitude for rule. He is described as spoiled, pleasure-loving, and influenced by sorcerers and astrologers. But, like his mother, Valentinian was devoted to religion.
626 – Sunday – You cheated. You lied. You said that you loved me…..The Shields…….America has The Gunfight at the O.K Corral, China has The Incident at Xuanwu Gate. Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, ambushed and killed his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng. Emperor Gaozu of Tang (the founding emperor of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty – based on his success in creating a powdered orange drink- in 618) and his wife, Duchess Douhad four sons, Li Jiancheng, Li Shimin, Li Xuanba (who died in 614) and Li Yuanji. Li Shimin had an intense rivalry with his older brother Li Jiancheng the Crown Prince and fearing that Li Jiancheng was about to render him kaput, set an ambush at Xuanwu Gate, the gate leading to Emperor Gaozu's palace, and killed Li Jiancheng and a younger brother, Li Yuanji the Prince of Qi, who had supported Li Jiancheng. He then sent forces into Emperor Gaozu's palace. Emperor Gaozu, under intimidation, installed him as crown prince, and two months later passed the throne to him (as Emperor Taizong). The ambush had a Mack Sennett touch as When Li Jiancheng and Li Yuanji reached the palace, they sensed that something was wrong, and began to head back to Li Jiancheng's palace. Li Shimin personally chased them and yelled out, "Big brother!" Li Yanji yelled, I hate that show, the Great Race is much better” and fired three arrows at Li Shimin, missing each time. Li Shimin then fired an arrow at Li Jiancheng, killing him. Li Shimin supporter, Yuchi Jingde then arrived with 70 soldiers, and Li Yuanji did what any of us would do, he fell off his horse. Li Shimin's horse was spooked and took him into a forest. Li Shimin where, yes, he fell off the horse too and could not get up. Li Yuanji then entered the forest and tried to strangle Li Shimin with his bow, but at this point Yuchi arrived, and as Li Yuanji tried to flee, Yuchi chased him down and killed him with an arrow. Whew!
706 – Monday An inexperienced preacher was to hold a graveside burial service at a pauper’s
cemetery for an indigent man with no family or friends. Not knowing where the
cemetery was, he made several wrong turns and got lost. When he eventually
arrived an hour late, the hearse was nowhere in sight, the backhoe was next to
the open hole, and the workmen were sitting under a tree eating lunch.The
diligent young pastor went to the open grave and found the vault lid already in
place. Feeling guilty because of his tardiness, he preached an impassioned and lengthy service, sending
the deceased to the great beyond in style.As he returned to his car, he
overheard one of the workman say to the other, “I’ve been putting in septic tanks for twenty years and I ain’t never
seen anything like that.” …….Emperor Zhongzong of Tang (yes, the Tangsters were
still around) interred the bodies of
relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an. Qianling is the most typical and best
preserved of all the eighteen Tang mausoleums.
It is situated some 80 kilometers away from Xian, on a stone mountain
1262 – Sunday –
Happy Birthday, Arthur II, Duke of
1489 – Tuesday – And forasmuch as my hand offended in writing contrary to my heart, therefore my hand shall first be punished. Thomas Cranmer at his execution. ………… Happy Birthday, Thomas Cranmer, the Uriah Heep of early Tudor England and toady of Henry VIII and later Archbishop of Canterbury. Cranmer supported, at least in public, Henry's numerous marital maneuvers. In his role as Archbishop of Canterbury he officially dissolved Henry's marriage with Katherine of Aragon, and later helped preside over the trial of Anne Boleyne, the divorce from Anne of Cleves, and Catherine Howard's trial and execution. This demonstrated his pliability; he seemed unable to deny Henry (who was always right) any whim. In 1549 Cranmer produced The Book of Common Prayer, which produced a storm of controversy. Cranmer presented the view that a proper Christian Communion depends more on the heart of the practitioner than the actual bread and wine used in the ceremony. He also encouraged the public reading of the Bible by the entire congregation. Unfortunately for Cranmer, Henry VIII bit the dust and was succeeded by his Catholic daughter, Mary who blamed him for her mother (Katherine of Aragon)’s divorce. Cranmer was tried as a heretic and burned at the stake.
1613 –Tuesday Samuel Argall led first English expedition from
1644 – Saturday
- My Lord King,
You stoop to betray your own people,
And even in the eyes of God,
Do you not relent?
I am therefore bound by no other course
I shall raise an army;
Together we will march against you and your kind,
And every born man will fight to regain his own freedom,
And cleanse his wretched soul……..Electric Light Orchestra…………The Battle of Marston Moor….Marston Moor was one of the major battles of the English Civil War and the defeat inflicted on the Royalists, led by Prince Rupert, (the nephew of Charles I) at Marston Moor was a major reverse and any power that they might have had in the north was ended. A moor is a broad area of open land, often high but poorly drained, with patches of heath and peat bogs. Rupert cleverly placed his army on the moor. The Roundheads, led by Alexander Leslie, Earl of Leven and Edward Montagu, Earl of Manchester did not. The Battle of Marston Moor cost the Cromwellians approximately 300 killed while the Royalists suffered around 4,000 dead and 1,500 captured.
1698 – Wednesday Soon
shall thy arm, Unconquer'd
Drag the slow barge, or drive the rapid car;
Or on wide-waving wings expanded bear
The flying-chariot through the fields of air. …………Erasmus Darwin………….. Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine. Scotsman James Watt is credited with inventing the first practical engine. In order in order to condense steam there had some cooling taking place. Watt came up with the idea of the separate condenser, which he patented. Savery published a script in which he described the advantages and the mode of operation of an engine that would transport water out of mines easier. He called his script The Miners Friend. In describing the clout of his engine, Savory was the first to use the term, horse power.
1776 – Tuesday – When in the course of human events, it
becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have
connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the
separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God
entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they
should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. 2.1
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that
they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among
these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. ……….Citing the horse faced offspring of the
Royal family, the insertion of the letter u in words like labour, driving on
the wrong side of the road, angry television chefs, and Liverpudlian
accents…..The Continental Congress
adopted a resolution severing ties with Great Britain although the wording of
the formal Declaration of Independence was not approved until July 4. On June 11th the Congress took a vote on
whether or not to vote on the matter of independence now or to wait until
later. The decision came out 7 colonies against 5, with
1777 – Wednesday
1839 – Tuesday Whenever
I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on
him personally………………..Abraham LincolnSpeaking of slavery, Twenty miles off
the coast of Cuba, fifty rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué took
over the Spanish slave schooner Amistad. It It was to transport its human cargo 300 miles
to two plantations on another part of
1853 – Saturday Half a league,
half a league,
Half a league onward,
All in the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
"Forward, the Light Brigade!
Charge for the guns!" he said:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred…..Tenneyson…………The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia……sounds innocuous but it set off the Crimean War since they had previously been controlled by Turkey.
1862 - Wednesday Happy Birthday, Sir William Henry Bragg, Australian physicist and chemist famous for his work on the atomic structure of crystalline substances and the measurement of x-ray lengths. We're not sure if Bragg bragged about his work or not but according to Groucho Marx, A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five…………Bragg and his son, Sir William Lawrence Bragg , was awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize for physics for his pioneering work on X-ray crystallography. The Bragg ionization spectrometer William designed and built is the prototype of all modern X-ray and neutron diffractometers….we refer you to the afore mentioned Groucho Marx. X-ray crystallography is a technique that exploits the fact that X-rays are diffracted by crystals. Diffraction changes the directions and intensities of a group of waves after passing by an obstacle or through an aperture whose size is approximately the same as the wavelength of the waves. Diffractions are also the parts of a whole.
1867- Tuesday An old man with long
gray whiskers came through the cars selling popcorn, chewing gum and candy. Hey! said one of his customers. I thought young boys were supposed to do
your job?……. I was a boy when this train started. -- On A Slow Train
1877 – Monday – Without words, without writing and without
books there would be no history, there could be no concept of humanity…………Happy
Birthday, Hermann Hesse, German-born -in Calw, Germany- writer and Nobel Prize winner in 1946.
1881 - Saturday Nurse:
"Doctor, the man you just gave a clean bill of health to dropped dead
right as he was leaving the office". Doctor: "Turn him around, make
it look like he was walking in."………Henny Youngman………… Four months into his administration, President
James A. Garfield was shot as he walked through a railroad waiting room in
1897 – Friday Do
you remember lying in bed
With your covers pulled up over your head?
Radio playin' so no one can see
We need change, we need it fast
Before rock's just part of the past
'Cause lately it all sounds the same to me
Oh oh oh oh, oh oh. Rock'n, rock'n'roll radio Let's go….........The Ramones………Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtained a patent for radio in
1900- Monday - Accompanied by the
pound beat of Stairway to Heaven……..the
dirigible, Zeppelin made its first
1902 - Wednesday The main idea, is to win. ….John J (Mugsy) McGraw became manager of New York Giants. Nicknamed "Little Napoleon," under McGraw, the Giants won pennants from 1911 through 1913, in 1917, and from 1921 through 1924. They had only three losing seasons from 1903 through 1931, his last full season as manager. On June 3, 1932, he abruptly resigned, hiring first baseman Bill Terry as his replacement.
1903- Thursday It takes only one drink to get me drunk. The trouble is, I can't
remember if it's the thirteenth or the fourteenth……….George Burns………The
only major league baseball player to fall over Niagara Falls - Hall of
Fame outfielder Ed Delahanty, then playing for the Washington
Senators, was suspended by the team for breaking training rules and was traveling
by train from Detroit to New York. At
1908 – Thursday None
of us got where we are solely by pulling ourselves up by our bootstraps. We got
here because somebody - a parent, a teacher, an Ivy League crony or a few nuns
- bent down and helped us pick up our boots……..Happy Birthday, Thurgood
Marshall, the grandson of a slave, civil rights activist, and associate justice
of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1967 to 1991.
1922- Sunday Ooh-hoo, water ski
Tough to get to where you wanna be
Oh, those skis just keep falling off, and
Ooh, barefoot, goes more like planned…..Larry Hensley……The first water skis as they are used today were were put to use by 19 year old (actually, it was the day before his 19th birthday), Ralph W. Samuelson at
1925 – Thursday A bullet
from the back of a bush took Medgar Evers' blood
A finger fired the trigger to his name
A handle hid out in the dark
A hand set the spark
Two eyes took the aim
Behind a man's brain
But he can't be blamed
He's only a pawn in their game…..Bob Dylan………..Happy Birthday, Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist. Following service in World War II, became the first state field secretary of the NAACP in
- Friday Amelia Earhart
disappeared as the aircraft carrying her and navigator Frederick
Noonan was reported missing near
1940- Tuesday A neutron walks into a bar. "I'd like a beer" he says. The bartender promptly serves up a beer. "How much will that be?" asks the neutron. "For you?" replies the bartender, "no charge."………..A patent was issued to Enrico Fermi and colleagues, for a process of producing radioactive substances. We quote; “The process, for production of isotopes including transuranic elements by reaction of neutrons, employs means for generating neutrons having a high average energy, slowing down and scattering the neutrons by projecting them through a medium of an element of a class including H, He, Be, C, Si, and Pb, and then passing the neutrons into a mass of material containing an element capable of forming a radioactive isotope by neutron capture, including radioactive isotopes capable of emitting beta rays.” Groucho? Take it away…..A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five. In 1934, Fermi came up with the idea to use neutrons, which have no charge, as projectiles. Fermi would shoot a neutron like an arrow into an atom's nucleus. Many of these nuclei absorbed the extra neutron during this process, creating isotopes for every element. By 1939 he had discovered that if you split an atom's nucleus, that atom's neutrons could be used as projectiles to split another atom's nucleus, causing a nuclear chain reaction. Each time a nucleus was split, an enormous amount of energy was released. Fermi's discovery of the nuclear chain reaction and then his discovery of a way to control this reaction, and poof!, led to both the construction of atomic bombs and of nuclear power.
1946 – Tuesday
….. Ooooh that smell
Can't you smell that smell
Ooooh that smell ……..Lynyrd Skynyrd……….Richard Axel, American neuroscientist and Nobel laureate. You may have asked the question, How does the brain know what the nose is smelling? Unable to locate Groucho Marx’s child of five (see above), we rely on the Howard Hughes Medical Institute for the explanation. In 1991, Axel, working with Linda Buck—who was then a postdoctoral fellow in Axel's lab—discovered a family of roughly 1,000 genes that encode odor receptors lining the nasal cavity. These receptors in the olfactory epithelium contain neurons that send messages directly to the olfactory bulb of the brain. When a particular odor excites a neuron, the signal travels along the nerve cell's axon and is transferred to the neurons in the olfactory bulb. This structure, located in the very front of the brain, is the clearinghouse for the sense of smell. Axel and Buck were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2004.
1955 Saturday Wunnerful, wunnerful………ABC-TV premiered
a new musical variety program called Dodge
Dancing Party, which had already been airing locally in
1956- Monday You ain't nothin' but a hound dog
Cryin' all the time
You ain't nothin' but a hound dog
Cryin' all the time
Well, you ain't never caught a rabbit
And you ain't no friend of mine………Elvis Presley recorded Hound Dog and its “B” side, Don't Be Cruel for RCA Victor. It would be the only single in history to have both sides reach #1. Don’t Be Cruel was written by Otis Blackwell, who also wrote Return to Sender, and All Shook Up, for Elvis. He also wrote Fever, which was made famous by Peggy Lee, and Great Balls Of Fire for Jerry Lee Lewis. Hound Dog was written by the great team of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller and was originally recorded by Big Mama Thornton in 1953. We note that in later years, Presley did not like to perform Hound Dog and would either rush through it or sing an abbreviated version. Thank you, Thank you verra much.
1958- Wednesday – Continuing our Elvo-centric items, we note that Elvis Presley's fourth movie, King Creole, opened in US theaters. Elvis had just been drafted at the time and so was unavailable for gala red carpet premiering to the chagrin of a then aging Joan Rivers. Directed by Michael Curtiz, Elvis starred as Danny Fisher who, failing to graduate high school (for the second time), took a job as…..sit down now, this is a reach……….. a singer in the King Creole nightclub. Also starring were Carolyn Jones (on to fame with the Addams Family), Dolores Hart, who would become a nun, Walter Matthau, Vic Morrow (fresh from Blackboard Jungle), and Dean Jagger. Among the songs were, Hard Headed Woman (our favorite as Elvis was leaving his Hound Dog voice behind and rolled it out for this one), King Creole, and Don’t Ask Me Why.
1962- Monday – Speaking of Elvis and the army, after breaking his ankle during a jump with the 101st Airborne, (it’s always wise to use a parachute for these things) James (later Jimi) Hendrix received an honorary discharge from the US Army.
1962 –Monday –
You know, to me Wal-Mart is a lot like
George W. Bush. It’s not that I’m that big a fan in the abstract, really, it’s
just that the viciousness and stupidity revealed in its enemies tends to make
me view it more favorably than I otherwise would…………..Glenn Reynolds…………In
a banner day for cheap Chinese goods, Samuel Walton and his brother J.L. (Bud)
Walton open their first Wal-Mart store –Walmart Discount City - in Rogers,
Arkansas. By 1969 the
brothers were operating 18 Wal-Mart stores in
1969 –Wednesday- We had no sleep or days off or anything like that and then, when the band became big, Hendrix became a star and looked down at us lot…….Noel Redding…………Speaking of the army and Elvis and Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding and Mitch Mitchell got tired to the experience and left the Jimi Hendrix Experience as Hendrix formed formed the Band of Gypsies with drummer Buddy Miles and bassist Billy Cox to pursue funkier directions.
1976 – Friday -Fall
1985 Tuesday - . The European Space Agency’s first deep-space mission with the launch of the Giotto, Comet probe. Giotto encountered comet Halley March 13, 1986, asked what its sign was and what was its major and then talked about itself for the rest of the encounter. The Giotto mission was designed to study Comet Halley, and also studied Comet Grigg-Skjellerup during its extended mission. The spacecraft was named after the Early Italian Renaissance painter Giotto di Bondone. He had observed Halley's Comet in 1301 and used it as the Star of Bethlehem in his Adoration of the Magi painting as well as on his BBQ apron rendition of the painting. Space dust from Comet Grigg-Skjellerup contained gluon plasma which enveloped areas of Earth resulting the escalation of the numbers of people who call their partner by baby names in public.
2000 – Sunday – Dedicated on July, 1 the
2001- Monday Doctors at Jewish Hospital
2001- Monday – Everybody loves you when you're six foot in
the ground ….John Lennon………..After attempts to name it the Pete Best or
2002 – Tuesday
It's been a long trip and I'm really glad
to get across ………….Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo around
the world nonstop in a balloon. Fossett,
who had failed in five previous attempts, finally achieved one of manned
flight's last earthly records at about 9:40 a.m. EDT. He and his muse Jean
Passepartout, crossed the finish line
when he passed 117 degrees east longitude, the same line where he began his
trip 13-1/2 days earlier from far western
2010 – Monday The best car safety device is a rear-view
mirror with a cop in it. ………Dudley
Moore……….. The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the
Back to Calendar
–Thursday – The object of war is not to die for your
country but to make the other bastard die for his…….George Patton……. In the
987 – Tuesday It's good to be king, if just for a while
To be there in velvet, yeah, to give 'em a smile
It's good to get high, and never come down
It's good to be king of your own little town ……….Tom Petty………..Hugh Capet was crowned King of France. Hughie was the first of the Capetian dynasty that would rule
1423 – Thursday
– He who knows not how to dissimulate,
can not reign ………Speaking of rois de France, Joyeux Anniversaire, King Louis XI (aka theCruel or the Prudent, ) of
1728 – Saturday
Happy Birthday, Robert Adam, Scottish architect born in Kirkcaldy. Adam was not
only the leading Scottish architect of the 18th century - and exponent of the
Classical Georgian style - but remains
– I had a mother who taught me there is
no such thing as failure. It is just a temporary postponement of success……..Buddy
Ebsen……….. During the French and Indian War: George Washington decided that
1767 – Friday It is so high that we saw it at a distance
of more than fifteen leagues, and it having been discovered by a young
gentleman, son to Major Pitcairn of the marines, we called it Pitcairn's Island……Captain
Philip Carteret of H.M.S. Swallow.
1767 – Friday Rather a bit correctly than much incorrectly ….Norwegian proverb…..actually, it’s snarere litt riktig enn mye feil …….Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, (although at the time it had the catchy moniker of Kongelig allene privilegerede Trondheims Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger, was founded and the first edition was published. Martinus Lind Nissen was the founder and first editor.
1775 - Monday Malvolio: Be not
afraid of greatness: some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have
greatness thrust upon 'em. ….Twelfth
Night (II, v, 156-159) ……………..George Washington formally took
command of the Continental Army at nine o'clock the next morning. Under a large
elm tree yet standing at the northerly end of Cambridge Common, the Continental
forces were drawn up in line, and
1778 – Friday There's a redskin waitin' out there, just fixin to take my hair
A coward I've been called, cuz I don't wanna wind up dead or bald…Larry Verne (Please Mr. Custer)….. During the Revolutionary War, British forces killed 360 people in the
massacre. No, it wasn’t in the state of Wyoming Valley Wyoming, it was in Wyoming, . British Colonel, Colonel John Butler recruited a regiment of Tories for the and British allies, Seneca chiefs Sayenqueraghta and Cornplanter recruited primarily Senecas while Joseph Brant recruited primarily Mohawks for what essentially became a guerrilla war against frontier settlers. On this day, Pennsylvania Butlerset up an ambush and directed that be set on fire. The Americans, cleverly thinking this was a British retreat, advanced rapidly. Whoops! Fort Wintermute instructed the Seneca to lie flat on the ground to avoid observation. The Americans advanced to within one hundred yards of the Brits and fired three times. Surprise! The Seneca came out of their positions, fired a volley, and attacked the Americans in close combat. The battle lasted about forty-five minutesuntil the the inexperienced Patriot militia panicked. This ended the battle and triggered the Iroquois hunt for survivors. Only sixty of the Americans managed to escape, and only five were taken prisoner. Butler reported that 227 American scalps were taken. Butler
1782 – Wednesday, Two Geologists are walking across a granite outcrop one day. The first says to the second "Hey, this terrain is unmetamorphosed". Replies the second one, "No Schist". ……………Happy Birthday, Pierre Berthier, French geologist, mineralogist and mining engineer who discovered bauxite (aluminium ore) near the village Les Baux de Provence in southern France. Yes, he was Berthier of a nation. Bauxite is not a mineral, but a sedimentary rock with minerals in it that is formed in weathered volcanic rocks.
1806- Thursday –Michael
Keens, a market gardener (someone who grows vegetables or flowers for, yes,
market) of Isleworth near
1819 – Saturday After failing in an initial attempt in 1816, the Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opened at the the Old Alms House.
1844 – Wednesday
– Life is a copiously branching bush,
continually pruned by the grim reaper of extinction, not a ladder of
predictable progress…..Stephen Jay Gould……….. In an aukward moment in
conservation history, the last pair of Great Auks were rendered kaput. The
Great Auk inhabited the rocky coasts and islands of the North Atlantic from
1852 – Saturday
Gold has worked down from Alexander's
time... When something holds good for two thousand years I do not believe it
can be so because of prejudice or mistaken theory………Bernard Baruch………..Congress
established the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco, California. This junior mint was covered with dark
chocolate and quite chewy. The first U.S Mint was established in
1863- Friday Pickett, I am being
crucified at the thought of the sacrifice of life which this attack will make.
I have instructed Alexander to watch the effect of our fire upon the enemy, and
when it begins to tell he must take the responsibility and give you the orders,
for I can't…………….General James Longstreet……… The Battle of Gettysburg, 3rd day - Pickett's Charge (General
Pickett charged breakfast, lunch, t-shirts, Gettysburg mugs, imitation army
hats, refrigerator magnets and Little Round top dish towels at various
Gettysburg souvenir shops to his American Express Card……A 15,000-man unit under
the command of General George Pickett was organized in a last, desperate
attempt attacking the middle of the Union line of defense on Cemetery
Ridge. Robert E. Lee ordered a massive bombardment of the Union
positions. At 3 p.m., Pickett led his force into no-man's-land and found
that Lee's bombardment - just like those at Malverne Hill and the
1874 - Friday
Happy Birthday, Johan Gunnar Andersson, Swedish geologist and archaeologist
whose work laid the foundation for the study of prehistoric
1878 – Wednesday
– Over there, over there!
Send the word, send the word, over there!
That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming,
The drums rum-tumming ev'rywhere!
So prepare, say a prayer, send the word, send the word to beware!
We'll be over, we're coming over,
And we won't come back 'til it's over
Over There! …………Happy Birthday, George M. Cohan, whom many of us thought was James Cagney thanks to the 1942 movie, Yankee Doodle Dandy…….American actor, director, singer and dancer, who was born on this day, not the 4th of July as his song Yankee Doodle Dandy intoned. Among Cohan's productions were Forty-five Minutes from Broadway, The Talk of New York, Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford, Broadway Jones, Seven Keys to Baldpate, The Tavern, The Song and Dance Man, and American Born. He composed numerous songs, including You're a Grand Old Flag, Mary's a Grand Old Name, Give My Regards to Broadway, I'm a Yankee Doodle Dandy, and of course, Over There of World War I, for which Congress authorized him a special medal in 1940.
1886- Saturday George W. Bush is seen crossing the
New York Times : "Bush can't swim"…………. The Daily Tribune in
1890 – Thursday
And here we have
Winning her way to fame.
Silver and gold in the sunlight blaze,
and romance lies in her name.
Singing, we're singing of you,
Ah, proudly too,
All our lives thru, we'll go
Singing, singing of you……………..There will be no mention of spuds, taters, French Fries, Steak Fries, crisps, hash browns, or latkes as we note that Idaho was admitted to the union as the 43rd state.
"What is seven Q plus three Q?" Student: " Ten Q"Teacher:
"You're Welcome."…………Happy Birthday, Jesse Douglas, American
mathematician who was awarded one of the first two Fields Medals……..Note (there
will be a quiz – Since there is no Nobel Prized for Mathematics, the Fields Medals are commonly regarded as
mathematics' closest analog to the Nobel Prize (and are awarded every four
years by the International Mathematical Union to one or more outstanding
researchers…….. in 1936 for solving the
Plateau problem……also known as the table, upland, highland, hill, mesa, table land,
level, stage, period, phase problem……… The Plateau problem is one of finding
the surface with minimal area determined by a fixed boundary. Experiments
(1849) by the Belgian physicist
1905 - Monday A hart to hart discussion deteriorated into a boxing match as Marvin Hart knocked out Jack Hart in twelve rounds for the Heavyweight boxing title
1912 – Wednesday – I'm a loser
I'm a loser
And I'm not what I appear to be……….The Beatles………Lefthanded pitcher Rube Marquard of the New York Giants set a baseball pitching record when earned his 19th consecutive win. which stretched from Opening Day to July 3rd. The Giants lost 7-2 to the Chicago Cubs. Marquard went 7 -11 for the rest of the year to finish at 26-11
1922 -Monday Fruit Garden and Home magazine was
introduced by Edwin Meredith, who had previously been the United States
Secretary of Agriculture under Woodrow Wilson. In 1924 he changed name to Better Homes
and Gardens magazine. A three-person staff produced the first Better
Homes and Gardens magazine. The first issue cost a dime on the newsstand,
and a one-year subscription cost 35 cents.
1924 - Thursday Clarence Birdseye and partners
founded the General Seafood Corporation. Birdseye, had been experimenting with
the Eskimo method of quick-freezing foods. He stored fresh cabbages in a barrel
with sea water which froze quickly in the subzero Arctic climate. Birdseye also
experimented with quick-freezing fish and caribou meat. When thawed, these
foods remained tender and fresh-flavored, unlike previous methods involving
slow cold storage. In 1923 he invested everything he had in Birdseye Seafoods,
marketing frozen fish. In 1924 General Seafoods of
1929- Wednesday Foam here to eternity………Foam rubber was developed at the Dunlop Latex Development
Laboratories in Birmingham. British scientist E.A. Murphy was frothing at the
mouth as he conjured up the first lot in 1929, using an ordinary kitchen mixer
to froth natural latex rubber. The Madehow.com
website informs that foams are made by forming gas bubbles in a plastic
mixture, with the use of a blowing agent. Foam manufacture is either a
continuous process for making laminate or slabstock or a batch process for
making various shapes by cutting or molding. There are two basic types of foam.
