Gnovember is a busy month, Marie Curie's birthday, Robert Goddard's experiments with rockets. For the Romans, it was the ninth month. . We'll have Election Day, Veteran's Day (see bonus gnus), and Thanksgiving. Also, National Children's Book Week, Cat Week, Indian Heritage Day (the 25th), Favorite Author's Day, and National Stamp Collecting Week. It is also a very busy day for presidential births featuring; Zachary Taylor, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, James Garfield and Warren Harding.
This month's full moon is called the "Beaver Moon"
“Since golden October declined into sombre November / And the apples were gathered and stored, and the land became brown sharp points of death in a waste of water and mud.”…..T.S Eliot
“No shade, no shine, no butterflies, no bees,/ No fruits, no flowers, no leaves, no birds, - November!”……Thomas Hood
Science Gnus is an almanacish compendium of News of Science, History, Mathematics and Items of Interest as well as Professor Sy Yentz, Dr. Matt Matician, the Activity of the Month, Factorinos, Trivia Question, Bonus Trivia Question, Extinct, Trivia Answers, Jokes, Obscure Question, Scientist of the Month, and the Flower Rock and Word of the Month
365 – Monday A German is driving his car and a cop pulls him over to the side of the road. Cop: "Sir, do you realize that there are two poisonous snakes on your windshield?" The German: "Off course! Zey are my vinscreen vipers!" ……The Alamanni, a loose confederation of Germanic-speaking peoples living beyond the Rhine, crossed the river and invaded Gaul. Emperor Valentinian I then moved to a pied-à-terre in Paris to command the army and defend the Gallic cities. Things went downhill from there as Valentinian advanced to Rheims and sent two generals, Charietto and Severianus, against the invaders. The armies of Charietto and Severianus were promptly defeated and the generals rendered kaput.
846 –Thursday French Soldier: I don't want to talk to you no more, you empty headed animal food trough wiper. I fart in your general direction. Your mother was a hamster and your father smelt of elderberries…….Monty Python…… Bon anniversaire/Happy Birthday Louis the Stammerer, French king not to be confused with Louis the Debonair, Louis the Fat, Louis the Lazy, Louis the Young, Louis the Lion, Louis the Cunning, Louis the Quarreller, Louis the Prudent, Louis the Just, Louis The Sun King, and Louis the Headless. Louis was a son of was a son of Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor and king of the West Franks and Beans. After a feeble and ineffectual reign of eighteen months during which the Pope tried to appoint him Defender of the Faith – Louis declined- the Stammerer went kaput at Compiègne on the 10th or 11th of April 879
1141 – Saturday Once a jolly
swagman camped by a billabong
1500 –Thursday You dirty rat! You're the guy that killed my brother …..not James Cagney……….Buon Compleano/Happy Birthday, Benvenuto Cellini, Italian renaissance sculptor/goldsmith/writer born in Florence. Cellini most famous for his sculpture of Perseus holding the Head of Medusa and his autobiography which was written in the vernacular. Cellini would be the perfect subject for a movie or television series. In addition to his artistic accomplishments he was a soldier and occasionally broke the law. He was banished from Florence for his alleged role in a brawl. In his autobiography he claimed to play a role in the unsuccessful defense of Rome in 1527 against the forces of Charles VII, slaying the Constable of Bourbon in one attack and later killing Philibert, Prince of Orange, as well. In 1529 he killed a man who had killed Cellini's brother and, in another incident, wounded a notary of the city. He was imprisoned in 1537 on a charge of stealing gems from a tiara of the Pope. Where the Pope was when the gem went missing from his tiara is unclear. Intervention by Cardinal d'Este of Ferrara (for whom he had created a silver cup) and others brought his release, and Cellini left Rome and spent a few years at the court of Francis I of France before returning to Florence and concentrating on his art rather than his questionable lawlessness.
grown a goiter from this torture,
1520 –Monday Do you think we should make a left turn up here? No Magellan, go strait………..Professor Sy Yentz…….. The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, was first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage. It was another serendipitous moment in history as Magellan found the strait that is now named after him by chance. When two of his ships were driven towards land in a storm, the men feared they would be smashed against the shore. Then, just in time, they spotted a small opening in the coastline. The passage through the strait took over a month.
1585 –Friday The solar system has no anxiety about its reputation. ……..Ralph Waldo Emerson …….Wszystkiego Najlepszego!/Happy Birthday, Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer born in Kurzelów. Brożek was among the first supporters of the Copernican heliocentric model of the Solar System. A polymath, he taught importance of geometry and, perhaps above all, of the usefulness of using letters as symbols for unknowns in algebraic equations.
1604 – Monday I will wear my heart upon my sleeve for daws to peck at; I am not what I am…..Iago, act I, scene I……..Monday can be a tough day for a premier but it didn’t hurt as William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello was first performed, at Whitehall Palace in London before King James I and his court. The famous Renaissance actor Richard Burbage was the first Othello, contrary to popular thought, Joan Rivers was not the first Desdemona. The actors, known as the The King’s Men, (not to be confused with the Kingsmen of Louie Louie fame) were beginning their second season for King James I . As their patron James was somewhat more enthusiastic than Elizabeth , and would see the premieres of several of Shakespeare’s plays, including the Tempest in 1611 at the same site, and in 1606 Macbeth at Hampton Court . See below
1611 – Tuesday Miranda Sweet lord, you play me false. Ferdinand: No, my dearest love, I would not for the world. Miranda: Yes, for a score of kingdoms you should wrangle, And I would call it fair play…….The Tempest: Act V Scene 1 …….The Tempest,….Shakespeare's romantic comedy, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London. The Spanish Maze by Roger Stritmatter and Lynne Kositsky posits that the date may have been earlier, citing other Jacobean plays by other authors that show influence of The Tempest.
1755- Saturday Unhappy mortals!
Dark and mourning earth!
1765 – Friday Such another Experiment as the Stamp-Act wou'd produce a general Revolt
in America….. George Mason …….Despite widespread opposition in the American
colonies, the British Parliament enacted the Stamp Act, a taxation measure
designed to raise revenue for British military operations in America. People
were required to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. Ship's
papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, and even
playing cards were taxed……..seems very similar to many of the taxes we have
today……. This should not be confused with the "Stamp Your Foot
Act" - a tantrum thrown by young children and adults when they are angry
1800-Saturday Our house is a very, very fine house
with two cats in the yard, life used to be so hard,
1815-Wednesday …..we ought to have saints' days to commemorate the great discoveries which have been made for all mankind, and perhaps for all time—or for whatever time may be left to us. Nature ... is a prodigal of pain. I should like to find a day when we can take a holiday, a day of jubilation when we can fête good Saint Anaesthesia and chaste and pure Saint Antiseptic. ... I should be bound to celebrate, among others, Saint Penicillin..........Winston Churchill Happy Birthday, Crawford W. Long, American physician born in Danielsville, Georgia. Long pioneered use of anesthetics. He performed his first surgical procedure using sulfuric ether gas on March 20, 1842, when he removed a tumor from the neck of a young man. Though he performed more surgeries using anesthesia over the next several years and began using it in his obstetrical practice, Long did not publish his findings. Note: Anesthetics were named after Anna Sthesia, a Greek philosopher noted for her C-SPAN like monologues that put people to sleep. There is a Crawford Long Museum in Jefferson, Georgia http://www.crawfordlong.org/index.html We don’t think visitors are administered anesthesia when entering the museum.
1848 – Wednesday The Doctor called Mrs. Cohen saying, "Mrs. Cohen, your check came back." Mrs. Cohen answered, "So did my arthritis!" …..Henny Youngman…….The Boston Female Medical School, first medical school in the world exclusively for women opened for its first 12 students. The school was founded by Samuel Gregory, who disapproved of male doctors attending childbirth and so its early curriculum focused on midwifery (which is not a study of the middle wife of a man who has been married three times but the art and science of assisting a woman before during and after labor and birth). These first twelve students graduated in 1850. In the same year it was expanded to include a full medical curriculum, and began to grant medical degrees to women. The school operated for 26 years before it merged with Boston University School of Medicine, which thus became one of the first coed medical colleges worldwide.
1863-Sunday Happy Birthday, The pen is mightier than the sword, and is considerably easier to write with…… Marty Feldman ………..George Safford Parker, American inventor born in Shullsburg, Wisconsin. Parker perfected the fountain pen - after failing to find a pen that wrote well and didn’t leak - and founded the Parker Pen Company to manufacture it. The key element in the Parker Pen was the “Lucky Curve” feed system, a system that allowed ink to flow back into the reservoir….instead of all over the paper, your fingers, your pocket or your purse.
1870- Tuesday The storm starts, when the
drops start dropping
1871 –Wednesday …..Under foot there were a few ghastly forms motionless. They lay twisted in fantastic contortions. Arms were bent and heads were turned in incredible ways. It seemed that the dead men must have fallen from some great height to get into such positions. They looked to be dumped out upon the ground from the sky. ……..Happy Birthday, Stephen Crane, American journalist, poet and author born in Newark, New Jersey. Crane is the author of The Red Badge of Courage published in 1895. The action in the book is loosely based on the Battle of Chancellorsville, (Stonewall Jackson killed). Crane describes war from the point of view of an ordinary soldier. It has been called the first modern war novel.
1879- Saturday A bridge has no allegiance to either side….Les Coleman……The world's first all-steel railroad bridge was placed in service over the Missouri River at Glasgow, Missouri. It was built for the Chicago & Alton railroad. We know that the 2,700-ft five-span did not get a hernia since it had a truss. It took only a year to build but the Glasgow bridge was replaced, for heavier traffic, by a new bridge in 1900 reusing some of the substructure, but with Parker truss (truss, in addition to having faith in someone, is also a structural framework of wood or metal based on a triangular system).
1880- Monday The Wegener hypothesis has been so stimulating and has such fundamental implications in geology as to merit respectful and sympathetic interest from every geologist. Some striking arguments in his favor have been advanced, and it would be foolhardy indeed to reject any concept that offers a possible key to the solution of profound problems in the Earth's history…..Charles R. Longwell………Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday, Alfred Wegener, German meteorologist and geophysicist born in Berlin. Wegener presented the first well-developed hypothesis of continental drift - plate tectonics in 1912. It was one of the most important and far-ranging geological theories of all time. Naturally, when first proposed, it was ridiculed, but steadily accumulating evidence finally prompted its acceptance, with immense consequences for geology, geophysics, oceanography, and paleontology. Wegener found that large-scale geological features on separated continents often matched very closely when the continents were brought together. For example, the Appalachian mountains of eastern North America matched with the Scottish Highlands, and the distinctive rock strata of the Karroo system of South Africa were identical to those of the Santa Catarina system in Brazil. Wegener also found that the fossils (such as are found in the U.S Senate) found in a certain place often indicated a climate utterly different from the climate of today. Fossils of tropical plants, such as ferns and cycads, are found today on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen. Wegener suggested that about 250 million years ago all the present-day continents came from a single primitive land mass, the super continent which he named Pangaea which eventually broke up and gradually drifted apart sort of like Lucy and Desi. He was rendered kaput early in November 1930, in attempting to cross Greenland from an ice-cap camp to the Kamarujuk base on the west coast probably due to heart failure through overexertion.
1880 – Monday Outlined against a blue-gray October sky, the Four Horsemen rode again. In dramatic lore they are known as Famine, Pestilence, Destruction and Death. These are only aliases. Their real names are Stuhldreher, Miller, Crowley and Layden. They formed the crest of the South Bend cyclone before which another fighting Army football team was swept over the precipice at the Polo Grounds yesterday afternoon as 55,000 spectators peered down on the bewildering panorama spread on the green plain below. Grantland Rice, New York Herald Tribune, Oct. 18, 1924. Happy Birthday, (Henry) Grantland Rice, American journalist born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Rice was a writer for the Nashville Daily News, Atlanta Journal, Cleveland News, New York Evening Mail, New York Herald-Tribune and New York Daily News. In 1921, Rice made the first radio broadcast of a World Series game. He also called the first complete World Series in 1922.
1887-Tuesday Why do chemists like nitrates so much? A: They're cheaper than day rates………………….Eleven years after the telephone was invented, the first differentiation between day and night long distance rates went into effect, with night rates in most, but not all, instances lower than day rates. We found this item in This Day in Geek History but 4/5 iterations of the question found no other references so we’re not sure which phone company, where, or the rates.
1896 – Sunday You say
1901- Friday Cancer is a word, not a sentence….John Diamond …..Dr. J.E. Gillman senior Professor of Materia Medica in the Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago announced, at a symposium, an X-ray treatment for breast cancer. Wilhelm Roentgen, Professor of Physics in Worzburg, Bavaria, had discovered x-rays in 1895. Dr. Gillman had performed the radiological procedure on patient, Mrs. Orrin W. Potter.
1918 – Friday Will I see you tonight
1934 –Thursday Artificial insemination is when the farmer does it to the cow instead of the bull……oft quoted anonymous elementary school student………..A rabbit conceived by artificial impregnation, was the first such animal in the U.S. to be displayed. Dr. Gregory Pincus, an American biologist, had removed an egg from the ovary of a female rabbit and fertilized it with a salt solution. The egg was then transferred to the uterus of a second rabbit, which functioned as an “incubator.” The rabbit, exclaiming "What's up Doc?" gave a mighty "ahooo, ahooo" and bounced down the road being pursued by a pudgy, odd looking, hunter who kept exclaiming "cwazy Wabbit". Pincus became quite controversial and was denied tenure by Harvard. In 1891 Walter Heape in England reported the first known case of embryo transplantation from one rabbit species to another, thereby showing that it was possible to transfer the embryos to a gestational carrier without adverse effects other than being able to talk and being more intelligent than 21st century celebutards.
1938 – Tuesday In 1938... the year's #1 newsmaker was not FDR, Hitler, or Mussolini. Nor was it Lou Gehrig or Clark Gable. The subject of the most newspaper column inches in 1938 wasn't even a person. It was an undersized, crooked-legged racehorse named Seabiscuit…..Laura Hillenbrand………Seabiscuit defeated War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing. War Admiral had won the “Triple Crown”, the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes earlier in the year. The five year old Sea Biscuit had won many stakes races and this match at Pimlico Racetrack (site of the Preakness in Baltimore) 1 and 3/16 miles was eagerly anticipated. Seabiscuit won by four lengths. Grantland Rice, see 1904 above, wrote “A little horse with the heart of a lion and the flying feet of a gazelle yesterday proved his place as the gamest thoroughbred that ever raced over an American track. In one of the greatest match races ever run in the ancient history of the turf, the valiant Seabiscuit not only conquered the great War Admiral but, beyond this, he ran the beaten son of Man o’ War into the dirt and dust of Pimlico.”
1946 – Friday They're
1950 – Wednesday A President has to expect these things….Harry Truman….Puerto Rican terrorists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempted to assassinate President Harry S. Truman at the Blair House in Washington. D.C. Truman escaped unharmed. The two men had simply walked up to the door of Blair House (the Vice Presidential residence where Truman was staying while the White House underwent renovations) and opened fire. Later attempts on the president featured blasting Jennifer Lopez recordings through a loud speaker and invitations to join Menudo. They never made it past the entry steps, however, due to the quick reaction of police officers and guards. Secret Service Agent Leslie Coffelt was mortally wounded in the ensuing melee, but not before he managed to kill Torresola. Torresola and Collazo were members of the extremist Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, a group fighting for full independence from the United States. These genius "Independistas," as they were commonly called, targeted Truman despite the fact that he was sympathic to their cause through his support of greater Puerto Rican autonomy.
1952- Saturday If we can use an H-bomb--and as you said it's no checker game; it's real, it's war and nobody is fooling around--isn't it sort of ridiculous to go crawling around in the weeds, throwing knives and maybe getting yourself killed . . . and even losing the war . . . when you've got a real weapon you can use to win? What's the point in a whole lot of men risking their lives with obsolete weapons when one professor type can do so much more just by pushing a button?'……Robert Heinlein……Starship Troopers……The first test explosion of the H- Bomb – “Operation Ivy” (yes, this was the worst case of “poison ivy” that one can imagine) was held at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands. The bomb, named, "Mike," was set off at 3,000 miles west of Hawaii. The "mushroom" cloud rose to top out in 5 minutes at 135,000 ft (the top of the stratosphere) and eventually spread to 1000 miles wide. The USSR, thanks to its extensive espionage system, the country was like the kid next to you that spends peeks over your shoulder at your test, came up with its own H-bomb about a year later. So, Professor Sy Yentz, what is the difference between an atom bomb and a hydrogen bomb, we’re just as dead in either case, right? Yes but there are more dead with an H-bomb which is the nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes. An atomic bomb, works by fission, not fusion, uranium or plutonium is split into lighter elements that together weigh less than the original atoms, the remainder of the mass appearing as energy.
1952 – Saturday …….Looking like a hero,
1956 Thursday She's my transistor sister
1959 –Sunday Who was that masked man, anyway? …..weekly query on The Lone Ranger………It was Sunday and a good way to start the week with a new idea. Goalie Jacques Plante of the Montreal Canadiens became the first goalie to wear a mask in games on a regular basis. Note, Clint Benedict of the Montreal Maroons had 29 years earlier, but it was short-lived experiment….probably because it had no openings for the eyes, nose, or mouth….. ha, ha, ha) Many goalies of the era wore masks in practice, including Plante, but after his nose was broken by a hard shot in a game on November 1 in New York against the New York Rangers, he refused to come back in without his fiberglass face mask. Since there was no backup goalie with the team so Montreal coach Toe Blake gave in. Plante wore a mask from that game on. Les Habitants beat the Rangers 3-1.
1964- Sunday Any
way you want it
1968 Friday We can't be movie critics. It's not our job to evaluate the quality of a motion picture. We are simply providing guidelines for the parents of America …..Jack Valenti……The MPAA -Motion Picture Association of America president, Jack Valenti, film rating system went into effect with four ratings: G, M, R, and X, with three organizations serving as its monitoring and guiding groups: the MPAA, the National Association of Theater Owners (NATO….really), and the International Film Importers & Distributors of America (IFIDA). Despite the howling of free-speech advocates, filmmakers, critics and the public, the MPAA ratings serve as the standard against which all other rating programs are measured. The ratings replaced the earlier moral censorship guidelines, known as the Hays Code, which no one was paying attention to anymore anyway – see The Graduate, 1967.
1969 – Saturday We're
caught in a trap
1970 – Sunday And if I meet you,
1977- Tuesday What happens if a big asteroid hits Earth? Judging from realistic simulations involving a sledge hammer and a common laboratory frog, we can assume it will be pretty bad……..Dave Barry…………Chiron, the farthest known asteroid (and birthplace of Cher) was discovered by Charles Kowal on a photographic plate taken on October 18. Chiron, located between Saturn and Uranus (reminder the correct pronunciation is "YOOR a nus" – so that Chiron is not located between Saturn and Your Anus) is a small asteroid about 200 km in diameter. It is volcanically active suggesting that it may not have been in its present orbit for more than a few million years and my have originated in the Kuiper Belt, a disk-shaped reservoir of objects of sizes ranging from tiny particles to (the former planet, currently dwarf planet) Pluto or larger sized bodies at the outer edges of the Solar System.
1993 – Monday I was turned out because I said to Europe no, no, no. That no, no , no has now turned into yes, yes. Two yes's not three because he got the Social Chapter out and he's reserved his position on the single currency……Margaret Thatcher…… The Maastricht Treaty signed in signed in Maastricht, Netherlands on February 7, 1992 took effect, formally establishing the European Union. The treaty, a carefully calculated plan of Belgian revenge on the rest of the world would result in corruption on a continental scale, the rule of politically correct Thought Police, pettifogging rules, anti-Americanism, anti-Christianity, and the appearance of Polish waitresses in Irish bars. There were originally six founding countries — Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands — and, at last count, 28 and it reflected the serious intentions of all countries to create a common economic and monetary union.
1995 Wednesday Your tale sir, would cure deafness….Miranda, act 1, scene 2…..384 years after its probable premiere at Whitehall Palace, The Tempest had yet another revival, this time at the Broadhurst Theater on Broadway. This was one of Shakespeare’s final plays –either this or The Winter’s Tale- as the magician and former duke Prospero, exiled on an island with his daughter Miranda for years, plots revenge on the brother who usurped his throne. Magical island creatures joined in the fun. Patrick Stewart starred as Propero.