Flexible foams have an open cell structure and can be produced in both high and
low densities…..I’m looking through And
it would be so crystal clear
If it wasn’t for foam But the foam keeps getting thicker . And it just keeps getting harder An I’m falling…………………Phish…………….
1935 – Wednesday – Happy Birthday, Harrison Schmitt, American astronaut and
politician. A geologist, and the only
scientist to fly on an Apollo mission, Schmitt was the lunar module pilot for Apollo 17 -- the last manned Apollo
mission for the United States –began December
6, 1972, and concluded on December 19, 1972- He was accompanied on the voyage of the
command module "America" and the lunar module "Challenger"
by Eugene Cernan (spacecraft commander) and Ronald Evans (command module
pilot). He was elected senator from
1940 – Wednesday The
French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers el Kébir, was bombarded by the
British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence and Bretagne. One thousand two hundred
sailors perish…..Wait, wait, weren’t the British and French, you know, allies?
After the French, as usual, had surrendered to the Nazis, and signed an armistice
1951 - Tuesday –
The premiere of Alfred Hitchock’s Strangers
On A Train. Tennis star Farley
Granger meets a stranger on the
1952 – Thursday
the people of Puerto Rico, in order to organize ourselves politically on a
fully democratic basis, to promote the general welfare, and to secure for
ourselves and our posterity the complete enjoyment of human rights, placing our
trust in Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the
commonwealth which, in the exercise of our natural rights, we now create within
our union with the United States of America. ……..The Constitution of Puerto
Rico (national motto: Si es Goya, tiene
que ser bueno) was approved by the Congress of the
1956- Tuesday The Oceanographic Institute in
1957 - Wednesday
– I do not believe in Communism any more
than you do but there is nothing wrong with the Communists in this country;
several of the best friends I have got are Communists …..Franklin D.
Roosevelt……Fooled by the Communists again.
Usually, Kremlinologists could tell who was who in the Communist high
command by who stood where to view the May Day military parade but cuddly, Nikita
S. Khrushchev (If you live among wolves
you have to act like a wolf) took control in the Soviet Union in July, when
no one was watching, by orchestrating the ouster of his most serious opponents
from positions of authority in the Soviet government. Khrushchev and the gang had
been jockeying for ultimate control in the
1959 - Friday …….. Each night before you go to bed my baby
Whisper a little prayer for me my baby
And tell all the stars above
This is dedicated to the one I love
This is dedicated to the one I love ……………The Shirelles released, Dedicated To The One I Love. Songfacts reminds us that it originally recorded by The 5 Royales and R & B group from
1961- Monday - Three men were killed in the first fatal
nuclear accident in the
1962 - Tuesday I've been riding on cloud nine since the
1965-Saturday- Happy trails to you, until we meet again.
Happy trails to you, keep smilin' until then.
Who cares about the clouds when we're together?
Just sing a song and bring the sunny weather.
Happy trails to you, 'till we meet again. …..written by Dale Evans…….Say it ain’t so
1969 –Thursday – Kablooey!!! The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurred when a Soviet N-1 rocket exploded and subsequently destroyed its launchpad. The Soviet N1 rocket was the Communist answer to the Saturn V (just as soon as spies had stolen as many American technological secrets as possible). Surprise! The five-stage moon rocket was nearly as big as the Saturn V rocket (345 feet tall vs 363 feet for the Saturn V). Just 0.25 seconds into the flight, the pump of engine number 8 ingested debris and exploded setting off a large fire. The N1 majestically rose just above the top of the launch tower when the remaining engines were cleverly shut down prematurely. The rocket plummeted back onto the pad in a spectacular explosion that destroyed the launch facility known as 110 East. Not only did it take 18 months to repair the pad, but the failure ended any last remaining hope of impressing the world prior to the American lunar landing which would occur on July 20, 1969.
1969- Monday – Another member of the “27 Club” of deceased rock stars as Brian Jones recently fired by the band he created, the Rolling Stones, probably for excessive drug use and being a miserable human being (see Life, by Keith Richards), was found doing a very realistic dead man’s float in his swimming pool. The coroner's report stated "death by misadventure", and noted his liver and heart were heavily enlarged by drug and alcohol abuse. Other members of the “27” club are the great bluesman, Robert Johnson, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison, Kurt Kobain, and most recently, Amy Winehouse.
Friday – You cannot put a rope around
the neck of an idea; you cannot put an idea up against the barrack-square wall
and riddle it with bullets; you cannot confine it in the strongest prison cell
your slaves could ever build……….Sean O’Casey……. During the “Troubles”,
the "Falls Curfew" began in
1971 - Saturday I wouldn't mind dying in a plane crash. It'd be a good way to go. I don't want to die in my sleep, or of old age, or OD. I want to feel what it's like. I want to taste it, hear it, smell it. Death is only going to happen once. I don't want to miss it. …..Another member of the “27 club” and, and continuing the death in water them, two years after Brian Jones went kaput, lead singer Jim Morrison of the Doors was found dead in a bathtub in Paris. Morrison apparently died of heart failure, likely caused by a drug overdose. Girlfriend, Pamela Courson claimed she awoke the previous evening to find Morrison choking and gurgling. Applying time a tried first aide technique, she slapped Morrison awake, after which he promptly vomited blood in the bathroom. She said she offered to call a doctor, but Morrison declined, saying he was feeling better and wanted to take a bath. Well if a loved one had just vomited blood and said they wanted to take a bath late at night, what would you do? Of course, you’d go back to sleep because why would you be worried about blood vomiting. The girlfriend then claimed she awoke the next morning at approximately 8:00 a.m. to discover Morrison unconscious, and probably very wrinkly, in the bathtub. So she called the police right? No. The hospital for an ambulance right? No, she called a friend at 8:30, and THEN she later the fire department. But it was too late.
1987 Friday – I wanna buy a gun... Keep talkin' white trash, but I'm more interested in something that'll take the head off a honky at 20 paces! ………The premiere of Surf Nazis Must Die, directed by Peter George. How could we pass up this item? IMbd informs that heart warming plot involved the grandson of a gun wielding woman being murdered by neo-nazi surf punks in ta post-apocalyptic future. The pistol packing grandma, played by Gail Neeley, (who portrayed “Maureen" in the Philips Milk of Magnesia commercials) then hunts them down, slewing them all.
One thing is clear, and that is that the
USS Vincennes acted in self-defense….. Vice President, George H.W. Bush …… The
USS Vincennes shot down an Iran Air
jetliner over the
1994 – Sunday
– Dead Man's Curve, it's no place to play
Dead Man's Curve, you best keep away
Dead Man's Curve, I can hear 'em say
Won't come back from Dead Man's Curve…………Jan & Dean………Must have been something in the air as Texans set about killing each other in the the deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty-six people were killed in crashes.
1996 – Wednesday – Apud Monasterium de
1997 –Thursday- Jones: I appreciate Mr. Clinton's admission that he met with me alone in his hotel suite, a meeting I had every reason to believe was related to the Governor's interest in advancing the career of a total stranger. I stand by my earlier claim to have been shocked that this was not the case.
-NASA launched Contour (Comet Nucleus
Tour but it also played Do You Love Me by
the Contours on a continuous loop), a
2005 –Sunday- Goin' to the chapel and we're
Gonna get married
Goin' to the chapel and we're
Gonna get married
Gee, I really love you and we're
Gonna get married
Goin' to the chapel of love ………………¿Es usted el Bob, George tomar a su legítima esposa, se equivocan, el marido, se equivocan ha decidido quién será el que? Same-sex marriage in
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1054- Tuesday - Wow! You're brighter than Las Vegas at Christmastime!......Daffy Duck…………The brightest known supernova started shining for 23 days.It was observed by Chinese, Arab, and Korean astromomers, members of the Elks Club, two teenagers in a lover’s lane, and our uncle Rufus who likes to howl at the moon. It is located in the constellation of Taurus The remnants form the Crab Nebula. The energetic cloud of electrons is driven by a rapidly rotating neutron star, or pulsar, at its core. The nebula is about 6,500 light-years away from the Earth, and is 5 light-years across. The supernova was so brilliant that it was visible even during the day for nearly three weeks and only faded from view nearly two years later. A supernova occurs These at the end of a star's lifetime, when its nuclear fuel is exhausted and it is no longer supported by the release of nuclear energy. If the star is particularly massive, then its core will collapse and in so doing will release a huge amount of energy. This will cause a blast wave that ejects the star's envelope into interstellar space. The result of the collapse may be, in some cases, a rapidly rotating neutron star that can be observed many years later as a radio pulsar.
1253 – Friday At the Battle of West-Capelle, John I of Avesnes defeated Guy of Dampierre. Any time we have an item involving royalty named John it is voted in unanimously by the editorial board. So Guy was taken prisoner. [Guy, John’s half-brother was married to Isabelle de Luxembourg, his son’s wife’s sister in our medieval soap opera.
1477- Wednesday Happy Birthday, to the historian, Aventinus, born Johannes Turmair, Aventius authored the page turner, Annals of Bavaria which is really seven books dealing with the history of Bavaria in the context of general history from the Roman period through 1460.
1534 – Wednesday - Marcellus: Something
is rotten in the state of
Heaven will direct it. Marcellus: Nay, let's follow him. [Exeunt.]…..Hamlet Act 1, scene 4, 87–91…………… Christian III was elected King of Denmark and
1753 – Wednesday
– Three Wednesday items in a row….. A man is flying in a hot air balloon and
realizes he is lost. He reduces height and spots a man down below. He lowers
the balloon further and shouts: "Excuse me, can you tell me where I
am?" The man below says: "yes you're in a hot air balloon, hovering
30 feet above this field." "You must work in Information
Technology," says the balloonist. "I do," replies the man.
"How did you know?" "Well" says the balloonist,
"everything you have told me is technically correct, but it's no use to
anyone." The man below says, "You must work in Management".
"I do" replies the balloonist, "but how did you know?"
"Well", says the man, "you don't know where you are, or where
you're going, but you expect me to be able to help. You're in the same position
you were before we met, but now it's my fault." ……Happy
Birthday, Jean-Pierre Blanchard French
balloonist. On January 7, 1785,
Blanchard and Dr. John Jeffries, an American physician, made the first flight
over the English Channel, traveling from
1776 – Thursday- The
Declaration of Independence was signed in
1790 – Sunday –
Trigonometry is a sin of the times…………unknown……..Happy
Birthday, Sir George Everest, British military engineer and geodesist who
worked on the trigonometrical survey of
1802 – Sunday Hail, Alma Mater dear,
To us be ever near,
Help us thy motto bear
Through all the years.
Let duty be well performed,
Honor be e'er untarned,
Country be ever armed,
West Point, by thee. At
1803 – Monday
“Guess what we bought!”…..The
1804 – Wednesday Happiness is like a butterfly which, when pursued, is
always beyond our grasp, but, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you. ……..Happy Birthday, author
Nathaniel Hawthorne, born in Salem, Mass. and author of The Scarlet Letter and The House of Seven Gables among others.
1807 – Saturday I offer neither pay, nor quarters, nor food; I offer only hunger,
thirst, forced marches, battles and death. Let him who loves his country with
his heart, and not merely with his lips, follow me ……….Happy Birthday,
Giuseppe Garibaldi Italian patriot and soldier, a leading figure in the Risorgimento (the movement for
Italian unification). He remains perhaps the most popular of all Italian heroes
and also a great revolutionary hero in
Tuesday John Adams and Thomas
Jefferson, the second and third presidents of the
– Thursday- Slavery was abolished
She came in through the bathroom window
Protected by a silver spoon
But now she sucks her thumb and wanders
By the banks of her own lagoon …..The Beatles ……….Flushed with success, the cornerstone was laid for the first U.S. hotel to install bathrooms was the Tremont House, at the SW corner of Tremont Street and Beacon Street in Boston, Mass. It was also the first hotel to provide free soap – probably not the little bars offered nowadays – one for the sink and one for the tub. The hotel's water was raised by steam-powered pump to a storage tank on its roof, where it fed by gravity to the taps. Eight loos were provided on the ground floor. Restrooms for bathing were located in the basement, and served by cold running water. Bathtubs were copper or tin, with local gas heating for the tub's water. Running water was also provided to the kitchen and laundry. A simple system removed the waste water to the sewage system.
1832: Wednesday The song
– Wednesday Q: What do you call a bunch of
tractors parked in front of a McDonald’s on Friday night in
1839 – Thursday- The first iron cast bridge in the
1855- Wednesday I celebrate myself, and sing myself,
And what I assume you shall assume,
For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.
I loafe and invite my soul,
I lean and loafe at my ease observing a spear of summer grass……Song of Myself……..A “budding” classic, American poet Walt Whitman’ first edition of his self published Leaves of Grass was published. It contained twelve poems. He continued to release revised editions up to 1892. Leaves of Grass is essentially a poem in process, with each succeeding edition representing a unique period in the poet's life as well as the nation's. This is perhaps best illustrated by Whitman's Civil War poetry. Originally published in 1865 as a separate volume entitled Drum Taps, these poems were later integrated into Leaves of Grass.
– Wednesday The beginning of
– Saturday Bravely Robin ran away, (No!)
Bravely ran away, away. (I didn't!)
When danger reared its ugly head,
he bravely turned his tail and fled. (No!)
Yes, brave Sir Robin turned about (I didn't)
And gallantly, he chickened out.
Bravely taking to his feet, (I never did!)
He beat a very brave retreat, (Oh, lie!)
Bravest of the brave, Sir Robin. (I never!)……..Monty Python, The Army of Northern
1863 – Saturday Won't you please surrender to me
Your lips, your arms, your heart, dear
Be mine forever
Be mine tonight……Elvis……………The surrender of
Vicksburg( ). In May and June of 1863, Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Mississippi , surrounding the city and trapping a Confederate army of 29,000 men under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. After a successful siege Vicksburg food was running desperately low…….you can only eat so much hamburger helper…… On June 28 Pemberton had received an anonymous note from amongst his men asking him to surrender before the army deserted. On July 1 Pemberton consulted with his senior officers about the possibility of fighting there way through the Federal lines, and was told that his men were no longer physically capable of making the attempt so on July 4, Vicksburg surrendered. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Vicksburg , the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Mississippi
– Tuesday Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the
bank, and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book
her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, `and
what is the use of a book,' thought Alice `without pictures or conversation?
…..Three years to the day (see 1862) after Lewis Carroll ( Charles Dodgeson)
told his story to Alice Liddell, Alice's
Adventures in Wonderland was published. Dodgson's tale was published as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by
"Lewis Carroll" with illustrations by John Tenniel. The first print
run of 2,000 was held back because Tenniel had objections over the print
quality. A new edition, released in December of the same year, but carrying an
1866 date, was quickly printed. As it turned out, the original edition was sold
with Dodgson's permission to the
1872 – Thursday There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody,
anywhere, any time……………Happy Birthday, (John) Calvin Coolidge, the 30th president of the
– Friday During the Anglo-Zulu
1883 – Wednesday- No matter how thin you slice it it's still
baloney……….. Happy Birthday,
Rube Goldberg, born in
– Wednesday Same day as Rube
Goldberg was born -
We believe that electricity
exists, because the electric company keeps sending us bills for it, but we
cannot figure out how it travels inside wires……Dave Barry…… The first three-wire
(An electric circuit that consists of
three separate currents delivered at one-third cycle intervals by means of a
central-station incandescent-lighting plant in the U.S. started operations in
Sunbury, Pennsylvania, located at the corner of North Fourth and Vine streets.
It was built by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company. The City Hotel was built by E.T. Drumheller
in 1871. On July 4, 1883, it became the first building in the world to be
illuminated using incandescent electric lights wand would be renamed the, yes,
Edison Hotel. Why Sundbury? Jason Close
1892 – Monday But will you love me tomorrow………The Shirelles………Western Samoa changed the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4.
1895 - Thursday – …… Picture you upon my
knee, just tea for two and two for tea,
Just me for you and you for me, alone!
Nobody near us, to see us or hear us,
No friends or relations on weekend vacations,
We won't have it known, dear, that we have a telephone, dear.
Day will break and you'll awake and start to bake
A sugar cake for me to take for all the boys to see.
We will raise a family, a boy for you, a girl for me,
Oh, can't you see how happy life would be?....................Happy Birthday, Irving Caesar, (Isodor Caesar) song writer – Swanee, (co-written with George Gershwin, made famous by Al Jolson), Tea for Two, Crazy Rhythm, and Just a Gigolo.
I don't like to be disturbed at home;
I tell the cable office not to call me before 6:30 AM, unless there's a war…….U Thant…………President Theodore Roosevelt sent the first official message
over the new cable across the Pacific Ocean between Honolulu, Midway, Guam and
Manila. He booked rooms using Hotel.com. Inspired
1906 – Wednesday A seedy business....Happy Birthday, Vincent J. Schaefer who invented the process of cloud seeding to cause rain and, yes, snow. Professor Sy Yentz can cause rain by just washing his car. Schaefer became famous with his 1946 experiments for General Electric making the first snowstorm in a laboratory and inducing precipitation outdoors. Well that certainly helped…..” can’t go into the dining room, there’s a thunder shower going on in there”….. He was hailed as the first person to actually do something about the weather and not just talk about it. Naysayers voiced concerns about disrupting weather patterns and "stealing" rain, spoiling picnics, soggying up outdoor graduations, and ruining barbeques and golf games. There were also practical difficulties in controlling the weather. The Saturday Evening Post noted that after seeding, it was still "difficult to aim a cloud." In 2003, scientists at the National Academy of Sciences concluded there is no scientific evidence that it works. The American Meteorological Society's (you know, those people who get the weather wrong every time you depend on it to be good weather) official position is that there has been some statistical evidence showing a 10 percent increase in precipitation after cloud-seeding, but no conclusive cause and effect. In cloud seeding, silver iodide is used to assist the natural process of rain formation. It provides nuclei in which ice crystals can form. If they become large enough, they fall, melt as they fall, and turn into rain.
1911 – Tuesday It's
like a heatwave
Burnin' like a heatwave
Deep in my heart
I can't keep from cryin'
It's tearin' me apart ……Martha and the Vandellas……….A heat wave that would not end until July 19 set record temperatures in the northeastern United States. 380 people would die. In
1912- Thursday A straight line can readily be drawn among each of the two series of points corresponding to maxima and minima, thus showing that there is a simple relation between the brightness of the variables and their periods ………Happy Birthday, Henrietta Swan Leavitt American astronomer famous for her discovery of the period-luminosity relation of Cepheid variables. Leavitt worked as a computer at Harvard – they were called computers because they spent their lives studying photographs. It was drudge work but it was as close as women could get to real astronomy at Harvard. Leavitt noticed that a type of star known as a Cepheid variable (after the constellation Cepheus….look through a telescope and “cepheus self”) pulsated with a regular rhythm. This was vital in determining the size and age of the universe as Cepheids are quite rare but most of us know at least one – Polaris, the North Star This major discovery became the starting point for the ability of astronomers to determine the distance of stars from the earth. Cephied variable stars that have used up their main supply of hydrogen fuel are unstable and pulsate, sort of like when their latest film release bombs, starting a series of failures that ends up with them as supporting actors or on television……….possibly even Dancing With the Stars.
1925- Saturday – Happy Birthday, Eric Fleming, American actor. Fleming starring as trail boss Gil Favor was supposed to be the leading luminary on the show, Rawhide………….whoops, along came Clint Eastwood as Rowdy Yates and……… Fleming did co-star with noted Shakespearean actress Zsa Zsa Gabor in the astronomy documentary, Queen of Outer Space………. “I'm going to allow myself the exquisite pleasure of watching you while I obliterate the Earth.”.
1927 – Monday -
If no one ever took risks, Michaelangelo would have painted the Sistine floor
……….Happy Birthday, Neil Simon, one of the world’s most successful
playwrights with dozens of plays and nearly as many major motion pictures
produced. Born in the
1929 – Thursday – Happy Birthday, Our way is to put fear in the opponent, baby,
and outscore him Al Davis, madcap football owner, born in
1931- Saturday - American actor Stephen Boyd, best remembered for his role as Charlton Heston’s arch enemy, Messala and being trampled in the Ben-Hur chariot race.
1934 – Wednesday- In
London, where Southampton Row passes
1939- Tuesday Thirty six-year old, New York Yankee first base man, Lou Gehrig, afflicted with the eponymous fatal illness that would eventually bear his name, (aka amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) retired and bid a tearful farewell at Yankee Stadium, telling 60,000 fans, Fans, for the past two weeks you have been reading about a bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth.
1944- Tuesday The
National Science Teachers Association was established in
1945 – Wednesday Uncertainty is the only certainty there is, and knowing how to live with insecurity is the only security……….Happy Birthday, John Allen Paulos, American mathematician and author of books encouraging people to make sense of the statistics and figures that inform their lives. Among his books are, Innumeracy: : Mathematical Illiteracy and its Consequences, A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper, Once Upon a Number, and A Mathematician Plays the Stock Market.
– Tuesday The first broadcast by
Radio Free Europe when it began broadcasting 11 hours a day from
Czechoslovakia. Secretly, it was funded by the Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA), although even the
1960 – Monday You're a grand old flag,
You're a high flying flag
And forever in peace may you wave.
You're the emblem of
The land I love.
The home of the free and the brave.
Ev'ry heart beats true
'neath the Red, White and Blue,
Where there's never a boast or brag.
Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
Keep your eye on the grand old flag. ……………..George M. Cohan………………The number of stars on the American flag was increased to 50 to honor the new state of Hawaii, admitted on August 21, 1959 (Alaska, when they could find someone living up there to tell the news to, was admitted on January 3, 1959) The stars are placed in a staggered pattern . . . 5 rows have 6 stars, and 4 rows have 5 stars ( 5X6 + 4X5 = 50).
1968 – Thursday The Explorer 38, (the first successful U.S satellite was Explorer 1) an unmanned U.S. spacecraft was launched to measure galactic radio sources – but not talk radio in the Magellanic Cloud - and study low frequencies in space. It was one of a series of 55 scientific satellites launched between 1958-75. Unfortunately some electronic spectrum waves infiltrated beyond the receivers and into the radio world at large where the brains of the intellectually challenged were affected resulting in the evolvement of cretins who is blast loud music at the beach.
1970- Wednesday – In
1971 – Sunday - Happy Birthday, Koko, the sign-language gorilla. Koko a domesticated lowland gorilla was taught to use human sign language. Beginning when Koko was one year old, psychologist Penny Patterson taught the gorilla signs from American sign language. Patterson eventually credited Koko with learning a vocabulary of over 1000 signs and understand approximately 2,000 words of spoken English. A BBC story reported that three former female employees claimed that they were pressured into showing their breasts to Koko. They alleged that Dr. Patterson encouraged the behavior, often interpreted Koko's signs as requests for nipple display, and let them know that their job would be in danger if they "did not indulge Koko's nipple fetish." All claims of harassment have been permanently dropped as of November 21, 2005, after the foundation and the parties involved reached a settlement involving bananas and money. Koko was quoted as saying, I can’t help it - she brings out the beast in me
1976 – Sunday It
resonated far and wide. It showed that
you could counter terrorism, and that it was worth cooperating to do so…..
General Dan Shomron …..the Good guys win, the good guys win!……….Israeli
commandos raided Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all but four of the
passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
The entire operation took only 58
minutes. On June 27, 1976, four terrorists forced an Air France Airbus to land
1977 – Monday – Happy
Elizabeth Cafarella. A graduate of THE
1980: Friday - We’re trying to have an impact for wholesomeness. July 4th will be a [traditional ceremony] for the family and for solid, clean American lives. We’re not going to encourage drug abuse and alcoholism as was done in past years…..James Watt……The Beach Boys (all in their late 30s by now) and The Grass Roots (Let’s Live for Today, Midnight Confession, Where Were You When I Needed You) performed their first free concert on the Mall in Washington DC to a crowd of half a million. Three years later to the day, 1983 if you’re counting…… they were replaced for the big Independence Day concert by “Daddy Don’t You Walk So Fast”, Wayne Newton after James Watt, sourpuss Secretary of the Interior for the Reagan Administration, notoriously claimed that the group would attract a "bad element." Whoops, it turned out the Beach Boys were one of First Lady Nancy Reagan’s favorite groups. In 1984, the Beach Boys would be back on the National Mall. Here’s a clip from that show of the band doing Surfer Girl with the help of LaToya Jackson and Julio Iglesias
1987 – Saturday Former
Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (aka the "Butcher of Lyon") was convicted
of crimes against humanity by a French court and sentenced to life
imprisonment. It was estimated that under his command 7,500 people were
deported to concentration camps, and 4,342 were murdered. After the war, from 1945 to 1955, he was
protected and employed by British and then American intelligence agents. In
1952 and 1954, military tribunals in
1997 – Friday After traveling 120 million miles in seven months,
NASA's Mars Pathfinder became the first
1998- Saturday- Sic
we'll adaugeo iustus aliquantulus magis fuel quod. quis! (So, we'll add just a
little more fuel and......what the!............ )For a while it appeared as it would become a bit crowded up on Mars as Japan launched Nozomi ("Hope") from Kagoshima
Launch Centre, to become the third nation (after Russia and the U.S.) to reach
for Mars. The spacecraft made two fly-bys of the Moon in Sep and Dec in order
to reshape its trajectory for an intended arrival in a highly elliptical Mars
Orbit in Oct 1999. But whoops, the
attempt failed due to malfunctioning
valve and the plans were changed to alter the spacecraft's trajectory to reach
Mars in 2003. In a Keystone Kops maneuver, they used too much fuel for the course
correction. Then as they swung it by
Earth again for a momentum gain, solar flares damaged it. The mission was
designed to measure the interaction between the solar wind and Martian upper
atmosphere but ended up with
2002 – Thursday
Another breakthrough in medical history came with elephant capped tusks. In the immortal words of the great philosopher
Groucho Marx, Why do elephants lose their
2005 - Monday -
Who has not experienced the unutterable
despair that follows the crash of a treasured bottle …..W.C Fields………..Launched
on 12th January 2005, The Deep Impact collider screaming “Banzai”,
crashed into the comet Tempel 1. Comets are, in effect, time capsules that hold clues about the
formation and evolution of the solar system. They are composed of ice, gas, dust,
detergent, including 1.2% sodium dichloro-s-triazinetrione dehydrate, and primitive debris from the solar system's
distant and coldest regions that formed 4.5 billion years ago. Comet Tempel 1
was discovered on 3 April 1867 by Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel in
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5. 1795- Happy Birthday Sylvester Graham of West Suffield, Connecticut inventor of, yes, the graham
cracker – in 1829. Graham was an
Presbyterian minister who mainly preached nutrition and wanted to reform the
eating habits of
Birthday, David Farragut
American Civil War admiral. Famous for saying "Damn the torpedoes! Full
speed ahead!" as his fleet attacked
1805 – Happy Birthday, Robert Fitzroy, British naval officer,
hydrographer, and meteorologist who commanded the voyage of HMS Beagle, aboard
which Charles Darwin sailed around the world as the ship's naturalist. That
1810 – Happy Birthday, P. T. Barnum, the great American showman. A shameless huckster, Barnum bought the American Museum in New York City in 1841 and turned it into an exhibition hall for the presentation of "freaks" such as "The Feejee Mermaid" and the midget General Tom Thumb (real name: Charles Stratton). His string of successful acts included European opera singer Jenny Lind, Jumbo the elephant and “Siamese” twins Chang and Eng Bunker. In 1871 Barnum opened a circus, billed as "The Greatest Show On Earth." In 1881 he merged with competitor James Bailey, forming Barnum & Bailey's Circus (eventually it became today's Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus).