1998 – Sunday Cell phones empower the ignorant and amplify the obnoxious…..Peggy Noonan……….Iridium inaugurated the first handheld, global satellite phone and paging system. Featuring pagers manufactured by U.S.-based Motorola and Japan-based Kyocera, would allow customers to receive alphanumeric messages of up to 200 characters in any one of 19 languages and numeric messages of up to 20 digits – allowing them to ignore other people virtually anywhere on the planet.
2000 –Wednesday Don't take your love
away from me
2005 Tuesday I knew Pluto was popular among elementary schoolkids, but I had no idea they would mobilize into a 'Save Pluto' campaign. I now have a drawer full of hate letters from hundreds of elementary schoolchildren (with supportive cover letters from their science teachers) pleading with me to reverse my stance on Pluto. The file includes a photograph of the entire third grade of a school posing on their front steps and holding up a banner proclaiming, 'Dr. Tyson—Pluto is a Planet!'" The discovery of two possible additional moons around former planet, current dwarf planet, Pluto, designated “S/2005 P1″ and “S/2005 P2,” was announced. They were then named Nix and Hydra. Two more, Kerberos and Styx were found in 2013. Probably more to come.
2007 –Thursday With 10 to the 11th stars in our galaxy and 10 to the 9th other galaxies, there are at least 10 to the 20th stars in the universe. Most of them may be accompanied by solar systems. If there are 10 to the 20th solar systems in the universe, and the universe is 10 to the 10th years old -- and if, further, solar systems have formed roughly uniformly in time -- then one solar system is formed every 10 to the negative 10 yr = 3 x 10 to the negative 3 seconds. On the average, a million solar systems are formed in the universe each hour…..Carl Sagan……..3 new extrasolar (outstide our Solar System) planets about the size of Jupiter were discovered. They're named WASP-3 , WASP-4, WASP-5, - Professor Sy Yentz prefers the waspy names of Buffy, Biff, and Lance – (multicultural diversityists were outraged that ethnic names such as Shaniqua, Guillermo, Weng Ho, and Sal were not used) and were discovered by a European team of astronomers using observatories in South Africa and the Canary Islands. The new planets were discovered using the Super WASP instruments (we thought polo mallets were WASP instruments). These are high speed cameras affixed to two telescopes: SuperWASP-North at Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma in the Canaries and SuperWASP-South at the South African Astronomical Observatory, South Africa
1470 –Wednesday- …….They built you a temple and locked you away
1734 –Tuesday- I have never been lost, but I will admit to being confused for several weeks………Happy Birthday Daniel Boone (brother of singer Pat Boone) frontiersman and explorer, born in Berks County, near present day Reading Pa. If you saw the story of Boone’s life on TV (not counting the Fess Parker shows – which were basically Fess playing his old Davy Crockett role but now as Daniel Boone) it would be hard to believe all of his accomplishments and adventures…..in 1775 Boone and 30 other woodsmen were hired to improve the trails between the Carolinas and the west. The resulting route reached into the heart of Kentucky and became known as the "Wilderness Road." That same year Boone built a fort and village called Boonesborough in Kentucky, and moved his family over the Wilderness Road to their new home. In 1776, Shawnee warriors kidnapped his daughter and two other girls. Two days later Boone caught up with the Indians and through surprise attack rescued the girls. In 1778, he was captured by another band of Shawnee. Boone learned that the tribe was planning an attack on Boonesborough. He negotiated a settlement with Chief Blackfish of the Shawnee, preventing the attack. The Indians admired their captive for his skill as a hunter and woodsman and adopted him into their tribe as a son of Blackfish. They named him Guppy.
1755 –Sunday- Courage! The moment when my ills are going to end is not the moment when courage is going to fail me…………Bon Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, MarieAntoinette, French queen consort to Louis VXI guillotined in 1793. Marie Antoinette was born in Vienna, Austria, a daughter (the fifteenth) of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Austrian Empress Maria Theresa. After reading How to Win Friends and Influence People, Marie alienated the French Court and French etiquette by her behavior. She also alienated most of the French nobility. This made enemies for her husband the king…….not a good thing when the Revolution rolled around. In fact by 1786 most of France hated Marie Antoinette. Scandalous stories became wide spread of Marie’s sordid private life. In December 1792, King Louis XVI was tried for treason, convicted and put to death in a monarchectomy. In January 1793, he was executed on the guillotine. On October 14, Marie Antoinette was awoken at night and faced the Revolutionary Tribunal and soon after was found guilty and beheaded. You can visit her cell in the Conciergerie in Paris. And no, she never said, “let them eat cake” although if you research the origins there are as many versions as there are kinds of cake. The most reasonable appears to be writer Alphonse Karr in 1843 claimed that the line originated with a certain Duchess of Tuscany in 1760 or earlier, and that it was attributed to Marie Antoinette in 1789 by radical agitators who were trying to turn the populace against her. Jean Jacques Rousseau also used the term in 1766.
1795-Monday- There is more selfishness and less principle among members of Congress...than I had any conception of, before I became President of the U.S ……Happy Birthday, James K. Polk 11th President of the U.S. 1844-1848 born in Pineville, North Carolina. Polk was the only Speaker of the House of Representatives to be elected President. When the Democratic party's leading Presidential contenders Martin Van Buren and Lewis Cass failed to attract sufficient support to win the nomination, the deadlocked convention needed a compromise candidate. The Democrats' "dark horse" nominee was Polk. Rarely does a president keep is promises. Polk did. A believer in “manifest destiny”, he lead the nation to victory in the provoked war with Mexico and a confrontation with Great Britain over Oregon (“54-40 or fight”). Polk left office having added California, New Mexico and Oregon to the nation. During Polk's term of office, the United States acquired over 800,000 square miles of western territory and extended its boundary to the Pacific Ocean. The Polk Administration also achieved economic objectives by lowering tariffs and establishing an independent Federal Treasury. Polk was the last strong president before the Civil War and clearly accomplished the goals set at the beginning of his presidency.
Boola, Boola, Boola,
1824 Tuesday Those who vote decide nothing. Those who count the vote decide everything. ….Joseph Stalin……Popular presidential vote was first recorded recorded although it had no bearing on the election as Electoral votes were all that mattered. Using vote counting machines that would later be used in 21st century New York City, a breathless nation had to wait until December 1 for the results; Andrew Jackson of Tennessee won 99 electoral and 153,544 popular votes; John Quincy Adams--the son of John Adams, the second president of the United States--received 84 electoral and 108,740 popular votes; Secretary of State William H. Crawford, who had suffered a stroke before the election, received 41 electoral votes; and Representative Henry Clay of Virginia won 37 electoral votes. But wait, there’s more. Since no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes in the election of 1824 – 131 were needed- , in February 1825, the U.S. House of Representatives votes to elect John Quincy Adams, who won fewer votes than Andrew Jackson in the popular election, as president of the United States.
1865 –Thursday- I don't know what to do or where to turn in this taxation matter. Somewhere there must be a book that tells all about it, where I could go to straighten it out in my mind. But I don't know where the book is, and maybe I couldn't read it if I found it. …..Born on the same date as James K. Polk (see above) – but seventy years later, Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States 1921-1923 born in Corsica, Ohio. Like Democrat Polk, Harding, from Ohio, was nominated to run for president by the Republican Party as a dark horse candidate – on the 10th ballot- Republican leader Harry Daugherty thought he “looked like a president”. His running mate was Calvin Coolidge. Harding is consistently ranked as one of the worst presidents of all time. He was inaugurated in 1921 and took over the White House from two-term Democrat Woodrow Wilson. The Harding administration is chiefly remembered for the Teapot Dome scandal, a messy tale of bribery, fraud, and federal oil reserves. He suffered a heart attack -presumably after meeting the loony residents of San Francisco - and died while visiting the city in 1923. He was the sixth president to die in office.
1880 –Tuesday- Whoever controls the volume of money in our
country is absolute master of all industry and commerce...when you realize that
the entire system is very easilycontrolled, one way or another, by a few
powerful men at the top, you will not
1889 –Saturday- Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable ….North Dakota state motto. Under God, the People Rule …..South Dakota state motto…..North and South Dakota were admitted to the Union; the first time that two states simultaneously became a part of the United States. Earlier that year, after controversy over the location of a capital, the Dakota Territory was split in two and divided into North and South. Presumably, the North didn’t want a capitol named Pierre (perhaps they preferred Yves?) so they chose Bismarck (naming it after the German Chancellor). President Benjamin Harrison (sandwiched between Grover Cleveland's two terms) had a concern about admitting the two states on the same day. Which one would be first? He decided it was easier to mix up the admissions papers so no one would know and just list the states alphabetically. That’s why North Dakota is the 39th and South Dakota is the 40th of the United States of America.
1897-Tuesday- Don't know why there's no sun up
in the sky
1902 Sunday The car has become an article of dress without which we feel uncertain, unclad, and incomplete in the urban compound……Marshall McLuhan …….First four-cylinder, gas-powered Locomobile went on sale for the then very high price of $750. Previously the Locomobile was steam powered. Take a look at the Virtual Car Museum site for some of the advertisments - http://www.virtualsteamcarmuseum.org/makers/locomobile_1904-1905.html Company founder John Brisben Walker purchased the rights to the Stanley Steamer from the Stanley brothers. The company went kaput in 1929.
1913 –Sunday- Most people seem to think I'm the kind of guy who shaves with a blowtorch. Actually I'm bookish and worrisome…….Happy Birthday, actor Burt Lancaster, born in East Harlem, New York City. Among his films were; The Crimson Pirate (1952), From Here to Eternity (1953), Elmer Gantry (1960), for which he won the academy award as best actor and Atlantic City (1980). He also turned down the roles of Dirty Harry and Patton as well as Ben Hur.
1917 –Friday- Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure
in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following
declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been
submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. "His Majesty's Government view
with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish
people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of
this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may
prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in
Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other
country." I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the
knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
1920 –Tuesday- George is a radio announcer, and when he walks under a bridge... you can't hear him talk…… Stephen Wright …….KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania began broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the results of the U.S. presidential election, 1920 (Harding beat Davis) from a Westinghouse Electric Company building in East Pittsburgh. Actually the results were telephoned from the office of the Pittsburgh Post to KDKA. Someone, lost to history, from the Westinghouse information office read them into a microphone in between, music from a phonograph was played into the microphone. Large numbers of people were tuned in. Harding won the election, and voila, modern radio broadcasting was born. The KDKA claim to be first is complicated by the fact that radio prior to 1920 was mostly experimental and good records were not kept for all "experimental" signals of contesting stations. On Christmas Eve 1906, Reginald Fessenden broadcast a program with speech and music to an audience of amateurs and ship radio operators who had been previously alerted to tune in.
1920 - Tuesday America's present need is not heroics but healing; not nostrums but normalcy; not revolution but restoration ……Warren G. Harding…..And here are the election results referred to by KDKA of Pittsburgh, see above. In the battle of the buckeyes, Republican Warren G. Harding of Ohio and running mate won the Presidential Election beating Democrat James M. Cox, also of Ohio, and running mate Franklin D. Roosevelt in a landslide victory. Outgoing President Wilson had become increasingly unpopular, and following his severe stroke in 1919 could no longer speak on his own behalf. The economy was in a recession, the public was weary of war and reform, and his sponsorship of the League of Nations produced an isolationist reaction. Other than that, things were fine. Harding virtually ignored Cox and essentially campaigned against Wilson, calling for a return to "normalcy"; with an almost 4-to-1 spending advantage.
1929 – Saturday Three quarks for
1931- Monday, Alas, my love, it might seem obscene
– Wednesday Neutrinos, they are
1937 - Wednesday Well, now, they often call me Speedo/But my real name is Mr. Earl. ……Happy Birthday, Earl "Speedoo" Carroll doo wop singer born in Harlem. Carroll was a major member of 50’s group, The Cadillacs and then the The Coasters in beginning in1963.
1938 – Thursday Each time we part my heart wants to diiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiieeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee …….Happy Birthday, Jay Black (born David Blatt) of Jay and the Americans born in New York City. Blatt changed his name so he could join Jay and the Americans, replacing former member J.T Traynor (of the Mystics) who had sung lead on She Cried. The new incarnation of Jay and the Americans had a string of pre-Beatles hits – Come a Little Bit Closer, Let's Lock the Door, Think of the Good Times, and Cara Mia. With Cara Mia, they jumped the shark and future recordings focused on Black’s powerful voice. There was a regrettable remake of Some Enchanted Evening, and in the 21st century Black later made several appearances on public television fund raising doo wop shows, sans The Americans, where the highlight was his holding the note for “die” on Cara Mia as long as he could.
1947- Sunday We'll have people come in and ask, 'Where is it?,'" "We'll tell them, 'Look up.' And they'll say, 'Holy cow!..... Philip Jaeger, director of operations, Evergreen Aviation Museum…..Howard Hughes' Spruce Goose, at the time the world's largest plane – a huge seaplane in fact- , flew for the first and last time with Howard Hughes himself at the controls off Long Beach Ca.. The Goose flew for just under a mile at a height of 70 ft. and a speed of 80 mph. It then had to circle Newark Airport for 2 hours waiting for a landing gate. The plane was 218 ft. long, had a wingspan of 319 ft. and was 79ft. high. It was built from wood because of WW II raw material restrictions on the use of aluminum, and it’s name was actually H-4 Hercules. After passing through several ownerships since Hughes’ death, the aircraft was acquired by the Evergreen Aviation Museum in 1995, who moved it by barge to its current home in McMinnville, Oregon where it has been on display since.
1948 –Tuesday - I had my sandwich and glass of buttermilk, and went to bed at six-thirty. And along about 12 o'clock, I happened to wake up for some reason or other, and the radio was turned on to the National Broadcasting Company. And Mr. Kaltenborn and Mr. Harkness were reporting the situation as it then developed. Mr. Kaltenborn was saying, "While the President is a million votes ahead of the popular vote, when the country vote comes in Mr. Truman will be defeated by an overwhelming majority." Mr. Harkness came on, and analyzed the situation as it was then, and as Mr. Kaltenborn had recorded it. And to the sorrow of myself, and to those who were listening with me, it looked very much as if the elction would be thrown into the House of Representatives because, of course, it was not possible for me to get a majority of the eletoral votes. I went back to bed, and went to sleep. ….When Harry S Truman went to bed, he was thinking he was losing the election for president of the United States to New York Governor, Thomas E. Dewey. Also in the race were southern Democrat – “dixiecrat” Strom Thurmond, and “Progressive” Henry Wallace. The Chicago Daily Tribune printed the famous headline, “DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN”. Surprise! President Truman managed to win 24,105,812 popular votes to Dewey's 21,970,065. More importantly he won 28 states and 303 electoral votes to easily defeat Dewey, who had only 189 electoral votes from 16 states. The United States presidential election of 1948 is considered by most historians as the greatest election upset in American history. Virtually every prediction (with or without public opinion polls) indicated that incumbent President Harry S. Truman and Alben Barkley would be defeated by Republicans Thomas E. Dewey and Earl Warren.
1959 –Monday I have deceived my friends, and I had millions of them …..Charles Van Doren………The “Fifties Quiz Show Scandals”…. Charles Van Doren, whose success on the show Twenty One had made him a national hero (sort of like Ken on Jeopardy) admitted to a House subcommittee that he had the questions and answers in advance of his appearances on the TV game show which, as we know, makes it a lot easier to answer the questions. In August 1958, former contestant Herbert Stempel publicly declared that quiz shows were "fixed." Van Doren denied the accusation on the Today show. Twenty One producer, Albert Freedman had given him the answers to the next program's questions. Freedman had also coached him on his performance, and suggested ways to heighten audience suspense. After some months, Van Doren had begged to be beaten because the continual tension was becoming too stressful.
1960 - Wednesday It was not the passion that was new to her, it was the yearning adoration. She knew she had always feared it, for it left her helpless; she feared it still, lest if se adored him too much, then she would lose herself, become effaced, and she did not want to be effaced, a slave, like a savage woman. She must not become a slave. She feared her adoration, yet she would not at once fight against it……..On a salacious note, Penguin Books was found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley's Lover case. This was the first test of the Obscenity Act of 1959. A jury unanimously found the publishers not guilty after just three hours' deliberation. What is now D.H Lawrence's best-known book was unknown during his lifetime. It was privately printed in 1928 two years before Lawrence's death and was a subversive tale of adultery between a rich woman and her husband's servan. It went unnoticed until U.S. and UK publishers brought it to press in 1959 and 1960, respectively. Both publications inspired pulsating, throbbing, sweaty, high-profile obscenity trials--and in both cases, the publisher won. In case you were wondering, Fanny Hill, or Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (1749) by John Cleland holds the distinction of being the longest-banned book in U.S. history. It was initially declared obscene in 1821, a ruling that was not overturned until the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark Memoirs v. Massachusetts (1966) decision. During those 145 years, the book was forbidden fruit--but in recent decades, it has attracted little interest from non-scholars since it is basically unreadable.
1963 Saturday I say in speeches that a plausible mission of artists is to make people appreciate being alive at least a little bit. I am then asked if I know of any artists who pulled that off. I reply, 'The Beatles did.” ….Kurt Vonnegut……The British paper, Daily Mirror inflicted the word “Beatlemania” on an unsuspecting world. Reviewing the Beatles' concert the night before in Cheltenham, the Daily Mirror used the headline "Beatlemania!". Of course we also have; Gamomania: obsession with issuing marriage proposals, Onomatomania: irresistible desire to repeat certain words, Ablutomania: mania for washing oneself, Aboulomania: pathological indecisiveness (took us while to decide whether to include this one), Doromania: the obsession for gifts, Polkamania, craze for polka dancing, and Potichomania, craze for imitating Oriental porcelain.
1964- Monday If you are driving at the speed of light and you turn on your headlights, what happens?.....Unknown…………The fastest single engine, wheel driven car, the Autolite 999 driven by Bob Herda received a ticket for doing 357 mph in a 30 mph zone. Costing over $50,000 – less than a well equipped Hummer nowadays- the car actually broke four land speed records.
1966 – Tuesday Guy Montag: Well, it's a job just like any other. Good work with lots of variety. Monday, we burn Miller; Tuesday, Tolstoy; Wednesday, Walt Whitman; Friday, Faulkner; and Saturday and Sunday, Schopenhauer and Sartre. We burn them to ashes and then burn the ashes. That's our official motto…….The premiere of Fahrenheit 451. The Ray Bradbury novel of the future where the fireman’s job is to burn books. The 451 is the temperature at which paper burns, or at least ignites. The movie, directed by François Truffaut, stars Oskar Werner and Julie Christie. We were never Oskar Werner fans so we though he was miscast in the role of the fireman. Julie Christie was so beautiful that she didn’t have to act, so she rarely did. Also on hand for the fun were; a lot of actors we never heard of.
1974-Saturday I don't want them to forget (Babe) Ruth, I just want them to remember me………The Atlanta Braves traded Hank Aaron to the Milwaukee Brewers for for Minor League prospect Roger Alexander and Dave May. The traded ended Aaron's long run with the franchise. The trade came after the season that saw Aaron move past Babe Ruth on the all-time home run list. It did return Aaron to the city where his career started. The Braves were in Milwaukee until 1965. Aaron played two seasons with the Brewers and broke baseball's all time RBI record on May 1, 1975. On July 20, 1976, he hit his 755th and final home run off the California Angels' Dick Drago at Milwaukee County Stadium.
1976 –Tuesday Mr. Carter quite simply abdicated the whole responsibility of the presidency while in office. He left the nation at the mercy of its enemies at home and abroad. He was the worst president we ever had…..Eugene McCarthy…….. Former Georgia and perennial space cadet, Governor Jimmy Carter became the first president elected from the Deep South since 1844. Carter beat the hopelessly confused, slapstick President, Gerald Ford who had assumed the Presidency replacing the odiously criminal Spiro Agnew as Vice President and then the felonious Richard Nixon. The general election campaign began with Ford trailing by over 30 points in the polls. In the second candidate’s debate Ford made a major mistake in blurting out that Eastern Europe was free from Soviet domination. This came as news to the Eastern Europeans currently under Communist domination. Not to be outdone, Carter gave an interview in Playboy Magazine (his advisors had told him to keep in the news, which Carter confused with nudes) in which he talked candidly about lust in his heart. Carter campaigned as an outsider intent on cleaning up Washington and won a very narrow victory over Ford, due to his support from the south, labor, blacks and white ethnics
1978-Thursday We don’t make these things up. Well sometines in the descriptions but never the items. The Partridge Family’s own David Cassidy made his debut as the lead character in a police drama, drama David Cassidy: Man Undercover. It lasted for ten episodes. Along for the fun were Simon Oakland, perennial television second or third banana/frequent villain, someone named Wendy Rastattar as David’s wife, and for the first episode, Bronco Lane himself, Ty Hardin.