Happy Birthday Cecil Rhodes (large family; brother of Lonesome Rhodes, Dusty
Rhodes, Back Rhodes, Cor Rhodes, and E. Rhodes) of England who became wealthy
via diamond mining - in 1880, he formed the De Beers
Mining Company -in South Africa and founded the colony, later country of
Rhodesia, which is now Zimbabwe.
1867- Happy Birthday, Andrew E. Douglass, American astronomer and archaeologist who developed the term, dendrochronology for tree-ring dating, a field he originated while working at the Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona from 1894 to 1901. He showed how tree rings could be used to date and interpret past events. Yes, it was a “tree ring circus”. . Douglass observed that the width of tree rings is a record of the rainfall, with implications on the local food supply in dry years. Each year a tree adds a layer of wood to its trunk and branches thus creating the annual rings we see when viewing a cross section.
1879- A near-complete skeleton of a mastodon was discovered
1917 – Happy Birthday, Manuel Rodríguez Sánchez, “Manolete”, perhaps the greatest bullfighter and certainly the most famous to be killed in the ring – August 1947.
1921 - The "Black Sox" were accused of throwing the1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds. The trial began with jury selection. The eight Chicago White Sox players, including stars Shoeless Joe Jackson, Buck Weaver, and Eddie Cicotte, subsequently became known as the "Black Sox" after the scandal was revealed. There is some doubt to this day that Shoeless Joe, the best of the players, was involved, however they were all acquitted after a jury trial but immediately suspended from baseball for life by commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis
1929- The New York Giants baseball team became the first team to have a public address system in the major leagues.
- The first American rocket
airplane, MX-324 was flown in Hawthorn, Ca. (sometimes the date is given
as 7/4) The pilot, Harry Crosby, had to lie flat on his back to withstand the
effects of gravity. After a tow to 8,000 feet from a
P-38, the Aerojet motor was ignited and it began to produce 200 lb. of thrust.
The flight lasted over four
minutes and ended with a safe landing.
1946- Inspired by
the U.S atomic testing at the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific earlier in
the week, French designer Louis Reard debuted a (at the time) daring
two-piece swimsuit which he named the “bikini” at a popular swimming pool
1954 - Elvis Presley's first commercial
recording session took place at Sun Records in
1996- Hello Dolly. Dolly, a cloned
sheep, was born at the Roslin Institute,
raised questions about genetic abnormalities that may have been caused
in the cloning process. Still later as she mutated into a creature with long fangs that wore a hockey mask and chopped up nubile teenagers…no, no, no Professor Sy Yentz has his abnormal sense of humor……After suffering from a progressive lung disease, Dolly was put down on February 14 (Valentine’s Day – how appropriate), 2003, at the age of six. Her early death raised more questions about the safety of cloning. It was felt that people should stop “cloning” around. As for Dolly, she was stuffed and is now on display at the National Museum of Scotland in
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Tonight Tonight, may it
never reach an end…………..The
Mello Kings….. On this evening, according to
371 B.C – Thursday- Only
the dead have seen the end of war……Plato….. The Battle of Leuctra, where
Epaminondas defeated Cleombrotus I. The
big surprise was that Epaminondas was from
1044 – Saturday
Long distance information give me Ménfő Tennessee….apologies to Johnny
Rivers………The Battle of Ménfő between troops led by Emperor Henry III and Magyar
forces led by King Samuel dooked it out over Hungary. it was a victory for the
Germans and thus for Westernizing influences in
1189 – Thursday
Only kings, presidents, editors, and
people with tapeworms have the right to use the editorial "we”………Mark Twain……. Richard I
"the Lionheart" (aka Richard
the Lionhearted, Richard the Lion-Heart, Richard the Lion-hearted; and Coeur de
Lion) , became King of England with the demise of his father, Henry II. Richard
was one of four sons of Henry and his wife Eleanor of Aquitain, all fairly
useless, including the youngest, John who would become King on the kapution of
Richard in 1199. He would be crowned on September 3. Spending only six months
of his reign in the country he reigned over (
1483 – Friday Now is the winter of our discontent. Act I, Scene I Richard III………Richard, Duke of Gloucester and brother of the late King Edward IV was crowned Richard III – thanks to the Tudors and William Shakespeare he has become one of history’s great villains. He was the last English king to die on the battlefield – at Bosworth- and his death at age 33 (you thought he was older, didn’t you?) in 1485 is generally accepted between the medieval and modern ages in England. Richard (probably wasn’t a hunchback) is credited with the responsibility for several murders: Henry VI , Henry's son Edward, his brother Clarence, and his nephews Edward and Richard (the “princes in the tower”…….although there is a considerable body of thought that places the blame for those murders on Richard’s successor, Henry Tudor (Henry VII) –read Josephine Tey’s Daughter of Time.
1535- Saturday Headless Body in Topless Bar……….New
1560 –Wednesday Best
laid plans o' mice an' men gang aft agley…….Robert Burns…….The Treaty of
Edinburgh was signed by Scotland and England. When
1747 – Thursday Come on, get up and fight, ya shivering
junkyard! Put your hands up, ya lopsided bag o' hay!
……….Cowardly Lion, Wizard of Oz…….Happy Birthday, John Paul Jones, American naval commander and
drummer for Led Zeppelin. He was born John Paul the name Jones was assumed
circa1778, in Kirkbean,
1748; Saturday – Happy Birthday, George
Claghorn- That's a joke, son…….Senator
Claghorn…and….Foghorn Leghorn………American revolutionary soldier and
ship-builder whose most important vessel was the USS Constitution, (Old Ironsides) one of several 44-gun frigates
(as was the Bon Homme Richard see John Paul Jones above) . It was first launched in 1797. Constitution was one of six ships – the
others were: the
1766- Sunday I dare say
you will smile at my presumption when I tell you that I have seriously begun to
make a collection of drawings of the birds to be found in Pennsylvania, or that
occasionally pass through it: twenty-eight, as a beginning, I send for your
opinion……Alexander Wilson, in a letter to William Bartram, naturalist,
July, 1805 ………Happy Birthday Alexander Wilson, Scottish/American ornithologist
born in Paisley (near Glasgow), Scotland.
I don't give a damn about a greenback dollar, spend it as fast as I can.
For a wailin' song and a good guitar, the only things that I understand, poor boy, the only things that I understand. …..
1785 –Wednesday - BOTANY,
n. The science of vegetables—those that are not good to eat, as well as those
that are. It deals largely with their flowers, which are commonly badly
designed, inartistic in color, and ill-smelling……Ambrose Bierce….The Devil’s Dictionary………….. Happy
Birthday, William Jackson Hooker, English botanist and father of Joseph Dalton
Hooker. The elder Hooker was Professor
of Botany at Glasgow, Director of Glasgow Botanic Gardens from 1820 to 1841,
Director of Kew Gardens from 1841 to 1865. He opened the
1796 – Wednesday
С Днем Рождения, Tsar Czar (Take me for a ride in you’re tsar czar….Peter
Paul & Mary) Nicholas I of
1854 – Thursday
sleep in twin beds—some even in separate rooms. That is why there are more
1858- Tuesday There's no business like
shoe business..........Let's go on
with the shoe Let's
go on with the shoe ! The shoe! The shoe! "……..apologies to Irving
Berlin………. A shoemaker named Lyman Blake in Abington MA. patented the
first shoe-sole machine. It was a sewing machine for shoes. Coincidently, Blake worked for the Isaac
Singer's sewing machine company. His invention revolutionized the shoe industry
and helped establish
1885- Monday The death of this child appearing to be inevitable, I decided, not without lively and sore anxiety, as may well be believed, to try upon Joseph Meister, the method which I had found constantly successful with dogs. Consequently, sixty hours after the bites, and in the presence of Drs Vulpian and Grancher, young Meister was inoculated under a fold of skin with half a syringeful of the spinal cord of a rabbit, which had died of rabies. It had been preserved (for) fifteen days in a flask of dry air. In the following days, fresh inoculations were made. I thus made thirteen inoculations. On the last days, I inoculated Joseph Meister with the most virulent virus of rabies…… Louis Pasteur administered the first anti-rabies inoculation of a human being. The 9 year-old boy, Joseph Meister, had been bitten by a rabid dog. Meister up to became director of the Pasteur Institute and enjoyed a daily “milk bone” break in addition to a bizarre attraction to fire hydrants.
1886-Tuesday Horlick's of
1887 – Wednesday I want to go back to my little grass shack
in Kealakekua HawaiiWhere the humuhumunukunukuapua'a goes swimming byWhere the
humuhumunukunukuapua'a goes swimming by…….Bill Cogswell, Tommy Harrison and
Johnny Noble………………David Kalakaua, monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, was forced
at gunpoint, as well as the threat of forcibly watching endless loops of the
new version of Hawaii Five-0, along
with listening to Don Ho singing Tiny
Bubbles, at the hands of the Americans, to sign the Bayonet Constitution
giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping Hawaiian citizens of
their rights. Soon afterward, Kalakaua
had to sign a reciprocity agreement with the
1893 – Thursday
It’s a twister, it’s a twister………..Johnny…….Airplane……….The small town of Pomeroy,
Iowa became an even smaller town as it was nearly destroyed by a tornado that
killed 71 people and injures 200.
According to the Pomeroy Centennial, “this awful storm was formed by the
junction of two clouds and two currents of air, which met in
1903 – Monday Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds. Biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl. ….Mike Adams…………..Happy Birthday, Hugo Theorell, biochemist born in Linkoping, Sweden and, Nobel laureate in 1955 for his discoveries concerning the nature and mode of action of oxidation enzymes. He focused on how enzymes called alcohol dehydrogenases catalyze the oxidation, or breaking down, of alcohol in an organism. In case you were going where we were going with the mention of alcohol (we prefer Glenmorangie single malt), Theorell’s research provided a new method for testing blood alcohol content, which is used to test sobriety.
1919 – Sunday -The
British dirigible R34 landed in
1920- Tuesday I need you, by me,
beside me, to guide me,
to hold me, to scold me,
'cause when I'm bad
I'm so, so bad …….Donna Summer…………A radio compass was used for first time for aircraft navigation as a a naval seaplane flew 95 miles from Norfolk, Virginia, to the battleship Ohio, at sea, and returned, guided entirely by radio signals. The radio compass replaced the “two fingers to the left of the Sun” system of aeronautical navigation. It was finally perfected by William Lear in the 1940s. Lear also invented the car radio – he called it “Motorola” and formed the Learjet company.
1928- Friday Take. . .him. . .for. . .a. . .ride!........The first all talking motion picture, Lights of New York, was previewed. Now we all know that The Jazz Singer, also released by Warner Brothers, but premiering in 1927 is regarded as the first “talking film” but it was only a partially talking film…there were silent sequences with subtitles….and they stopped using diphthongs after a while. The perfectly awful Lights of New York was produced for a paltry $23,000 and released as a “B” movie. But to everyone's surprise, the film went on to gross over a million dollars in its first run, proving once and for all that talkies had come to stay. The movie, directed by Bryan Foy –his first directorial attempt, and starring: Helene Costello, Cullen Landis and Mary Carr. The gangster movie about speakeasy’s was the first with the take him for a ride quote later used/and or parodied ad infinitum.
1933 – Thursday We wanted to see the Babe. Sure, he was old and had a big waistline, but that didn't make any difference. We were on the same field as Babe Ruth……Wild Bill Hallahan …………….Baseball's first All-Star game, the brainchild of writer Arch Ward, a sports editor for the Chicago Tribune, to coincide with the celebration of Chicago's Century of Progress Exposition, was held at Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League beat the National League 4-2. Yes, Babe Ruth (the greatest player ever) hit the first home run. The managers were the New York Giants’ John McGraw for the National League and the Philadelphia Athletics’ Connie Mack for the American League. Lefty Grove was the winning pitcher. Wild Bill, quoted above, was the losing pitcher. The starting line ups were:
1. Pepper Martin 3B
2. Frankie Frisch 2B
3. Chuck Klein RF
4. Chick Hafey LF
5. Bill Terry 1B
9. Bill Hallahan P
7. Dick Bartell SS
8. Jimmie Wilson C
6. Wally Berger CF for the National League and
1. Ben Chapman LF
2. Charlie Gehringer 2B
3. Babe Ruth RF
4. Lou Gehrig 1B
5. Al Simmons CF
6. Jimmy Dykes 3B
7. Joe Cronin SS
8. Rick Ferrell C
9. Lefty Gomez P for the American League.
1934 Friday – Mind like parachute - only function when open……Charlie Chan………………The premiere of Charlie
Chan's Courage. Directed
by Eugene Forde, and George Hadden, the
writers Earl Derr Biggers (creator of Charlie Can) and Seton I. Miller. The
movie starred Warner Oland, Drue Leyton, Donald Woods, and James Wang as
Wong. There was no #1 son. In 1931, the
Fox Film Corporation cast Swedish actor Warner Oland as Chan in Charlie Chan Carries On and there were
15 more Chan films with
1937 – Tuesday And
when I hold you,
You will be the Duchess
Duchess of Earl
When I walk through my Dukedom
The paradise we will share………Happy Birthday, American singer, Gene Chandler. A medley of his hit is Duke of Earl (B side is Kissin’ in the Kitchen) which he has probably sung 300 times a year since it was released in 1962.
1942 – Monday So wise so young, they
say do never live long…..Richard III (act 1)………..13 year-old Anne Frank's family in Nazi-occupied
1944 – Thursday One day after the 134th birthday of P.T Barnum, In Hartford, Connecticut, a fire of unknown origin broke out under the big top of the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, killing 167 people and injuring 682. Two-thirds of those who perished were children. The tent, as was a common practice with many tented circuses at the time, the 520'x220' big top had been coated with a mixture of 18,000 pounds of parrafin and 6,000 gallons of white gasoline (some sources say kerosene) as a waterproofing measure. Not so good for anti flammable though.. The fire began as a small flame about twenty minutes into the show, on the southwest sidewall of the tent, while the Great Wallendas were performing. Ringmaster Fred Bradna urged the audience not to panic and to leave in an orderly fashion, but the power failed and he could not be heard. Bradna and the ushers unsuccessfully tried to maintain some order as the panicked crowd of around 8,000 tried to flee the big top.
1946 –Saturday Every nation in every region now has a decision to make. Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists. ………..Happy Birthday George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States, born in Midland, Texas and born on the exact same day, Suddenly I`ve got an overwhelming desire to surround myself with the aura of classical and Romantic art…………Sylvester Stallone, American actor
1946 – Saturday,
Only Capone kills guys like that……………While
George W. Bush and Sylvester Stallone (see above) were busy being born, George
"Bugs" Moran was having some problems as he was arrested in Ohio for robbing
a bank messenger of $10,000, an amount
that would have been loose change for him in his prohibition days. He was
convicted and sentenced to ten years. After his release, he was again arrested
for an earlier bank raid and sent away for another ten stretch at
1957 – Saturday 15-year-old
Paul McCartney attended a church picnic in the
1966 – Wednesday
O God bless our
Keep it a land of peace.
Put down each and every enemy,
Hunger, disease, envy.
Join together all our hearts as one,
That we be free from fear.
Bless our leader, each and every one,
And Mother Malawi. …………….Malawi National Anthem……
1967 – Thursday
Arise, O compatriots, Nigeria's call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith
The labor of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom, peace and
unity…….Nigerian National Anthem………….. Nigerian forces invaded
1975 – Sunday The flag is
Announcing complete independence;
The nation rises up
Because of the faith we have
In this our Comoria.
Let us always have devotion
To love our Great Islands………………..National Anthem……….The Comoros declared independence from France. In the French Parliament the discussion focused on Comores? Comores? Nous possédions des Comores? Où sont-ils? The Comoros Islands—Grande Comoro (Ngazidja), Anjouan, Mohéli, and Mayotte (which is not part of the country and retains ties to France)—constitute an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Indian Ocean, 190 mi off the coast of Mozambique.
– Thursday The
She’s been married so many times, she has
rice marks on her face………Henny Youngman……..Our
D.I.V.O.R.C.E becomes final today
Me and little J.O.E will be goin' away
I love you both and it will be pure H.E double L for me
Oh, I wish that we could stop this D.I.V.O.R.C.E. Virginia Wynette Pugh, aka, Tammy Wynette married her fifth and final husband, George Richey. Numbers 1-4 were Euple Byrd (married 1959–divorced 1966); Don Chapel, (married 1967–annulled 1968); George Jones (married 1969–divorced 1975) and Michael Tomlin (married 1976–annulled 1976). So for two of them it was Our A.N.N.U.L.L.M.E.N.T becomes final today……………..
1988 – Wednesday 167
2003 – Sunday The Eupatoria Planetary Radar sent a METI message ( called Cosmic Call 2) to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri (HD 75732), HD 10307, 47 Ursae Majoris (HD 95128), and the planet where teenagers come from. .They contained text, (what are you wearing to tomorrow? Don’t you think Billy Biffledink is gross? Ew! ……….images (sexting, pictures of giant boogers,..), video, music (Lady Gaga, David Bowie & Mick Jagger – Dancin’ In The Streets, Survivor- Eye of the Tiger, anything by Journey, Bobby McFerrin- Don’t Worry Be Happy, Styx- Mr. Roboto, Vanilla Ice- Ice Ice Baby, anything with George Michael (including Wham), Olivia Newton John- Physical, anything from Glee, U 2- Numb, David Hasselhoff – Hooked on a Feeling, and Heidi Montag- Higher ……), the Dutil/Dumas message, is a copy of the 1974 Arecibo message (in case they didn’t get it the first time….. a 1679 pixel image with 73 rows and 23 columns. It shows the numbers one through ten, the atomic numbers of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus, the formulas for the sugars and bases in the nucleotides of DNA, the number of nucleotides in DNA, the double helix structure of DNA, a figure of a human being and its height, the population of Earth, a diagram of our solar system, and an image of the Arecibo telescope with its diameter.), BIG = Bilingual Image Glossary, the AI program Ella, and the Braastad message The messages will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044 and 2049 respectively. We can expect the Earth to be destroyed shortly afterwards.
Back to Calendar
1456 – Monday Whatever thing men call great, look for it
in Joan of Arc, and there you will find it. …….Mark Twain…………In a posthumous retrial of Joan of Arc authorized
by Pope Callixtus III Surprise! Joan of Arc was acquitted of heresy 25 years
after her death. There was no comment from Ms. D’Arc. However, defense
attorney, Perry Mason was quoted as describing Joan as a martyr and implicating
the late Pierre Cauchon, the judge at the original trial, with heresy for having convicted an innocent
woman in pursuit of a secular vendetta. The former Monsieur Cauchon had no
comment. Prosecutor, Hamilton Burger, said
that just because the former M. Cauchon had threatened Joan with immediate
execution if she did not confess, he had his fingers crossed behind his back
and didn’t really mean it. Lt. Tragg, who had arrested Joan and turned her over
to the English said “she looked guilty of something”. The court declared that Joan had been tried
as a result of ‘false articles of accusation’. Those articles and Cauchon’s
sentence were to be torn out of a copy of the proceedings and burnt by the
public executioner at
1534 – Saturday
– Do you know the way to San Jose
I’ve been away so long
I may go wrong and lose my way
Do you know the way to San Jose
I’m goin’ back to find
Some peace of mind in San Jose……Dionne Warwick…….. The first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in
1543 – Wednesday
warm Summer days indoors, writing frightening verse to a buck-toothed girl in
1575 –Monday The
seventh of July, the suith to say,
At the Reidswire the tryst was set ;
Our Wardens they affixed the day,
And, as they promised, so they met.
Alas ! that day I'll ne'er forget ! …The Raid of the Redeswire, although most sources agree it wasn't really a raid and did not take place in the Redeswire. Other than that, it was fine. The website http://www.oldandsold.com/articles32n/english-border-towns-5.shtml English Border Towns contains our introductory quote and a 1914 description of the minor skirmish. Which took place at took place at the Cheviot pass which enters Redesdale, between the English Warden of the Middle Marches; Sir John Forster, Sir George Heron, Keeper of Redesdale and the Keeper of Liddesdale as well as the Scottish Warden; Sir John Carmichael with George Douglas of Bonjedworth over the disposition the case of a horse thief.
1585 – Sunday I'm Henry the eighth I am
Henry the eighth I am, I am
I got married to the widow next door
She's been married seven times before
And every one was an Henry (Henry)
She wouldn't have a Willy or a Sam (no Sam)
I'm her eighth old man, I'm Henry
Henry the eighth I am …..Herman’s Hermits……….But we didn’t say “no backsies” Henry III might have said as…The Treaty of Nemours abolished tolerance to Protestants in
1746 – Thursday Happy Birthday, Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer, professor of Mathematics at the University of Palermo, and cleric who after obtaining a grant from Prince Caramanico, Viceroy of Sicily, built an observatory on top of one of the towers at the royal palace. It was here that Piazzi discovered what he believed was a star, whoops, then after studying it for four days he reasoned it was a planet located between and Jupiter. Whoops again, he had become the first to discover, on Jan. 1, 1801 an asteroid which he named Ceres. In 1803 he published a catalog of the fixed stars, and in 1814 he enlarged it to include 7,646 stars.
1752 – Friday The iron was sold for old iron, the wood for kindling, while I was delivered over to universal ignominy. Happy Birthday, Joseph Marie Jacquard, French inventor and certifiable ‘loomatic’. Jacquard is best known for his creation of the programmable loom, an invention which changed the weaving industry in the world as well as inspiring the technology of punch cards, the first practical use of the binary system which in turn led to the development of the computer et voila! The IMac. The introductory quote refers to the warm and welcoming reaction to Jacquard’s invention by the Luddite weavers of Lyons, who thinking their vocation was endangered by the new machine, mobbed the inventor and broke up his invention
1816 - Sunday Happy Birthday, Rudolf Wolf Swiss astronomer and astronomical historian. Wolf's main contribution to astronomy was the discovery of the 11 year sunspot cycle. He was the co-discoverer of its connection with geomagnetic activity on Earth. Sunspots are any of the relatively cool dark spots appearing periodically in groups on the surface of the sun that are associated with strong magnetic fields. Wolf's interest in sunspots was fired by his spotting of a particularly large and spectacular sunspot group in December 1847. In 1858, Wolf published his formula for determining the daily sunspot number, R = k(10g + f), where g is the number of spot groups, and f is the number of spots seen on the surface (including those in groups). The quantity k is a calibration factor that is different for each observer. From using this formula, observations from a large number of different observers could be compiled, thereby making sure that measurements of the sunspot number would be unbroken, regardless of inclement weather at some of the observatories on any particular day. This method of determining the sunspot number is still used today. A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five……….Groucho Marx
1834 –Monday In
am delighted that I have found a new reaction to demonstrate even to the blind
the structure of the interstitial stroma of the cerebral cortex. I let the
silver nitrate react with pieces of brain hardened in potassium dichromate. I
have already obtained magnificent results and hope to do even better in the
future. Camilo Golgi……or……… Oh,
well, I'm, UH!, sittin' here,la la
Waitin' for my ya ya, ah-um, ah-um
A sittin' here la la, waitin' for my ya ya, ah-um, ah-um ………..Lee Dorsey……..Happy Birthday, Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and cytologist who, in 1873, published his most important discovery, the use of silver salts to stain samples for microscope slides. With silver salt staining (say it fast three times) details of cellular structure components were revealed. They are still known as Golgi bodies, which are flattened cavities parallel to the cell's nuclear membrane whose function appears to be packaging and exporting various materials from the cell, and Golgi complex....and, not to mention Golgi locks and the Three Bears. In 1906 Golgi shared with Ramón y Cajal the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for his work on the structure of the human nervous system.
1846 – Tuesday
During the Mexican War, Navy Commodore John D. Sloat took
1861-Friday- Biology is the only science in which multiplication is the same thing as division. …..unknown…………..Happy Birthday, Nettie M. Stevens, American biologist best known for her role in genetics - her research contributed greatly to the understanding of chromosomes and heredity. She theorized that the sex of an organism was determined by the inheritance of a specific chromosome - X or Y.