1982 –Tuesday Cause we
got a little ol' convoy
1984-Friday I believe that more people would be alive today if there were a death penalty…..Nancy Reagan ……..Velma Margie Barfield, a convicted murderer became the first woman to be executed since capital punishment was reinstated in North Carolina 1976. The Cuddly Mrs. Barfield, was a 52-year-old grandmother and serial poisoner who used arsenic as her instrument of choice. She received a lethal injection at 2:15 a.m. Barfield had slewn, Stuart Taylor, her fiance, by putting poison in his beer, her mother and two elderly people for whom she had been hired to care
1988- Wednesday From this vile world, with vilest worms to dwell …..Shakespeare, Sonnett 71…………“Oops!” On a Wednesday, a Cornell University graduate student named Robert T. Morris, created a computer "worm" and it began replicating wildly, clogging thousands of computers around the country. When Morris realized what was happening he sent an anonymous message, instructing programmers how to kill the worm and prevent re-infection. However, because the network route was clogged BY HIS WORM!!!!, this message did not get through until it was too late. Morris, was later arrested, tried, found guilty (of technological stupidity?), fined and given probation. It seems Morris posed the question, How big is the Internet, you ask? And launched 99 lines of code in his quest for the answer. There were bugs in his code that caused affected hosts to encounter a plethora of stability problems that effectively made these systems unusable. The result was increased load averages on over 6,000 UNIX machines across the country which caused between $10,000,000 and $100,000,000 of damage.
2000 –Thursday Oh, I was just dialling out for pizza and I didn't expect to end up in space….Barack Obama calling ISS……..An American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts became the first permanent residents of the international space station, at the start of their four-month mission. After their Soyuz spacecraft linked up, William Shepherd, Sergei Krikalev and Yuri Gidzenko entered the station, turned on the lights and life support systems, and proceeded to set up a live television link with the Russian mission control to confirm that the move-in was going well, although the movers had broken some china, damaged a couch and left scratches on an antique mahogany table. The station is in a low Earth orbit and can even be seen from Earth with the naked eye: its altitude varies from 319.6 km to 346.9 km above the surface of the Earth (198.6 to 215.6 mi). They were confined to two of the space station’s three rooms until space shuttle Endeavor arrived in early December with giant solar panels that would provide all the necessary power. But not before an arachnid looking alien popped out of Gidzenko's stomach and left Sigourney Weaver in her underwear………After the U.S. Space Shuttle program ended in 2011, Soyuz rockets became the only provider of transport for astronauts at the International Space Station, while Dragon became the only provider of cargo-return-to-Earth services.
2009 –Monday The scientific theory I like best is that the rings of Saturn are composed entirely of lost airline luggage….. Mark Russell………The Cassini spacecraft weathered a flyby of Saturn's moon Enceladus and sent images and data of the encounter back to Earth. Cassini had approached Enceladus more closely before, but this passage took the spacecraft on its deepest plunge yet through the heart of the plume shooting out from the south polar region. Cassini flew by Enceladus at an altitude of 100 kilometers and a speed of 7.7 km/sec. In addition to finding ammonia on Saturn’s satellite, Cassini also found the point of origin of a mutant microbe that migrated to Earth causing brain defect that results in those people who ignore tongs or tissues and just stick their grubby hands into bagel or roll containers in supermarkets.
644 – Sunday The enemy," retorted Yossarian with weighted precision, "is anybody who's going to get you killed, no matter which side he's on,…….Joseph Heller……. Twelve years after Muhammad’s kupution, Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, after Abu Bakr, was assassinated by a Persian slave in Medina. After Muhammad’s death, Umar was in such a state of despair that he threatened to decapitate anyone who said that Muhammad was dead.
1333 – Tuesday By Thursday noon, November 4, the Arno had swollen so vastly at Florence that it covered the whole plain of San Salvi... And at the first sleep of night the water washed away the city wall above the Corso de' Tintori... Thereupon the whole volume of the flood rushed into the city with such fury that it filled all Florence.... ……Giovanni Villani…….The River Arno flooding causing massive damage in Florence. The three greatest floods in the history of Florence, this one in 1333, the next in 1844, and, the worst, in 1966 all occurred in November
1493 Friday– He gave the world another world……George Santayana…….. On his second voyage to the New World, having set sail on October 13, (they would have left on the 12th but it was Columbus Day, a holiday.) Christopher Columbus first sighted the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea. Many sources indicate that Columbus named the island after the day of the week on which he spotted it, a Sunday but the Gregorian calendar makes this a Friday. Turning this into the very first Carnivale/Norwegian/Holland-America/Celebrity/Disney Cruise, the merry fleet then discovered and explored a number of small islands, including Guadalupe, Montserrat, Redondo, Antigua and several others in the Leeward Islands and Lesser Antilles chains. He also visited Puerto Rico before making his way back to Hispaniola.
1500 Saturday – I say that the art of sculpture is eight times as great as any other art based on drawing, because a statue has eight views and they must all be equally good. ……. Buon Compleano/Happy Birthday, Benvenuto Cellini, Italian sculptor goldsmith and painter born in Florence. Unfortunately, only a small number of his pieces survive as some of the owners had them melted and sold, when in need of money. He is also famous for his self puffery autobiography, written in the vernacular .
1558 – Monday Then haste we
down to meet thy friends and foes;
1633 – Thursday Being pregnant is an occupational hazard of being a wife…… Queen Victoria ……..Buon Compleano/Happy Birthday, Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician, born in Capri, Italy. Ramazzini first recorded relationships between occupational environment and workers' illnesses and is considered a founder of occupational medicine. In 1700 he wrote the first important book on occupational diseases and industrial hygiene, De morbis artificum diatribe (Diseases of Workers), it focused on such diseases as “Co- worker halitosis”, Co-worker lack of bathing”, “Boss Tantrums”, and “Copy Machine is Brokenitis”.
1718- Thursday Do not make a stingy sandwich; Pile the cold cuts high. Customers should see salami coming through the rye……..Alan Sherman…… Happy Birthday, John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, born in London, who invented the Montaguwich, It is said he invented the sandwich in 1762, because he often spent excessive amounts of time gambling and he didn't want to get up from the gambling table, so he told his servants to bring him meat sandwiched in between two slices of bread. Another version has him working long hours and not wanting to leave his desk so his servants brought him what would be called sandwiches. The truth may lie sandwiched between those two versions. The explorer, Capain James Cook named the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) for him. He was also first lord of the Admiralty during the American Revolution.
1749 – Monday Did Nitrogen and Oxygen walk into a bar? NO…….Happy Birthday, Daniel Rutherford, Scottiah chemist born in Edinburgh. Rutherford found – but did not name – nitrogen (never did find daytrogen). Rutherford kept a mouse in a confined quantity of air till it went kaput. He then burned a candle in that same confined area until the candle went out. He then burned phosphorus in what was left after that, until the phosphorus would no longer burn. Next, the air was passed through a solution that had the ability to absorb carbon dioxide. The air remaining now would not support combustion; a mouse could not live in it (the Rodent Liberation Front remains angry about this to this day) and a candle would not burn. He called what was left “phlogiston”. Antoine Lavoisier, the French chemist named nitrogen azote meaning without life. The name nitrogen was introduced by J. A. C. Chaptal in 1790.
1783 – Monday How dismal is
the Lot of these we see,
1812 –Tuesday Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake…. Continuing the “he never should have gone to Russia……..and neither should anyone else theme”, Napoleon's armies were defeated (some say a tactical draw) at the Battle of Vyazma just outside Moscow as Napoleon began his retreat. Nearly 30,000 French and 25,000 Russians saw action, and the French lost almost 7,000 causalities and 4,000 prisoners. The Battle of Vyazma crushed French morale and signaled the beginning of the end.
1854- Friday We wanted to see if hormone therapy would do for elderly gentlemen what it would do for their best friends, elderly male dogs……. Dr. Charles Brenton Huggins…… Otanjou-bi Omedetou Gozaimasu!/Happy Birthday, Jokichi Takaminea Japanese/American biochemist born in Takaoka City. Takaminea was one of the prime movers in the effort to send Japanese Cherry Trees to Washington D.C as a symbol of good will from the Mayor of Tokyo. In 1901, Takaminea isolated the hormone adrenalin – now called epinephrine but everyone still calls it adrenalin -produced in the adrenal gland that causes the body to respond to emergencies. This was the first pure hormone to be isolated from natural sources. This means he would be “gland” to meet you. He also He filed the first patent on a microbial enzyme States (a fungal amylase) in the United States in 1894
1863 – Tuesday Be it known that I, J. T. ALDEN, of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in the Manufacture or Preparation of Yeast; and I do hereby declare the follow in g to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same……Patent application…. Yeast is Yeast and west is west….. J.T Alden of Cincinnati, was issued a yeast preparation patent for "an improvement in the preparation of yeast" which reduced concentrated yeast from a plastic or semi-fluid state to a dry granular form, a convenient way of preservation for future use. Why yeast? Yeast is a living, microscopic, single-cell organism that, as it grows, converts its food – through the process known as fermentation- into alcohol and carbon dioxide. We love yeast because fermentation is what endears it to winemakers, brewmasters and breadbakers.
1863 – Tuesday Everything in the universe is thus linked. There is no separation between terrestrial physics and astronomy. There is no border between earth and sky. Charles Fabry……….Bon Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, Alfred Perot, French physicist born at Nancy. Perot was co-developer with Charles Fabry of the Fabry–Perot interferometer, a device used in spectroscopy to measure wavelengths by interference effects produced by multiple reflections between parallel half-silvered glass or quartz plates. Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five….Groucho Marx…..Fabry noted that the terferometer was undoubtedly so successful because of Perot’s great talent for designing and building equipment
1868 – Tuesday I would feel myself recreant to do the duty imposed upon me if I did not defend their rights in this floor. . . I do not expect nor do I ask that there shall be any favor shown me on account of my race or former condition of that race…….Speech to the House of Representatives…….John Willis Menard was the first African American elected to the United States Congress. Because of an electoral challenge, he was never seated. Menard appeared to have won a special election to succeed the late James Mann, whose district encompassed New Orleans. But wait, there’s more…his opponent, Caleb Hunt (who had lost to Mann), challenged Menard’s right to be seated. Despite the fact that Menard had won 64% of the vote, the House decided that neither candidate qualified, leaving the seat vacant for the remainder of the final days of the 40th Congress (1867–1869). In the following Congress, Joseph Rainey of South Carolina won election to become the first African American seated in the House.
1868 – Tuesday I rise only to say that I do not intend to say anything. I thank you for your hearty welcomes and good cheers……….Union Civil War hero, Ulysses Simpson Grant – running as a Republican with Schyler Colfax as his running mate defeated Democrat Horatio Seymour, of New York, (with running mate Francis P. Blair) for the Presidency. Grant had not campaigned and made no promises. He won 214 Electoral votes to Seymour’s 80 although the popular vote was much closer -3,012,833 to 2,703,249. This was the first presidential election to take place during Reconstruction. Three of the former Confederate states (Texas, Mississippi, and Virginia) were not yet restored to the Union and therefore could not vote in the election.
1879-Monday If it's 0 degrees today, and it's going to be twice as cold tomorrow... how cold will it be ? …..Unknown………..Happy Birthday, Vilhjalmur Steffanson, Canadian explorer, born in Ames, Manitoba. Steffanson went on three expeditions into the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic, each of which lasted between sixteen months and five years. For supplies he relied heavily on local resources, and he adopted the Eskimo way of living, thus successfully demonstrating his theory that the rigors of existence in the Arctic were much reduced by the use of such techniques plus he like seal omelets. Steffanson was 41 years old before he learned to pronounce his first name and by that time he had changed it to Bob. He published 24 books and more than 400 articles on his travels and observations
1883 Saturday I've labored long and hard for bread,
1892- Thursday One ringy dingy... two ringy dingy. Have I reached the party to whom I am speaking?....Lily Tomlin………… The first automatic telephone exchange, using the switching device invented by Almon B. Strowger, was opened. While working as an undertaker in Kansas City and obviously having a lot of time on his hands, Strowger had developed a system of automatic switching using an electromechanical switch based on electromagnets. The Strowger exchange opened to the public in LaPorte, Indiana, Strowger’s hometown. There were about seventy-five subscribers, who were now able to bypass operators. Instead they got a recorded message “All of our customer care representatives can’t bother coming to the phone for your trivial problem. You’ll just wait through repeated commercials until we feel like getting around to you……..you peasant.”
1903 Tuesday Alcanzamos por fin la victoria
We finally attained victory
1913 Monday … Let me tell you how it
1918 – Monday Jeszcze Polska nie
1930 Monday – ……so you say you
wanna build your own tunnel
1933 –Monday Nice event, Matt” he deadpanned. “It may have cost us the election. But beside that, it was great.”……Dukakis aide to event organizer Matt Bennett……Happy Birthday,Michael Dukakis, American lawyer, academic, and politician born in Brookline, Massachusetts. Dukakis was the 65th Governor of Massachusetts - served longer in that post than any other person in history- and failed Democratic party presidential candidate, his running mate was……come on now……you know…..we’ll give you a few more moments………….Yes! it was Senator Lloyd Bentson of Texas, vs. George Bush I in 1988. Dukakis went a long way towards losing the election on Sept. 13, 1988 when he was featured in a photo op sitting in a 68-ton M1A1 Abrams Main Battle Tank with a silly helmet on.
1941 - Monday Navy Order No. 1 " By Imperial Order, the Chief of the Naval General Staff orders Yamamoto Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleets as follows: " 1. Expecting to go to war with the United States, Britain and the Netherlands early in December for self-preservation and self-defense, the Empire has decided to complete war preparation. " 2. The Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleet will carry out the necessary operational preparations. " 3. Its details will be directed by the Chief of the Naval General Staff." ………….The order was issued by Admiral Osami Nagano, to attack the U.S Naval Base at Pearl Harbor .The Combined Japanese Fleet received Top-Secret Order No. 1.: In 34 days, Pearl Harbor was to be bombed, along with Malaya, the Dutch East Indies, and the Philippines and no chopsticks were to be served with sushi. The Japanese had earlier perfected the art of the sneak attack on the Russians and the Russian Navy in beginning the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.
1943 – Wednesday Antisemitism is unique among religious hatreds. It is a racist conspiracy theory fashioned for the needs of messianic and brutal rulers, as dictators from the Tsars to the Islamists via the Nazis have shown. …..Nick Cohen……….At the Majdanek Concentration camp in the Nazi's carried out "Operation Harvest Festival" to kill all Jews remaining in the Lublin District of Poland. The slaughter began at dawn when German Nazi SS troops rounded up large numbers of Jews and took them out into nearby trenches and shot them. It is estimated that in two days 42,000 men, women and children were murdered.
1954-Wednesday The way to get good ideas is to get lots of ideas, and throw the bad ones away ……Linus Pauling (part of the famous singing group of Peter, Pauling and Mary), acknowledged by his colleagues as the most influential chemist since Lavoisier, won the first of his two Nobel Prizes- this one for Chemistry for his research into “the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances". Applying the recently elucidated laws of quantum mechanics, Pauling was the first to describe how atoms bonded to form a molecule. While the physicists regarded the new quantum theory as a solution to understanding physical events on an atomic scale, the chemist, Pauling had a different perspective. He used quantum mechanics to describe the structure of the electron orbitals, bond angles, bond energies, interatomic distances, and find metal studs in the wall. Later, he was awarded a second Nobel Prize, this one for Peace for his efforts in creating the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Linus Pauling is the only individual in history to have won two unshared Nobel Prizes: for Chemistry in 1954 and the Peace Prize 1962.
· 1954 – Wednesday This is quite a problem, professor. If this keeps up, we'll have to suspend the international shipping routes. Have you found a way? Is there something we can do to defeat it? ……. The first Godzilla film was released in Japan. Godzilla would not appear in the U.S until 1956. Directed by Ishirô Honda, this was the first appearance of the character of the same name as well as dozens of extras looking up at something off screen and running away in terror. The giant reptile with radioactive breath was revived by nuclear testing and took it out on Tokyo. We note that Raymond Burr (Perry Mason) was added to the 1956 American version, Godzilla, King of the Monsters. Burr spends most of his time speaking into a tape recorder and watching Godzilla run around from a window. The movie’s last line: I can't believe that Godzilla was the only surviving member of its species... But if we continue conducting nuclear tests... it's possible that another Godzilla might appear somewhere in the world again….Hoo Boy! We counted 30 Godzilla movies so far. Among them, the execrable Matthew Broderick remake of 1998 and Godzilla (Godzilla, King of the Monsters) 
Godzilla Raids Again 
· King Kong vs. Godzilla 
· Mothra vs. Godzilla 
· Invasion of Astro-Monster(Godzilla vs. Monster Zero) 
· Ebirah, Horror of the Deep (Godzilla vs. the Sea Monster) 
· Son of Godzilla 
· Destroy All Monsters 
· All Monsters Attack (Godzilla's Revenge) 
· Godzilla vs. Hedorah (Godzilla vs. the Smog Monster) 
· Godzilla vs. Gigan 
· Godzilla vs. Megalon 
· Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla 
· Terror of Mechagodzilla 
· The Return of Godzilla (Godzilla 1985) 
· Godzilla vs. Biollante 
· Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah 
· Godzilla vs. Mothra (Godzilla & Mothra: The Battle for Earth) 
· Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla 2 
· Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla 
· Godzilla vs. Destoroyah
· Godzilla 2000: Millennium (Godzilla 2000) 
· Godzilla vs. Megaguirus 
· Godzilla, Mothra & King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack 
· Godzilla Against Mechagodzilla 
· Godzilla: Tokyo S.O.S. 
· Godzilla: Final Wars ……with more to come
1957-Sunday Work with animals is a source of suffering to all of us. We treat them like babies who cannot speak. The more time passes, the more I'm sorry about it. We shouldn't have done it... We did not learn enough from this mission to justify the death of the dog ……Oleg Gazenko…….Laika,(Russian for "Barker"), a female mongrel, became the first living creature to orbit the Earth aboard Sputnik II.- Sputnik I having been launched a month earlier on October 4. Since the supply of food and air was limited and the Russians had no intention of bringing her back, Laika also became the first animal to go kaput in space. Laika's fate was described by Dimitri Malashenkov of the Institute for Biological Problems in Moscow who revealed that data received from the Sputnik 2 indicated that five to seven hours after launch, there were no life signs from Laika. As soon as the fourth orbit, it was realized that Laika had died from overheating and stress. The information was provided by medical sensors monitoring pulse rate (which had tripled during launch and took an extended time to return to more normal values). Laika had in fact survived just a few hours, and there was no truth in any orignal stories that the dog had lived through several days in orbit. About a dozen dogs travelled into space on the Sputnik series of space missions between Nov 1957 and Mar 1966. The later flights in many cases ended with the safe recovery of the canine passengers, including Vladimir Putin. However accidents resulted in the loss of life for four dogs.
1960 – Thursday Belly up, belly up
to the bar boys
1962 Saturday See the way he walks down the street
1962-Saturday (God put a song in
the heart of an angel and softly she sang it to me)
1964 – Tuesday D.C. residents cast first presidential ……….. While DC residents did have representation in the early 1790’s, DC residents lost their right to vote in 1801 after the passage of the Organic Act, when Congress voted to take control of the District of Columbia. In 1961, the 23rd Constitutional amendment granted DC residents the right to vote in Presidential elections. In 1973, Congress passed the District of Columbia Home Rule Act giving DC the right to a local government (mayor and city council ----talk about The Forty Thieves……). read more below.
1964 – Tuesday I'm liberal up to a degree, I think everybody should be free, but if you think I'll let Barry Goldwater move in next door and marry my daughter, you must think I'm crazy. I wouldn't let him do it for all the farms in Cuba……..Bob Dylan…..,Capitalizing on the enormous wave of sympathy and nostalgia, vitriolic treatment of Conservatives by the media, allegations that his opponent would cut Social Security and other social welfare programs, and the after effects of the assassination of John F. Kenney, Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey crushed Barry Goldwater of Arizona, and William Miller of New York for the presidency. Johnson had become the 36th president of the United States on the assassination of John F. Kennedy in November 1963. LBJ won 44 states and the District of Columbia with 486 votes. Senator Goldwater took just six states with 52 electoral votes.
1969 Monday The left maintains an iron grip on PBS…..Brent Bozell………….Public Broadcasting Service was founded on November 3, 1969. It took over its predecessor, National Educational Television (NET). PBS is made up of 354 member TV stations who collectively own PBS. Unlike the model of America's commercial television networks, in which affiliates give up portions of their local advertising airtime in exchange for network programming, PBS member stations pay substantial fees for the shows acquired and distributed by the national organization. That’s where those incredibly annoying fund raising poseur interrupt programing asking for money and offering tote bags.
1973- Saturday I had rather be Mercury, the smallest among seven [planets], revolving round the sun, than the first among five [moons] revolving round Saturn…….Johann Wolfgang von Goethe……….Mariner 10 was launched for the first flight to Mercury. Mariner 10 was the seventh successful launch in the Mariner series, the first spacecraft to use the gravitational pull of one planet (Venus) to reach another (Mercury), and the first spacecraft mission to visit two planets. The primary scientific objectives of the mission were to measure Mercury's environment, atmosphere, surface, and body characteristics and to make similar investigations of Venus as well as seek out Zsa Zsa Gabor and a race of Amazons as acknowledged in the 1958 documentary, Queen of Outer Space. On it’s arrival at Mercury, Mariner was attacked by a mysterious object later identified as a Martha Stewart Flying Apron which attempted to redecorate its interior as it attempted to bore it to death.
1974 Sunday A Pui Lai Win Hotel guest had cleverly fallen asleep while smoking in bed. Smoke (which rises) and heat (which also rises) soon made their way toward the night club on top of the building where most of the victims had been enjoying a late night party. Although there were fire exits, they were locked to prevent patrons from leaving without paying their bills. Not good. Naturally, panic ensued as people scrambled to find way out amid heavy smoke. A total of 89 people were killed
1979 – Saturday Horrible villain, or
I'll spurn thine eyes
1984 Saturday. And I hope that you
Friday The seed ye sow, another reaps; The wealth ye find, another keeps; The
robes ye weave, another wears; The arms ye forge, another bears. …. Percy Bysshe
Shelley …….Speaking of Bob Dylan, see introductory quote above, Hootie and the
Blowfish reached an out-of-court settlement with Bob Dylan for an undisclosed
amount after courts ruled the adult alternative group lifted lyrics from
Dylan's Idiot Wind from his Blood on the Tracks Album for their
mega hit Only Wanna Be With You..
Really, if you’re going to steal lyrics, find someone like the Bob Lind,
not someone as well known as Bob Dylan. Put
on a little Dylan. Bob Dylan: They say I shot a man named Gray and took
his wife to Italy,
1998 Tuesday I sing the body
2002 Sunday For the first time we have discovered that a social variable, namely the presence of a spouse, can influence the brain's response to pain. When people pay too much attention to another's pain it tends to reinforce that pain…… Herta Flor ……Studies were presented in Orlando, Florida at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience regarding the connection between back pains and spouses. Really. We don’t make these up. Enhance a wee bit, yes but ………..Overly solicitous spouses -- those who, for example, serve the suffering something to drink or fetch the television remote control -- actually reinforce pain in their husband or wife, researchers said. According to the findings in these studies, it was reported that back pains in a person could flair up simply by a spouse being in the room and that’s in addition to the headaches. One of the methods of testing for this experiment included that which measures brain activity while being stimulated by touch. Variations of study included whether or not their spouse ignored or downplayed the pain.
2007 Saturday Ridin' along in my automobile
2007 –Saturday A
plumber attended to a leaking faucet at the neurosurgeon's house. After a
two-minute job, he demanded $150. The neurosurgeon exclaimed, "I don't even charge that amount and I am a brain
1429 – Wednesday Whatever thing men call great, look for it in Joan of Arc, and there you will find it……..Mark Twain…….. Joan of Arc captured the Burgundian town of Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier. It was another of her successful direct assaults as her small army went over the walls. A bigger challenge was preventing the victorious troops from raping and pillaging afterwards. This was Joan’s last victory. On May 23, 1430 she would be captured at Compiègne and sold by the Burgundians to the English.
1501 – Monday
Hello, I love
1576 – Thursday They're the Canada of France………Craig Ferguson…… During the Eighty Years' War -1568–1648-, in Flanders, Spain captured Antwerp which got them so excited that after three days the city was nearly destroyed. The Eighty Years War was the war of Netherlands independence from Spain, which led to the separation of the northern and southern Netherlands and to the formation of the United Provinces of the Netherlands aka, the Dutch Republic. Antwerp is in modern day Belgium and it is important to note that a rule of war in Europe is that if you wish to invade another country, you have to go through Belgium first. Also, here is a list of “numerical” wars; 1454–1466 Thirteen Years' War, 1337–1453 Hundred Years' War (actually 116), 1568–1648 Eighty Years' War, 1563–1570 Northern Seven Years' War1, 594–1603 Nine Years' War (Ireland), 1618–1648 Thirty Years' War, and 1756–1763 Seven Years' War
1677-Thursday- Some people ask the secret of our long marriage. We take time to go to a restaurant two times a week. A little candlelight, dinner, soft music and dancing… she goes Tuesdays, I go Fridays……Henny Youngman…………. A social note - The future Mary II, daughter of King James II of England married William, Prince of Orange (aka, King Billy, Mr. Caliban, William of Holland) of the Netherlands. The bride, wore a miniskirt by Mary Quant of Carnaby Street. The groom wore a big crown. The reception was held a Geert’s Windmills R’ Us with wooden shoe clog music by Douwe and the Dykes. The monarchs would later be known as William and Mary. James II, (nicknames, the beshitten and Fiery Face…in Ireland he was Séamus á Chaca) a Catholic had been forced to leave England in 1688. Protestants William and Mary were invited by Parliament to become the new rulers of the realm.
1765 – Monday Water does not resist. Water flows. When you plunge your hand into it, all you feel is a caress. Water is not a solid wall, it will not stop you. But water always goes where it wants to go, and nothing in the end can stand against it……Margaret Atwood……… Bon anniversaire/Happy Birthday, Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer born in Caen. In 1798 he was among the scientific experts in many fields called to take part in Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt and in. 1799 he registered a patent to harness the energy of wave power in the form of a water turbine. His work on a canal connecting the Seine and Ourcq came to a screeching halt when Napoleon met his Waterloo and the monarchy was brought back and Girard dismissed.
1841-Thursday- ………I've got the
perfect place in mind
1842 –Friday- And the man keeps sayin’ Do you take this
1846-Wednesday- She's got legs, she knows how to use them
1873 –Tuesday- Any way you
slice it, any way you slice it
1873- Tuesday The Smiths were shown into the dentist's office, where Mr. Smith made it clear he was in a big hurry. "No fancy stuff, Doctor," he ordered, "No gas or needles or any of that stuff. Just pull the tooth and get it over with." "I wish more of my patients were as stoic as you," said the dentist admiringly. "Now, which tooth is it?" Mr. Smith turned to his wife Sue. "Show him, honey." …..Remember, patents are issued on Tuesdays (see 1873 above). The first U.S. patent for a gold crown was issued to Dr. John B. Beers of San Francisco, California on "artificial crowns for teeth" . Although he claimed the process was like pulling teeth, Dr. Beers technique was to prepare a hollow metal crown which would be slipped over the projecting portion of the old tooth and secure to it so that it would continue to function for chewing as before, while also preventing further decay. A Dr. W.N Morrison claimed to have used gold crowns in 1869 according to the International Dental Journal vol. 4 but Beers using them in 1868.
Put money in thy purse; follow thou the
1879 Tuesday The Short Memories Of American Voters Is What Keeps Our Politicians In Office. ……..Happy Birthday, William Penn Adair “Will Rogers” author and wit born in Oologah Oklahoma. Rogers, a “cowboy” entertainer, became one of the most well-known celebrities during the 1920s and 1930s. He started in rodeos but eventually his jokes were more popular than his lassoing. Rogers went into vaudeville act 1904 and spent the next ten years performing his act around the country. He went into movies in 1918, and in 1929, he began making movies with sound as well as radio broadcasts
1884 –Tuesday- Officeholders are the agents of the people, not their masters. …….Democrat Grover Cleveland, Governor of New York, was elected president, (Vice President was Thomas Hendricks of Indiana) defeating Republican James G. Blaine of Maine. Blaine’s only possible competition for the Republican nomination was General William Tecumseh Sherman who ended speculation that he would run by making what has become known as a Sherman statement: "If nominated, I will not accept, and if elected I will not serve." The major issue in the election was the integrity of the candidates themselves. Blaine was attacked for his close relations with the railroad interests, from which it was claimed that he received financial benefits. Cleveland, on the other hand, was attacked for being immoral for his affair before his marriage with Maria Halpin, which produced a son. The Republicans would chant "Ma Ma Where's my Papa". Cleveland defused the story by telling the truth and blaming it on George W. Bush. He won the election in a close vote- 219 Electoral votes to 192 for Blaine. Cleveland then lost the 1888 presidential election to Benjamin Harrison but returned to office in 1892 when he defeated Republican Harrison.
1884 –Tuesday She thinks my tractor's sexy
1899-Saturday- Dreams are often most profound when they seem the most crazy.……….Sigmund Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams (Die Traumdeutung)was published. The book is the classic text on dream analysis and interpretation. Freud believed that dreams are highly symbolic, containing both overt meanings (manifest content) as well as underlying, unconscious thoughts (latent content). Freud even influenced music, almost sixty years later as the Everly Brothers, sang All I Have to Do Is Dream.
1908 – Wednesday I did not imagine that the second half of my life would be spent on efforts to avert a mortal danger to humanity created by science………Wszystkiego Najlepszego!/Happy Birthday, Joseph Rotblat, Polish-English physicist and academic born in Warsaw. Rotblat and his creation, the Pugwash Conferences (named for the Canadian village in which they were held) on Science and World Affairs were jointly awarded the 1995 Nobel peace prize. He participated in Manhattan project. After the war, he devoted himself to the peaceful application of nuclear physics.
1916-Saturday- Every little girl needed a doll through which to project herself into her dream of her future,………..Happy Birthday, Ruth Mosko Handler, American inventor who created the Barbie Doll in1959 , a teenage doll with a tiny waist, slender hips, and a healthy bosom……as Handler said in 2002…… If she (a little girl) was going to do role playing of what she would be like when she was 16 or 17, it was a little stupid to play with a doll that had a flat chest………Ken, a boy doll followed in 1961.She had named the dolls after her children. Handler co-founded the Mattel company in 1942. Most expensive of the dolls is “Divorced Barbie”. With it you get Ken’s house, boat, and bank accounts.
1916 –Saturday- Same day as the inventor of the Barbie Doll, ….And that's the way it is……..Happy Birthday, Walter Cronkite, American broadcast journalist, best known as anchorman for The CBS Evening News. Cronkite anchored The CBS Evening News for two decades. It was television's most watched newscast, and Cronkite's dead-serious demeanor, no happy talk, no on the lighter side, just straight news, earned his reputation as "the most trusted man in America". Cronkite was also a reporter having worked his way through newspapers, covering WWII, radio and then to television beginning with the show, You are There. No one around on November 22, 1963 will ever forget his reporting of the Kennedy assassination. Also note, that born on the same day, different year – 1969 was relentless self promoter and societal parasite, Sean (Puff Daddy, P Diddy, Diddy) Combs.
Tut….Mummy Dearest”. King Tut (King Tut)
1924 –Tuesday- Being a woman is a terribly difficult task, since it consists principally in dealing with men………Joseph Conrad ………After the death of her husband, William Bradford Ross, the governor of Wyoming, in 1924, his widow, Nellie T. Ross was elected to replace him, becoming the first woman to serve as a governor in the United States upon her inauguration on January 5, 1925. Unfortunately, Ross was a Democrat in a heavily Republican state (we believe that 23 people of the entire state population of Wyoming -32…at the time…..were Republicans) so she lost the 1926 election and so didn’t really accomplish much other than being first woman governor. She became active in the national Democratic Party after her term was completed and was a strong supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt during his presidential campaign of 1932. When he was elected to office, he named Ross to the federal post of director of the United States Mint, making her the first woman to hold that post, a job she held for 20 years.
1928- Sunday As long as they're willing to pay to prove it, I'm willing to let them………….Arnold Rothstein was rendered kaput. Arnold Rothstein, New York's most notorious gambler, was shot and killed during a poker game at the Park Central Hotel in Manhattan. After finding Rothstein bleeding profusely at the service entrance of the hotel, police followed his trail of blood back to a suite where a group of men were playing cards. Reportedly, Rothstein had nothing good in his final hand. It is generally believed that Rothstein was the guiding force behind the fixing of the 1919 World Series, the infamous “Black Sox” scandal. Although the identity of his shooter or shooters is unknown, quite possibly, he got involved in a feud between gangsters Legs Diamond and Dutch Schultz. Schultz may have been responsible for Rothstein’s kapution in retaliation for Diamond’s bumping off of a Schultz colleague. Or……….in a previous poker game, Rothstein started by winning $60,000, then dropped $340,000 to his pals. "I'll probably have to sell an apartment house to meet these losses," he said, "but I have this and that will help wipe out some of it. ""This" was $37,000 he laid on the table for the winners to split. "That's all I have," he explained, "You'll have to wait for the rest of it." He gave them IOUs for the rest, which they willingly accepted, and mentioned several million dollars' worth of collateral. "I'm Rothstein, that name ought to be good for the money." He welshed….and ironically, It was election day and, had he lived, he would have won $500,000 he had laid on Herbert Hoover, but his death voided his winnings and his losses. …..http://www.oldandsold.com/articles01/article932.shtml...........Of note: Rothstein had never been convicted of breaking any law during his lifetime.
1933 – Saturday If you really look at it, I was trying to sell a dream ... There was very little I could put in concrete to tell these people it was really real………..San ruit kua lok!/Happy Birthday, Charles K. Kao, Chinese physicist and engineer born in Shanghai. Kao was one of the pioneers of fiber optics. He demonstrated that the loss of signal in fiber optic cables was a result of impurities in the glass rather than a fundamental flaw in the technology. Kao won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics. According to the Mayo Clinic Proceedings website, in 2004, Kao was diagnosed as having Alzheimer disease, and he and his wife May-wan—a former Fortran programmer that he met while he was a student in London in the 1950s— eventually moved to California to live closer to their children. After Kao received the Nobel Prize, his wife stated in an interview that the Nobel Prize money would be used to pay Kao's medical expenses, perhaps the first time the award was used for such purposes.
1939-Saturday- The Greenberg brothers entered the offices of Henry Ford. Hyman Greenberg, the eldest of the three, announced, "We have a remarkable invention that will revolutionize the automobile industry and we would like to demonstrate it to you in person." They wanted him to enter a black car that was parked in front of the building. "What!?" shouted the tycoon. "Are you crazy? It must be one hundred degrees in that car!" "It is," said brother, Max, "but sit down and push the white button." All of a sudden a whoosh of freezing air started blowing from vents all around the car, and within seconds the automobile was not only comfortable, it was quite cool! "This is amazing!" "How much do you want for the patent?" Norman said "The price is one million dollars. and there is something else. We want the name 'Greenberg Brothers Air Conditioning' to be stamped right next to your logo." "Money is no problem," Ford said, "but no way will I have a Jewish name next to my logo on my cars!" They haggled back and forth for awhile and finally they settled. One and one-half million dollars, and the name Greenberg would be left off. However, the first names of the Greenberg brothers would be forever emblazoned upon the console of every air conditioning system. And that is why today, whenever you enter a vehicle, you will see those three names clearly defined on the air-conditioning control panel: NORM - HI - MAX! …….The first air-conditioned automobile was exhibited by its manufacturer, Packard Motor Co. of Detroit Michigan. The main air-conditioning unit was located behind the rear seat of the car - it had no thermostat -where a special air duct accommodated two compartments, one for the refrigerating coils and one for the heating coils. This must have made riding in the back seat a delight. The "Weather Conditioner" was a $279 option that required the Packard One-Eighty to visit a second factory for installation, since the unit connected to the engine and took up half the trunk space; Packard advertised it as not just for comfort but privacy, since riders could finally arrive without having the windows down. The option didn't sell well since there was no way to moderate the air from the unit, and Packard dropped it after 1942. Packard (built by Studebaker in the final year) itself, was dropped after 1958.
1943 –Thursday The entire world will be in nuclear war, and only the Swiss will be going, 'Vhat's that noise?'"…..Robin Williams……. The X-10 atomic reactor located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee went critical and began operations. It was the second nuclear reactor to achieve chain reaction and used the neutrons from the fission of uranium to create plutonium-239 for use in the atomic bomb program. The reactor consisted of a 24 foot cube of graphite slabs surrounded by a thick concrete radiation shield. DuPont broke ground for the X-10 complex at Oak Ridge in February 1943. The site would include an air-cooled experimental pile reactor, a pilot chemical separation plant, and various support facilities. A series of huge underground concrete cells, the first of which sat under the pile, extended to one story above ground. Aluminum cans containing uranium slugs would drop into the first cell of the chemical separation facility and dissolve and then begin the extraction process resulting in unfortunate atomic fallout that ended up with Godzilla attacking Tokyo. The X-10 reactor was shut down in 1963 and declared a National Historical Landmark in 1965.
1952 –Tuesday- “I like Ike” beat All the Way with Adlai” as Republican World War II hero, Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, defeating Illinois Governor Democrat Adlai Stevenson 442 electoral votes to 89. Eisenhower would be re-elected in 1956. With unpopular Democratic President Harry Truman declining to run, General Eisenhower was actively courted by both parties. Eisenhower however, was basically a Republican and agreed to run for the "good of the nation." At the Republican convention in Chicago General Eisenhower was nominated on the first ballot with the odious Richard Nixon as his Vice President . President Truman supported Governor Stevenson (His grandfather Adlai E. Stevenson had been Vice President under President Grover Cleveland from second term, 1893-1897.) for the Democratic nomination. At the Democratic convention in Chicago Stevenson was elected on the third ballot with Senator John Sparkman of Alabama as the Vice Presidential candidate.
1956-Sunday I prefer liberty with danger than peace with slavery…. Jean Jaqueas Rousseau …….The happy go lucky, fun loving Soviet Communists, demonstrating that even though Stalin was gone, they were still thugs, put brutal end to Hungarian revolution with tanks and troops. The spontaneous national uprising that began 12 days before. At 5:20 a.m., Hungarian Prime Minister Imre Nagy announced the invasion to the nation in a, 35-second broadcast, declaring: "Our troops are fighting. The Government is in its place." However, within hours Nagy would have to seek asylum at the Yugoslav Embassy in Budapest while his former colleague and imminent replacement, Communist puppet and Quisling, János Kádár, who had been flown secretly from Moscow to the city of Szolnok, 60 miles southeast of the capital, prepared to take power with Moscow's backing.
1960-Friday- Christ, I'm glad this picture's finished. She damn near gave me a heart attack. ……. Clark Gable on the last day of filming re: Marilyn Monrone, ….While the usual practice of the Editorial Board of the Gnus is to note premieres, The Misfits filming was declared a wrap. The plot, involves a sexy divorcée, Marilyn Monroe, falls for an over-the-hill cowboy, Clark Gable .Released in 1961, would be the last movie for both stars, Marilyn Monroe and Clark Gable. Gable suffered a heart attack and went kaput three days after filming ended. Monroe bit the dust in August of 1962. Co-star, Montgomery Clift would die six years later. It wasn’t a very good movie either. Also on hand for the fun were perennial second banana, Thelma Ritter, greatest Mexican bandit ever, Eli Wallach playing a character named Guido, Invasion of the Body Snatchers own Kevin McCarthy, and an uncredited John Huston.
1961 –Saturday- So one
mornin’ when the sun was warm
1965 –Thursday- Go on and write me up for 125
1966 - Friday
The first drizzling shower is born...