1862 – Tuesday
Fully concurring in the wisdom of the
views expressed to me in so patriotic a manner by you in the communication of
the 28th day of June, I have decided to call into the service an additional
force of 300,000 men. I suggest and recommend that the troops should be chiefly
of infantry. The quota of your State would be ..............Abraham Lincoln………The
formal call for fresh troops was made July 2.The quotas were sent out July 7
and the United States began its first
military draft. Following the Enrollment Act of March 1863, on July 11, 1863
the first names for induction into the army were called. The next day,
1865 –Friday Mrs. Surratt is innocent. She doesn't
deserve to die with the rest of us …..Lewis Powell ……….Four conspirators in
the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln were hanged. All four were
kaputed within twenty minutes in a rather efficient procedure. The death
warrant wording is at http://awesometalks.wordpress.com/2010/07/09/lincoln-conspirators-order-of-execution-death-warrant/. The executions of Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell,
David Herold, and George Atzerodt were supervised by General Winfield Scott
Hancock, a hero of
1891- Tuesday -
There’s one thing every person does in a distinctive way. That is writing his
signature. Therefore the foolproof device for taking money to strange places
must carry the signature of the bearer. It must declare that it will be cashed
only when a second, and matching, signature is added before witnesses …. Marcellus
F. Berry of the American Express Company…………A patent was granted for the travelers cheque. Actually there were four patents. The first traveler’s check went to American
Express president, James C. Fargo who had started the whole kerfuffle when
feeling insulted when he couldn't get checks cashed during a trip to
–Thursday We need
1901 – Sunday Happy Birthday, Vittorio De Sica, Italian director. During a prolific career that spanned 55 years, De Sica directed 35 films and acted in more than 150. He was the recipient of four Academy Awards: two Special Awards, preceding the creation of the Best Foreign Film category, for Shoeshine in 1947, and The Bicycle Thief in 1949, and Best Foreign Film Awards for Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow in 1964, and The Garden of the Finzi-Continis in 1971. De Sica was a founder of the film school of neo-realism which featured a commitment to working with nonprofessional actors, shooting on location using available lighting, and encouraging intense character exploration and improvisation although with Sophia Loren in Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow he had travelled quite a road from The Bicycle Thief.
1906 – Saturday – Happy Birthday, William Feller, Croatian-American mathematician. He is best known for the Feller process, and his classic textbook An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications. And what, you may ask is the Feller Process? Well Planet Math clears it right up for us, a probability transition function associated with a Feller semigroup is called a Feller transition function. A Markov process having a Feller transition function is called a Feller process. We refer you again to Groucho Marx, A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five.
1906 –Saturday How old would you be if you didn't know how old you were? ………Born on the same day as mathematician William Feller, Happy Birthday, Leroy, ‘Satchel’ Paige, American baseball pitcher whose skills became legendary during his many years in the Negro leagues, mostly with the Kansas City Monarchs. He finally was allowed to enter the major leagues in 1948 with the Cleveland Indians where he registered a 6-1 record with a 2.48 ERA to help pitch the Indians to the pennant and World Series victory over the Boston Braves. While always keeping us the shtick about his true age, at the age of 59, Satchel pitched three innings for the Kansas City Athletics to become the oldest man to pitch in a major league game.
1907-Sunday Women and cats will do as they please, and men and dogs should relax and get used to the idea ………Happy Birthday, novelist Robert A. Heinlein who helped develop the science fiction genre. Stranger in a Strange Land is a must read.
1914 – Tuesday Baltimore Orioles' (of the International League) owner Jack Dunn offered Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, of the Philadelphia Atheletics. Mack said no, pleading poverty. Two days later, on July 9, Dunn sold the trio to Joe Lannin and the Boston Red Sox for $25,000. When Ruth, still a pitcher, was ejected from a June 23, 1917 game for protesting a walk to the first batter he faced, Shore relieved, and, after the runner was caught stealing, pitched a perfect game. The two later were roommates with the Yankees. Egan, a catcher would be out of baseball the following year.
Tuesday - We will never be an advanced civilization as
long as rain showers can delay the launching of a space rocket….George
Carlin……… Robert Goddard patented multi-stage rocket, receiving patent
1,102,653, covering the concept of using multiple rocket stages - two or three stage rocket using solid fuel - to
achieve high velocities. His first successful rocket
flight would be on March 16, 1926
1917 –Saturday Give us
the child for 8 years and it will be a Bolshevik forever …..Vladimir
Lenin…………Aleksander Kerensky became leader of a provisional government (formed
in March) in
Somewhere there's music
How faint the tune
Somewhere there's heaven
How high the moon…………. Happy Birthday, Mary Ford, born Iris Colleen Summers, American singer of Les Paul and…..fame.
1928 – Saturday What was the best thing before sliced
bread?....George Carlin……….. Sliced
bread was sold for the first time by the
Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri. Slice bread had been
invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder, from
1936- Tuesday Several
1940 – Sunday They're
gonna put me in the movies
They're gonna make a big star out of me
We'll make a film about a man that's sad and lonely
And all I gotta do is act naturally…..Lennon/McCartney………Happy Birthday, Richard Starkey, aka Ringo Starr, Beatle. Starr played drums with Rory Storm and The Hurricanes from 1959 until August 1962 when joined the Beatles in 1962 replacing drummer Pete Best. Pete Best forever! Ringo never ….angry Pete Best fans at the Cavern Club………..
1944- Friday- The shepherd always tries to persuade the sheep that their interests and his own are the same …. Stendhal……………. Ian Wilmut English embryologist who in 1996 supervised the team of scientists that produced a lamb named Dolly, the first mammal cloned from a cell from an adult. He took the DNA of a six-year-old Finn Dorset ewe's mammary gland, yes it was a trip down mammary lane, and then switched off its active genes. They fused it with an egg cell from a Scottish Blackface ewe named Al Jolson, from which he had removed the genetic material. He used electricity to fuse that mammary cell with its own DNA to the empty egg while it was in a dormant state and yelled Its alive! Its alive! He repeated the process with 277 udder cells because it was udderly fascinating and eggs from sheep. Only 29 of the eggs actually began to grow and divide into embryos. Wilmut transferred the 29 embryos into surrogate mother sheep. Thirteen became pregnant. Only one ewe delivered a healthy lamb. After cloning Dolly, Wilmut went on to produce Molly and Polly, who had real commercial value. They were each cloned with a human gene that allowed their milk to contain a blood clotting protein factor IX, which could be extracted to treat human hemophilia. Eventually, herds of sheep with genetic proteins in their milk could be produced, turning them into living drug factories for other diseases as well
1944 –Friday Suddenly
there is what sounded like a thousand people screaming all at once, as a hoard
of 'mad men' broke out of the darkness before us. Screams of 'Banzai' fill the
air, Japanese officers leading the 'devils from hell,' their swords drawn and
swishing in circles over their heads. Jap soldiers were following their
leaders, firing their weapons at us and screaming 'Banzai' as they charged
toward us….. First Lieutenant John C. Chapin ………….The largest
Banzai charge of the Pacific War occurred at the Battle of Saipan. The charge,
conducted with American Express, Visa, Discovery and Master Cards, That charge
lasted more than 15 hours and brought the total combined Japanese and American
casualties for the bloody campaign to more than 30,000. Saipan, one of the 15 chain islands of the
Mariana, was only approximately 1,300 mi (1,100 nmi; 2,100 km) away from home
1952 – Monday The ocean liner SS United
States passed Bishop's Rock Light House on her maiden voyage, breaking the
transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world. Having left
1960 – Thursday Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut. In 2009 Ford was the pilot on STS-128 (Discovery) to the International Space Station.
1960 -Thursday – The premiere of Brides Of Dracula, directed by Terrence Fisher and starring Peter Cushing. The documentary was based on the lives of Lady Gaga, Victoria Beckham, any Kardashian, Kristin Hillenbrand, Paris Hilton, Nancy Pelosi, Tori Spelling, Eleanor Roosevelt, Oprah Winfrey, Barbara Walters, Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, and Barney Frank.
Way up north, (North To
Way up north, (North To
North to Alaska,
They're goin' North, the rush is on.
North to Alaska,
They're goin' North, the rush is on. ………Johnny Horton…………. With the country short of ice, mountain people with beards, stink heads, baked malamute, loony politicians (actually there is never a dearth of loony politicos), snow, dog sleds, igloos, and seal blubber, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Act into law. The Alaska Statehood Act was passed by Congress and ratified by the people of
1959 – Tuesday Venus occulted the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere as well as determine the location of the castle of the Queen of Outer Space, first visited by American astronauts in 1958 during which they encountered Zsa Zsa Gabor. Planet occultations occur when a moving object, such as a planet or the moon, blocks the light coming from a more distant object, such as a star. The diameter of Venus is 12,100 km. That is 95% of the diameter of Earth. The atmospheric pressure at surface level is 92 times greater than it is here, while the atmosphere itself contains 96% carbon dioxide. If a human other than Eric Fleming managed to survive the pressure and could find a supply of oxygen, there is the sulfuric acid droplets and clouds along with heavy amounts of volcanic ash that are floating in the ”air”.
Sunday Don't take your love away from me
Don't you leave my heart in misery
If you go then I'll be blue
'Cause breaking up his hard to do………Neil Sedaka………..The Yardbirds disbanded immediately after a show in Luton, England. Professor Sy Yentz never really liked any of their music but the amoeba-like divisions of the band put lots of pseudopods into other bands including Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy Page (recommended by Clapton as his replacement lead guitarist) who briefly formed The New Yardbirds after the breakup but the New Yardbirds quickly morphed into Led Zeppelin.
1969 –Monday The thing that's wrong with the French is that they don't have a word for entrepreneur…….George W. Bush……….Canada's House of Commons gave final approval to a measure that made the French language equal to English throughout the national government. Maison des communes du Canada a donné son approbation finale à une mesure qui fait de la langue française égal à l'anglais au sein du gouvernement national.
1970 Tuesday-Happy Birthday, Robert Louis Behnken American engineer mission specialist astronaut who flew on the STS-123 (Endeavour) launched on March 11, 2008. and STS-130 (Endeavour again) launched February 8, 201, flights. It was the STS-130 flight that mistakenly picked up mutant quark soup from the International Space Station, and brought them back to Earth where they excogitated before congealing into people with more than 10 items that clog up the express line.
Tuesday Come on,
1981-Thursday How's it
going, Sunshine? --…..Barack Obama campaigning in Sunrise, Florida………….Seeking
to avoid long lines at the ferry and passport control, the first solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, crossed the English
Channel. Solar Challenger flew 163 miles from
- Monday – Well I’m a-gonna raise fuss
I’m agonna raise a holler.
About a working all summer just to
Try to earn a dollar…..Eddie Cochran…………..Continuing a beach movie tradition begun in 1963 with Beach Party, came the premiere of Zombie Beach Party. Also on the honor roll are; Muscle Beach Party, Bikini Beach, Pajama Party, Beach Blanket Bingo, How to Stuff a Wild Bikini, The Ghost in the Invisible Bikini, Surf Party, Ride the Wild Surf, For Those Who Think Young, all three of the Gidget movies, The Horror of Party Beach, Girl Happy, A Swingin' Summer, Beach Ball, Girls on the Beach, Wild on the Beach , Daytona Beach Weekend, and 2000’s Psycho Beach Party
We can't accommodate terrorism. When someone
uses the slaughter of innocent people to advance a so-called political cause,
at that point the political cause becomes immoral and unjust and they should be
eliminated from any serious discussion, any serious debate. …..Rudolf Giuliani………….Islamic Terrorists attacked the
Back to Calendar
1283 – Thursday Interdum feror cupidine partium magnarum Europae
………Sometimes I get this urge to conquer large parts of Europe.………This is also the War of the Conflicting Dates as Wikopedia gives us July 8 and the primary expert on the period, Lawrence Mott gives us June 8 so we put it in both months. During the War of the Sicilian Vespers (what a great name for a war…..much better than the later War of Jenkin’s Ear) the naval Battle of Malta ( not to be confused with the 1565 Battle of Malta, notable because human heads were used as cannon balls) between Chocolate Malta, Vanilla Malta, the Aragonese and the Neapolitan fleets was navaled. Lawrence Mott in his Prelude To A Disaster gives the date as June 8. Basically, the Aragonese fleet commanded by Roger of Lauria (Ruggiero di Lauria) defeated a fleet of Angevin (
1497 –Thursday Explorers have to be ready to die lost……..Russell Hoban…….Vasco da Gama and his brothers Paulo,
and Nicolao Coelho, set sail on the first direct European voyage to India. He
went around the Cape of Good Hope and four months later, and reached
1579 –Sunday Good news! Our
Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church,was discovered
underground in the city of
1663 –Sunday And
whereas, in theire humble addresse, they have ffreely declared, that it is much
on their hearts (if they may be permitted), to hold forth a livlie experiment,
that a most flourishing civill state may stand and best bee maintained, and
that among our English subjects. with a full libertie in religious
concernements; and that true pietye rightly grounded upon gospell principles,
will give the best and greatest security to sovereignetye, and will lay in the
hearts of men the strongest obligations to true loyaltye: Now know bee, that
wee beinge willinge to encourage the hopefull undertakeinge of oure sayd lovall
and loveinge subjects, and .... Charles II of
1709 – Monday ………….. In
the Great Northern War, (1700 to 1721) at the Battle of Poltava, Peter I (aka The Great) of Russia defeated Charles
XII of Sweden at Poltava. The defeat basically ended
1716 – Wednesday Kids, you tried your best and you failed miserably. The lesson is, never try…………..Homer Simpson …………….Seven years later to the day, in the Great Northern War, yes it was still going on, the naval Battle of Dynekilen took place of the west coast of Sweden. This time it was Denmark/Norway’s turn to beat up the Swedes.
1760 – Tuesday During
and Indian War and continuing our Naval battle theme, came the Battle of Restigouche as British forces defeated
French forces in last naval battle in New France. After the fall of Québec in
1759, an urgent appeal was sent to
1760 – Tuesday It
is easier to square a circle than to get round a mathematician. - Augustus De Morgan ………Happy Birthday to
the unfortunately named Christian Kramp, French mathematician who worked on the
generalized factorial function which applied to non-integers. Kramp’s work on
factorials was independent of that of
1766 – Tuesday
Touched for the very first time
Like a surgeon………..Apologies to Madonna…..Happy Birthday Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon. Larrey was the surgeon for Napoleon’s Imperial Guard. He suggested the introduction of the flying ambulance. The flying ambulances were horse drawn wagons for collecting and carrying the wounded from the battlefield to base hospitals. Quite the cut up, At Borodino, on the march to
1800 - Tuesday I
was struck with the unspeakable advantages that might accrue to this country,
and indeed to the human race at large, from the discovery of a mild distemper
that would ever after secure the constitution from that terrible scourge, the
smallpox….. ………The first successful vaccination
performed in the U.S. using cowpox serum to prevent smallpox – note, if you
have fever and the aching back and bones and then rashes and the pustules, sounds like smallpox-
was administered by Harvard's Dr.
Benjamin Waterhouse upon his five year-old son, Daniel, in Massachusetts. The
vaccine had been developed in
1808 –Friday Joseph Bonaparte, brother of guess who, approved the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter intended as the basis for either his rule as king of Spain or a zoning ordinance for Bayonne, New Jersey limiting the number of pizza delivery businesses.
1776- Monday In
1810 Sunday- I'm tired of all this nonsense about beauty being skin deep. That's deep enough. What do you want, an adorable pancreas? ……..Jean Kerr………… Happy Birthday,Gabriel Gustav Valentin German-Swiss physiologist who was the first person to note the digestive activity of pancreatic juice and subsequently, pancreatic Protestants, pancreatic Hindus, pancreatic Zoroastrians and pancreatic Catholics. Valentin noted that pancreatic juices break down food in digestion.
1831 Friday - The only way that I could figure they could improve upon Coca-Cola, one of life’s most delightful elixirs, which studies prove will heal the sick and occasionally raise the dead, is to put rum or bourbon in it…..Lewis Grizzard………. Happy Birthday, John Styth Pemberton was a pharmacist, who invented Coca-Cola in 1886. He later sold the rights to his invention for $1200. It took Pemberton a while to figure it out as in 1863 he develops Pemberton's French Wine Coca. For some reason it wasn’t a big seller so he went back to mixing and pouring and shaking and wishing and hoping (Dusty Springfield) until May 8, 1886 when he finally got it right and produced the syrup for Coca-Cola in a brass kettle in his backyard, (the valuable tonic and nerve stimulant properties of the coca plant and cola nuts but sweetened with sugar instead of wine) and carried a jug of the new product down the street to Jacobs' Pharmacy, where it was sampled, pronounced "excellent" and placed on sale for five cents a glass as a soda fountain drink.
Sunday Getting on a plane, I told the ticket lady, "Send one of my bags
1839 – Monday If I were Rockefeller," sighed the
Hebrew teacher from Chelm, "I'd be richer than Rockefeller."His
friend asked, "What do you mean? How could you be richer?""I'd
do a little teaching on the side………….Happy Birthday, John D. Rockefeller,
American industrialist, robber baron, and philanthropist born in
1857.-Wednesday Bridgekeeper: Stop. Who would cross the
1862- Tuesday Theodore R. Timby who patented invented the revolving gun turret. There is some dispute here because John Ericsson who invented the ironclad Monitor used in March of that year to battle the Confederate Merrimac, claimed he did not used Timby’s design. The History of the Patent Office site tells us that Timby invented a revolving gun turret, made a working model, and filed a caveat in the Patent Office in 1843 to perfect his rights to file against subsequent inventors. In June of that year, he exhibited his model to President Tyler and his cabinet and in 1848 to a committee appointed to examine his plans, including Jefferson Davis. The committee then reported favorably, but nothing further was done at the time. Timby filed patent applications to perfect his caveats, and he was granted two patents on the revolving turrets on July 8, 1862.Although John Ericsson claimed that revolving gun turrets had existed before the nineteenth century, his associates bought Timby's patents almost immediately for an amount which Mr. Timby considered reasonable.
–Tuesday …………………….The poor
cook he caught the fits
And threw away all my grits
And then he took and he ate up all of my corn
Let me go home
Why don't they let me go home
This is the worst trip I've ever been on
So hoist up the John B's sail
See how the mainsail sets
Call for the Captain ashore
Let me go home, let me go home
I wanna go home, let me go home
Why don't you let me go home ……………Beach Boys…………The sailing ship USS Jeannette departed San Francisco carrying an ill-fated and ill advised expedition to the North Pole. On September 6 she entered the Arctic ice, where she was soon frozen in. During the next twenty-two months the drifting ice carried the ship several hundred miles to the northwest until on June 12 1881 her hull was broken open when ice flows rapidly converged after opening a few days previously. Jeannette sank the following morning, after her crew had removed boats, equipment and provisions in preparation for a months-long journey on foot across the desolate ice to reach open water north of
1881-Friday- Age does not diminish the extreme
disappointment of having a scoop of ice cream fall from the cone. ……….Jim
Fiebig…………..As the story goes, a customer, George Hallauer, came into Edward Berner's drug store in Two
Rivers, Wisconsin, and sat down at the soda-fountain counter. Since it was
Sunday, the customer couldn't have soda water. Yes, some Midwestern states had
laws that prohibited the sale of soda water on Sunday. Makes sense to us. Berner compromised by putting ice cream in a
dish and poured over it the chocolate syrup that was previously only served as
flavoring in ice-cream sodas. That was the first ice cream Sunday. The name became "sundae", after the
day on which Berner served the concoction. There are two other versions. In one the same
Sunday soda water verboten law caused
them to make a sundae in
1889 – Monday A market analyst is an expert who will know tomorrow why the things he predicted yesterday didn't happen today……Unknown……….Featuring full page pictures of zaftig women in skimpy bathing suits, scandalous sports headlines, and a gossip column with the latest on Grover Cleveland, The first issue of the Wall Street Journal was published. Dow Jones & Company, publisher of the Journal, was founded in 1874 by reporters Charles Dow, Edward Jones and Charles Bergstresser. We’re not sure why it’s not Dow Jones Bergstresser but Jones converted the small Customers' Afternoon Letter into the Wall Street Journal, and published it on this day 1889. They began delivery of the Dow Jones News Service via telegraph. The Journal featured the Jones 'Average', the first of several indexes of stock and bond prices on the New York Stock Exchange plus screaming analyists.
– Friday House of fire
House of fire, yeah
Let’s build a house of fire, baby
Not one of wood or stone
Walk through my door of desire, baby …..Alice Cooper……….St. John's,
Sunday A big day for Russian
physicist Nobellers…………First we have, Pyotr
Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, born in Kronstadt near
1895 – Monday, I hear the cottonwoods whisperin’ above. Tamm, Tamm, Tamm’s in love......apologies to Debbie Reynolds………. Physicist # 2 was Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm Soviet physicist who shared the 1958 Nobel Prize for Physics with Pavel A. Cherenkov and Ilya M. Frank for his efforts in explaining Cherenkov radiation which was was observed as a faint blue glow by the eponymous Dr. Cherenkov in 1934 when he was asked to look at the effects of radioactivity in liquids. The explanation for the light was provided by Ilya Franc and Igor Tamm who explained that when the light was applied to a stamp on the back of the hand, you could get back into the dance. Cherenkov radiation forms circles on a surface and can be used to measure the speed and direction the particle was travelling in. It is therefore a very useful means of studying the products of particle collisions and cosmic rays.
1896 – Wednesday William Jennings Bryan delivered his Cross of Gold speech at the Democratic National Convention in
The issue was whether to endorse the free coinage of silver at a ratio of silver to gold of 16 to 1. This inflationary measure would have
increased the amount of money in circulation and aided cash-poor and debt-burdened farmers. The response, wrote one reporter,
“came like one great burst of artillery.” Men and women screamed and waved their hats and canes. “Some,” wrote another reporter, “like
demented things, divested themselves of their coats and flung them high in the air.” The next day the convention nominated
for President on the Bryan
fifth ballot. ….. If they dare to come out in the open field and defend the gold standard as a good thing, we shall fight them to the uttermost,
having behind us the producing masses of the nation and the world. Having behind us the commercial interests and the laboring interests and
all the toiling masses, we shall answer their demands for a gold standard by saying to them, you shall not press down upon the brow of
labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold…… He would lose the election to William McKinley.
In 1970, Freda Payne recorded Band of Gold, dedicated to William
Jennings …. Now that you're gone, Bryan
All that's left is a band of gold
All that's left of the dreams I hold
Is a band of gold
And the memories of what love could be
you were still here with me
– Tuesday Hamlet: Now whether it be
Bestial oblivion, or some craven scruple
Of thinking too precisely on th' event—
A thought which, quarter'd, hath but one part wisdom
And ever three parts coward—I do not know
Why yet I live to say this thing's to do,
Sith I have cause, and will, and strength, and means
To do't………….Hamlet Act 4, scene 4, 39–46……………. Twenty nine year old, John McGraw, accused by arch enemy Ban Johnson, President of the American League, of trying to wreck the Baltimore Oriole franchise, negotiated his release from the Orioles and signed with the New York Giants for $11,000 a year. One of his first acts
1904 –Friday …….. Don’t know much about algebra. Don’t know what a slide rule is for……Sam Cooke………… Happy Birthday Henri Cartan, French mathematician famous for his research in areas of pure mathematics, (as opposed to impure, degraded, bastardized, debased, contaminated, polluted dirty, dingy, or muddied mathematics), including algebra, topology and analytic functions of complex variables
1907 – Monday When I came back from Viet Nam, I had just had the greatest brainwashing that anybody can get when you go over to Viet Nam…….Happy Birthday, George W. Romney, American businessman, governor of Michigan and leading contender for the Republican nomination for President in 1968 until……..the campaign went kaput when he claimed to have been brainwashed into supporting the Vietnam war effort while touring Southeast Asia in 1965. Galileo’s cannon ball could not have fallen any faster than Romney’s candidacy.
1907 –Monday Curtain! Fast music! Light! Ready for the last finale! Great! The show
looks good, the show looks good! …………..Producer Florenz Ziegfeld staged his
first Follies at the The Jardin De Paris on the roof of the New York Theater in,
was a girl knocking on my hotel room door all night! Finally, I let her out.
…….Henny Youngman…………..Speaking of failed presidential candidates – see George
Romney above – Happy Birthday, Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of
1924 – Tuesday Happy Birthday, Johnnie Johnson, American blues pianist. Listen to some Chuck Berry records. Listen for the piano. That’s Johnnie Johnson. He was inducted into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame by Keith Richard.
1932 –Friday Mining equipment hit rock bottom. Diapers remain unchanged …….The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22. Yes that’s 41.22. but cheer up, the following day it went up to 41.63.
1934 –Sunday Igor: Dr. Frankenstein...
Dr. Frederick Frankenstein: "Fronkensteen."
Igor: You're putting me on.
Dr. Frederick Frankenstein: No, it's pronounced "Fronkensteen."
Igor: Do you also say "Froaderick"?
Dr. Frederick Frankenstein: No... "
Igor: Well, why isn't it "Froaderick Fronkensteen"?
Dr. Frederick Frankenstein: It isn't; it's "Frederick Fronkensteen."
Igor: I see.
Dr. Frederick Frankenstein: You must be Igor.
[He pronounces it ee-gor]
Igor: No, it's pronounced "eye-gor."
Dr. Frederick Frankenstein: But they told me it was "ee-gor."
Igor: Well, they were wrong then, weren't they? …..Happy Birthday, Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor. The pop-eyed, wall-eyed comedian appeared in a number of movies, his most-remembered role being that of Igor (pronounced: Eye-gor) in Young Frankenstein , 1974 and Silent Movie, 1976.
1935 –Monday Steve Lawrence, born Sidney Liebowitz , American
entertainer and singer and one half of Stevenedie.
1947 – Tuesday Reports were broadcast
that a UFO crash landed in
1948 – Wednesday The United States Air Force accept3e its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF) who dust, wash dishes, sew sweaters, complain about toilet seats being left up, having Tupperware parties, and watching the Lifetime channel. The Air Force limited the corps to 300 officers and 4,000 enlisted women. In June 1976, women were accepted into the service on much the same conditions as were men, and the separate status of the WAF was abolished.
1954 – Thursday Oh yessuh, good people, this is ol'
Daddy-O-Dewey comin' atcha for the next three hours with the hottest
cotton-pickin' records in town.. ………WHBQ Memphis played Elvis Presley’s first recording for Sun Records, That's All Right. Mama, marking the
“Pelvis” radio debut. Dewey Phillips (no relation to Sam Phillips of
Sun Records) of
1955 Friday – Children were knocked and thrown all over the slopes as the first supersonic rocket sled tests were held at the Supersonic Military Air Research Track (SMART), a 12,000-foot track for rocket-propelled sleds at Hurricane, Utah. The first rocket sleds had been built in 1947. The Abandoned and Little Known Airfields site informs us that testing at the site typically involved hurling a rocket sled, carrying a seat with a dummy known as "Hurricane Sam" strapped to it,along the track at a speed of 1,050 mph (Mach 1.3)."Sam", in actuality, was a highly instrumented anthropoid simulatorwith electronic equipment & a radio connected to it.Just before reaching the edge of the cliff the ejection mechanism fired, flinging the dummy over the precipice where its parachute opened & it floated to the valley floor. In one series of tests "Hurricane Sam" was replaced by apes to determine the effects of ejection on live beings
– Wednesday In Bien Hoa, northeast
–Friday- The mind still boggles (over) what we asked
this man to do: Fly in a plane …over downtown
–Sunday Upset that he couldn’t get a 9:00 class as
well as betel Leaves and betel boxes, so General Ne Win besieged and dynamited
the Rangoon University Student Union building to squelch the Student Movement. After the coup d’etat, of March 2, 1962, this
crushed student resistance and for the next 12 years until 1974, the country
was ruled under martial law, notably Marshall Dillon, Marshall Crenshaw,
Thurgood Marshall, John Marshall, Marshall Faulk, and Marshall McLuhan. The ruling military junta changed the
country’s name from
1963- Monday I'm
telling you now
I'm telling you right away
I'll be staying for many a day
I'm in love with you now…………… A dark day in cultural history as Freddie and the Dreamers, I'm Telling You Now was released in
–Friday Lear: How
sharper than a serpent's tooth it is
To have a thankless child!.........King Lear Act 1, scene 4, 281–289 ………..King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of
hey, we're the Monkees
And people say we monkey around.
But we're too busy singing
To put anybody down……… In
1969 – Tuesday Check it!
Right foot blue! (Right foot blue!)\
Left hand red! (Left hand red!)
Left! Right! Yellow! Blue! Green!
Now, everybody's chillin'
With the Twister. (Twister!)
Wherever things are illin',
You'll find Twister! (Twister! Twister!)
Yeah, Twister!......................... The U.S. Patent Office issued a patent for the game "Twister." The filing had been in April 1966 by inventors, Chuck Foley
and Neil Rabens. The History of Twister website (http://www.mathematik.uni-bielefeld.de/~sillke/Twister/history/)notes that Twister
was the first game in history to use the human body as a full-fledged playing piece, and, admittedly, the Milton Bradley Company released the game with a
fair amount of hesitation.The company's fear of public criticism and its own skepticism about its potential for success were obliterated when Johnny Carson
demonstrated the game on the "Tonight Show". And it didn't hurt matters that buxom actress, Eva Gabor, wearing a low-cut gown, was one of Johnny's guests
that night. As luck would have it, With Eva splayed out on all fours on the polka dot vinyl mat, Johnny twirled the spinner and took his turn.
When he climbed on top of Eva, …….well, more than three million copies of Twisters were sold during its first year of release.
1970 – Wednesday Richard Nixon delivered a special congressional message enunciating Native American Self-Determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination Act with both Michael Ansara and Jeff Chandler playing Cochise, J. Carrol Naish as Sitting Bull, and Victor Mature as Crazy Horse
1970- Wednesday O.K admit it now, you didn’t know that the Everly Brothers had a TV show. Don and Phil Everly debut their rather brief summer variety series, cleverly named The Everly Brothers Show, on ABC-TV. First show guests included Johnny Cash, Kenny Rogers and The First Edition, Melanie and comedian, Albert Brooks. Sadly, the show expired on September 9 after just 10 episodes.
– Friday He was going down grade, doing ninety miles an hour,
When his whistle began to scream;
They found him in the wreck, with his hand on the throttle.
He was scalded to death by the steam.
A message arrived at
And this is what it read:
Those two brave men who pulled Old 97
Are lying in
1992 Wednesday Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (named after jockey Willie Shoemaker and actor Eugene Levy) got just a wee bit too close to Jupiter and since it passed within Jupiter's Roche limit. While many urban apartments have exceeded the cockroche limit, the Roche limit is the minimal distance, with respect to the center of a planet, at which a satellite is able to orbit without being destroyed by tidal forces and quicker than you can say “tidal forces”, Jupiter's tidal forces had acted to pull the comet apart. The comet was later observed as a series of fragments ranging up to 2 km (1.2 mi) in diameter. These fragments collided with Jupiter's southern hemisphere between July 16 and July 22, 1994, at a speed of approximately 60 km/s (37 mi/s), an event that was observed by the Galileo Jupiter Orbiter. Residual dust from the comet break up migrated to Earth’s atmosphere where after being inhaled by susceptible humans, it caused them to talked ceaselessly in movie theaters.
1994 – They're coming to take me
They're coming to take me away, ho-ho, hee-hee, ha-haaa
To the funny farm. Where life is beautiful all the time and I'll be
happy to see those nice young men in their clean white coats and they're
coming to take me away, ha-haaa!!!!! …..Napoleon XIV………….Kim Jong-il aka, Center of the Party
2003- Tuesday When one of Lisa's baby teeth fell out here,
the tooth fairy left her 50 cents. Another tooth fell out when she was
with her father in
– Friday Space isn't remote at all. It's only an hour's drive away
if your car could go straight upwards. Fred Hoyle………Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched in the final
mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program, STS-135. NASA's space shuttle fleet began setting
records with its first launch on April 12, 1981 of
Back to Calendar
455 – Friday I'll tip my hat to the new constitution
Take a bow for the new revolution
Smile and grin at the change all around me
Pick up my guitar and play
Just like yesterday ……The Who……..As the empire collapsed and Rome engaged in a game of musical emperors, Roman military commander Avitus was proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The Emperor Petronius Maximus had recalled Avitus, the hero of the victory over Attila the Hun, out of retirement to hold the rank of 'Master of Soldiers'. But Maximus was violently kaputed. Avitus didn’t last long either as he was replaced in 457 by Majorian.
869 – Tuesday The
869 8.6 M Jogan earthquake, off Miyagi,
produced unusually large tsunamis, according to a historical document and
tsunami deposits. One of the oldest official documents in
1357 – Saturday A little to the left. No, no, a little to the right. O.K, just a bit to the left again. No, no,
not that far. Now, bring it forward just a squidge. Now, a skoche to the right. Then backwards a smidge. A
hair to the left. Wait, wait. Now a dash
forward, the a pinch to the left and a skidge back until you need a teensy weensey tilt and an itty; bitty
lean…whoops. I wanted it over there. Holy roman Emperor Charles IV
assisted in laying the foundation stone of
1386 – Sunday - Then
lost was banner, spear and shield
At Sempach in the flight;
The cloister vaults at Konigsfeldt
Hold many an Austrian knight …………The Battle of Sempach…….Charlotte M. Yonge…………At Meiersholz, near Sempach, Swiss confederate forces from Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, and Lucern met an Austrian army led by the Habsburg duke Leopold III of Tirol and his commander in chief, Johann von Ochsenstein. They literally met on a road so that neither side had the opportunity to choose a site for the battle. Leopold was kaputed, the Austrians defeated and The Old Swiss Confederacy madevgreat strides in establishing control over its territory
1540 – Tuesday He's been married so many times he has rice
marks on his face…..apologies to Henny Youngman ………..After marrying on January 6, 1640,
King Henry VIII of England annulled his marriage to his fourth wife, the
conspicuously ugly, Anne of Cleves. Henry
did not find his new bride the least bit attractive and is said to have called
her a 'Flanders Mare'. There were still two more to go, Kathryn Howard and
Catherine Parr. Numbers 1-3 were Catherine of Aragon, Ann Boleyn, and Jane Seymour. Anne knew it was a lost cause
and cooperated in the annulment. She
testified that the match had not been consummated and that her previous
engagement to the son of the Duke of Lorraine had not been properly broken. After
the marriage had been dissolved, Anne accepted the honorary title as the
'King's Sister'. She was given property, including
1701 – Saturday- First of two succeeding items about
successions. During the War of the Spanish Succession, the Austrians
1745 – Friday Another war of succession popped up but his
one was the War of the Austrian Succession. This time the French won a battle at the Battle of Melle
which allowed them, led by Grandmaster Melle Mel, to capture Ghent in
1755 – Wednesday
– As the French and Indian War raged, British General Edward Braddock, having
1776 – Tuesday Everyone had to
gather on the “reading rug” as George Washington ordered the Declaration of
Independence to be read out loud by aide sitting in a rocking chair, to members of the Continental Army in
1800 Wednesday – Happy Birthday, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician fixated on ologies as he helped prepare the way for cytology (Cy Tology was a scientist who studied the skin) through his studies of epithelia. Henle created the first histology and would have like to have created a herstology too. Histology is the study of the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals. Herstology would be the study of cells and handkerchiefs of plants and animals. Based on his extensive investigations, Henle was among the originatorss of modern microbiology.
1802 – Friday I
invented the cordless extension cord …..Stephen Wright……….Happy Birthday, Thomas
Davenport, American inventor of what was probably the first commercially
successful electric motor. In 1834 he attachedtwo electromagnets to a pivot,
mounting that between the other two magnets which were fixed in place as poles.
He attached a battery to the magnets via a"commutator" (an early type
of switching device), threw the switch, and the pivot rotated. Voila!
1808 - Black leather,
I wear it on stage
Black leather, I'm gonna wear it to my grave
Black leather, I will wear it anywhere
Because my name is Joan Jett and I don't care ……Joan Jett………..The leather-splitting machine was patented by Samuel Parker of
1811 – Tuesday ………….. Yeah, I've been searchin'
Oh, yeah, searchin' every which a-way
Oh, yeah, searchin'
Searchin' every which a-way
Yeah, yeah……….The Coasters………Searchin’……….Explorer David Thompson posted a sign at the confluence of the Columbia and Snake Rivers (in modern Washington state, US), claiming the land for the United Kingdom - Know hereby that this country is claimed by Great Britain as part of its territories and that the N.W. Company of Merchants from Canada do hereby intend to erect a factory………… From 1792 to 1812, Thompson mapped the country west of Hudson Bay and Lake Superior, across the Rocky Mountains to the source of the Columbia River, and followed the length of the
1815 –Sunday – A
diplomat who says “yes” means “maybe", a diplomat who says “maybe"
means “no”, and a diplomat who says “no” is no diplomat……….Talley Ho! Charles Talleyrand became, in
effect, the first Prime Minister of France. After Napoleon’s
1816 –Monday Oid, mortales el grito sagrado
libertad, libertad, libertad
Oid el ruido de rotas cadenas,
que responde a la noble igualdad.
Ya su trono dignisimo abrieron,
Ya su trono dignisimo abrieron,
las Provincias Unidas del sur,
las Provincias Unidas del sur,
y los libres del mundo responden
al gran Pueblo Argentino, Salud
al gran Pueblo Argentino, Salud ! ...Argentinian National Anthem........Argentina declared independence from Spain as a congress in Tucumán proclaimed the independence of the United Provinces of the Río de La Plata. Explorer Sebastian Cabot, who later starred on Family Affair from 1966 -1971, =sailed up the Paraná and
1819- Friday Tae the weaver's
gin ye go fair maid,
Tae the weaver's gin ye go,
I rede ye richt, gang ne'er at nicht,
Tae the weaver's gin ye go. ………..Robert Burns…………Happy Birthday, Elias Howe of Spencer, MA., inventor of the sewing machine. Actually, it was Walter Hunt, in 1834, who built America's first sewing machine, but then he thought about the negative impact on home stitchers' jobs, (it would destroy them) and didn't pursue marketing his invention Howe did. Howe was granted a patent on his own machine on Sept.10 1846. Talk about the troubles of Job, the University of Rochester Scientific Americans website informs us that, Howe’s workshop burned down, and his machines turned out to cost some $300 each, about the average yearly income of many Americans. In an 1845 demonstration, his invention out-sewed five seamstresses, but he was unable to sell a single machine as the reaction was “sew what!” He then tried to promote sales of the device in
1846 –Thursday – I left my heart in
Yerba Buena………..apologies to Tony Bennett………An American naval captain,
John Montgomery and 70 sailors occupied the small settlement of Yerba Buena, a
site that would later be renamed San Francisco. Capt. Montgomery took formal possession of
Yerba Buena and appointed Lt. Washington Allen Bartlett.
1850- Tuesday Eternal nothingness is fine if you happen
to be dressed for it…….Woody
Allen………. And so we got Millard
Fillore. Zachary Taylor, the 12th president of the
Wednesday Today's scientists have substituted mathematics for
experiments, and they wander off through equation after equation, and
eventually build a structure which has no relation to reality. ….Nikola
Tesla……….On the birthday of Thomas Davenport who created the first electric
motor, Happy Birthday, Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American inventor and
researcher who discovered the rotating magnetic field, the basis of most
alternating-current machinery and designed
and built the first alternating current induction motor in 1883. He emigrated
1868 – Thursday The
Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain the people, it
is an instrument for the people to restrain the government - lest it come to
dominate our lives and interests…………Patrick Henry………After 757 days, the 14th Amendment to
the United States Constitution was ratified by South Carolina, the
28th of 38 states to ratify. Along
with the 13th and 15th amendments are collectively known as the Reconstruction
amendments. However, of those three, the 14th is the most complicated and the
one that has had the more unforeseen effects. Its broad goal was to ensure that
the Civil Rights Act passed in 1866 would remain valid ensuring that "all
persons born in the United States...excluding Indians not taxed...." were
citizens and were to be given "full and equal benefit of all laws." In the Law of Unintended Consequences it also
created Al Sharpton, Maxine Waters, 50 Cent, assorted members of the
Congressional Black Caucus, Louis Farrakhan, Spike Lee, Presidential Stud
Muffin Bill Clinton (honorary membership), Don King, and Arsenio Hall. The amendment
was specifically rejected by Texas on Oct 27, 1866; by Georgia on Nov 6, 1866;
by North Carolina on Dec 14, 1866; by South Carolina on Dec 20, 1866; by
Kentucky on Jan 8, 1867; by Virginia on Jan 9, 1867; by Louisiana on Feb 6,
1867; by Delaware on Feb 8, 1867; and by Maryland on Mar 23, 1867.
1872 – Tuesday
– Between the optimist and the pessimist,
the difference is droll. The optimist sees the doughnut; the pessimist the
hole! ……Oscar Wilde………While Gregory Crockett gets credit for developing the
doughnut hole, the doughnut cutter was patented by John F. Blondel. Blondell's
version was made of wood, but an 'improved' tin version with a fluted edge was
patented in 1889. In
1877 – Monday We're the phone company. We don't care. We don't have to ……..Lily Tomlin……….Alexander Graham Bell, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, Thomas Sanders and Thomas Watson formed the Bell Telephone Company. Hubbard and Sanders provided the funding (Sanders later played for the Boston Celtics of the NBA as Thomas “Satch” Sanders during the 1960s). One ringy dingy, two ringy dingy……..Lily Tomlin………The first telephone exchange, operating under license from Bell Telephone, opened in New Haven, Connecticut in 1878. Within three years, telephone exchanges existed in most major cities and towns in the
1877 –Monday Tennis is a young man's game. Until you're 25, you can play singles. From 25 to 35, you should play doubles. I won't tell you exactly how old I am, but when I played, there were 28 men on the court - just on my side of the net. ……….George Burns…………. The first Wimbledon Championships tennis tournament. Tennis has a better ring to it than sphairistike yet around 1873, (according to Smithsonian Magazine) an Englishman adapted indoor tennis to be played on grass, naming the game "sphairistike," after an ancient Greek game meaning have another sip of hemlock Socrates. Sphairistike quickly became popular among the idle upper classes, who were looking for a new source of idleness and a new sport to play: "The game has much more healthy and manly excitement than croquet," the Dundee Advertiser proclaimed (though the Sporting Gazette wondered "why a less jaw-breaking name could not be found"). The first championships were won by a man named Spencer Gore, (there were 22 participants in men’s singles) who employed the novel idea of approaching the net and swiftly volleying the ball left and right. In 1884 women participated in the Wimbledon Championships for the very first time. There were 13 participants in the Wimbledon Championship for Ladies. Maud Watson was the first champion
1878 – Sunday Well, it keeps my hands busy, and my mouth shut …..Unknown…………The corncob pipe was patented by Henry Tibbe. Off we went to Pipes Magazine for a little more history than the Xeroxian multiple repetitions of the internet for the first sentence of this item. Tibbe was a Dutch immigrant woodworker. Legend has it that a local farmer whittled a pipe out of corn cob and liked it so much that he asked the Tibbester to try turning some on his lathe. The farmer was very pleased with his pipes, so Henry made a few more and put them for sale in his shop. They proved to be such a fast-selling item that soon he was spending more time making pipes for his customers than on his woodworking. Soon Tibbe went into full time production of corn cob pipes. In 1907, the H. Tibbe & Son Co. became the Missouri Meerschaum Company. Meerschaum is a Turkish clay used in high grade pipes. In German, the word means “sea foam”. Tibbe and a chemist friend devised a system of applying plaster to the outside of the corn cob, then sanding the bowl smooth after it dried. In 1878, Tibbe patented this process.
1894 –Monday Happy Birthday Percy Le Baron Spencer inventor of the microwave oven. Shortly after the end of World War II, Percy Spencer, already known as an electronics genius and war hero, was touring one of his laboratories at the Raytheon Company. He stopped momentarily in front of a magnetron, the power tube that drives a radar set. Feeling a sudden and strange unpleasant sensation in his trouser pocket (sorry, I already thought of all those comments already) Spencer noticed that the chocolate bar in his pocket had begun to melt. Applying his process skills, he did what any good scientist would do-- he went for some popcorn. Spencer didn't feel like a snack, he asked for unpopped popcorn. Holding the bag of corn next to the magnetron, Spencer watched as the kernels exploded into puffy white morsels. Fortunately, he had not put them in his pocketFrom this simple experiment, Spencer and Raytheon developed the microwave oven. The first microwave oven weighed a hefty 750 pounds and stood five feet, six inches.
1900 –Monday –Sugar Ray Leonard, Mike Tyson, Sugar Ray Robinson, Gene Fullmer, Jack Dempsey, Joe Louis, Rocky Marciano, Muhammad Ali, Emile Griffith, Gaspar Ortega, Henry Armstrong, Ernie Terrell, Cleveland Williams, Carmine Basilio, Benny Leonard, Jake LaMotta, Tony Zale, Roberto Duran, Marvin Hagler, Archie Moore, Boom Boom Mancini, Bobby Chacon, (thank you Warren Zevon), and Oscar Bonavena led the Boxer Rebellion. On June 18, the Empress Dowager ordered all foreigners to be killed. On this day the Governor of Shanxi province in North China ordered the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children. Dogs, however, would be used as entrees.
1911 – Tuesday – I like to say, when asked why I pursue science, that it is to satisfy my curiosity, that I am by nature a searcher trying to understand. If you haven't found something strange during the day, it hasn't been much of a day. ………Happy Birthday, John A. Wheeler, American physicist who worked with physicist Niels Bohr. They were the first to explain nuclear fission in terms of quantum physics. Wheeler gave black holes their name rather than calling them cold, dead stars.
1918 –Tuesday What is known as the great train wreck of 1918 occurred in Nashville, Tennessee, as an inbound local train, traveling at 50 mph, collided with an outbound express, also traveling at 50 mph, killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history. An investigation by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) attributed the cause of the accident to several factors, notably human error by the No. 4 crew and tower operators, all of whom cleverly failed to the No. 1 train on the same line.
1922 –Sunday If one synchronized swimmer drowns, do all the rest have to drown too? ………..Steven Wright…………. Johnny Weissmuller, being pursued by Anderson Cooper in a speedo, with a microphone, swam the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the 'minute barrier'. We’ve also seen this as July 19 but, no matter, the latest record for the 100 is 48 seconds and it may well have been broken by the time we finish this sentence.
1926 –Friday Happy Birthday, Ben R. Mottelson American-Danish physicist, born in Chicago, Ill.Mottelson shared the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physics with Aage N. Bohr (son of Niels Bohr), and James Rainwater for "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection." Which means they determined the asymmetrical shapes of certain atomic nuclei and the reasons behind such asymmetries….. A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five……….Groucho Marx…………..And the child of 5 might indicate that it means, as subatomic particles move, their motions can alter the shape of the nucleus
1928 – Monday Man... woman... birth... death... infinity……Happy Birthday, Vince Edwards, American actor who got to say “subdural hematoma” every week as Dr. Ben Casey in the television series, Ben Casey during the 1960s.
1941 – Wednesday
–Thursday- Who's the black private dick
that's a sex machine to all the chicks?
You're damn right
Who is the man
that would risk his neck for his brother man?
Can ya dig it?
Who's the cat that won't cop out
when there's danger all about
Right on …..Isaac Hayes………..Happy Birthday, Richard Roundtree, American actor best known for his role as John Shaft in Shaft (1971), and starred in its two sequels, Shaft’s Big Score and Shaft in Africa, as well.
– Friday Happy Birthday, John Casper, American
1945 –Saturday Writing a novel is like making love, but it's also like having a tooth pulled. Pleasure and pain. Sometimes it's like making love while having a tooth pulled………..Happy Birthday, Dean R. Koontz, occasionally Stephen Kingish, American novelist and writer of suspense and horror novels such as the Odd Thomas series, Watchers, Intensity, and Life Expectancy. He might wish to forget the Dean Koontz’ Frankenstein series.
1948- Friday I use my single windup, my double windup, my triple windup, my hesitation windup, my no windup. I also use my step-n-pitch-it, my submariner, my sidearmer, and my bat dodger. Man's got to do what he's got to do…………….Pitcher Satchel Paige made his debut with Cleveland Indians. 42-year-old Leroy "Satchel" Paige pitched two scoreless innings for the Cleveland Indians in his debut with the recently integrated American League. The game came 21 years after the great pitcher’s first Negro League appearance. He had been preceded by Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn Dodgers, Larry Doby, Cleveland Indians, Hank Thompson, St. Louis Browns, and Willard Brown, St. Louis Browns to the major leagues. Paige relieved starter Bob Lemon in the 5th inning of a 5-3 loss to the St. Louis Browns. He struck out one batter and allowed two hits.
1955- Saturday – Always works, take a record with modest sales, stick it in a hit movie and……voila! Stayin’ Alive, Purple Rain, Super Fly, Sounds of Silence, Born to Be Wild…and ……….Bill Haley and the Comets' Rock Around The Clock, a minor hit the previous year, landed in the top spot after inclusion in the juvenile delinquent drama The Blackboard Jungle – Glenn Ford, Anne Francis, Vic Morrow, Sidney Poitier -officially kicked off the main stream rock and roll era. That same day, almost killing rock and roll, crooner Pat Boone released his sadly tepid version of Fats Domino's #1 R&B hit, Ain't It A Shame now calling it Ain't That A Shame. Boone was later to launch an attack on Little Richard’s Tutti Frutti.
1955 – Saturday In the
tragic situation which confronts humanity, we feel that scientists should
assemble in conference to appraise the perils that have arisen as a result of
the development of weapons of mass destruction, and to discuss a resolution in
the spirit of the appended draft.
We are speaking on this occasion, not as members of this or that nation, continent, or creed, but as human beings, members of the species Man, whose continued existence is in doubt. The world is full of conflicts; and, overshadowing all minor conflicts, the titanic struggle between Communism and anti-Communism. ………………….Possibly in response to the Pat Boone version of Ain’t That a Shame, released on the same day, or the threat of nuclear weapons, came the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, released by Bertrand Russell in London. Ten of the eleven signatories of the Russell–Einstein Manifesto were Nobel Laureates.
1956 – Monday Happy Birthday, Tom Hanks, American actor, star of Bosom Buddies, born on the same day that Dick Clark debuted on American Bandstand. See below.
Monday We're goin' hoppin' (Hop!)
We're goin' hopin' today
Where things are poppin'(Pop!)
On all the music they play On the Bandstand.! ….Music- Charles Alberine, lyrics - Barry Manilow and Bruce Sussman……………….Dick Clark debuted as the host of Philadelphia's TV dance show on WFIL, channel 6. It was then called just Bob Horn’s Bandstand. When former host Bob Horn was arrested for DUI, “
1957- Tuesday - Kids, you tried your best and you failed miserably. The lesson is, never try…………..Homer Simpson…………..Premature Annunciation as an announcement was made for the discovery of element 102, with the name of nobelium proposed. The isotope (an isotope is any of two or more forms of a chemical element, having the same number of protons in the nucleus, or the same atomic number, but having different numbers of neutrons in the nucleus, or different atomic weights) was believed to have a half-life of 10 minutes at 8.5 MeV or about the same as a reality show participant. Later tests showed that no isotopes of nobelium had this half-life. Nobelium hadn’t been discovered after all. It would wait until truly discovered by A. Ghiorso, T. Sikkeland, J.R. Walton, and G.T. Seaborg in Apr 1958. However, IUPAC accepted the name Nobelium given to the prematurely discovered element. Ten isotopes of nobelium are known to exist, with No-255 having the longest half-life of 3 minutes
1961 –Sunday Turkish voters approvd the Turkish Constitution of 1961 in a referendum. Everyone had to drink very stong coffee, they had to eat kebab at least three times a day, and they all had to learn to sing Istanbul Not Constantinope. This Constitution was introduced following a 1960 coup d'état, which replaced the earlier Constitution of 1924. It remained in force until, yes another coup d'état, this one in 1980, following which it was replaced by a new document, the Constitution of 1982, which remains in force today or until the next coup d’ état.
1962 – Monday – I
am a deeply superficial person ……..Andy Warhol………Proving again that there is no accounting for taste nor
shortage of poseurs, Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition opened at the Ferus Gallery
in Los Angeles.