1971-Thursday-It is not the ship so much as the skillful sailing that assures the prosperous voyage. ….. George William Curtis……..Four men, and a cat –a kitten when the voyage began (named Minette) completed a raft ride across the Pacific from Ecuador to Australia. Spaniard, Vital Alsar and three compatriots - Marc Modena, French, Gabriel Salas, Chilean,and Normand Tetraule, a Canadian, .sailed from Ecuador on La Balsa, a 7-log balsa raft with mangrove masts. There were also three parrots and another cat, but these all went kaput. They passed l000 miles north of Thor Heyerdahl's (Kon Tiki raft trip, aka The Kon Tiki Derby) final destination and made their way to Mooloolaba on the east coast of Australia. At the end of the trip, they complained about the service, the food and the entertainment (Sylvester Stallone as Hamlet, Paris Hilton as Ophelia), and vowed to use a cruise line in the future. Sumary quote was "cruise lines have better food and I missed the rock climbing wall but the kitten was delicious".
1977 –Friday- Go out yonder, peace in the valley
1979 –Sunday- It's almost impossible to deal with a crazy man, except that he does have religious beliefs, and the world of Islam will be damage d if a fanatic like him should commit murder in the name of religion against 60 innocent people….Jimmy Carter…..Student schmudent… Axis of Evil. Iranian “students”, as part of a Death to America course, final performance evaluation assessment, stormed the U.S embassy and held 90 (they released women and minority Americans shortly after) Americans for over a year until Ronald Reagan assumed the presidency.
1980-Tuesday- Ask yourself, 'Are you better off now than you were four years ago? Is it easier for you to go and buy things in the stores than it was four years ago? Is there more or less unemployment in the country than there was four years ago? Is America as respected throughout the world as it was?......Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Jimmy Carter in a landslide for the presidency. Reagan, the Governor of California (Vice President would be George H.W Bush) ended the hopelessly bumbling four year term of Carter (Populus me sibilat …..everybody hisses at me)by receiving 489 electoral votes to Carter’s 49. Republican Congressman John B. Anderson, ran as an independent. Republicans won control of the United States Senate for the first time in 28 years. This election marked the beginning of what is popularly called the "Reagan Revolution."
1990 Sunday John Dunbar: The strangeness of this life cannot be measured: in trying to produce my own death, I was elevated to the status of a living hero……..The premiere of Dances with Wolves, all three hours of it, as Kevin Kostner, channeling his inner Man Called Horse, began taking himself very seriously indeed, directing himself in this painfully politically correct Western epic about the relationship between a Civil War soldier and a band of Sioux Indians
1995 Saturday The time for peace has come. We, the soldiers who have returned from battles stained with blood, we who have seen our relatives and friends killed before our eyes, . . . we who have come from a land where parents bury their children, we who have fought against you, the Palestinians -- we say today in a loud and clear voice: Enough of blood and tears. Enough……….. Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated. And no, it wasn’t a whackadoodle Muslim doing the deed. It was Yigal Amir, a 27-year-old Jewish law student. Israeli police arrested Amir at the scene of the shooting, and he later confessed to the assassination, explaining at his arraignment that he killed Rabin because the prime minister wanted "to give our country to the Arabs." The Israeli Prime Minister had been at the center of the major events in his nation's history for five decades and had been making conciliatory moves towards the Palestinians.
1998 –Wednesday- Having
2001 –Sunday- Q: What do a tornado, a hurricane and a redneck divorce have in common?
A: In the end, someone is going to loose a house trailer……. Hurricane Michelle, a Category Four with sustained winds estimated at 135 mph. hit Cuba destroying crops and thousands of homes and causing approximately $49.53 worth of damage in the Communist Workers Paradise. The United States made the gesture of sending humanitarian aid. On December 16, 2001, Cuba received the first commercial food shipment from the U.S. in nearly 40 years
2008 –Tuesday- …… I've now been in 57 states — I think one left to go…..at a campaign event in Beaverton, Oregon, May 9, 2008……….. Barack Obama, Senator from Illinois and Media darling, became the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating the rather inept John McCain of Arizona. Running mates, “Scranton’s Own” Joe Biden and Alaskan punch line, Sarah Palin provided comic relief.
2008 –Tuesday I think that gay marriage should be between a man and a woman…..Arnold Schwarzenegger……..Californian voters have approved Proposition 8, which banned same-sex marriages. The results were 7,001,084, 52.24% in favor of the ban and 6,401,482 47.76% against. This was in spite years of television’s flood of sympathetic gay characters in attempts to alter the public opinions of homosexuality. On May 26, 2009, the California Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Proposition 8 . When is 1 more than7,001,084? In August 2009, a federal judge , Vaughn Walker set January 11, 2010 as the date when he will open a federal trial to decide whether or not Proposition 8 is unconstitutional On The Supreme Court later dismissed an appeal(5-4) over same-sex marriage on jurisdictional grounds, ruling Wednesday private parties do not have "standing" to defend California's voter-approved ballot measure barring gay and lesbian couples from state-sanctioned wedlock. And now Heather has two mommies.
1414 - Saturday Christianity is a wonderful religion. We should try it sometime…..Unknown……….The Opening of the Council of Constance.(we’ve also seen it as November, 16) In one of many clever attempts at organization during the High Middle Ages, the Church headship at the Council of Pisa in 1409 had only added to the confusion and scandal that afflicted all Christendom since 1378 ( the Western Schism, aka the Babylonian Captivity). Now there were three popes, (Moe, Larry and Curley) the two deposed by the council (Gregory XII and Benedict XIII) and its own creation, Alexander V who went kaput in and was succeeded by horrid Cardinal Baldassare Cossa as John XXIII. The council was called by the German King Sigismund and was held from 16 1414 to April 1418, in Constance (currently known as Konstanz). Its main purpose was to end the Papal schism which had resulted from the confusion following both the Avignon Papacy and the Council of Pisa (which had sought to resolve the situation). The Council of Constance marked the high point of the Conciliar movement to reform the Church. The Council was attended by roughly 29 cardinals, 100 "learned doctors of law and divinity," 134 abbots, 183 bishops and archbishops, and Constance Towers, Constance Bennett, Constance Marie, Constance Moore, Constance Ford, and Constance Talmadge. By 1416, they had replaced all three Popes with one, Martin V. They also found time to condemn and burn reformer, Jan Hus, who had been promised a safe conduct to appear at the Gala.
1499 – Sunday I was reading the dictionary. I thought it was a poem about everything……Steven Wright Publication of the Catholicon in Tréguier in Brittany (a named after the acclaimed 21st century singer). The Breton-French-Latin dictionary was actually written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc. It was the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary. Lagadeuc was a priest in the diocese of Tréguier who composed the dictionary to help those unfamiliar with Breton………..which was, like, the entire world. Should you wish to brush up on your Breton, there is a copy of the dictionary in the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris.
1530 –Wednesday The rain it rains without a stay
1605 – Saturday Remember, remember the fifth of November,
1688 –Friday She seems to be of a good nature, and that she takes nothing to heart; whilst the Prince her husband has a thoughtful countenance, is wonderfully serious and silent, and seems to treat all persons alike gravely, and to be very intent on affairs: Holland, Ireland, and France calling for his care …..Mary Evelyn…………..William III of Orange (Netherlands) who had married Mary, the daughter of English King James II landed with a Dutch fleet and army at Brixham, Southwest England. James II, who ranks near the top of historical monarchial military incompetence, James fled to France, and in February 1689 William and his wife were crowned King William III and Queen Mary II. Parliament passed the Bill of Rights which prevented Catholics for succeeding to the throne ensuring that Mary’s sister Anne would become the next queen, and after the autocratic rules of Kings Charles II and his brother James II limited the powers of monarchs so that they could neither pass laws nor levy taxes with parliamentary consent.
1757 – Saturday We must not forget that we are dealing with a prince who is at once his own commander in the field, chief minister, logistical organiser and, when necessary, provost-marshal. These advantages outweigh all our badly executed and badly combined expedients…..Cardinal DeBernis, French Foreign Minister………During the Seven Years' War: (French & Indian War in the Colonies), 1756–63, Frederick the Great defeated the allied armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Rossbach in Saxony. Rossbach was a stunning blow for the French Monarchy. It is believed that Rossbach was a significant cause for the descent into the French Revolution. Checking your Seven Years War programme, we have , France, Austria, Saxony, Sweden, and Russia vs. Prussia, Hanover, and Great Britain. The war arose out of the attempt of the Austrian Habsburgs to win back the rich province of Silesia, which had been taken from them by Frederick II the Great of Prussia during the War of the Austrian Succession 1740–48.
1775 Sunday Washington condemned Guy Fawkes festivities, see 1605 above, which had become an anti Catholic celebration: As the Commander in Chief has been apprized of a design form’d for the observance of that ridiculous and childish custom of burning the Effigy of the pope–He cannot help expressing his surprise that there should be Officers and Soldiers in this army so void of common sense, as not to see the impropriety of such a step at this Juncture; at a Time when we are solliciting, and have really obtain’d, the friendship and alliance of the people of Canada, whom we ought to consider as Brethren embarked in the same Cause. The defence of the general Liberty of America: At such a juncture, and in such Circumstances, to be insulting their Religion, is so monstrous, as not to be suffered or excused; indeed instead of offering the most remote insult, it is our duty to address public thanks to these our Brethren, as to them we are so much indebted for every late happy Success over the common Enemy in Canada.
1854 –Sunday The optimist sees the glass half full. The pessimist sees the glass half empty. The chemist sees the glass completely full, half with liquid and half with air…….
Bon Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, Paul Sabatier, French chemist, born in Carcassonne. Sabatier was a corecipient, with Victor Grignard, of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their research in catalytic organic synthesis, in particular for discovering the use of nickel as a catalyst in hydrogenation (the addition of hydrogen to molecules of carbon compounds), known as the Sabatier reaction.
1855 - Monday You don’t need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows…..Bob Dylan………Bon Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, Léon-Philippe Teisserenc de BortFrench meteorologist born in Paris. Teisserenc de Bort discovered the stratosphere while summing his conclusions on the atmosphere in 1902 He found that above an altitude of 7 miles (11 km) temperature ceased to fall and sometimes increased slightly and named this upper part of the atmosphere the stratosphere, because he thought that the different gases would lie in distinct strata as, without temperature differentials, there would be no mechanism to disturb them. The lower part of the atmosphere he named the troposphere as here, with abundant temperature differentials, constant change and mingling of atmospheric gases occurred.
1862 – Wednesday Everyone in command of the Army of the Potomac please step forward…not so fast George. ………GeorgeMcClellan was removed as Commander of the Army of the Potomac by Abraham Lincoln. This ended the love/hate professional relationship of the two men. McClellan was a master at building and training an army. As a commander he was overly cautious and had cost the Union several possible victories, most recently at Antietam. A few days later, Lincoln named General Ambrose Burnside to be the commander of the Army of the Potomac. Burnside would prove to be a disaster at Fredericksburg.
1862 - Wednesday The U.S. government broke more than 98 percent of all the hundreds of treaties - signed and ratified by Congress - made with the sovereign First Nations of North America. …..Richard Twiss…….Over 300 Santee Sioux sentenced to hang in Minnesota. Following a conflict over, surprise, broken treaties, Little Crow and the Sioux were defeated at the Battle of Wood Lake on Sept. 23. The conflict had resulted in some 77 soldiers killed, between 75 and 100 Sioux, and – as an afterthought – between 300 and 800 white settlers. The Sioux who surrendered were promised safety……ha ha ha. But hundreds of Sioux – some of whom had had nothing to do with the uprising – were arrested and summarily tried by a five-man military commission. The trials were perfunctory affairs, some lasting less than five minutes. Of the 393 tried for “murder and other outrages,” 323 were convicted, and 303 sentenced to hang – including those who had surrendered with a promise of safety. The final decision on the executions rested with President Abraham Lincoln. An Episcopal Bishop, Henry Whipple, convinced Lincoln to have each case re-examined. The final death toll would be 38, those proven to have taken part in the uprising, and be the largest mass execution in American history.
1863 – Thursday Take me riding in the car,
1892 – Saturday I have no doubt that in reality the future will be vastly more surprising than anything I can imagine. Now my own suspicion is that the Universe is not only queerer than we suppose, but queerer than we can suppose…….. Janam Din ki badhai!/Happy Birthday, J. B. S. Haldane, English-Indian geneticist and biologist born in Oxford. Haldane, son of physiologist John Scott Haldane, became famous for his work in population genetics, which applied mathematical systems to the combined work of Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel. Haldane’s principle, from his 1928 paper On Being the Right Size, posits that since biological systems needed by larger species might be unnecessary in smaller species (for example, thick, weight-bearing skeletons or oxygen-carrying bloodstreams), size can be a determining factor in evolution. In 1935 he developed the first map of specific genes on the human X chromosome.
1895- Tuesday Everything that can be invented has been invented.. -- Charles H. Duell, Commissioner, US Patent Office, 1899……….. George B. Seldon was awarded the first U.S. patent for an automobile. He had originally applied for it in 1879. Ever the eternal optimist, it was said of him, "For Seldon is heard a discouraging word............." Selden had great ability as both an inventor and a lawyer. Unfortunately, he was not so good as a production engineer. He kept his patent alive by filing amendments to delay its issue. Meanwhile, the Duryea brothers, Ranson Olds (of the Oldsmobile), and many others created workable cars. Duryea cars were on the market while Selden was still struggling to produce one in fact, he never built a car. In 1904 in the middle of a patent suit with Henry Ford (Ford wouldn’t pay Seldon), a judge ordered a car to be built according to Seldon’s patent. Didn’t work. His patent was overturned in 1911.
1906 – Monday Nature, to each allots his proper Sphere, But, that forsaken, we like Comets err: Toss'd thro' the Void, by some rude Shock we're broke, And all our boasted Fire is lost in Smoke………..William Congreve…………..Happy Birthday, Fred L. Whipple, American astronomer born in Red Oak, Iowa. Whipple proposed the "dirty snowball" model for comet nuclei and then squeezed the Charmin. He believed that as a comet approached the sun, its light vaporized ice in the comet's nucleus. The jets of particles that resulted acted like a rocket engine that either slowed or accelerated the comet. He also theorized that the glowing comet tails contained particles that originated from frozen reservoirs in comet nuclei. Whipple's theories were proven correct in 1986 by close-up photographs of Halley's comet by the European Space Agency's Giotto spacecraft. Whipple also had a strong influenced during the early era of spaceflight. Awarel of the damage to spacecraft from meteors, in 1946 he invented the Meteor Bumper, a thin outer skin of meta this would eventually create the Meteor Bumper Car Effect as Earth orbit became crowded with satellites and they would be able to bounce off each other while registering scoring bells on radar. Also known as the Whipple Shield, this mechanism explodes a meteor on contact, preventing the spacecraft from receiving catastrophic damage. Improved versions of it are still in use today.
1906 – Monday When one considers the progress of Physics in the last decade, one is surprised by the changes it has produced in our ideas about electricity and about matter…. Lecture – opening sentence………….Nobel Prize winner Marie Curie gave her inaugural lecture as she became first woman lecturer at the Sorbonne. She explained the theory of ions in gases her treatise on radioactivity, and Oprah vs. Ellen to120 students, public and press. The lecture, featuring PowerPoint and videos, inquiry based hands on activities and cooperative learning techniques wowed the audience as she addressed the new Common Core as well as the Next Generation of Science Standards. Curie had been invited to occupy the Physics chair at the Sorbonne held by her late husband, Pierre Curie, until his accidental death (he was run over by a horse carriage near the Pont Neuf). Curie was scheduled to begin the lecture at 1:30 but the hall was filled by noon. Note; Susan Quinn’s Marie Curie: A Life has an excellent description of the lecture.
1911 – Sunday When I die, just skin me out and put me up on old Trigger and I'll be happy……………Happy Birthday, Leonard Slye, better known as Roy Rogers “King of the Cowboys”, born in Cincinnati, Ohio. Rogers started out playing minor roles for Republic Pictures, the same studio where cowboy star Gene Autry worked. When Autry quit over a dispute with the studio in 1937, Rogers gained more exposure. Starring with his trick horse, Trigger – there were two Triggers, the original went kaput in 1965 at age 31, and Trigger Jr. kaput in 1969 - and his frequent co-star Dale Evans, aboard Buttermilk. later joined by Andy Devine as Jingles, Rogers soon became one of the top 10 moneymakers in Hollywood. Later he starred in a television series where it appeared that he never changed his checkered shirt since he wore it in every show. After Trigger died, he started a restaurant chain featuring…….horse burgers. While Roy never really played a villain, he was sort of a villain playing a dual role in 1940’s Dark Command starring John Wayne. He got to kill a guy in the picture too.
1912 – Tuesday ….there are so many people in the country who don’t like me……William HowardTaft………Woodrow Wilson was elected president (Vice President Thomas Marshall) over Republican incumbent,William Howard Taft ( Taft’s vice president, James Sherman went kaput in October) and Bull Moose Party candidate, Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt outpolled Taft with 88 electoral votes to 8. Wilson collected 435 and 48% of the popular vote. Taft's 8 Electoral Votes fewest ever for an incumbent
1914 – Thursday France and the British Empire declared war on the Ottoman Empire. Here is your WWI war declarations scorecard: : Germany - Declared war with Russia on 1 August 1914
Declared war with France on 3 August 1914
Declared war with Belgium on 4 August 1914
Declared war with Portugal on 9 March 1916
Austria Hungary: Declared war with Serbia on 28 July 1914
Declared war with Russia on 6 August 1914
Declared war with Belgium on 28 August 1914
Declared war with Portugal on 15 March 1916
France: Invaded by Germany on 2 August 1914
Declared war with Austria-Hungary on 12 August 1914
Declared war with Turkey on 5 November 1914
Declared war with Bulgaria on 16 October 1915
Russia: Declared war with Turkey on 2 November 1914
Declared war with Bulgaria on 19 October 1915 - we thought Russia would have more declarations but they spent a lot of time fighting themselves.
Great Britain: Declared war with Germany on 4 August 1914
Declared war with Austria-Hungary on 12 August 1914
Declared war with Turkey on 5 November 1914
Declared war with Bulgaria on 15 October 1915
Costa Rica: Declared war with Germany on 23 May 1918
1916 – SundayThe Kingdom of Poland is proclaimed by the Act of November 5th of the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
1916 –Sunday People, I just want to say, can't we all get along? Can't we all get along?......Rodney King……….Two boatloads of workers and members of the IWW (Industrial Workers of the World, often called "Wobblies") traveled by steamer from Seattle to Everett to hold a free speech demonstration in support of striking shingle mill workers in Everett, and in support of First Amendment rights. Things didn’t go well. Rather than a rousing welcome, The Everett Massacre occurred as they were met at the dock by local police, hired guards, citizen deputies, The Hulk, Captain America, Ironman, Thor, The Black Widow and Hawkeye. Shots were fired, fatally wounding or killing five “Wobblies” aboard the steamer Verona. Two deputies also died on the pier, “friendly fire” victims as they were shot in the back by their comrades during the fusillade.
1925 – Thursday I've always wanted to be a spy, and frankly I'm a little surprised that British intelligence has never approached me…..Elizabeth Hurley……Secret agent Sidney Reilly, born Sigmund Rosenblum in Odessa, famous as the first "super-spy" of the 20th century, was executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union. He had changed his name to Sidney George Reilly in 1899 while working for British Intelligence. Not terribly popular with the Bolsheviks after attempting to aid in the toppling of the regime in 1918, in 1925 he was lured back to the worker’s paradise by a Soviet counterintelligence project Operation Trust. Intending to meet anti-Bolshevik agitators, he was instead arrested at the border and tortured at the infamous Lubyanka Prison, where he kept notes on cigarette papers about enemy interrogation techniques for the eventuality of an escape or release that never occurred. He was portrayed by Sam Neill in the 1983 mini-series, Reilly, Ace of Spies.
1937 –Friday The history of all ages - the Roman Empire and the British Empire - had proved that expansion could only be carried out by breaking down resistance and taking risks...there had never been spaces without a master...the attacker always comes up against a possessor …..Adolf Hitler informed fellow Nazis at a secret meeting Reich Chancellery of his plans for acquiring "living space" – Lebensraum- for the German people. Present at this conference were; German War Minister, Werner von Blomberg, Commander in Chief of the Army, Werner von Fritsch, Commander in Chief of the Navy, Erich Raeder, Commander in Chief of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Göring, Foreign Minister, Constantin von Neurath, and Colonel Friedrich Hossbach who took the minutes of the conference. The meeting has thus come to be known as the Hossbach Conference or Hossbach Memorandum.
1940 –Tuesday I would rather lose in a cause that I know some day will triumph than to triumph in a cause that I know some day will fail. ….Wendell Wilkie……….Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to his third term (Vice President was crypto communist, Henry Wallace) as president defeating Wendell (Win With Wilkie) Wilkie and Vice Presidential candidate, Charles L. Nary. Roosevelt’s 3rd term was highly controversial. Despite the fact that 78% of the newspapers endorsed Wilkie, Roosevelt carried all of the large cities except for Cincinnati as he harvested 449 electoral votes. Roosevelt, aware of strong isolationist sentiment in the U.S., promised there would be no foreign wars if he were reelected. The passing of the 22nd Amendment of the United States Constitution in 1947 made this election the only occasion in American history in which a candidate was elected to a third term as president.
1942 Thursday This is not the end, it is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning…..Winston Churchill…….The British won the Second Battle of El Alamein – the first was in July of 1942-with the Eighth Army headed by ( Monty ) Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery when the ( Afrika Korps ) commanded by Field Marshal Rommel ( Desert Fox ) were forced to surrender exhausted and dying from dehydration. El Alamein is 150 miles west of Cairo. If the Afrika Korps got to the Suez Canal, the ability of the Allies to supply themselves would be severely inhibited. Hitler ordered the Afrika Korps to fight to the last but Rommel refused to carry out this order. For a while it looked like the the British would cut off Rommel's army but a sudden rain storm on 6th November turned the desert into a quagmire and the chasing army was slowed down. Rommel, now with only twenty tanks left, managed to get to Sollum on the Egypt-Libya border.
1948 – Friday Thank God for giving us such a wonderful and interesting universe to explore……William Daniel Phillips, American physicist and academic born in Wilkes Barre, PA. In 1997, he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and Steven Chu “for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light” as well as with a butterfly net. Using Chu’s research , Phillips developed new and improved methods for measuring the temperature of laser-cooled atoms. In 1988 he discovered that the atoms reached a temperature six times lower than the predicted theoretical limit. Cohen-Tannoudji then refined the theory to explain the new results, and he and Phillips further investigated methods of trapping atoms cooled to even lower temperatures until they could freeze a banana and make it shatter when they dropped it. Another result of the development of laser-cooling techniques was the first observation, of the Bose-Einstein condensate, a new state of matter originally predicted 70 years earlier by Albert Einstein and the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. In this state atoms are so chilled and so slow that they, in effect, merge and behave as one single quantum entity that is much larger than any individual atom.
1956 – Monday ... started out to become a jazz pianist; in the meantime I started singing and I sang the way I felt and that's just the way it came out. ……Singer, Nat King Cole became the second African-American (after jazz pianist/singer Hazel Scott in 1950) to host a television program: The Nat King Cole Show on NBC. The show, with Gordon Jenkins leading the orchestra and singers, The Boataneers, originally started as a fifteen minute show and went to become a thirty minute show. The show had no sponsors that were interested in a permanent relationship with the series so the show was sponsored by NBC. The final show was in December of 1957.
1960 – Saturday In 1814 we took a little trip along with Col. Jackson down the mighty Mississip ….Strange Twists of Fate Department as Country Western singer, Johnny Horton, whose number one hit Battle of New Orleans topped the Billboard 100 for six solid weeks in 1959, was killed in an auto accident in Milano, Texas. Horton had just played his last show at the Skyliner in Austin, Texas, where, in 1953, country legend Hank Williams also played his last show, before dying in an automobile as he drove to his next performance. In another twist of fate, Johnny Horton was married to Billie Jean Jones, the widow of Hank Williams.
1968- Tuesday The Democrats are the
party that says government will make you smarter, taller, richer, and remove
the crabgrass on your lawn. The Republicans are the party that says government
doesn't work and then they get elected and prove it. P.J O’Rourke……In a
much closer election than anyone thought would occur, upopular Democratic
incumbent Lyndon Johnson decided not to run and V.P Hubert Humphrey was that
much more popular, Richard Nixon was elected
president (Vice President was Spiro T. Agnew) defeating Hubert H. Humphrey, and
“the man from Maine”, Ed Muskie. Electoral votes were 301 to 191 but the
popular vote differential was about five hundred thousand. The election also
1972 Sunday -I can see clearly now, the rain is gone,
– Aruba, Jamaica,
ooh I wanna take you to
1992- Thursday You can't be a real country unless you have a beer and an airline - it helps if you have some kind of a football team, or some nuclear weapons, but at the very least you need a beer……Frank Zappa……….The discovery of chemical evidence of 5000-year-old beer found at Godin Tepe in the Zagros mountains of Iran was reported in the journal Nature. Scientists found residue from beer-brewing in the interior grooves of a jug atthe site. Beer was the preferred fermented beverage of the ancient Sumerians. It also explains the whackadoodle behavior of contemporary Iranians who have clearly been imbibing the stuff. Professor Sy Yentz had what tasted like this 5,000 year old beer the other night but it was just Bud Lite. How did they know it was beerstone? They compared the chemical composition to residue scraped from the inside of a brew kettle at Philadelphia’s Dock Street Brewery……really……as well as to scrapings from an ancient beer vessel from the museum’s Egyptian New Kingdom collection.
1994 Saturday I want to keep fighting because it is the only thing that keeps me out of the hamburger joints. If I don't fight, I'll eat this planet……. George Foreman………. Bloated George Foreman became the oldest heavyweight champ. Behind on the scorecards of all three judges, Foreman managed to knock out previously undefeated 26 year old Michael Moorer in the 10th round. In effect, he was no longer Moorer the Merrier. Foreman vs Moorer took place nearly 20 years to the day from the time Big George suspiciously to our eyes, lost his heavyweight title to Muhammad Ali on October 30, 1974 in the “Rumble in the Jungle”.
1996 Tuesday It's as it was when it sank……Ashraf Abdel-Raouf…… Divers discovered the ancient port of Alexandria from 2000 years ago. The port was swallowed by the sea and contains the ruins of Cleopatra’s Palace and Mark Anthony's home (a split level ranch with a two chariot garage) along with hundreds of artifacts from the last dynasty to rule over ancient Egypt before the Roman Empire annexed it in 30 B.C.They also found thousands of artifacts dating back to 323BC to 30BC and many of the original columns are still standing and in remarkable condition. An even more successful dive and retrieval was conducted in November of 2012.
2003 – Wednesday …….because I thought I could kill as many as I wanted without getting caught……The Green River Killer Gary Ridgway pleaded guilty to 48 counts of murder. Death penalty schmeth penalty, Ridgeway avoided the death penalty by confessing to more murders than any other serial killer in U.S. history. The 54-year-old former truck painter provided gruesome details of the 48 women he murdered. Ridgeway’s killing spree began in 1982, when women in the Seattle area, mainly runaways and prostitutes were targeted. The first victims turned up near the banks of the Green River south of Seattle, giving Ridgway his nickname.
2007 – Monday If the Sun and Moon should ever doubt, they'd immediately go out…….William Blake…..
China's first lunar satellite, Chang'e 1 went into orbit around the Moon. Chang’e was named after an angel in a Chinese fairy tale who takes a magic potion and flies to the Moon to pick up an order of deep fried won tons, crab Rangoon, moo shu pork, candied banana fritters. This was number 1 of a three-part series of missions that would finish in about 2020. An unexpected problem occurred one hour after launch when the satellite felt it wanted to be launched again. Objectives included; Obtaining three-dimensional images of the landforms and geological structures of the lunar surface, so as to provide a reference for planned future soft landings. Analyzing and mapping the abundance and distribution of various chemical elements on the lunar surface as part of an evaluation of potentially useful resources on the Moon. Probing the features of the lunar soil and assessing its depth and Probing the space environment between 40,000 km and 400,000 km from the Earth, recording data on the solar wind and studying the impact of solar activity on the Earth and the Moon. The mission was extended until March1, 2009, at 08:13:10 UTC, Chang'e 1 crashed onto the surface of the Moon, ending its mission. It was probably shot down by Grand Lunar, chief villain of the 1964 documentary, First Men in the Moon
2007 Monday – In Beverly Hills...they don't throw their garbage away. They make it into television shows. ……Woody Allen………A writers strike halted production of TV shows, movies. 12,000 movie and television writers represented by the Writers Guild of America West and the Writers Guild of America East began the first industrywide strike since writers walked out in 1988.More than 60 TV shows had to be shut down, causing a drop in ratings and the loss of tens of millions of dollars in ad revenue for the networks.. Issues included writers’ demands for a large increase in pay for movies and television shows released on DVD, and for a bigger share of the revenue from such work delivered over the Internet. A frustrated viewing public would have to get by without; The Black Donnellys, Painkiller Jane, Big Shots, John From Cincinnati, and Viva Laughlin.
2009 - Thursday Out of my sight! thou dost infect my eyes…..Anne….Richard III act 1, scene 2…………Muslim Army Major and terrorist, Nidal Malik Hasan killed 13 people and wounding 32 during a shooting spree at Fort Hood’s Soldier Readiness Processing Center, where troops were getting medical checkups before deploying to Afghanistan. Hasan, who was scheduled to deploy to Afghanistan a few weeks later, shouted “Allahu akbar!” meaning “God is great,” before targeting soldiers with his high-powered, high-capacity handgun he had fitted with laser sights. He was captured alive by military police officers after firing more than 200 shots. He would receive the death penalty but don’t hold your breath waiting for that to happen. The Obama Administration refused to classify the Ft. Hood shooting as a "terrorist act, " and so the victims and heroes were unable to collect the additional benefits that they would had it not been classified "workplace violence."
2011 Saturday Be true to your teeth and they won't be false to you…..Soupy Sales……..Canadian dentist, Michael Zuk, purchased a tooth of John Lennon's that had been removed in the 1960's. Lennon had originally given the tooth to his housekeeper to dispose of or give to her daughter. Zuk, who had also bought one of Elvis’ crowns, paid $30,000 for the molar. Denying that he had bitten off more than he could chew, Zuk later announced that he would attempt to use the tooth to clone Lennon’s DNA. Your appointment with Dr. Zuk, of Red Deer, Alberta, is at 11:00 tomorrow morning. Yes, there is a website called JohnLennon’s’tooth.
2013 – Tuesday Men of Earth, we of the planet Mars give you this warning. Listen carefully and remember: We have known your planet Earth since the first creature crawled out of the primeval slime of your seas to become man. For millennia, we have followed your progress. For centuries, we have watched you, listened to your radio signals and learned your speech and your culture, and now you have invaded our home. …Martian Voice, Angry Red Planet…….India launched the Mars Orbiter Mission, MOM, its first interplanetary probe. Scheduled arrival, according to technology trouble shooter, Steve from Calcutta would be September 2014. if successful, MOM would become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and European Space Agency. The orbiter will conduct atmospheric studies, particle environment studies and surface imaging studies. The Indian Space agency acknowledged concerns about the of success of the mission after viewing the Martian Bat-Rat-Spider as seen in the 1959 documentary, Angry Red Planet
1153 – Friday Treaties are like roses and young girls. They last while they last……..Charles de Gaulle ……..Treaty of Wallingford (Oxfordshire) was signed between King Stephen and the Empress Maude ending the anarchy, a period of civil war in England from 1135-1154, caused by conflicting dynastic claims to the throne. When King Henry I went kaput in 1135, he believed he had secured the English crown for his daughter , Matilda. Whoops, nephew Stephen of Blois and other ideas, mainly of himself as king, and the conflict was on. Henry, Matilda's son and later Henry II, attacked the siege forts that Stephen had built and a peace treaty was concluded which stated that Henry would become King after Stephen's death. Henry II received the castle after the period of anarchy ended.
1494 – Tuesday Slave of God, master of the world, I am Suleyman and my name is read in all the prayers in all the cities of Islam. I am the Shah of Baghdad and Iraq, Caesar of all the lands of Rome, and the Sultan of Egypt. I seized the Hungarian crown and gave it to the least of my slaves. ……Dogum gunun kutlu olsun! /Happy Birthday, Suleiman the Magnificent, the Sultan of Turkey from 1520-1566. Led by Suleiman, the Ottoman Empire reached the height of its power. Also known as the Lawgiver, he built bridges, mosques, aqueducts, and fortresses, and vastly increased the expanse and wealth of the Ottoman Empire while continuing hundreds of years of attacks on Christian Europe. Suleiman was just one of a large family including; Bob the Brilliant, Glenda the Glorious, Gorgeous George, Proud Mary, Olaf the Resplendent, Steve the Splendid, and Suzanne the Splendorous.
1528 -Tuesday Galveston, oh Galveston, I still hear your sea waves crashing
1638- Saturday So far as the theories of mathematics are about reality, they are not certain; so far as they are certain, they are not about reality ……Albert Einsten…….Happy Birthday, James Gregory, Scottish mathematician born in Drumoak. Gregory invented a reflecting telescope in 1661, which he described in his best selling page turner, Optica promota (1663). His eponymous Gregorian telescope was the first practical reflecting telescope and remained the standard observing instrument for a century and a half. The telescope uses two concave mirrors—a primary parabolic-shaped mirror and a secondary elliptic-shaped mirror—to focus images in a short telescope tube. However, the Gregorian telescope design is rarely used today, as other types of reflecting telescopes are known to be more efficient for standard applications. Turning to mathematics, he later wrote the scintillating, Vera Circuli et Hyperbolae Quadratura (1667; “The True Squaring of the Circle and of the Hyperbola”) and molten Geometriae Pars Universalis (1668; “The Universal Part of Geometry”) Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five………Groucho Marx
1771- Wednesday Before printing was discovered, a century was equal to a thousand years…. Henry David Thoreau ………Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday, Alois Senefelder, German lithographer born in Prague. In fact, Senefelder was the inventor of lithography in 1798. He didn’t start out that way, first he tried acting and then he became a fairly successful comic playwright. He quickly discovered that the profits were very little unless he could find a method to make multiple copies of his songs and play quickly. To publish his own work, he needed a less expensive and more efficient printing alternative to relief printed hand set type or etched plates. In those days copper plates were used in printing. However, creating the text and images to be printed in reverse on the plates was a difficult process. Senefelder decided to use cheap slabs of Bavarian limestone to practice the art of reverse imaging. In the meantime he also made a liquid of wax, soap, lamp black and rainwater to help him correct mistakes on the copper plates. It was these two materials – limestone and the correction fluid that subsequently became the cornerstones of litho printing His invention was the biggest revolution in the printing industry since Gutenberg's movable type but he still didn’t sell a lot of plays.
1814- Sunday Don't play the saxophone. Let it play you……..Charlie Parker…… Joyeux Anniversaire! Happy Birthday Adolphe Sax, Belgian musician born in Dinant. Sax invented the…………..saxophone. Yes, the invention was the joy of Sax". Some of his compositions involved violin accompaniment yes, it was "sax and violins". And, yes he lived in a large metropolis so it was "sax in the city". Oh......we have no shame! The original prototype was a keyed bugle, called a saxhorn. Then he went to work on his eponymous phone. The composer Hector Berlioz wrote approvingly of the new instrument in 1842, but it was not patented until 1846, after he had designed and exhibited a full range of saxophones (from soprano to bass).
1860 –Tuesday I trust that I have the courage to lead a forlorn hope……John C. Breckinridge ……….Abraham Lincoln was elected president (Vice President was the immortal Hannibal Hamlin) after defeating Stephen Douglas (VP – Benjamin Patrick), John Breckinridge, and John Bell. William Seward was the front runner when the Republicans met in Chicago in May of 1860, but Lincoln quickly pulled ahead and won the nomination on the third ballot. The Republican platform opposed slavery in the territories but upheld the right of slavery in the South. It also opposed the Dredd-Scott decision. The Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas and the Southern-Democrats who called themselves National Democrats nominated John Breckinridge. In addition, John Bell was nominated by the Constitutional Union party. Lincoln won 180 electoral votes, Breckinridge, 72, Bell 39 and Douglas finished last with 12. Lincoln received only about 40% of the popular vote in a divided nation on the brink of Civil WarIn this election, the original 13 States controlled fewer than 50% of total Electoral Votes for first time
1865 –Monday Support bacteria - they're the only culture some people have ……Steven Wright…………Happy Birthday ,William Boog Leishman, Scottish physician and pathologist born in Glasgow. Leishman developed the vaccine for typhoid fever. The inoculation was used during WW1. It is estimated that, without it, there would have been about 551,000 cases of typhoid and over 77,000 deaths. Thanks to the vaccine, there were only 1191 deaths from 21,139 cases, thus freeing up those men to be slaughtered during the repeated failed attacks on trenches ordered by General Douglas Haig. Leishman’s first major success was his discovery in 1900 of the protozoan parasite (Leishmania) responsible for the disease known variously as kala-azar and dumdum fever. Dumdum fever is widespread now, and is usually found in city, state, and national legislatures. After the war Leishman became the first Director of Pathology at the British War Office and later Medical Director of the army medical services.
1854 –Monday Oh oh Souza darling…..apologies to Robin Luke …..Happy Birthday, American composer, John Philip Sousa born at 636 G Street, SE, Washington, D.C., near the Marine Barracks where his father, Antonio, played trombone in the U.S. Marine Band. Sousa, the “March King” a fixture for American patriotic occasions became a musical legend during his own lifetime with such music as Stars and Stripes Forever, and The Liberty Bell (best known as the theme song for Monty Python's Flying Circus). In all, he composed 136 military marches. He also wrote operettas. In the 1890s he developed a type of bass tuba now known as the sousaphone.
1861- The invention of basketball was not an accident. It was developed to meet a need. Those boys simply would not play 'Drop the Handkerchief.'………..Happy Birthday, James Naismith, born in Almonte, Ontario and educated at McGill University and Presbyterian College in Montreal inventor of the game of basketball. The early game was quite different from the game of today. For one thing there were no tattooed poseurs thumping their chests after making a basket. The first formal rules were devised in 1891. Initially, players dribbled a soccer ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions. Points were earned by landing the ball in a peach basket. Iron hoops and a hammock-style basket were introduced in 1893. At this point the bottom was still closed so each basket required someone standing on a ladder to retrieve the ball from the basket. It was another ten years before the innovation of open-ended nets put an end to the practice of manually retrieving the ball from the basket each time a goal. James Naismith wrote the 13 rules on Dec. 21, 1891, while he was a physical education instructor at a YMCA training school in Springfield. His boss had given him two weeks to come up with a new indoor activity for his gym class, and he wrote down the rules on the eve of that deadline.
1861 –Wednesday I worked night and day for twelve years to prevent the war, but I could not. The North was mad and blind, would not let us govern ourselves, and so the war came…….One year after Abraham Lincoln was elected President, Jefferson Davis, of Kentucky, was elected president of the Confederacy. He ran unopposed and was elected to serve for a six-year term. Well that certainly worked out well. Davis had already been serving as the temporary president for almost a year. Vice President was Alexander Stephens of Georgia. In addition, the new constitution was ratified (the approval of only five states was needed), general elections for congress and for presidential electors (as under the federal Constitution) were held and on Washington's birthday in 1862, the "permanent" government was inaugurated at Richmond.
1869 – Saturday Nobody in football should be called a genius. A genius is a guy like Norman Einstein …..Joe Theisman…….(but not televised) In New Brunswick, New Jersey Rutgers University defeated Princeton University, 6-4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game. According to the Princeton Companion, the game played was a form of association football, forerunner of later-day soccer. The 25 players from each college played in their street clothes, and the several hundred spectators stood around on the side or sat on a wooden fence. The Rutgers Targum reported that Princeton's first goal was made "by a well directed kick, from a gentleman whose name we don't know, but who did the best kicking on the Princeton side." The Targum was equally silent about the identity of the first wrong-way player in American football history, a Rutgers man "who, in his ardor, forgot which way he was kicking," and scored for Princeton instead of Rutgers. Rutgers ended up winning the game 6 to 4. A week later, however, Princeton won the return match on its grounds, 8 to 0.