The piece features 32 individual
1962- Monday Die Antwort weiss ganz allein der Wind …..Marlene Dietrich………And on the same day that Andy Warhol was unleashing tomato soup on the world, (see above) Bob Dylan recorded Blowin' In The Wind. It would be released on his album The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan in 1963 The Dylan version of this song was never a hit - it was a cover by Peter, Paul & Mary (thank God it wasn’t covered by Pat Boone) that made #2 in on the Billboard Chart in February, 1963. Other covers have been by The Hollies, , Chet Atkins, Odetta, Dolly Parton, Judy Collins, The Kingston Trio, Marianne Faithfull, Jackie DeShannon, The Seekers, Sam Cooke, Etta James, Duke Ellington, Neil Young, the Doodletown Pipers, Marlene Dietrich, Bobby Darin, Bruce Springsteen, Elvis Presley, Sielun Veljet, Stevie Wonder, John Fogerty, and The Hooters
1960- Saturday The USS Thresher was launched. It was the first of a class of
1968-Monday Ain't too proud to
beg, sweet darlin
Please don't leave me girl, don't you go
Ain't to proud to plead, baby, baby
Please don't leave me, girl, don't you go
Now I heard a cryin' man,
Is half a man with no sense of pride
But if I have to cry to keep you,
I don't mind weepin' if it'll keep you by my side…………..Co-lead Temptations singer David Ruffin (with Eddie Kendricks) left the group due to cocaine abuse, missed shows, financial wrangling with Motown head Berry Gordy, his inability to draw things when they played Pictionary, and the group's refusal to change their name to "David Ruffin and the Temptations." Ruffin would soon begin appearing unwanted at Temptations concerts and taking the stage to sing the hits he made famous. As a result the group, with Dennis Edwards (formerly of the Contours – Do You Love Me) replacing Ruffin, had to tighten security. See the movie the Five Heartbeats for a dramatization of the events.
1972 –Sunday There has been a heavy exchange of fire between the IRA and troops. Some of the dead and wounded were undoubtedly caught in the crossfire…………British Army Statement……….During The Troubles in Northern Ireland, , British Army snipers shot five civilians dead in the Springhill Massacre in Belfast at the Spring Hill Estate. The army claimed that they were fired on by IRA Provisionals. A 13-year-old girl, Margaret Gargan, was fatally shot by the snipers. The parish priest. Father Noel Patrick, and a passer-by (the priest was waving a white cloth) rushed to assist her but a sniper killed both with a single bullet that passed through both their heads. All the victims were unarmed
1979- Monday I
should have bought him some magazines to read on the trip…..Daffy Duck……………Voyager 2, passed by Jupiter. It
was one of a pair of unmanned
– Saturday - The San Diego Padres traded pitcher Tim
Stoddard to Yankees for pitcher Ed Whitson, thus rescuing Whitson from New York
where he had signed as a free agent in 1985 (coming from….yes…..the San Diego
Padres). Whitson was the inspiration for
what the ce editorial board of the Gnus
refers to as Ed Whitson Syndrome. The syndrome affects baseball players who come to, usually, the
Yankees. They have been successful
elsewhere but go into Defcon 6 Meltdown in
1993 – Wednesday Hamlet:
How now? A rat? Dead, for a ducat,
dead!.......Hamlet (III, iv, 23…………….In
the early hours of July 17 1918 a Bolshevik firing squad killed Russia's last
tsar, Nicholas II, together with his wife, four young daughters and son. The
daughters were bayoneted to death. The
bodies then went missing. On this day, the czar Nicholas Romanov and family remains
were identified as British forensic scientists
announced that they had positively identified the remains of
1999- Friday- Deep Space 1 launched October 24, 1998 flew by the Mars-crossing near-Earth asteroid 9969 Braille. Deep Space 1 had to close its eyes and feel the asteroid. The Deep Space 1 was the first of a series of technology demonstration probes developed by NASA's New Millennium Program. NASA tells us the on July 28, the probe flew only about 26 kilometers above the surface, which is about twice as high above the asteroid as a jet plane flies above the Earth. During the close flyby, the spacecraft took images, measured such basic physical properties of the asteroid as its mineral composition, size, shape, and brightness; and it searched for changes in the solar wind as it interacted with the asteroid to investigate whether it had a magnetic field. It flew by comet Borrelly in September 2001. During either of these close encounters, quark–gluon plasma followed radio waves back to Earth. Long term effects include human behaviors such as passing wind on a crowded airplane.
1999 – Friday Q. What's
the difference between ET and Muslims?
A. ET got the point and went home……………. Days of student protests began after Iranian police and lunatic Islamic hardliners attacked a student dormitory at the University of Tehran disrupting a game of Broom Ball and a chili cook-off.
2005 – Saturday
I'm astounded by people who want to 'know' the universe when it's hard enough
to find your way around
2011 –Saturday Oh God!
We praise and glorify you
For your grace on
Land of great abundance
Uphold us united in peace and harmony
We rise raising flag with the guiding star
And sing songs of freedom with joy
For justice, liberty and prosperity
Shall forevermore reign………
Back to Calendar
48 BC –Friday Pompey lives
after his battles, but his fortune has perished…….Lucan……….. In the Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar tested
his legendary luck in combat by barely avoiding a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in
138 – Thursday- Little soul, wandering ,
gentle guest and companion of my body, into what places will you now go, pale,
stiff, and naked, no longer sporting as you did……….. Emperor Hadrian went
kaput after a heart failure at Baiae, he was buried at
988 – Thursday When I die
1452 – Saturday Happy Birthday, King James III of
1460 – Tuesday The Earl of
1499 – Monday- Getting on a plane, I told the
ticket lady, "Send one of my bags to
–Saturday Q. Why did John Calvin teach
predestination? A. He had to. ………..Happy Birthday, John Calvin, fun loving French
religious reformer who had a very long beard.
Calvin is generally regarded as
second in importance only to Martin Luther as a key figure in the Protestant
Reformation. We’ll rank Ulrich Zwingi
number three. Calvin is famous for his uncompromising theological and moral
positions and for instituting a harsh, repressive theocratic government in
1553 – Monday When your
mother sends back all your invitations
And your father to your sister he explains
That you're tired of yourself and all of your creations
Won't you come see me, Queen Jane ?
Won't you come see me, Queen Jane ?...............Bob Dylan………….Lady Jane Grey assumed the throne of
1584 – Tuesday William I of
1682 – Friday Happy Birthday, Roger Cotes,
English mathematician. Cotes edited the second edition of
1778 – Friday – In
1789 – Friday Delta
Dawn, what's that flower you have on
Could it be a faded rose from days gone by
And did I hear you say he was a-meeting you here today
To take you to his mansion in the sky …..Tanya Tucker……….Explorer Alexander Mackenzie reached the eponymously named,
1792 – Tuesday Happy Birthday, George Mifflin
Dallas, American politician, a Senator from
1806 – Thursday The reason why the sun never
sets on The
1821 –Tuesday The United States took possession of its recently bought territory of Florida from Spain as seen on State Hunters on HGTV. It was purchased under the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819. The closing was delayed by Title lawyer who had to do a title search and then the lawyer for the bank wasn’t sure about the mortgage. At least three times during the process a lawyer would announce “well, we’ll have no closing”. The U.S was unaware that it would have to pay; title insurance, title search, attorney fees, escrow fees, notary fees, wire fees, courier fees, territorial inspection, recording fees (local fees), credit check, document preparation, appraisal fees, endorsements, and transfer fees (county/city)
1830 Saturday, Work at the same time on sky,
water, branches, ground, keeping everything going on an equal basis... Don't be
afraid of putting on color... Paint generously and unhesitatingly, for it is
best not to lose the first impression. ……..Happy Birthday, Camille
Pissarro, French painter born in Saint-Thomas,
1832 –Tuesday, Happy Birthday, Alvan Graham Clark, born in
The bank, Mr. Van Buren, is trying to
kill me, but I will kill it. ………..U.S.President Andrew Jackson vetoed a
bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the
1839 – Wednesday You can never buy beer, you
just rent it. ……Archie Bunker……….Happy Birthday, Adolphus Busch, brewer
1850 – Wednesday Nothing brings out the lower traits of human nature like office-seeking. Men of good character and impulses are betrayed by it into all sorts of meanness …………………….Vice President Millard Fillmore, of New York, was inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the kapution of “Old Rough and Ready”, President Zachary Taylor, just16 months into his term. The swearing-in was administered by William Cranch, chief judge of the U.S. Circuit Court in the House Chamber of the United States Capitol. Fillmore ran for president in 1856 but lost to James Buchanan.
1856- Wednesday Today's scientists
have substituted mathematics for experiments, and they wander off through
equation after equation, and eventually build a structure which has no relation
to reality. ….Nikola Tesla……….On the birthday of Thomas Davenport
who created the first electric motor, Happy Birthday, Nikola
Tesla, Serbian-American inventor and researcher who discovered
the rotating magnetic field, the basis of most alternating-current machinery and designed and built the first alternating
current induction motor in 1883. He emigrated to the
Tuesday A horse
may be coaxed to drink, but a pencil must be lead ….Stan Laurel……….No one
has ever been able to erase the first U.S. patent for an indelible
pencil as an alternative to the cumbersome and sometimes expensive
pens of the era. The patent was issued to Edson P Clark of
– Monday I summon up remembrance of
I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought,
And with old woes new wail my dear time's waste:
Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow, Shakespeare, Sonnet XXX…………….A la Recherché du Temps Perdu........ Joyeux Anniversaire Marcel Proust, French writer born in
1875- Saturday Happy
Birthday, educator, Mary McLeod Bethune, born in
1882- Monday Happy Birthday, Ima Hogg Scientist, Philanthropist, art collector; founded the Houston Symphony but mostly here because it gives the Gnus an opportunity to mention his large family; Yora Hogg, Heesa Hogg, Sheesa Hogg, Hedge Hogg, Wart hog,............Contributions welcome: firstname.lastname@example.org
–Thursday In the far and mighty West,
Where the crimson sun seeks rest,
There's a growing splendid State that lies above,
On the breast of this great land;
Where the massive Rockies stand,
There's Wyoming young and strong, the State I love!
Composed by G.E. Knapp …………….Wyoming was admitted as the 44th U.S. state. The
1897 –Saturday - Ain't there nobody that can shoot this guy so he don't bounce back?.........Dutch
Schultz……….. Happy Birthday, Jack
"Legs" Diamond", born Jack Nolan in
1902 –Thursday Happy
Birthday, Kurt Alder, Nobel Prize
laureate chemist born in Königshütte, Prussia, which is now Chorzów, Poland.
Adler shared the prize with his teacher, Otto Diels for their development of
diene synthesis, otherwise known as the Diels-Alder reaction. A diene is a
hydrocarbon with two double bonds……James Bond and Gary U.S Bonds. The Diels-Alder reaction converts dienes and
alkenes into ring molecules so Adler was also a Lord of the Rings. The process led to the discovery of
cyclohexene, (C6H10 A compound
that occurs in coal tar )and it was a major breakthrough in 20th century
science, allowing the manufacture of affordable synthetic steroids including
cortisone, morphine, and reserpine, insecticides including aldrin and dieldrin,
and numerous alkaloids and polymers. 1913 –Thursday Death Valley,
– Tuesday Alan:
Mr. Wizard: Hi, Alan. Come on in.
Alan: Hi, Mr. Wizard.
Mr. Wizard: Come over here and meet my friend.
Alan: Hi, friend... a cockroach!
Mr. Wizard: Yep.
Alan: What kind of friends do you have?...........Happy Birthday, Don Herbert, American television host aka, “Mr. Wizard” born in
1920-Saturday If toast always lands butter-side down, and cats always land on their feet, what happens if you strap toast on the back of a cat and drop it? ……Stephen Wright…………Happy Birthday, Edmund H. Lowe, American inventor and the inventor of of Kitty Litter. From the ancient Egyptians and probably from the origin of the domestication of cats, most people used ashes, sand or dirt in their cat boxes or just threw the cats away. Edward Lowe, whose family owned a chemical absorbents company, came up with an idea based on the use of a family product called Fuller’s Earth, which was an absorbent clay. He suggested that a neighbor try the absorbent clay instead of ashes or sand in her cat box and before you could say “poop”, his neighbor would use nothing but the absorbent clay. In 1964, Lowe created Tidy Cat, which was then sold in grocery stores.
– Saturday A proton walks into a bar and asks for a glass of water.
The bartender asks, "are you sure you don't want beer?" The proton
replies, "I'm positive!"…………….. Happy Birthday, Owen Chamberlain,
American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate born in
– Sunday – Never in the history of mankind or art
has any single piece of art gotten such widespread favor, pleasure, enjoyment,
and nothing has ever been so simply done and so easily understood in art. Happy Birthday, Harvey Ball,
American inventor of the ubiquitous smiley face born in
– Sunday- I fought Sugar so many times that I'm lucky I didn't get diabetes……………Speaking
of smiley faces, Happy Birthday, Jake LaMotta, boxer born Giacobe LaMotta in the Bronx. A middleweight, LaMotta, known as the Bronx
Bull, was the first boxer to defeat the great Sugar Ray Robinson. Unfortunately,
he also lost to Robinson five times including the knockout in the 13th
round in 1951. LaMotta had suffered a
ferocious beating but hung onto the ropes while being counted out so he could
say he wasn’t knocked down. La Motta had won the world middleweight
championship in 1949 when champion Marcel Cerdan of
–Sunday I can't believe the
Oh, I can't close my eyes and make it go away
How long, how long must we sing this song?
How long? How long?
'Cause tonight we can be as one, tonight
Broken bottles under children's feet
Bodies strewn across the dead end streets
But I won't heed the battle call
It puts my back up, puts my back up against the wall
Sunday, Bloody Sunday
Sunday, Bloody Sunday
Sunday, Bloody Sunday ……….U2………….On Belfast's Bloody Sunday 16 people were killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Northern Ireland. There were actually four Bloody Sundays during the 20th century – 1913 -
1925- Friday I don't make jokes. I just watch the
government and report the facts. …………….Will
1933- Monday Thelma:
Louise, shoot the radio
Louise: [she fires at the radio]
Thelma: The POLICE radio, Louise! ……………………… The first police radio system began operating in
In my opinion there is no reason why the
aeroplane should not open up a fruitful occupation for women……Harriet
Quimby………….. Laura Ingalls (not the Little House on the Prairie Laura Ingalls) left
1936 –Friday – The premiere of The Devil-Doll a cultural cinematic high water mark in which an escaped Devil's Island convict uses miniaturized humans to take revenge on those that framed him. The film starred Lionel Barrymore in a dual role as Paul Lavond / Madame Mandilip and Maureen O’Sullivan (from the Tarzan movies).
– Sunday We have clearance, Clarence. Roger, Roger. What's our vector, Victor?
Hughes, in pre loon days, set a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane
flight around the world in search of his wallet, which he left at home. On this
day, Hughes and crew departed Floyd Bennett Field, Long Island
– Wednesday- After a dinner of vichyssoise (thick soup made of puréed leeks, onions,
potatoes, cream, and chicken stock )The
– Thursday In the Jedwabne Pogrom, Polish citizens, not
the German SS, massacred 1600 Polish Jews living in and near the
1946 –Wednesday The way to crush the bourgeoisie is to grind them between the millstones of taxation and inflation…………Vladimir Lenin………. Hungarian hyperinflation (Inflation is a sustained increase in the aggregate price level. Hyperinflation is, yes, very high inflation.) set a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours. Before 1920, the highest denomination was 10,000 Korona. By 1923, it was 1,000,000 Korona. In the 1925 currency reform, 1 Pengo was exchanged for 12,500 Korona. Follow the bouncing Korona now…….. as according to Tom Chao’s Paper Money Gallery, before 1945, the highest denomination was 1,000 Pengo. By mid-1946, the highest denomination in circulation was 100 Million B-Pengo (100,000,000,000,000,000,000 Pengo). Adopengo (tax pengo) was introduced between January and July 1946. Initially, it was used for tax and postal payments, but later was also used concurrent with Pengo for general circulation. The value of the adopengo was adjusted each day, by radio announcement. On January 1, 1946 one adopengo equaled one pengo. By late July, one adopengo equaled 2,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 Pengo. The highest denomination issued was 100,000,000 Adopengo. In the mid-1946 currency reform, 1 Forint was exchanged for 400,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 Pengo.
1947 – Thursday – You can get anything you want at
's Restaurant Alice
You can get anything you want at
's Restaurant Alice
Walk right in it's around the back
Just a half a mile from the railroad track
You can get anything you want at Alice's Restaurant Happy Birthday, folk singer Arlo Guthrie in Brooklyn, New York; the son of legendary folk artist
Woody Guthrie. His masterpiece was the 1967, album Alice's Restaurant, which included an 18-minute-long title track that served as a vocal protest
against the Vietnam War. A lot of people think '
's Restaurant' was an anti-war song. It's not. It's an anti-idiot song….Arlo Guthrie. Alice
The editorial board of the Gnus always enjoyed his…….. I don't want a pickle
Just want to ride on my motorsickle
And I don't want a tickle
'Cause I'd rather ride on my motorsickle
And I don't want to die
Just want to ride on my motorcy...cle
1950- Monday Be happy, go Lucky,
Be happy, go Lucky Strike
Be happy, go Lucky,
Go Lucky Strike today!................... Sponsored by American Tobacco's Lucky Strike cigarettes, the popular radio popular music countdown, Your Hit Parade, made its debut on NBC TV. The format involved the seven top-rated songs of the week presented in elaborate production numbers requiring constant set and costume changes. Unfortunately, because the top songs sometimes stayed on the charts for many weeks, it was necessary to continually find ways of devising a new and different production number of the same song week after week. Everyone got really tired of Shrimp Boats Is a Comin’. The original singers were; Gisele MacKenzie, Eileen Wilson, Dorothy Collins, Snooky Lanson, and Russell Arms……………….So long for a while.
That's all the songs for a while.
So long to Your Hit Parade,
And the songs that you picked to be played.
1959- Friday One of the most popular Fifties "rock and roll movies," Alan Freed's Go, Johnny, Go! Opened nationwide, featuring Chuck Berry, who performed Johnny Be Good, Memphis, Tennessee, and Little Queenie, Jackie Wilson, Eddie Cochran, Sandy Stewart, the Cadillacs, Harvey Fuqua of the Moonglows, Jimmy Clanton, (as Johnny Melody), and Ritchie Valens, in an appearance obviously filmed before he went kaput “the day the music died” on February 3, 1959. Oddly, other than the Chuckster, none of the artists performed any of their signature songs as The Cadillacs did Jay Walker, and Please, Mr. Johnson., Harvey Fuqua (who had left the Moonglows) did Don't Be Afraid To Love Me. Jackie Wilson lip synched You Better Know It, Eddie Cochran did the unfortunately precient, Teenage Heaven and Ritchie Valens weighed in with Ooh My Head.
1962- Tuesday We should develop anti-satellite weapons
because we could not have prevailed without them in `Red Storm Rising'……………Dan Quayle………………Telstar 1, the world's first
geosynchronous - A geosynchronous orbit is one with an orbital period (the time
needed to orbit once around the Earth) that matches the rotation rate of the
Earth - communications satellite, was
launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., to relay TV and telephone signals between
1962-Tuesday ………………I couldn't stop, so I swerved to the
I'll never forget the sound that night
The screamin' tires, the bustin' glass
The painful scream that I heard last…………….J. Frank Wilson & The Cavaliers…….Last Kiss………..A. patent was issued to Swedish engineer, Nils Bohlen, for the three-point seat-belt. The lap and and shoulder design is what they refer to now with clever billboard phrases like click it or ticket. Volvo had the first safety belts in 1949 but the first
Friday Four days after the world
première of A Hard Day's Night in
1967 Monday – Just dropped in to see what condition my condition was in……Singer Kenny Rogers left the folk group The New Christy Minstrels and, the next day, formed the First Edition, later to become Kenny Rogers and the First Edtion. The Byrds' Gene Clark, The Association's Larry Ramos and Barry McGuire of Eve Of Destruction fame were also old New Christy Minstrels.
–Saturday The Seveso disaster poisoned a large area
a helper for God, and censure what is forbidden,
And turn with the law which, which He wants you to follow,
Hold no one to be useful or harmful, except for Him,
And walk the path of the chosen one, and die while you are on it!
For what was sufficient for the first of us, is sufficient for the last one, too.
And leave those people who do evil things with respect to God.
They misrepresented him by making him similar, and made all kinds of excuses.
They made bold claims, and blackened notebooks…..Mauritania National Anthem……President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania was ousted in a bloodless coup d'état. If you’re keeping score it’s; Mustafa Ould Salek, March 20, 1979 to April 6, 1979, Mustafa Ould Salek, (again) Head of State and Chairman of the Military Committee for National Recovery April 6, 1979 to June 3, 1979, Mustafa Ould Salek, again, Head of State and Chairman of the Military Committee for National Salvation June 3, 1979 to January 4,1980 , Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly, Head of State and Chairman of the Military Committee for National Salvation January 4, 1980 to December 12 , 1984, Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla, Head of State and Chairman of the Military Committee for National Salvation, December 12, 1984 to April 18, 1992, Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, Head of State and Chairman of the Military Committee for National Salvation, April 18,1992 to August 3, 2005, Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, again, President August 3, 2005 to April 19, 2007, then (breaking the streak of guys who’s names start with “M”), Ely Ould Mohamed Vall, Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy , April 19, 2007 to August 6, 2008, Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi, President, August 6, 2008 to April 15 , 2009, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, President of the High Council of State , April 15, 2009 to August 5, 2009, Ba Mamadou Mbaré, Acting President, August 5 2009 to ? And, with more to come as they returned to “m” guys, with Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, President.
– Thursday- Burn out the day
Burn out the night
I can't see no reason to put up a fight
I'm living for givin' the devil his due
And I'm burnin', I'm burnin', I'm burnin' for you
I'm burnin', I'm burnin', I'm burnin' for you ………….Blue Oyster Cult……..Alexandra Palace in London burned down for a second time as during Capital Radio's Jazz Festival, a fire started under the organ, obviously a hot jazz number, and quickly spread. It destroyed half the building. The first fire occurred in 1944 when a German B-1 exploded near, yes, the organ. The website tells us that The People’s Palace is yours to enjoy, the 7 acre Palace is surrounded by 196 acres of beautiful parkland, and grounds that boast a pub & restaurant, ice rink, boating lake, pitch & putt course, 1,500 free parking spaces and much, much more. Use our interactive map to find everything you are looking for and ensure you always enjoy your Ally Pally (yes, they said ally pally) experience. The highly flammable palace originally opened in 1873 as North London’s answer to the
– Wednesday- In no way is
bet when neanderthal kids would make a snowman, someone would always end up
saying, 'Don't forget the thick, heavy brows.' Then they would get all
embarrassed because they remembered they had the big husky brows too, and
they'd get mad and eat the snowman……………Jack Handy…………… Scientists in
– Monday He bade me observe it, and I should always find, that the calamities of
life were shared among the upper and lower part of mankind; but that the middle
station had the fewest disasters………..Daniel Dafoe………. A leaking southern
Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodeed, killing about 250 villagers who were scavenging
escaping gasoline from the pipeline. Just six days later, at least 100
villagers died when a ruptured pipeline exploded in Warri. As of 2008 there had
been nine pipeline explosions in
– Monday EADS, the world's
second-largest aerospace group was formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra,
DASA (DaimlerChrysler Aerospace) , and CASA (Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA- of
–Wednesday Someday, everything is gonna be diff’rent
When I paint my masterpiece ……….Bob Dylan………..At a Sotheby's auction, Flemish artist, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents was sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Canadian newspaper mogul, Kenneth Thomson who was going for Baroque. Rubens' paintings often depicted religious and mythical heroes in realistic and exuberant poses, but he is equally valued for his landscapes and portraits. The work shows the massacre ordered by King Herod. He had been told by the Three Wise Men that a King of the Jews had been born, and decided to prevent him from becoming a rival. Ironically, this painting by Rubens was erroneously attributed to one of his assistants in 1787. It wasn't until 2001 that an expert judged it to be a true Rubens. One reason for the enormous popularity of the painting is the use of Chiaroscuro, a great contrast between light and dark color.
– Sunday ………….. Why does it always rain on me?
Even when the sun is shining
I can't avoid the lightning
Oh, where did the blue skies go?
And why is it raining so? ………….Travis…………Hurricane Dennis smashed into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage. 2005 was a bad year for hurricanes and a worse year for FEMA ( Heckuva job Brownie…..G.W Bush ). Several records were set including a record 28 tropical and subtropical storms of which fifteen became hurricanes. Of the fifteen, seven strengthened into major hurricanes, including a record-tying five which became Category 4 hurricanes – winds 131-155 mph, and a record four reached Category 5 strength - 155 mph+. Among these Category 5 storms was Hurricane Wilma, the most intense hurricane (882 millibars ) ever recorded in the
Back to Calendar
472 – Monday Rome continued its descent into a empirectile
dysfunction and emperorectomies became more and more frequent, Western Roman
Emperor Anthemius was captured in the Old St. Peter's Basilica, after trying to
escape disguised as a begger and rendered kaput via decapitation after being
911 – Monday Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte
between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy. Speaking of Charles the Simple,
the French liked nicknames for their Charleses as we see with: Charlemagne - the Blessed, the Butcher
of the Saxons, the Sleeper, the Sleeping King
Charles I, Duke of
Charles I, Duke of
Charles I de Valois, Duke of Orléans the Unfortunate Prince
Charles I, Duke of
Charles II of Alençon the Generous
Charles II of
Charles III of
Charles III of
Charles III, Duke of Bourbon the Constable, le Connétable de Bourbon
Charles IV of
Charles V of
Charles VI of
Charles VII of France le Trésvictorieux, the Dauphin, the King of Bourges, the Mark Tapley of Kings, the Victorious, the Well-Served
Charles VIII the Affable
Charles X of
Charles, duc d'Orléans the Poet
Charles the Bald
Charles the Child
Charles the Fat
Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine Cardinal de Guise
Charles Lucien Bonaparte the Father of American Descriptive Ornithology –we threw him in to see if you were paying attention.