1888- Tuesday I knew that my staying up would not change the election result if I were defeated, while if elected I had a hard day ahead of me. So I thought a night's rest was best in any event……Benjamin Harrison……… Republican Benjamin Harrison was elected president, (with Levi P. Morton of NY as Vice President) beating incumbent Grover Cleveland (VP Allen G. Thurman) in the Electoral College, even though Cleveland led in the popular vote by about 1,000. The major issue in the campaign was the scintillating issue of tariffs, with Harrison supporting a strong tariff (on a culinary note, Harrison liked saltwater tariffs) policy as opposing Cleveland's policy of reducing tariffs. Cleveland lost New York's crucial 34 votes with the help of his old adversary the Tammany Hall machine of New York City. Cleveland would come back to win the election of 1888.
1900 – Tuesday Four more years of the full dinner pail ….Campaign slogan….President William B. McKinley (with Theodore Roosevelt as Vice President was returned to office, defeating Democrat William Jennings Bryan (VP Adlai E. Stevenson, father of 1952 and 1956 Democratic presidential candidate). The major issue was ultimately the issue of continued prosperity. The Republicans theme was “a full lunch pail”. The prosperity of the McKinley era ultimately decided the election and McKinley’s winning margin was higher than 1896 at 292 to 155. McKinley would be rendered kaput in 1901, assassinated in Buffalo, NY by anarchist lunatic, Leon Czolgosz.
1917- Tuesday …all animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others ……George Orwell…..The beginning of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia - resulting in decades of misery and slaughter for millions of people. The Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Government that had been set up following the monarchectomy which resulted in the deposition of the conspicuously incompetent Tsar Nicholas II. The Bolshevik's were led by Vladimir Illyich Lenin. Bolshevism appealed to the poorer classes of Russian society, in particular the industrial workers and the lower ranking members of the military. They believed, generally speaking, in the works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, and vowed to redistribute wealth away from the aristocracy to the proletariat (lower classes). Of course they didn’t.
1917 – Tuesday I died in hell – (They called it Passchendaele)….Lieutenant Siegfried Sassoon…..While the Bolsheviks were beginning the enslavement of Russia, another of World War I’ bloody battles came to a close. After three months of horrific fighting, the Third Battle of Ypres finally ended when Canadian forces took the village of Passchendaele in Belgium. In one of the bloodiest of all the abatoir battles of World War I, a combination of over-ambitious aims, terrible weather conditions, and misguided persistence by British Field Marshal Douglas Haig led to nearly 250,000 total casualties suffered by both sides. At the time Allied forces were scheduled to begin the long-planned offensive, Allied artillery and unusually heavy rains had turned the battlefield into a sea of mud. Soldiers fought in the mud, slept in the mud, and some men drowned in the mud when they slipped into water-filled shell craters. When the offensive was finally called off, after the Canadian victory at Passchendaele, the total Allied advance amounted to only five miles. Haig emerged unscathed.
1923 –Tuesday Well
it's perfectly clear,
1928- Tuesday We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land. The poorhouse is vanishing from among us. We have not yet reached the goal, but, given a chance to go forward with the policies of the last eight years, and we shall soon, with the help of God, be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this nation. . . …..Herbert Hoover…….On the day that Republican Herbert Hoover (or, as he would be introduced by announcer Harry Von Zell during a 1931 radio broadcast as Hoobert Heever) and Vice Presidential candidate, Charles Curtis were defeating Democratic (NY) Governor Al Smith, and Joseph Robinson, the nation’s first Motogram machine, invented by Frank C. Riley, also known as the zipper began displaying news headlines along the base of the New York Times building in Times Square. The first news to be displayed was the election results. Unfortunately for New York, the news of the day was not good as favorite Smith was trounced in the presidential election. On the bright side, the loss spared Smith the fate of Hoover, whose presidency was only months old when the Great Depression began.
1935 – Wednesday I thought Armstrong would invent some kind of a filter to remove static from our AM radio. I didn't think he'd start a revolution—start up a whole damn new industry to compete with RCA……..David Sarnoff………. Engineer, Edwin Armstrong presented his paper that first described what would become FM broadcasting to the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers. Of course he called it, "A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation" . Briefly, in conventional, amplitude modulation (AM), the strength of a radio signal is proportional to the strength of the audio signal that is being transmitted. In FM, the frequency of the main signal is varied instead of its amplitude. But what is modulation? Glad you asked. It is the act of modifying a certain aspect of the carrier frequency in accordance to the information being sent. AM is more prone to signal distortion and degradation compared to FM.. FM doesn’t degrade linearly with distance. AM usually broadcasts in mono which makes it sufficient for talk radio – reason enough to get rid of it altogether. FM can transmit in stereo making it ideal for music. AM has a longer range than FM. FM had been tried in the 20s and rejected. It was thought to be a way to pack more signals into a given frequency band. Detailed mathematical analysis showed that a narrow-band FM signal would always sound worse than an AM signal of the same power
1935 –Wednesday It was a delightful aeroplane - not as agile as a Spitfire, but it had a very good gun platform. It was very steady and took a tremendous amount of battle damage without appearing to worry too much……… Pilot officer R G A Barclay……Same day as FM radio, see above, came the first flight of the Hawker Hurricane, developed by Sidney Camm, with its K5083 first prototype. The Hawker Hurricane was the first operational R.A.F. aircraft capable of a top speed in excess of 300 m.p.h and proved invaluable during the Battle of Britain.
1935 – Wednesday I'm standing on my Monopoly board that means I'm on top of my game……..Eminem….. Still the same day as FM radio and the Hawker Hurricane, see above, Parker Brothers acquired the forerunner patents for Monopoly, aka The Landlords Game, developed in 1904, from Elizabeth Magie. In 1933, Charles B. Darrow adapted the game and it became a popular pastime among his family and friends. He filed for a patent and begins hand-making games, selling them as his own invention for four dollars each. Parker Brothers, aware of Darrow's success decided to buy the rights to the game. To cover all angles, Parker Brothers also paid off Lizzie Magie and anybody else who had copyrights to games similar to Monopoly and now had a monopoly on Monopoly. They paid Lizzie a flat $500. She would receive no royalties. They then give Charles B. Darrow credit as Monopoly's inventor.
1941 –Thursday Do remember that dishonesty and cowardice always have to be paid for.*Don’t imagine that for years on end you can make yourself the boot-licking propagandist of the Soviet régime, or any other régime, and then suddenly return to mental decency. Once a whore, always a whore……… George Orwell…………… Soviet dictator and mass murderer, Joseph Stalin addressed the Soviet Union for only the second time during his 27-year rule. Surprise! He lied. In a speech delivered at The Joint Celebration Meeting Of The Moscow Soviet Of Working People's Deputies And Representatives Of Moscow Party And Public Organizations He falsely statedthat even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, the Germans had lost 4.5 million soldiers and that Soviet victory was near.
1944 –Monday Researches at Yale found a connection between brain cancer and work environment. The No. 1 most dangerous job for developing brain cancer? Plutonium hat model….. Jimmy Fallon……. Plutonium was first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility on the Columbia River in Washington State. and subsequently used in the Fat Man atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. From 1944 to 1989 the Hanford Atomic Facility produced 74,000 tons of weapons-grade plutonium-239. Nearly two-thirds of all the plutonium in the U.S. military’s nuclear arsenal was refined there, and the plant, birthplace of Godzilla, Ghidera the Three Headed Monster, Mothra and the New York City Council was highly contaminated to say the least.
1947 –Thursday Meet the Press made its television debut, it had been on radio since 1945. Created by Martha Rountree and Lawrence Spivak, Roundtree was the show’s first moderator. The first guest was James A. Farley, former postmaster general of the United States under FDR (and back when it was a cabinet post) and former DNC Chair.
……. Well, that's all right, mama
Ev'ry mornin' at the mine you
could see him arrive
1962 –Tuesday I leave you gentleman now. You will now write it; you will interpret it; that's your right. But as I leave you I want you to know.... just think how much you're going to be missing. You don't have Nixon to kick around any more, because, gentlemen, this is my last press conference, and I hope that what I have said today will at least make television, radio, the press recognize that they have a right and a responsibility, if they're against a candidate give him the shaft, but also recognize if they give him the shaft, put one lonely reporter on the campaign who'll report what the candidate says now and then. Thank you, gentlemen, and good day. Former Vice President, Republican Richard M. Nixon lost the California election for governor to Democrat Edmund Brown. Ever the good sport, Nixon blamed the news media for his loss whining our introductory quote. Alas, he broke the promise in 1968, won the Presidential Election and was kicked around for six more years until he resigned his Presidency in disgrace in 1974.
1965 – Saturday I
know a girl who's soft and sweet
1968-Wednesday Mrs Ace: Well, if it isn't God's gift to the eight-year-olds…… The Monkees' first and only feature film, Head, premiered in New York. This pretentious blather attempted to make the band look hip – sorry Director Bob Rafelson, you can’t make Peter Tork look hip - while endeavoring to destroy their teenybopper image. It was a complete flop at the box office. The advertising campaign which focused on someone saying “Head” into the camera may have had something to do with the failure. Victor Mature and Annette Funicello were on hand for the fun. Never the less, the cognoscenti cannot be underestimated, and now the film has gained a cult reputation as a surreal masterpiece for the pseudo hip. Trust us, we saw it in 1968 and it was awful. Still is.
1977- Sunday The water is pushing
1981- Friday Extinction is the rule. Survival is the exception……Carl Sagan…… A black-footed ferret was found in Wyoming. They were previously thought to be extinct. The black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes – a member of the weasel family) is the only ferret species endemic to North America. It is 46 - 60 cm (18 - 24") long, including a 13 - 15 cm (5 - 6") tail. It weighs 0.7 - 1.1 kg (1.5 - 2.5 lb), with males slightly larger than females. Native to North America’s arid, short grass prairies, the ferret lived primarily around and feasted on prairie dogs. Wide-scale poisoning programs to eradicate prairie dogs and the destruction of grassland habitat also killed off the ferret. It now survives in a few places in the western United States where ranchers are compensated for not molesting prairie dog towns and where management programs for the prairie dog and the ferret are being developed. It takes about 100 acres of prairie dog colony to support one ferret family (a female and her young). Predators such as owls, eagles, hawks, coyotes, badgers, foxes, and bobcats are now the main cause of death for wild ferrets.
1982 – Saturday Nobody owns life, but anyone who can pick up a frying pan owns death…….. William S. Burroughs……… “Black widow” , Shirley Allen was arrested for poisoning her husband, Lloyd Allen, with ethylene glycol, commonly known as anti-freeze. She claimed she didn’t want his block to freeze. Shirley's daughter turned her in to the police after witnessing her mother spike Lloyd's drinks with the deadly concoction. Lloyd Allen was Shirley's sixth husband and the second to die from mysterious causes; the other four had, fortunately, divorced her. While Allen was now dead, thanks to the antifreeze he could withstand temperatures of up to 35 below zero. He noted that it had a “piquant” taste of smoky wild berries and that it was a perfect compliment to a good gouda cheese. Gourmet murderess Allen was sentenced to life in prison and a diet of windshield washer fluid.
1986 –Thursday If helicopters are so safe, how come there are no vintage / classic helicopter fly-ins? ……Unknown…………The Sumburgh disaster as a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashed 21⁄2 miles east of Sumburgh Airport in the Shetland Islands killing 45 people, with only 2 survivors. The helicopter was carrying the workers from Shell's Brent Field platform to Sumburgh airport. It was the deadliest civilian helicopter crash on record.
1995 – Monday Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction……Erich Fromm….Cleveland Browns owner, Art Modell announced that he signed a deal that would relocate the Cleveland Browns to Baltimore to become the Baltimore Ravens, the first time the city had a football team since 1983 when sleazoid owner Robert Irsay took the Baltimore Colts out of town to Indianapolis in the middle of the night. Modell, a Brooklyn, N.Y., native, bought the Browns in 1961. Modell’s decision
was not only a shock to the city of Cleveland, Ohio, but to the entire National Football League (NFL) community. If the Browns, a team with a tremendous amount of history, tradition, and a notoriously supportive fan base could pick up and move cities, then it was truly possible for any professional sports franchise to relocate. NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue described Modell’s decision as, “more than a public relations jolt. It’s a deep psychological jolt. It’s a storied franchise”. But Modell wanted a new stadium and the Cleveland wouldn’t build one. But fear not, just as soon as Cleveland built a new state of the art stadium, in 1999 and after a three year absence the NFL returned to Cleveland. The Cleveland Browns 2.0 would have the Cleveland Browns history but basically, they were an expansion team and awful and other than one 10 win season, they remained awful. The ex-Browns, now the Baltimore Ravens have won 2 Super Bowls and counting.
2005 – Sunday …Dusty: "The Suck Zone". It's the point basically when the twister... sucks you up. That's not the technical term for it, obviously…….movie, Twister….. The Evansville Tornado of November killed 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana. It was a worst case scenario. A strong F3 tornado hit a populated area in the middle of the night when most people are asleep. The NOAA report - TORNADO TOUCHED DOWN 2 MILES NORTH NORTHWEST OF SMITH MILLS IN HENDERSON COUNTY KENTUCKY AND MOVED NORTHEAST ACROSS THE OHIORIVER AND ACROSS ELLIS PARK; STAYED SOUTH OF I-164 IN EVANSVILLE;CONTINUED MOVING NORTHEAST INTO WARRICK COUNTY THROUGH DE GONIASPRINGS AND SOUTH OF TENNYSON; LIFTED 1.5 MILES SOUTH SOUTHWEST OFGENTRYVILLE IN SPENCER COUNTY.* PEAK WIND: ESTIMATED 200 MPH PATH LENGTH - APPROXIMATELY 41 MILES. MAXIMUM WIDTH - 400+ YARDS. On the Fujita Scale an F3 tornado with winds of 158-206 causes severe damage. Roofs and some walls torn off well-constructed houses; trains overturned; most trees in forest uprooted; heavy cars lifted off the ground and thrown. F5, like the one that brought Dorothy to Oz has winds of 261-318 mph.
2005 – Sunday Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one……Thomas Paine……..The military junta of Myanmar (Burma) begins moving its government ministries from Rangoon to Nay Pyi Taw aka Napyidaw but no one can pronounce it. . Civil servants and government officials were ordered to move 200 miles north. While governmental buildings in Nay Pyi Taw had been under construction for more than two years, its construction was not widely publicized.
2012 – Tuesday Unfortunately, due to an emergency we are closed for the day,…..Apple Valley Farms answering machine……..5 people were shot at a poultry processing plant in Fresno, Ca. Disgruntled worker, Lawrence Jones, a discharged parolee with a long criminal record, possibly frustrated by the “chicken or the egg” controversy, pulled out a gun at 8:20 a.m. and shot four co-workers. He then went outside and shot himself.
2013 – Thursday -–Open the door, get
on the floor
Men of genius are often dull and inert in society; as the blazing meteor, when it descends to earth, is only a stone. ….. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow………While Columbus was basking in the Sun in the Caribbean, the Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, struck the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France. Un jeune garçon was the only eyewitness and he led the local populace to the field, where the meteorite lay in a crater a meter deep. After it was retrieved, the townsfolk, believing the object to be of supernatural origin, begin to chip off bits for souvenirs, until the locat magistrate put a halt to it.. Many of these fragments ended up in museums around the world. The remaining specimen, a rounded gray mass weighing only 55 kg and nearly without any fusion crust, can be seen today at Ensisheim. Fall out from the meteor is cited as the source of the peculiarly French disease, Jerry Lewisium Hilariousieia…..reason that the French think that American comedian Jerry Lewis is funny.
1637 – Saturday A company of legall professors lie, poring on the law which Christ hath established……….Anne Hutchinson, the first female religious leader in the American colonies, was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy by the Puritans ……who came to the colonies seeking religious freedom. She had organized weekly meetings to discuss recent sermons, in which she also expressed her own theological views. In particular, she stressed the individual's relationship with God as opposed to reliance upon ministers. This did not go over well with Puritan ministers. She would end up in the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, where despite their tolerance, she was given land in the unprotected area of what is now lower Westchester County where she and five of her six living children would be killed by Indians.
1687 – Friday – Stonehenge!
Where the demons dwell
1776 Thursday One good
thing about the Post Office -- it's over 200 years old
1811-Thursday- Pride, pomp, and
circumstance of glorious war!
1840-Saturday- Darwin's theory was received in Russia with profound sympathy. While in Western Europe it met firmly established old traditions which it had first to overcome, in Russia its appearance coincided with the awakening of our society after the Crimean War and here it immediately received the status of full citizenship and ever since has enjoyed widespread popularity……….S dniom razhdjenia! /Happy Birthday, Aleksandr Onufriyevich Kovalevsky, Russian founder of comparative embryology and experimental histology (the structure, especially the microscopic structure, of organic tissues.) born in Vārkava, Vitebsk. Kovalevsky extended the germ layer concept of Christian Heinrich Pander and Karl Ernst von Baer to include the invertebrates, (this included members of congress, noted network anchors, and sports teams that keep giving serial offenders another chance) establishing an important embryologic unity in the animal kingdom. He established that there was a common pattern in the embryological development of all multicellular animals. Kovalevsky studied the lancelet, a fish-shaped sea animal. Sir Lancelet was a fish shaped member of King Arthur’s Round Table who fell in love with King Arthur’s guppy.
1867-Thursday- One never notices what has been done; one can only see what remains to be done…………… Wszystkiego Najlepszego/Joyeux Anniversaire/Happy Birthday Marie Sklodowski Curie, Polish/French chemist and physicist born in Warsaw. In 1898, her now famous experiments on uranium minerals led to discovery of two new elements. First she separated polonium, and then radium a few months later she separated Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor. The quantity of radon in radioactive equilibrium with a gram of radium was named a curie in her honor. With Henri Becquerel and her husband, Pierre Curie, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics. She was then sole winner of a second Nobel Prize in 1911, this time in Chemistry. Her family won five Nobel awards in two generations. She died of radiation poisoning from her work before the need for protection was known. In fact, a strand of her hair, when examined in the 1980's was found to be still dangerously radioactive and readers of her lab papers and even her cookbook have to don hazmat suits.
–Thursday- When they found us on the water
1876-Tuesday- I need more cigarettes
1876 –Tuesday- (Bo)((bom
1878-Thursday- You must not blame us scientists for the use which war technicians have put our discoveries……Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday physicist Lise Meitner, born in Vienna. Meitner was the scientist who first defined fission as the separation of the nucleus of the atom into protons and neutrons. She refused to work on the atomic bomb project as she would not participate in the development of weapons of war. We guess she would rather they have gone "fission". After Austria was annexed by Germany in 1938, Meitner was forced to flee to Sweden. She continued her work at Manne Siegbahn's institute in Stockholm, but with little support, partially due to Siegbahn's prejudice against women in science. Then, German physicist Otto Hahn and Meitner met secretly in Copenhagen in November to plan a new round of experiments. The experiments that provided the evidence for nuclear fission were done at Hahn's laboratory in Berlin and published in January 1939. After Hahn and Fritz Strassmann demonstrated that barium appears in neutron-bombarded uranium, Meisner and her nephew Otto Frisch explained the physical characteristics of this division and in 1939 proposed the term fission for the process. She shared the 1966 Enrico Fermi Award with Hahn and Strassmann. Element 109, meitnerium, is named in her honor.
1879 –Friday- Revolutions are always verbose ………S dniom razhdjenia!/Happy Birthday, Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary born Lev Davidovich Bronstein in Yanovka, Ukraine . Old Leon was right there with Lenin on November 7, 1917(now October 25 Julian Calendar) in Petrograd as the Bolsheviks usurped the more moderate Menshevik Government ensuring decades of misery and death for millions of people all over the world. It was the second phase of the overall Russian Revolution of 1917, after the February Revolution of the same year. This October Revolution overthrew the Russian Provisional Government and gave the power to the Soviets dominated by Bolsheviks. It was followed by the Russian Civil War (1917–1922) and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922. Trotsky was rendered kaput via ice pick in 1940 as he was assassinated in Mexico on orders from the monstrous Josef Stalin.
1885-Saturday- Sure, the next train has gone ten minutes ago…….Punch …….At world famous obscure remote Craigellachie (sounds like a single malt scotch) in the mountains of British Columbia, the last spike was driven into Canada's first transcontinental railway. Begun in 1880 when the Canadian government contracted with the Canadian Pacific Railroad to construct the first all-Canadian line to the West Coast, during the next five years, the company laid 4,600 kilometers of single track, uniting various smaller lines across Canada. Despite the logistical difficulties posed by areas such as the muskeg (bogs) region of northwestern Ontario, five for fighting and a game misconduct vs. the Toronto Maple Leafs, and the high rugged mountains of British Columbia, the railway was completed six years ahead of schedule. The transcontinental railway was instrumental in populating the vast western lands of Canada, providing supplies and commerce to new settlers (all 37 of them). Many of western Canada's great cities and towns grew up around Canadian Pacific Railway stations.