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord the Father of the
Charles Martel the Hammer
And Charles Martel of
Charles the Simple, realized that the Vikings, who had invaded in 800, would not go away quietly, plus he was sick of them singing “spam spam spam” in chorus everytimehe ordered spam in a restaurant, so he ceded
1274 – Wednesday We fight not for glory, nor for
wealth, nor honour but only and alone we fight for freedom which no good man
surrenders but with his life………. Co`
latha breith sona dhuibh, Robert the Bruce, brother of Lenny the Bruce, King of
1302 –Tuesday Going to war without
1533 – Tuesday Marriage isn’t all that it’s cracked up to be. Let me tell you, honestly. Marriage is probably the chief cause of divorce……. Larry Gelbart……………..Henry VIII, who divorced wife number 1, Catherine of Aragon and became head of the Church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII. Following the kapution of Thomas More, who would not approve the divorce, Henry’s chosen successor for More as Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, shockingly pronounced Henry's former marriage invalid. On May 28, he declared the marriage with Anne valid. On June , Anne was crowned, and on September 7, she gave birth to a daughter, the future Queen Elizabeth. Clement, who had previously sent to Henry more than one warning upon his desertion of Catherine, issued the Bull of excommunication on this day declaring, also, his divorce and remarriage null.
knowing that the Sea at length must néedes
have an endyng, and that some lande shoulde have a beginning that way…….. Martin
1628 – Tuesday Otanjōbi omedetō gozaimasu, Tokugawa Mitsukuni, aka Mito Komon, Japanese, feudal warlord who began the compilation of the Dai Nihon shi (“History of Great Japan”),which was a comprehensive rewriting of Japanese history modelled after the great Chinese dynastic histories
1657 – Wednesday Alles Gute zum Geburtstag, King Frederick I of
Frederick the Fair
Frederick William I
Frederick William II
Frederick William III
Frederick William IV
And Frederick’s of Hollywood
1709 – Thursday Grattis pŒ fšdelsedagen, Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist who introduced the distinction between "pure" and "applied" chemistry. This distinction asserted the dignity of pure chemistry while transforming the chronological priority of chemical arts into a logical dependence upon "pure" knowledge. Applied chemistry is when you use known knowledge to perform some task for someone. Pure chemistry is when you do something to advance the knowledge base. Chemistry could thus be perceived as a legitimate academic discipline in university curricula and highly valued for its usefulness in various applications. A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five…………….Groucho Marx
1735 – Monday Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that now
demoted to dwarf planet, former planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of
1754 – Thursday I acknowledge Shakespeare to be the world's greatest dramatic poet, but regret that no parent could place the uncorrected book in the hands of his daughter, and therefore I have prepared the Family Shakespeare………………. Happy Birthday, Thomas Bowdler, English physician, censor and editor of The Family Shakespeare. Bowdler took it upon himself to clean up Shakespeare for sensitive 19th century minds. He joined the English language as a transitive verb, "bowderlize" which was invented in 1836 carrying a pejorative sense, meaning to edit out offensive content prudishly.
1767 – Saturday – NEPOTISM, n. Appointing your
grandmother to office for the good of the party. ………….Ambrose Bierce………….Happy
Birthday, John Quincy Adams, sixth President of the
1776 – Thursday ……….The poor Cook
he caught the fits
And threw away all my grits
And then he took and he ate up all of my corn
Let me go home
Why don't they let me go home
This is the worst trip I've ever been on
So hoist up the John B's sail
See how the mainsail sets
Call for the Captain ashore
Let me go home, let me go home
I wanna go home, let me go home
Why don't you let me go home…………..The Beach Boys……… Captain James Cook began his third voyage, as he sailed in a repaired Resolution (along with the smaller, Discovery) looking for the North West Passage (see Martin Frobisher above 1576) and to return Omai to his home on Huahine in the
1796 – Monday It was the
seediest dive on the wharf. Every reject and cutthroat from
1801 – Saturday Calpurnia: When beggars die there are no comets seen; The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes. Julius Caesar (II, ii, 30-31) ……French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons, aka Her Majesty’s Astronomer Royal, Director of the Astroscopic Department Of the Observatory and Emeritus Professor of the Royal Lyceum, (Her Majesty was Maria Louisa of Bourbon), made the first of his 37 comet discoveries. In the next 27 years he discovered another 36 comets, making him the all time champion comet spotter, like Barry Bonds sans steroids, with Charles Messier, in 2nd place with 11.
1804 – Wednesday
…………….You come on with your come-ons, you
don't fight fair
That's O.K., see if I care!
Knock me down, it's all in vain
I'll get right back on my feet again!
Hit Me With Your Best Shot!
Why Don't You Hit Me With Your Best Shot!
Hit Me With Your Best Shot!
Fire Away! …….Pat Benatar……………… Vice President Aaron Burr fatally shot Alexander Hamilton during a due in
1838 – Wednesday, ………… Half
the money I spend on advertising is wasted; the trouble is I don't know which
half……………Happy Birthday, John WanamakerAmerican department store founder
who adopted new technology in his buildings for increased sales. In 1875, Wanamaker bought the site of the old
Pennsylvania RR freight station (without the trains) in
1864 – Monday - We didn't take
1882 – Tuesday The British Mediterranean fleet began its Bombardment of Alexandria
1882 – Tuesday Happy Birthday, Jim White, promoter of Carlsbad Cavern. Water, from oceans to tiny droplets, created and shaped Carlsbad Cavern. The rocks in which the cavern formed are the product of an ancient reef that flourished 250 million years ago during the Permian period. White, a cowboy, was one of many settlers who mined the cavern for bat guano and discovered the drawings, probably 1,000 years old, left by Native Americans. White, who was to continue his cave explorations for most of his lifetime, became its first chief ranger.
1892- Monday I had the mortification
one fine morning of finding you on my track and in several particulars ahead of
me -- but now I think I have shot ahead of you and yet I feel there is almost an
infinity of detail to be wrought out in the large application now awaiting
development and that your inventive genius as well as my own will find very
ample room for exercise in carrying out this gigantic work that awaits
Swan in a letter to Thomas Edison…………….. Edison schmedison….The U.S.
Patent Office decided that Joseph Wilson Swan in England, not Thomas Edison,
was the inventor of the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp. Swan
and Edison later set up a joint company to produce the first practical filament
1893 – Tuesday The first cultured pearl was obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto. The pearl preferred Bach to Eminem and tea to mocha latte, decaf, Americain. Cultured pearls share the same properties as natural pearls. Oysters form cultured pearls in an almost identical fashion. The only difference is a person carefully implants the irritant in the oyster, rather than leaving it to chance. Kokichi Mikimoto was the first to successfully market cultured pearls. He used a technique developed by William Sawville-Kent which was brought to Japan by Tatushei Mise and Tokishi Nishikawa and then successfully cultured whole akoya pearls and before you could say, don't cast your pearls before swine he founded the modern cultured pearl industry. Good Golly Miss Mollusk! You should know that akoya pearls are cultured in the Pinctada fucata martensii, also known as the akoya oyster
1897 Sunday- Well did he ever return, no he never returned and his fate is still unlearned……Kingston Trio….MTA……………… Salomon August Andrée left Spitsbergen to attempt to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashed and was rendered kaput. Of course no one knew that had occurred for thirty three years. In 1930, on White Island, the canvas boat, a sledge, some food, a rusty rifle, clothing, a cookstove, and a camera, still loaded with film and two skeletons were found, still dressed in furs.
1889 – Thursday We started off in san Diego
Tequila drinking with amigos
Then went down to Tijuana
Smoking lots of marijuana
And it’s all good
Stay away from spicy food
Tell Maria when she calls
Tonight we’ll drink some alcohol ……………..33 West………The Tijuana Song…….Tijuana, Mexico,was founded. The first tourist buses arrived in the early afternoon and the first tequila tastings were about a half hour later. There are different views on the origin of the name for the town. One belief is that it came from an ancient Indian word, "Tiguan", meaning "close to the water." Another view holds that the name came from a ranch, Tia Juana’s (Aunt Jane’s) Ranch, owned by the Allegro Family. In 1848, United States won all of Alta California. The majority of the 1,000 Hispanic families living in Alta California stayed there, though some moved south to remain inside Mexico. But it left the Tijuana area as the international border. Even then is was being overrun with touristas. Urban settlement began in 1889, when descendants of Santiago Argüello and Augustín Olvera entered an agreement to begin developing a city of Tijuana. The date of the agreement was, surprise, July 11, 1889. Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass supplied the music.
1899 – Tuesday Analyzing humor is like dissecting a frog. Few people are interested and the frog dies of it……………. Happy Birthday, E. B. White, American writer born in Mount Vernon, New York. White was the author of Charlotte’s Web, Stuart Little, and Trumpet of the Swawn among his seventeen books and numerous New Yorker articles.
1903 –Saturday Happy Birthday, Rudolf Ivonovich Abel, Russian spy or possibly, Vilyam (Willie) Genrikhovich (August) Fisher in England. He gave the name Rudolf Abel to the FBI as a way of signal to his communist masters that he had been captured. He supervised the gathering of top secret intelligence information from the United Nations and U.S. military installations and managed the transfer of this information to Soviet agents or directly to Moscow. He also oversaw the operations of agents Morris and Leona Cohen. Sentenced to 45 years in prison after he was finally arrested, he was later traded to the Soviet Union for American U-2 pilot, Francis Gary Powers, two future number one draft choices and a spy to be named later.
1914 – Saturday Nineteen year old lefthanded pitcher George Herman “Babe” Ruth made his major league baseball debut for the Boston Red Sox. Young Ruth won the game as the Red Sox defeated the Cleveland Indians but struck out in his first major league at-bat while going 0 for two. Also making his premiere appearance on this day was Chick Davies of the Philadelphia Atheletics but his career was not quite as memorable as Ruth’s.
1916 – Tuesday S dniom razhdjenia Alexander Mikhaylovich Prokhorov, Russian physicist. Prokhorov worked in microwave spectroscopy, which as everyone knows is the study of the interaction of matter and electromagnetic radiation in the microwave region of the spectrum. This led to the development of the maser in 1955, and later the laser. Basov and Prokhorov, together with the American physicist Charles Townes, received the 1964 Nobel Prize for physics for their development of the maser principle. MASER stands for Microwave Amplification by Stimulation Emission of Radiation. A LASER is a MASER that works with higher frequency photons in the ultraviolet or visible light spectrum. Photons are bundles of electromagnetic energy commonly thought of as "rays of light" which travel in oscillating waves of various wavelengths. A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five……Groucho Marx
1918 – Thursday Happy Birthday Venetia Burney, namer of the former planet currently demoted to dwarf planet and Kuiper Belt Object, Pluto. Just after the discover of the planet cum dwarf planet, eleven year old Venetia suggested the name Pluto to her grandfather, in honor of the Roman god of the underworld. Her grandfather forwarded the name to the Lowell Observatory where discoverer Clyde Tombaugh worked and before you could say “planetary demotion”, Tombaugh eventually chose it. The name also honors Percival Lowell, in that the first two letters represent his initials.
1920 – Sunday S dniom razhdjenia Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor, old Taras Bulba himself, born on Sakhalin Island. The editorial board of the Gnus favors Brynner’s Magnificent Seven starring turn, although it’s fun to watch Steve McQueen stealing scenes, and Westworld where he reprised his Magnificent Seven role of Chris but this time as a psychopathic robot. When movie roles dried up, Brynner made a career of playing the King in the King and I.
1921 –Monday Presidents come and go, but the Supreme Court goes on forever U.S. …………….William Howard Taft…………Former President William Howard Taft was sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice. Taft had been appointed by Warren G. Harding. While not very effective as the president who followed Teddy Roosevelt, he was notably successful in effecting administrative reforms. He was very opinionated and wrote more opinions than any other member of his Court. Taft expedited the hearing of cases, and won congressional authorization to create a conference of senior circuit judges. In addition, Taft was a moving force in the decision to construct the Supreme Court Building
1922 – Tuesday I love Los Angeles. I love Hollywood. They're beautiful. Everybody's plastic, but I love plastic. I want to be plastic…….Andy Warhol………….. The Hollywood Bowl opened and the public poured in to see "Symphonies Under the Stars" with Alfred Hertz conducting the Los Angeles Philharmonic along with Brittney Spears, Cher, Snoop Dog, Barry Manilow, Wayne Newton and Steve & Eydie. Kayte Deioma on about.com informs that although people often think the name Hollywood Bowl refers to the dome-shaped band shell on the stage, it is actually a reference to the natural bowl-shaped area surrounded by the Hollywood Hills formerly known as the Daisy Dell. According to Hollywood Bowl archives, in 1920, Soprano Anna Ruzena Sprotte and composer/pianist Gertrude Ross lugged in a piano to test the acoustics from a platform at the bottom of the hill to figure out how best to situate the stage.
1924 – Friday 'Daddy, is it
a wave or a particle?' 'Yes.'
'Daddy, is the electron here or is it there?'
'Daddy, do scientists really know what they are talking about?'
'Yes!' ……………Banesh Hoffmann……………….Parabens pelo seu aniversario, César Lattes, Brazilian physicist and co-discoverer, with Cecil F. Powell, of the pion or pi meson in 1947. A pi meson is a meson having a positive or negative charge and a rest mass 273.13 times that of the electron, or no charge and a rest mass 264.14 times that of the electron. And what….is a meson? Yes, you’re right….it’s a subatomic particle that is intermediate in mass between an electron and a proton. The discovery of the pi meson opened a whole new world to investigation. It became clear that there were particles called muons(…note:.reality show participants have brains the size of a muon) that had not been predicted and their role in nature was unknown
1927 Monday It worked the first time, I was exhilarated.... I thought, `Wow, it's working!' But to tell you the truth, I was a little numbed. ... I did not appreciate the gravity of what I had done……………… Happy Birthday, Theodore H. Maiman, American physicist who built the first working laser - Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation - and has been called the called “the father of the electro-optics industry – see Science Gnus, Who’s Your Dadday…. http://sciencegnus.com/Who%27s%20Your%20Daddy.html...... The media reacted to Maiman’s invention with its usual understated, cogent, informative analysis, "L.A. Man Invents Death Ray," screamed the papers. Lasers use an energy source such as a powerful light beam to stimulate the atoms in a medium – in the case of Maiman's laser, a synthetic ruby. Maiman put reflective silver on each end of the ruby tube, so that the light beam bounced back and forth, gaining intensity, until a single pulse of highly concentrated light was emitted. Strangely, he never won the Nobel Prize, (he was nominated twice) however Maiman was honored with many other awards, including the Japan Prize in 1987, the Wolf Prize in Physics from Israel's Wolf Foundation, and the Buckley Solid State Physics Prize from the American Physical Society.
1931 – Saturday Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm,
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Mmm, mm, mm, mm, mm-mm, mm-mm.
Little, bitty, pretty one,
Come on and talk-a to me.
Lovey, dovey, lovey one,
Come sit down on-a my knee.
Ohh, oh, oh, oh, oh-oh, oh-oh.
Ohh, oh, oh, oh, oh-oh, oh-oh.
Ohh, oh, oh, oh, oh-oh, oh-oh.
Ohh, oh, oh, oh, oh-oh, oh-oh. …..Little Bitty Pretty One………Happy Birthday, Thurston Harris, American singer who covered Bobby Day (Rockin’ Robin) and the Satellites song and made it a hit. The editorial board of the Gnus believed the Marlowian lyrics of the song warrent Thurston's inclusion in the Gnus
1936 – Saturday Cross over the bridge, cross
over the bridge
Change your reckless way of livin', cross over the bridge
Leave your fickle past behind you,
And true romance will find you,
Brother, cross over the bridge……………Patti Page………… The Triborough Bridge in New York City what opened to traffic. Quick, which three boroughs does the Triborough Bridge connect? Good, you were correct….The Bronx, Queens, and Manhattan. Now called the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge by politicians, tourists and recently arrived pseudo sophisticated yokels, the Triborough Bridge is not simply a single span, but rather a complex comprised of three long-span bridges, a number of smaller bridges and viaducts, fourteen miles of approach highways and parkway. Work had originally begun on October 25, 1929, the day after the Stock Market Collapse. Funding disappeared quicker than you could say Stimulus. Work on the bride was, typically for New York, at a standstill through 1932, when New York City Parks Commissioner Robert Moses persuaded Governor Al Smith to resume its construction. In 1933, Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia appointed Moses as the chairman of the Triborough Bridge Authority. President Franklin D. Roosevelt granted the new authority a $37 million loan, making the bridge the first project in New York City to earn approval from the new Federal-level Public Works Administration (PWA).
1943– Sunday I woke up this morning and couldn't find my socks, so I called information. She said they were behind the couch. She was right………..Steven Wright…… Happy Birthday, Howard Gardner, American Psychologist born in Scranton, Pa. Author of Frames of Mind (1983), Gardner is best known in educational circles for his theory of multiple intelligences, a critique of the notion that there exists but a single human intelligence that can be assessed by standard psychometric instruments such as violins, bassoons, and kazoos. It suggested that the original notion of intelligence based on an I.Q. test was far too limited. Gardner came up with 8 different intelligences, actually he came up with 7 but then resurfaced after a few years to come up with and 8th which helped book sales, to account for the broader range of intelligence in people. The intelligences are: Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence, Logical-Mathematical Intelligence, Visual-Spatial Intelligence, Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence, Musical Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Intrapersonal Intelligence, and lastly, Naturalist Intelligence which was added in 1997. To be completely inclusive, the editorial board of the Gnus suggests adding the following intelligences: Texting in Class Intelligence, Failure to Complete Work Intelligence, Sleeping In Class Intelligence, Disrupting Education of Fellow Students Intelligence, Plagiarism Intelligence, Defending Your Child’s Plagiarism, Disruptive Behavior, Failure to Complete Work Intelligence, Blaming the Teacher Intelligence, and Lack of Parental Responsiblility and Control Intelligence, and Blaming Everyone But Yourself for Your Failures Intelligence.
1960 – Monday When he was nearly thirteen, my brother Jem got his arm badly broken at the elbow...,Harper Lee…………..To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee was first published. The book received highly favorable reviews and quickly climbed the bestseller lists, where it remained for eighty-eight weeks. In 1961, the novel won the Pulitzer Prize. Sequels included To Kill a Cockatoo, To Kill an Emu, To Kill a Black-throated Gray Warbler, To Kill a New Zealand Brown Creeper, and Harper Lee’s The Boo Radley Chronicles by Eric Van Lustbader. To Kill a Mockingbird remains her sole published novel.
1960 – Monday You're mine and we
Yes, we belong together for all eternity
your minerals belong to me-ee
Yes, they belong to only me for all eternity …..apologies to Robert and Johnny………….Tshombe, Lumumba uhh, Kasavubu….Opening the first of an encyclopedic number of Congo Crisises, the State of Katanga,
the county’s richest and mineral laden province seceded from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, nee Belgian Congo. The country had remained together for two whole weeks.
Dramatis personae included Moise Tshombe, president of secessionist Katanga province, Joseph Kasavubu, president of newly independent central government of Congo, communist puppet, Patrice Lumumba, premier of the above
(and enemy of Kasavubu), the Belgian government and Belgian mercenaries, the United Nations (pushed by the US)…..lots of greedy fingers in the rich pie.
1960 Monday -
(Oop-oop, oop, oop-oop)
(Alley-Oop, oop, oop, oop-oop)
There's a man in the funny papers we all know
(Alley-Oop, oop, oop, oop-oop)
He lives 'way back a long time ago
(Alley-Oop, oop, oop, oop-oop)
He don't eat nothin' but a bear cat stew
(Alley-Oop, oop, oop, oop-oop)
Well, this cat's name is-a Alley-Oop
(Alley-Oop, oop, oop, oop-oop)………..So, as Harper Lee was publishing one of the great novels of the 20th century, the Congo was establishing a template for the model of the unstable African country, The Hollwood Argyles' unleashed Alley Oop on the public enhancing the genre of novelty songs begun with David Seville’s Witch Doctor and Shep Wooley’s Purple People Eater. Soon to come were: They're Coming To Take Me Away, Ha-Haaa - Napoleon XIV,Monster Mash - Bobby "Boris" Pickett & the Crypt-Kickers, Hello Muddah, Hello Faddah - Allen Sherman, Grandma Got Run over by a Reindeer - Elmo & Patsy, Does Your Chewing Gum Lose Its Flavor - Lonnie Donegan, Mr. Custer - Larry Verneand The Flying Saucer (Pts 1 & 2) - Buchanan & Goodman Actually, the editorial board of the Gnus prefers the Dante and the Evergreens version released around the same time although the ‘Argyles’ version was the bigger hit.
1962 – Wednesday Their outlines were human, semi-human, fractionally human, and not human at all -- the horde was grotesquely heterogeneous……..H.P. Lovecraft…………….. Reanimator………. The first First transatlantic satellite television transmission. The receiver blew up, emitting smoke and making expectorating sounds when Snooki appeared on screen. Actually, it was an image of ATT chairman Frederick R.Kappel sent from Andover, Maine to Pleumeur Bodou, France, via Telstar 1 which could only be used for 18 minutes during each 2.5 hour orbit. Why Andover Maine? AT&T chose the town to build a ground station because it is surrounded by mountains and is far enough from microwave repeaters to avoid interference. The antenna that beamed the signal was enclosed in a huge bubble, 160 feet (48 meters) high. After the successful transmission on July 11, 1962, President John F. Kennedy released a statement calling it ''an outstanding example of the way in which government and business can cooperate in a most important field of human endeavor.'' Horndog JFK also wondered if he could get a date with Bridget Bardot.
King Richard: A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a horse!
Catesby:Withdraw, my lord; I'll help you to a horse.
Slave! I have set my life upon a cast,
And I will stand the hazard of the die…..Richard The Third Act 5, scene 4, 7–10
Believing at first that they had discovered a field of wooden actors including, Steven Seagal, Ryan O’Neal, Cher, Nicholas Gage, Rory Calhoun, Dale Robertson, Bo Derek, Madonna, David Caruso, Chuck Norris,all the women stars of Sex in the City, Sylvester Stallone, Wesley Snipes, Farrah Fawcett, Keanu Reeves, Sondra Locke, Christopher Atkins, Barbra Streisand, Tom Green, Sharon Stone, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Paris Hilton, and Vin Diesel Chinese archeologists announced that it was really the uncovering of a 3-acre burial mound concealing over 7000 clay statues of warriors and their regalia dating from 221 to 206 BC. The "Terracotta Army" was uncovered near the ancient capital of Xian. The life-size clay soldiers and horses were buried in pits in battle formation facing east to guard the tomb of China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang. The figures were modeled after the emperor’s real army, and each face is different. The statues of the infantry soldiers range between 5 foot 8 inches and 6 foot 2 inches; the commanders are 6 and half feet tall. The lower half of the kiln-fired ceramic bodies were made of solid terracotta clay, the upper half hollow. The buried wonder was originally found in 1974 in the course of digging a well.
1976-Sunday I don’t want no whore in this family…………Frank’s mother, Dolly Sinatra….Frank Sinatra married for the fourth time, this time to Missouri born, Barbara Marx who established the standard for a “Jefferson’s” wife….she kept movin’ on up….Ms Marx, former wife of the Marx Brothers' Zeppo Marx. Hubby # 1 was an executive with the Miss Universe Pageant, Robert Harrison and paved the way for her to become a Las Vegas showgirls. That paved the way for marriage to a minor Marx brother, Zeppo now an agent and entrée into the world of bigger stars.
1978 –Tuesday In the Los Alfaques Disaster, a truck carrying liquid gas crashed and exploded at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists. Travelling over 40 mph, the truck overturned and ran into the Los Alfaques camping ground south of Tarragona on the east coast of Spain and exploded (what is called ‘a boiling-liquid, expanding-vapour explosion’ –BLEVE to the cognescenti- resulted.
1979 – Wednesday Catch a falling star an’ put it in your pocket,
Never let it fade away!
Catch a falling star an’ put it in your pocket,
Save it for a rainy day! ……………Perry Como…………..America's first space station, Skylab, went kaput as it re-entered Earth’s atmosphere and saw the state of contemporary entertainment. The, now unmanned, space station reentered Earth's atmosphere and shattered into pieces over the Indian Ocean and Australia. No one was injured although several orange ruffy suffered concussion-like symptoms for two weeks afterward. NASA had planned to use Skylab with the space shuttle. Plans for an additional Apollo mission to boost Skylab into a higher orbit for later use by the shuttle were postponed since, the always prepared NASA was confident that Skylab would stay in orbit until shuttle flights began in 1978 - 1979. Whoops! The shuttle was delayed, a shocking occurance rarely seen a a government sponsored program and faster atmospheric decay (not government sponsored) than expected resulted in Skylab crashing to earth and sending the media into a feeding frenzy over the event, as debris rained over a large swath of Australia. The negative publicity made NASA hyper-sensitive in ensuring that future heavy spacecraft were deorbited in a controlled manner.
1985-Thursday The stitch is lost unless the thread be knotted…..Italian Proverb….Zippers for stitches were announced by Dr. H. Harlan Stone as the surgeon had used zippers on 28 patients, on whom he thought he might have to re-operate, ( he was unable to locate seven scalpels, three forceps, five retractors and a Cusco's vaginal speculum, after a particularly busy week) because of internal bleeding following initial operations. Patients would normally have the incision opened repeatedly so that gauze could be replaced. Stone came up with the idea at the University of Maryland in Baltimore and used it successfully. The zippers usually lasted between five and 14 days, were then replaced with permanent stitches.
1987 – Saturday According to the United Nations, the world population crossed the 5,000,000,000 (5 billion) mark, most of whom are usually on line in front of us.
1991-Thursday One of the longest recoreded total eclipses of the sun, lasting over 7 minutes in some areas, was visible over parts of Hawaii, Mexico, and Central America. Depending on the culture, it was believed that during the eclipse the sun is swallowed by demons, dragons or devilish dogs. …….Pregnant women were coaxed to stay indoors and not to cut vegetables if they wanted healthy babies without congenital anomalies…….Pregnant women (eclipses of the sun are really tough on pregnant women) are also prevented from sewing so that they would not have deformed children (obviously many stage mothers have done a lot of sewing during eclipses)…….People lock themselves indoors to avoid the bad rays of the eclipsed sun….. Some people cleanse themselves in holy rivers during an eclipse…not a bad thing if you’d ever ridden on the D train on a hot summer day. In comparison, Bonnie Tyler’s Total Eclipse of the Heart in 1983 lasted 4 minutes and 29 seconds.
2006 –Tuesday- Fight and kill the disbelievers wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war…The Koran……..Did you hear about the blonde terrorist who was ordered to blow up a bus? She burned her mouth on the exhaust pipe……..Those fanatical fun loving Islamic terrorists were at it again as 209 people were killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India. Seven co-ordinated blasts within 15 minutes ripped through trains on Mumbai's busy commuter system. The bombs were set off in pressure cookers on trains serving the Western line of the Suburban Railway network.
2010 Sunday ) Breakin'
rocks in the ... hot sun
I Fought the Law and the ... law won
I Fought the Law and the ... law won
I needed money, 'cause I ... had none
I Fought the Law and the ... law won
I Fought the Law and the ... law won ……Bobby Fuller Four…………Colton Harris-Moore, the 19-year-old "Barefoot Bandit," on the run from law enforcement since fleeing a Renton, Washington, halfway house in 2008, was arrested about 2 a.m. on Harbour Island in the Bahamas after a brief, high-speed boat chase. Shockingly, shortly afterwards a lawyer appeared from under a rock and before you could say “movie deal”, young Harris signed a movie deal with 20th Century Fox worth up to $1.3 million. With a straight face he announced that he would put the money toward the $1.4 million he owed as restitution to victims of his two-year crime spree.
2011 – Monday Find a wheel, and it goes round,
As it skims along with a happy sound,
As it goes, along the ground, ground, ground,
‘Till it leads you to the one you love! ……..Perry Como…..Neptune completed its first orbit since its discovery on September 23, 1846. English and French astronomers John Couch Adams and Urbain Le Verrier independently calculated where Sir William Herschel’s (discoverer of Uranus) mystery planet should be in the night sky by purely measuring little 'wobbles' in Uranus' path. Fifty five years after Herschel noticed Uranus' perturbations, the distant planet (too big to be demoted to dwarf planet) was officially discovered by German astronomer Johann Galle in the location predicted by Couch Adams and Le Verrier. It was named Neptune. Speaking of dwarf planets, Pluto discovered in 1930 will complete its first orbit since discover in 2178. So, if you were born on Neptune you’d be celebrating your first birthday. Since we know, you’d like to know……Since July 1846, you’d be 658.8 years old on Mercury, 268.5 on Venus, 164 on Earth, 87.8 on Mars, 13. 9 on Jupiter, 5.6 on Saturn, 1.86 on Uranus, 1 on Neptune, and 0.664 on the former planet, currently dwarf planet, Pluto.
2011 Monday- NASA released new movies of an "inky-dark" solar explosion that continues to puzzle experts more than a month after it happened. NASA indicated that the blast was triggered by an unstable magnetic filament near the sun's surface. That filament was loaded down with cool plasma, which exploded in a spray of dark blobs and streamers. Plasma is an ionized gas, a gas into which sufficient energy is provided to free electrons from atoms or molecules and to allow both ions and electrons, to coexist. In effect a plasma is a cloud of protons, neutrons and electrons where all the electrons have come loose from their respective molecules and atoms, giving the plasma the ability to act as a whole rather than as a bunch of atoms. Plasmas are the most common state of matter in the universe comprising more than 99% of our visible universe and most of that not visible---A child of five would understand this. Send someone to fetch a child of five….. Groucho Marx…………. These solar plasma blobs were as big as planets, many larger than Earth. They rose and fell ballistically, moving under the influence of the sun's gravity like balls tossed in the air, exploding "like bombs" when they hit the stellar surface. Some blobs, however, were more like guided missiles. Also included in the blasts were Roman Candles, cherry bombs, ashcans, aerial repeaters, snakes and strobes and three sparklers.
Back to Calendar
927 - Saturday –Only kings, presidents, editors, and people with tapeworms have the right to use the editorial "we."……Mark Twain……….Æthelstan, King of England, obtained a promise from Constantine II of Scotland that he would not ally with Viking kings no matter how many salted herring he may be forced to eat. This is recognized as beginning the process of unifying Great Britain and even though Æthelstan could not separate the A and E in his name, there is a good case to be made for him as the first King of England.
1191 – Friday – As one brave knight was leaving for a crusade, he called one of his squires. "I'm leaving for the crusade. Here is the key to my wife's chastity belt. If, in 10 years, I haven't returned, you may use the key." The knight set out on his mighty steed armored from head to toe, and took one last look at his castle. He saw the squire rushing across the drawbridge, yelling, "Stop! Thank goodness I was able to catch you. This is the wrong key."…………..During the Third Crusade Saladin's garrison surrendered to Conrad of Montferrat, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Saladin would then change his name to Paladin and move to San Francisco and give out business cards that said “Have Gun Will Travel”. There were a total of nine crusades in all but the first four crusades were seen as the most import and the others barely qualified as crusades - with the exception of the Children's crusade which effectively led to the decline of the crusades and the one led by Crusader Rabbit and Rags the Tiger…..possibly Dudley Nightshade was a Saracen.
1389 -Sunday Women desire six things: They want their husbands to be brave, wise, rich, generous, obedient to wife, and lively in bed …….. Geoffrey Chaucer was named Chief Clerk of the King's Works in Westminster by royal poofter, Richard II. We note that this job was different from that of Chief Clerk of Parliament and Chief Clerk of the Algonguins. As Chief Clerk, Chaucer was responsible for the oversight ofr all royal building projects. In this capacity, he oversaw construction jobs at the Tower of London, Westminster Palace, Windsor Castle, and St. George's Chapel. Due to his role as Clerk of the King's Works, Chaucer was entitled to burial in Westminster Abbey and at the time of his death in 1400, Chaucer's he was better known as Chief Clerk rather than the author of The Canterbury Tales.
1543 –Monday I want a Sunday kind of love,
A love to last, past Saturday night,
I'd like to know it's more than love at first sight,
I want a Sunday kind of love.
I want a love that's on the square,
Can't seem to find somebody to care,
I'm on a lonely road that leads me nowhere,
I need a Sunday kind of love. Barbara Belle, Anita Leonard, Stan Rhodes, and Louis Prima ………….Fickle King Henry VIII of England married his sixth and last wife, Katherine Parr, in the Queen’s closet (yes, you’re thinking big closet but it is a large room ajoining the Chapel Royal) at Hampton Court Palace. Henry was her third husband, she outlived them all. The bride was resplendent inVera Wang, her hair done by Lance of Balmoral, with the groom, in a Tommy Hilfiger tuxedo and a crown by Harry Winston. The reception was held at Anthony’s on the Thames Catering with music by D J Tudor Limit. We’ve seen Katherince with both a “C” and a “K” in our extensive research. Since three of Henry’s Joy of Six were named Catherine, Aragon with a C and Howard with a K, Ms. Paar would tip the spelling balance in either direction.
1562 –Thursday We found a great number of books, and since they contained nothing but falsehood and superstitions of the devil, we burned them all, which they took most grievously, and which gave them great pain………………In another “proud to be a Christian – Fahrenheit 451- moment”, Franciscan friar, Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burned the sacred books of the May during the auto-da-fé held in the town of Maní Whoops….he later realized that it would have been easier to convert the Mayas had he understood their history and beliefs. As a result, he diligently attempted the recover the lost information.
1596 – Friday S dniom razhdjenia,Tsar Czar (Take me for a ride in czar czar. Take me for a ride in your czar czar. …..Peter, Paul & Mary) Michael I of Russia, founder of the Romanov dynasty. There had been quite a few pretenders running around during the 16th century including the Platters’ Great Pretender but Michael was the grandnephew of Anastasia, first wife of Ivan the Terrible and his election as czar, ended the so-called Time of Troubles, a period of social and political chaos in Russia that anticipated Vladimir Putin.
1730- Wednesday Happy Birthday, Josiah Wedgewood, English inventor, artist, potter. He was the 13th and youngest son of the potter Thomas Wedgewood and his undoubtedly exhausted wife, Mary. Wedgwood began a new branch of the pottery industry in the early 1760's. Wedgwood's company is still a famous name in pottery today, and "Wedgwood China" is the commonly used term for his jasper ware, the blue (or sometmes green) china with overlaid white decoration, still common throughout the world.
1789 – Sunday I am thirty-three -- the age of the good Sans-culotte Jesus; an age fatal to revolutionists………………After hearing the news that France’s financial minister, Jacques Necker had been fire, French revolutionary and radical journalist Camille Desmoulins gave a an impassioned speech, leaping upon a table outside one of the cafés in the garden of the Palais Royal, he announced to the crowd the dismissal of their favorite. He inflamed the passions of the mob by his call "To arms!" "This dismissal", he said, "is the tocsin of the St. Bartholomew of the patriots." Pulling out two pistols from under his coat, he declared that he would not fall alive into the hands of the police who were watching his movements. His cry "To arms!" resounded on all sides and was the beginning of the actual events of the French Revolution. Following Desmoulins the crowd surged through Paris, procuring arms by force; and on the 13th it was partly organized as the Parisian militia which was afterwards to be the National Guard. On the 14th the Bastille was taken. The editorial board of the Gnus highly recommends Hilary Mantel’s A Place of Greater Safety which focuses on Desmoulins and his role throughout (prior to his kapution) in the Revolution.
1804 –Thursday Bang bang, he shot me down
Bang bang, I hit the ground
Bang bang, that awful sound
Bang bang, my baby shot me down. ……Cher or Nancy Sinatra…take your choice…Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton went a day after being shot in a duel by the odious Aaron Burr. Hamilton met Burr, Vice President at the time, at dawn on July 11, 1804, in Weehauken, New Jersey. The two men exchanged gunshots, and Hamilton fell, mortally wounded. Many believe that he missed Burr on purpose, leaving himself an open target for Burr's bullet which lodged next to his spine. After damaging his liver and diaphragm. In agony, Hamilton was carried back to New York City.
1807 –Sunday – Happy Birthday, Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer and he was the first civil engineer to apply his talents almost exclusively to the difficulties of urban living in an increasingly industrial society. We know of course that civil engineers are exceedingly polite but the University of Nottingham web site informs that while Hawksley did not invent the principle of permanent supply under pressure, but he was the first engineer to apply it to the very real problem of supplying a large industrial town. According to the historian J.D. Chambers, in the Nottingham Journal of 30 June 1949, 'His contribution lay in the ingenuity which he applied to overcoming the problems of plumbing . . . and above all, in the patience he brought to bear on the still more intractable problem of persuading plumbers to carry out his instructions'. And we all know how difficult it can be to reason with a plumber.
1813 – Monday - The living body, though it has need of the surrounding environment, is nevertheless relatively independent of it. This independence which the organism has of its external environment, derives from the fact that in the living being, the tissues are in fact withdrawn from direct external influences and are protected by a veritable internal environment which is constituted, in particular, by the fluids circulating in the body…. Bon anniversaire Claude Bernard, French physiologist and considered the "father" of modern experimental physiology - a branch of the study of physiology in which the functions of various body systems are evaluated in a clinical laboratory setting by using animals or, in some cases, human subjects. See the Gnus Who’s Your Daddy for a list of fathers and mothers of……sciencegnus.com/Who's%20Your%20Daddy.html Bernard was responsible for a major breakthrough in understanding the fundamental principles of organic life, one that is valid still today. It is his concept of "homeostasis", or controlled stability of the internal milieu, or internal environment, of cells and tissues. The Claude Bernard is also a very nice hotel at 43 Rue des Écoles in Paris where the editorial staff of the Gnus and Mrs. Editorial staff of the Gnus have stayed over the years.
1817 –Saturday – I now have a library of nearly nine hundred volumes,” he later noted in his journal, “over seven hundred of which I wrote myself.” ………….Happy Birthday, Henry David Thoreau, American writer transendalist and philosopher. In July 1846, when Thoreau went into town to have a pair of shoes repaired, he was arrested for refusing to pay a poll tax meant to support America's war in Mexico. He spent a night in jail while singing There’s No Business Like Shoe Business. Perhaps his most famous essay, Civil Disobedience (published 1849), which in its call for passive resistance to unjust laws was to inspire Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., was a result of his time in the clink. Walden Or Life in the Woods was published in 1854, seven years after Thoreau ended his stay in a small cabin near Walden Pond. In it, he set forth his ideas on how an individual should best live to be attuned to his own nature as well as to nature itself. Honoring the spirit and beliefs of Thoreau, today, Walden Pond has a beach, a gift shop, bookstore and the Tsongas gallery. Visitors are welcome to swim, hike, fish, use canoes and boats (electric motors only), cross-country ski, snowshoe.
1844 Friday, Captain J.N. Taylor of the Royal Navy first demonstrated the fog horn. At the time, it was called a telephone - to mean far-signalling, thus an instrument like a fog-horn, used on ships, railway trains, etc., for signalling by loud sounds or notes. The 19 July 1844 London Times reported, "Yesterday week was a levee (they drove their Chevys) day at the Admiralty, and amongst the numerous models..was Captain J. N. Tayler's telephone instrument... The chief object of this powerful wind instrument is to convey signals during foggy weather. Robert Foulis invented the steam fog-horn. Foulis' horn was the first to hoot automatically in foggy weather in 1825. Foghorn Leghorn made his first appearance in Walky Talky Hawky in 1945.
1854 –Wednesday Kodachrome
They give us those nice bright colors
They give us the greens of summers
Makes you think all the world's
a sunny day
I got a Nikon camera
I love to take a photograph
So mama don't take my Kodachrome away ….Paul Simon……….Happy Birthday, George Eastman, American inventor born in Waterville NY who devised the first roll film, helping to bring photography to the mainstream. In 1888 he perfected the Kodak camera, the first camera designed specifically for roll film and not content of rest on his laurels 1892 he developed the Eastman Kodak Company, at Rochester, New York. We note that at the age of 77, he shot himself in the head on March 14, 1932, leaving a note that read simply, To my friends: My work is done. Why wait?
1861 - Friday There will be one less son-of-a-bitch when you try that……Wild Bill, (James Butler), Hickok's first, but not last, gunfight,. The Kansas Heritage website notes that in the course of his duties at the Rock Creek Station, in yes, Kansas, Hickok met a man named McCanles, or sometimes spelled McKandles. McCanles, a bully kept calling Hickok "Duck Bill”. This failed to make Bill quack up. One incident led to another, and one day McCanles and at least two other men came to the Station. Words were exchanged between Hickok and McCanles, which led to the gunfight. At the end of the incident three men were kaput, McCanles and his two friends. The local court, that looked into the matter, since no charges were brought against Hickok.
1861- Friday- Peanuts Oh oh oh oh oh Peanuts
Peanuts, oh oh oh oh oh Peanuts………Little Joe and the Thrillers….. Happy Birthday, George Washinton Carver, African-American educator, scientist, chemist, inventor, botanist. We note years of birth from various sources as 1860, 1861 and 1864 and months as January or July. The son of slaves, George Washington Carver did not know the exact date of his birth, but he thought it was in January 1864 (some evidence indicates July 1861, but not conclusively). He knew it was sometime before slavery was abolished in Missouri, which occurred in January 1864. Carver’s scientific discoveries included more than three hundred different products derived from the peanut, some one hundred from sweet potatoes, about seventy-five from pecans, and many more including crop rotation. In 1897, Booker T. Washington, founder of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute for Negroes, convinced Carver to come south and serve as the school's Director of Agriculture. Carver remained on the faculty until his kapution in 1943.
1863 –Sunday Ois Guade zu Deim Geburdstog, Paul Drude, German physicist. He was the editor of the journal Annalen der Physik (Annals of Physics). In 1905 Albert Einstein contributed papers, Photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, Special relativity, and Matter and energy equivalence to Drude’s journal. Each of them became the basis of a new branch of physics.
1870, Tuesday There's so much plastic in this culture that vinyl leopard skin is becoming an endangered synthetic.....Lily Tomlin…………A patent for an improved process by which celluloid is produced was awarded to John Wesley Hyatt, Jr.and his brother Isaiah S. Hyatt of the Albany, NY Hyatts. Hyatt is considered to be the "father of the U.S. Plastics industry,"---see the Gnus, Who’s Your Daddy http://sciencegnus.com/Who%27s%20Your%20Daddy.html--- Celluloid is derived from cellulose and alcoholized camphor. John Wesley Hyatt invented celluloid as a substitute for the ivory in billiard balls in 1868. Of course there was a bit of a problem at first as celluloid billiard balls reportedly struck each other and caught fire. Today acetic acid is used in place of nitric acid to produce the more stable cellulose acetate, which has replaced celluloid in most uses. Wyatt also patented a knife sharpener and went on to develop a new method for making dominoe sand checkers, starting a company to produce them.
1895 –Friday Happy Birthday Mr. Geodisic Dome, Buckminster Fuller, American architect, inventor and futurist. More than 250,000 of his geodisci domes have been built around the world. And what, pray tell, is a geodesic dome? Have no sphere, it’s a sphere-like structure composed of a complex network of triangles. The triangles create a self-bracing framework that gives structural strength while using a minimum of material.
1895 – Friday The number of people who will not go to a show they do not want to see is unlimited……….Happy Birthday Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist of “Rogers and” fame. The lyricist also worked with Jerome Kern (Ol Man River) before he teamed with writer Richard Rogers for Oklahoma, South Pacific, The Sound of Music, Carousel, and The King and I.
1901 –Friday He's (Cy Young) too green to do your club much good, but I believe if I taught him what I know, I might make a pitcher out of him in a couple of years. He's not worth it now, but I'm willing to give you a $1,000 for him." - Cap Anson "Cap, you can keep your thousand and we'll keep the rube………….Gus Schmelz…..Denton True, “Cy” Young won his 300th game as his Boston Red Sox beat the Philadelphia Athletics 5-3. That same year, Young won the pitching triple crown - leading the American League in wins (33), ERA (1.62), and K's (158). He also led the league in shutouts, with five, sold hot dogs between innings, dusted off home plate, sold tickets, and did some valet parking. Young, the Cy was for Cyclone, would win 511 games during his 23 year career.
1908 –Sunday Any time a person goes into a delicatessen and orders a pastrami on white bread, somewhere a Jew dies………………… Happy Birthday, Milton Berle, American comedian. “Uncle Milty” was as responsible as anyone for creating the popularity of television during the late 1940s-early 50’s. He was even called “Mr. Television”. Born in Brooklyn, Berle was the first great superstar of the TV age, and the undisputed king of the medium in the early 1950s. His variety show Texaco Star Theater (later The Milton Berle Show) ran from 1948-56 Berle got his start in vaudeville, touring as a stand-up comic and eventually appearing with the Ziegfeld Follies. A major part of Berle’s shtick was his reputation for stealing jokes from other comedians. After his own show ended Berle made hundreds of guest appearances on TV, usually waving his ever-present cigar, and starred in movie comedies like It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World 1963. We remember his “fight” with Terry Thomas in which they would up to deliver blows and punched each other in the fist.
1909 – Monday Okay, buddy boy …………With nyuk, nyuk Curley Howard and later Shemp Howard deceased and replacement Joe Besser retired and Larry and Moe trying to keep the Three Stooges going…..Happy Birthday, Curly Joe DeRita, American burlesque comedian, chosen to replace Besser. Moe Howard, Larry Fine and DeRita went on to make a series of pretty bad films from 1959 to 1965, most notably Have Rocket, Will Travel, The Three Stooges Meet Hercules and The Three Stooges Go Around the World in a Daze.
1913 –Saturday Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate born in Los Angeles. Lamb’s Nobel winning work was based on previous research by Paul Dirac who’s quantum mechanical theory predicted that the hydrogen atom had two possible energy states with equal energies. But nooooooo……Lamb's accurate work using radiofrequency resonance techniques revealed that, gasp, there was a minute difference in these energy levels. Small as it was, this Lamb shift or Lamb Chop as we call it, necessitated a revision of the theory of the interaction of the electron with electromagnetic radiation and made possible for many physicists to sleep better at night.
1920 – Monday You cheated. You lied. You said that you loved me….The Shields…The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty was signed. Soviet Russia recognized independent Lithuania. Well that certainly worked out well.
1920 Monday Six years after the first ships passed through, Panama Canal was formally dedicated by Woodrow Wilson who declared “Isthmus be the place”. On November 6, 1903, Panama and the U.S. signed the Hay-Banau-Varilla Treaty, allowing the U.S. to build the Canal, and to operate it forever….or until the forever muddled Jimmy Carter decided to give it back.
1922 –Wednesday John: I speak every language except Greek. Margaret- O.K – say something in French. John: I can’t. It’s all Greek to me……. Happy Birthday, Michael Ventris. English architect and cryptographer who in 1952 deciphered the Minoan Linear B script. Linear B is Europe's oldest readable writing, dating from the middle of the second millennium BC. First discovered in 1900 by Sir Arthur Evans, on clay tablets among the ruins of the Palace of Minos at Knossos, Crete, it remained a mystery for over fifty years . Ventris discovered that its signs did not represent an unknown language as previously believed, but an archaic dialect of Greek, more than 500 years older than the Greek of Homer. Minoan civilization is an ancient Cretan culture representing a stage in the development of the Aegean civilization. It is named for the legendary King Minos of Crete.
1928 – Thursday Happy Birthday, If you're not part of the solution, you're part of the precipitate …………….Elias James Corey American organic chemist, and winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1990 "for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis." Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis dealing with the synthesis of organic compounds.….which allowed for the perfection of the chocolate milkshake……. He developed a method of organic synthesis that broke larger chemical compounds into smaller parts by reversible steps where the synthesis is known. His process is called retrosynthetic analysis and could be used to predict the synthesis steps of other compounds with similar chemistry.
1931 – Sunday See double: See two images of one object, either as an illusion or owing to some visual aberration, especially one caused by intoxication. For example, Those twins look so much alike they make me think I'm seeing double , or One more drink and I'll be seeing double . This idiom was first recorded in 1628. …………A major league baseball record for doubles was set as the St. Louis Cardinals and the Chicago Cubs combined for a total of 23 two baggers in th 17-13 pitcher’s duel won by the Cardinals. For the Cubs, Gabby Hartnett 3 and English had 3, Blair 2 and Bell and manager Rogers Hornsby each had one. The Cardinals got 3 from Gus Mancuso and Rip Collins, 2 from Frankie Frisch and C. Hafey and one each from High, Orsatti, and Watkins.
1933- Wednesday -Another thing Buckminster Fuller – see 1895 above for his birthday, was work with dymaxion. An adjective, dymaxion was a Fuller word noting or his concept of the use of technology and resources to maximum advantage, with minimal expenditure of energy and material….none of which worked very well. On this day he unveiled his Dymaxion Car, described by Time Magazine as one of the worst cars of all the Dymaxion was a three-wheel, ground-bound zeppelin, with a huge levered A-arm carrying the rear wheel, which swiveled like the tail wheel of an airplane. The first prototype had a wicked death wobble in the rear wheel. The next two Dymaxions were bigger, heavier, and only marginally more drivable. The third car had a stabilizer fin on top, which did nothing to cure the Dymaxion's acute instability in crosswinds. A fatal accident involving the car — cause unknown — doomed its public acceptance. Fuller also contributed the the Dymaxion House, an inexpensive, mass-produced home that could be airlifted to its location, a compact, prefabricated, easily installed Dymaxion Bathroom,and Dymaxion Deployment Units (DDUs), mass-produced houses based on circular grain bins, and Dymaxion humans, notably Rep. Barney Frank, Hugo Chavez, Vladimir Putting, and Paris Hilton
1933 –Wednesday When Stark isn't off sulking somewhere, or whatever he's doing when he won't return my calls, I alternate between the two. That usually works well, though occasionally an idea for the wrong guy drifts through my mind.,,,,,Happy Birthday, Donald E. Westlake, American novelist and one of the Gnus editorial board’s favorite writers of crime novels including his Dormunder series – our favorites include What’s the Worst that Could Happen, Nobody’s Perfect, and Drowned Hopes as well as the darker Parker series written as Richard Stark. Including Comeback (Parker returns after a long hiatus), Nobody Runs Forever, and Ask the Parrot.
1937 –Monday Old is always fifteen years from now………….Happy Birthday,Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor. Star of movies such as Leonard, Part VI, Meteor Man, and Ghost Dad, Cosby did a much better job on television – The Cosby Show (until it jumped the shark and brought in strange children to replace the ones that aged out) and records – I Started Out as a Child, Wonderfulness, and Revenge (the snowball in the icebox).
1948 – Monday Happy Birthday Richard Simmons, immigrant from Neptune and American fitness trainer
1952 – Saturday Great Do it Yourself Inventions: A black highlighter pen, Inflatable Dartboard, Hand powered Chainsaw, See-through toilet tissue and Powdered water ……. Srecan Rodjendan!, Voja Antonić, (Wikipedia helpfully tells us it is pronounced ʋɔja ˈantɔnitɕ) Serbian inventor and writer who developed a build it yourself home computer called the Galaksija. As we all know Galaksija means Galaxy and is pronounced "Galaxiya". Old Computers.com informs us that the RAM was a static RAM based on 6116 (2 KB) chips. The motherboard had three slots on-board to provide from 2 to 6 KB. Since first 8 KB were reserved for ROMs, RAM was expandable to max. 54 KB. Static RAM was chosen to simplify development although it was more expensive.
1957 – Friday Winston tastes good. Like a cigarette should…………The U.S. surgeon general, a coughing, wheezing Leroy E. Burney, declared it the official position of the U.S. Public Health Service that the evidence pointed to a causal relationship between smoking and lung cancer as he spit up bloody mucus. Nothing happened for four years, other than millions of Parliaments, Marlboros, Lucky Strikes, Camels, and Players got smoked. In June 1961, the American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, the National Tuberculosis Association, and the American Public Health Association addressed a letter to President John F. Kennedy, in which they called for a national commission on smoking, dedicated to "seeking a solution to this health problem that would interfere least with the freedom of industry or the happiness of individuals." With typical government speed, The Kennedy administration responded the following year and on June 7, 1962, Surgeon General Luther L. Terry announced that he would convene a committee of experts to conduct a comprehensive review of the scientific literature on the smoking question. Terry issued the commission's report on January 11, 1964, choosing a Saturday to minimize the effect on the stock market and to maximize coverage in the Sunday papers. The report highlighted the deleterious health consequences of tobacco use. Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General held cigarette smoking responsible for a 70 percent increase in the mortality rate of smokers over non-smokers.
1957 – Friday Meanwhile, as his surgeon general was warning against the evils of smoking, Dwight Eisenhower took the first presidential ride in a helicopter. Screaming “yi ha”, Ike rode a Bell H-13J helicopter to Camp David (which was at that time referred to as “mountaintop secret relocation center" for part of the "Operation Alert" civil defense exercise. The helicopter reduced the two-hour trave