1903 –Saturday All too willingly man sees himself as the centre of the universe, as something not belonging to the rest of nature but standing apart as a different and higher being. Many people cling to this error and remain deaf to the wisest command ever given by a sage, the famous "Know thyself" inscribed in the temple of Delphi……….Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!//Happy Birthday, Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, ethologist, and ornithologist born in Vienna. In 1966, he wrote On Aggression in which he argued that animal aggressive behavior is motivated by survival, while humans aggressive behavior may be channeled or modified. Obviously he never met political activists. Lorenz won a Nobel Prize (shared with Karl Von Frisch & Niko Tinbergen) in Physiology or Medicine in 1973 for his studies of human and animal behavior. This was the first such prize to be awarded to behavioral scientists and was shared by the founders of the field of ethology.
Give my regards
1908 –Saturday- If you can't explain your physics to a barmaid it is probably not very good physics.……..Professor Ernest Rutherford announced in London that he had isolated a single atom of matter at the famous Rocky and Bullwinkle Academy, Wossamotta U. Rutherford described the atom as having a central positive nucleus surrounded by negative orbiting electrons. This model suggested that most of the mass of the atom was contained in the small nucleus, and that the rest of the atom was mostly empty space. Rutherford came to this conclusion following the results of his famous gold foil experiment. Rutherford has been described as being to the atom what Darwin is to evolution, Newton to mechanics, Faraday to electricity, Einstein to relativity and Monty Python to parrots. He should certainly be a lot more famous than he is to the general public.
1908 –Sunday- Sundance Kid: Butch and me have been talking it all over. Wherever the hell Bolivia is, that's where we're off to. Butch Cassidy: Yeah, we'll go down there and play it safe……… Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid …..On the same day as Ernest Rutherford described the atom, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia. Butch, born Robert Leroy Parker, and Sundance, born Harry Longbaugh, robbed trains, banks and stole horses in the 1890’s West. With their success came detectives and bounties and bounty hunters. It became difficult to rob banks and trains while being relentlessly pursued. Butch, the Kid and Butch’s fiancée Etta Place travelled to New York and then sailed to Argentina in 1901 launch a revived career in crime. In South America, they, surprise, robbed banks and trains. For a while they retired to run a ranch in Argentina, but the quiet life didn’t last long and evidently they moved up to Bolivia to pursue their occupation. In 1908 the Bolivian government claimed Butch and the Kid were trapped by their soldiers. In the ensuing gun battle, they said that the Kid was killed and Butch shot himself. However, other reports claim the outlaws returned to the USA under aliases and lived out their lives peacefully. Of course Butch and Sundance may have remained quaint footnotes in the history of American outlaws but for the 1969 movie, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid starring Robert Redford and Paul Newman with its likable, whimsical characters and apocalyptic ending.
1910-Monday-. In a
certain light he looked like Elvis
1913 –Friday- At any street corner the feeling of absurdity can strike any man in the face………….The Myth of Sisyphus ………Joyeux Anniversaire, Happy Birthday, Albert Camus, French existentialist author and Nobel Prize winner, born in Algiers. Famous for The Stranger, The Plague, and The Myth of Sisyphus, he wrote, He wrote: "This heart within me I can feel, and I judge that it exists. This world I can touch, and I likewise judge that it exists. There ends all my knowledge, and the rest is construction." The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy notes that Camus's philosophy found political expression in The Rebel, which along with his newspaper editorials, political essays, plays, and fiction earned him a reputation as a great moralist. It also incurred the wrath of his friend, Jean-Paul Sartre, thus inciting the major political-intellectual divide of the Cold-War era as Camus and Sartre became, respectively, the leading intellectual voices of the anti-Communist and pro-Communist left. Furthermore, in posing and answering urgent philosophical questions of the day, Camus articulated a critique of religion and of the Enlightenment and all its projects, including Marxism .In 1960, after accepting a ride from strangers while hitchhiking, Camus was killed in a car wreck at age 46.
1915 – Sunday Philip Morrison, American astrophysicist and academic born in Somerville, New JerseyMorrison was among the scientists of the Manhattan Project, along with J. Robert Oppenheimer, his former graduate-school teacher, and helped assemble the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and was part of a team that toured Japan after the country's surrender ended World War II. Following the war, Morrison became a forceful advocate of international arms control. He later became a bit of a television star, hosting a six-part PBS miniseries called The Ring of Truth.
1916 Monday What one decides to do in crisis depends on one's philosophy of life, and that philosophy cannot be changed by an incident. If one hasn't any philosophy in crises, others make the decision…….. Running as a Republican, Jeannette Rankin of Montana, became first U.S. congresswoman. Later, only four days after taking office, she achieved infamy by being one of 50 to vote against U.S. entry into World War I and then violating protocol by speaking during the roll call before casting her vote. Fast forward 24 years and one day after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the U.S. House voted 388-1 to declare war on Japan and thrust America into World War II.The sole “no” vote came from Montana’s Rep. Jeannette Rankin. We’re not aware of any Jeanette Rankins in Germany, Japan, or Russia and if there were, they would be dead.
1918-Thursday- Bahn's Law of Rocketry: Amateurs talk Propulsion, Professionals Talk Insurance. …….Pat Bahn ………American scientist Robert Goddard demonstrated tube-launched solid fuel rockets. "Tube be or not tube be" can be a fuelish question. The tube-launched rocket was the basis for WWII's "bazooka" anti-tank weapon. These experiments led Goddard to believe that a rocket could be propelled better by liquid fuel. No one had ever built a successful liquid-propellant rocket before. He finally succeeded on March 26,1926. Liquid oxygen and gasoline fueled it. The rocket only flew for a little over 2 seconds, and it flew about 15 feet (12.5 meters).
1928 –Wednesday- Romeo: O true apothecary!
1929 – Thursday You know I love my baby, ...(love
1934 Opening night of Dark Victory, no, not the movie one of the great weepers in Broadway history, and endlessly imitated. Tallulah Bankhead stars at the Plymouth Theatre as a spoiled heiress who discovers she has just months to live, and must mend her evil ways, live life to the fullest and make peace with the world before she departs. Bette Davis will take the role in the 1939 film version.
1940 –Thursday- Like a
bridge over troubled water
– Saturday There's a man who leads a life of danger
Sunday They paved paradise
1944 –Tuesday You know I am a juggler, and I never let my right hand know what my left hand does. I'm perfectly willing to mislead and tell untruths……An aging and increasingly infirm, FDR won unprecedented fourth term. He would live long enough to give away the store at Yalta. Fortunately, he had replaced dangerous left wing loon Henry Wallace with Harry Truman (Missouri) as Vice Presidential candidate. They handily defeated Republicans Thomas E. Dewey and John W. Bricker of Ohio, 432 – 99 Electoral votes and over 3 million popular votes.
1946-Thursday- We settled in for the night my baby and me
1963 –Thursday Lennie Pike: Then what happens next? I'll tell you what happens: Then they all decide that I'm supposed to get a smaller share! That I'm somebody extra special stupid, or something! That they don't even care if it's a democracy! And in a democracy, it don't matter how stupid you are, you still get an equal share!.........The comedy It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World premiered in Hollywood. This huge 3 hour mish mosh of a chase – the dying words of a thief started the fun- had almost everyone who was anyone in 50s/early 60’s comedy plus Spencer Tracey. To whit; Milton Berle Sid Caesar, Buddy Hackett, Ethel Merman, Mickey Rooney,Dick Shawn, Phil Silvers,Terry-Thomas, Jonathan Winters,Edie Adams, Dorothy Provine, Eddie 'Rochester' Anderson, Jim Backus, Ben Blue, Joe E. Brown, William Demarest, Andy Devin, Selma Diamond, Peter Falk, Norman Fell, Paul Ford, Stan Freberg, Leo Gorcey, Sterling Holloway, Edward Everett Horton, Buster Keaton, Don Knotts, Mike Mazurki, Charles McGraw, Cliff Norton, Zasu Pitts, Carl Reiner, Madlyn Rhue, Roy Roberts, Arnold Stang, The Three Stooges, Sammee Tong, Jesse White, and Jimmy Durante as the thief.
1972 – Tuesday I was not lying. I said things that later on seemed to be untrue……Richard Nixon was re-elected President along with soon to be unmasked felon, Spiro T. Agnew. Unlike,1968, this one wasn’t even close with the Democrats nominating Liberace sound-alike, George McGovern and first the previously unhinged Thomas Eagleton (shock treatment) and then scrambling for a replacement and getting Kennedy brother-in-law Sargent Shriver. Nixon won the Electoral votes 520 to 17 – Massachusetts and Washington D.C went for McGovern – the popular vote by 18 million. Of course it would all come crashing down in Watergate leaving the country with slap stick president Gerald R . Ford less than 2 years later.
1983 Monday O, my offense is rank, it
smells to heaven,
1988 –Monday- In 1988 I had to go through a plagiarism trial where I was sued for sounding like myself, and people tell me this was unprecedented. I spent more than three years trying to resolve these issues, but sadly it didn't work…….John Fogerty, the creative genius of rock group Creedence Clearwater Revival, won his suit where he was accused of plagiarizing himself, court battle with Fantasy Records. The label claimed Fogerty copied his own song, Run Through The Jungle when he wrote The Old Man Down The Road. The label wouldn't have been able to bring the suit if Fogerty hadn't cleverly sold them the rights to his old material, something any contemporary singer would be strenuously advised not to do. Fogerty won the case, but then had to jump through further legal hoops to win back $1.35m dollars in costs.
1996 –Thursday- I'm moving to Mars next week, so if you have any boxes.Steven Wright………The launch of the Mars Global Surveyor. The Global Surveyor began orbiting Mars on Sept. 11, 1997. It pioneered the use of aerobraking at Mars, using careful dips into the atmosphere for friction to shrink a long elliptical orbit into a nearly circular one. The mission then started its primary mapping phase in April 1999. The original plan was to examine the planet for one Mars year - nearly two Earth years. Based on the value of the science returned by the spacecraft, NASA extended its mission four times. Among the discoveries of Global Surveyor was that Mars is the home base of all the Nigerian Princes who send you irresistible business opportunities…..dear beloved.
2000-Tuesday- It's not the voting that's democracy; it's the counting……Tom Stoppard…….Republican George W. Bush was elected president (Vice President, Richard Cheney of Wyoming )over incumbent Democratic Vice President Al Gore, although Gore won the popular vote by a narrow margin. The winner was not known for more than a month because of a dispute over the results in Florida. The dispute was settled by the United States Supreme Court on December 12. The decision allowed Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris’s previous certification of George W. Bush as the winner of Florida's electoral votes to stand. Florida's 25 electoral votes gave Bush, the Republican candidate, 271 electoral votes, defeating Gore, who ended up with 266 electoral votes (with one D.C. elector abstaining). A majority (270) of the electoral votes are needed to win the Presidency or Vice Presidency in the Electoral College. Despite screams of protest about “stolen elections”, private recounts by the New York Times and Washington Post showed that Bush had indeed won Florida by several hundred votes.
–Tuesday Well I saw the thing comin' out of the sky
2013 – Thursday I don't have a mission. I don't have a torch to burn…..Mel Brooks……..Three astronauts arrived at the International Space Station bearing the Olympic Torch. The just barely made it as the torch had burned down to the bottom and their fingers were getting hot. It would then be taken on a spacewalk, possibly to light the way for returning aliens from the 2006 O’Hare airport incident (see above) before returning to earth Monday. The torch would eventually make its way to Sochi, Russia for the Winter Games. After the torch was out and the Games over, Russia celebrated by annexing Crimea.
35 – Thursday One of the main causes of the fall of the Roman Empire was that, lacking zero, they had no way to indicate successful termination of their C programs…. Robert Firth……. Fortuna dies natalis!/Happy Birthday, Nerva, (aka nerve fibera, neurona, axona, dendritea) short-lived Roman Emperor 96-98. Nerva succeeded the violent, unhinged, Domitian, removed in an emperorectomy, and was the first of Edward Gibbon's so-called "Five Good Emperors," Nerva is credited with beginning the practice of adopting his heir rather than selecting a blood relative. This came to an unfortunate ended when Marcus Aurelius’ son, the odious, Commodus, assumed the emperorship. Claimed as an ancestor by all the emperors down to Severus Alexander, he has traditionally been highly regarded at the expense of his predecessor, Domitian. So Domitian was not only pushy, he had some Nerva. Nerva would be succeeded by Trajan.
1431 –Tuesday (but it could have been December) If Dracula can't see his reflection in the mirror, how come his hair is always so neatly combed? ……Steven Wright……………La Multi Ani!/Happy Birthday, Vlad the Impaler, (aka Vlad III, Dracula, Drakulya, or Tepes) the model for Bram Stoker (also born on this day -1847) Dracula. He was born in in the Transylvanian fortress of Sighisoara, located in Romania. The Vladster was known for the exceedingly cruel punishments he imposed during his reign in southern Romania. It’s difficult to separate fact from fiction but In total, Vlad is estimated to have killed about 80,000 people through various means. This includes some 20,000 people who were impaled and put on display outside the city of Targoviste: The sight was so repulsive that the invading Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, after seeing the scale of Vlad's carnage and the thousands of decaying bodies being picked apart by crows, quickly turned back and retreated to Constantinople. Vlad is gone but not forgotten and Max Shreck, Bela Lugosi,John Carradine, Atif Kaptan, Francis Lederer, Christopher Lee, Jack Palance, Udo Kier, George Hamilton, Klaus Kinski, Frank Langella, Gary Oldman, Leslie Nielsen, Gerard Butler, Stephen Billington, Dominic Purcell, Richard Roxburgh,Rutger Hauer and Marc Warren who have all played Dracula, are fans
1519 – Saturday We Spaniards know a sickness of the heart that only gold can cure……..Hernan Cortez……. He should have said “we’re not home, come back next year” but nooooooo, when Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés entered Tenochtitlán, Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomed him with a great celebration. Well that didn’t work out very well. Some accounts say that the Aztecs may have believed Cortés was Quetzalcoatl, a legendary god-king who was light-skinned and bearded and, according to a prophecy, was expected to return from the east. At any rate, like The Man Who Came to Dinner, Cortés would not leave and when finally driven out, returned and on August 13, 1521, after a desperate siege of three months, Cuauhtémoc, the new emperor, was captured, and Tenochtitlán fell. Cortés built Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlán. Colonists were brought over from Spain, and the city became the principal European city in America.
1656- Wednesday In the year 1456 ... a Comet was seen passing Retrograde between the Earth and the sun... Hence I dare venture to foretell, that it will return again in the year 1758 ………Happy Birthday, Edmund Halley (rhymes with valley – or sometimes hally but never hailey as in old time rock group Bill Hailey and His Comets) ,born in Haggerston, Shoreditch – near London. In addition to discovering YOU KNOW WHAT COMET, Halley was also the first to chart the stars of the southern hemisphere. Incidentally, the comet named after him has been sighted at intervals of 76 years since 240 B.C. Unfortunately, Halley went kaput in 1742 and never saw his prediction come true. He also pioneered our understanding of trade winds, tides, cartography, naval navigation, mortality tables, and stellar proper motions.
1793- Friday I'd like to
go back to Paris someday and visit the Louvre Museum
1805- Friday Great joy in camp we are in view of the Ocian... this great Pacific Octean which we been so long anxious to See. and the roreing or noise made by the waves brakeing on the rockey Shores (as I suppose) may be heard disti[n]ctly. …..Explorers Lewis and Clark (Jerry Lewis and Dick Clark) first saw the Pacific at the mouth of the Columbia river. However, they could not see the ocean from back at the tonsils of the Columbia river. We highly recommend, Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West-- by Stephen Ambrose. The Corps of Discovery left Camp Wood and began its journey up the Missouri River "under a gentle breeze" on May 14, 1804. They would return on September 23, 1806reaching St. Louis nearly two and a half years after their journey.
1836 – Tuesday Just one game," they said, and started to play -- that was yesterday." ……Chinese proverb ……… It was a roll of the dice but…..Happy Birthday, Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer born in Vienna, Maine. In 1860 Bradley designed a board game called The Checkered Game of Life, now called The Game of Life. The object was to obtain a happy old age instead of financial ruin and a player's luck was decided by a numbered spinner. Players moved game pieces over sixty-four squares, which could be good, bad, or neutral according to their color. By 1861, Bradley had sold more than 45,000 copies of his game.
1847 – Monday Listen to them, the children of the night. What music they make! ………On the birthday of Dracula inspiration Vlad the Impaler (see 1441 above) Happy Birthday, Bram Stoker, Irish author of the novel, Dracula. Dracula is generally regarded as the culmination of the Gothic vampire story, preceded earlier in the nineteenth century by Dr. William Polidori's The Vampyre, Thomas Prest's Varney the Vampyre, J. S. Le Fanu's Carmilla, and Guy de Maupassant's Le Horla. Culminating the great tradition of vampire novels and later movies was 2004’s Dracula 3000. Its Dracula in outer space with Casper Van Dien, Erika Eleniak, and some named Coolio. Count Dracula terrorizes the crew of a spaceship. Oh Bram, what hath ye wrought? Ye hath wrought - Max Shreck, Bela Lugosi,John Carradine, Atif Kaptan, Francis Lederer, Christopher Lee, Jack Palance, Udo Kier, George Hamilton, Klaus Kinski, Frank Langella, Gary Oldman, Leslie Nielsen, Gerard Butler, Stephen Billington, Dominic Purcell, Richard Roxburgh,Rutger Hauer and Marc Warren
1854 – Wednesday Q: What did the Mass Spectrometer say to the Gas Chromatograph? A: Breaking up is hard to do. …….Grattis pŒ fšdelsedagen/Happy Birthday, Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist and academic born in Halmstad. Rydberg's most notable work was on spectroscopy – the study of matter and radiated energy - where he found a relatively simple expression relating the various lines in the spectra of the elements. In 1890 he found a general formula giving the frequency of the lines in the spectral series as a simple difference between two terms. His formula for a series of lines is: ν = R(1/m2 – 1/n2) where n and m are integers. Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five………Groucho Marx……The constant R is now known as the Rydberg constant.
1864- Tuesday Now that the election is over, may not all, having a common interest, re-unite in a common effort, to save our common country?..........Abraham Lincoln and Vice Presidential candidate, Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, defeated Union General - Democrat George MacClellan and running mate, George Pendleton of Ohio. Presidential elections are dirty. This one was no exception. McClellan strongly criticized Lincoln for the emancipation of the slaves. The Democrats also attacked Lincoln for being a liar, despot, braggart, having bad breath and being a Dallas Cowboy fan, and much more. Meanwhile, the Democrats were accused of treason, and McClellan’s war record was ridiculed. The platform of the Democratic party called for a cease-fire. McClellan repudiated the Democratic platform saying the only basis for ceasefire was the restoration of the Union. Lincoln’s re-election was in doubt at the beginning of the year but Union Army victories and progress in recapturing the South made his election fairly easy with 212 Electoral votes to 21 for “Little Mac”. This may have also been the biggest size discrepancy election, Lincoln was 6’4, MacClellan, 5’4.
1881 – Tuesday Elaine Dickinson: "There's no reason to become alarmed, and we hope you'll enjoy the rest of your flight. By the way, is there anyone on board who knows how to fly a plane?.........Airplane………… Joyeux Anniversaire, Happy Birthday, Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer born in Paris. Esnault-Pelterie invented the aileron (the movable airfoil at the edge of the wing of a plane). The aileron causes the airplane to roll left or right ……..this sort of helps with the steering.
1884- Saturday Psychological tests are doorways of insight through which we move out of the box and into the light. …….Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday, Herman Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist born in Zurich. Rorschach devised his eponymous inkblot test that is widely used clinically for diagnosing psychopathology. As a child, Rorschach enjoyed Klecksography, the making of fanciful inkblot "pictures." There blot for fortune go I and Rorschach would make inkblots his life's work. In 1918 he began experiments with 15 accidental inkblots, showing the blots to patients and asking them, "What might this be?" Their subjective responses enabled him to distinguish among his subjects on the basis of their perceptive abilities, intelligence, emotional characteristics and dirty finger tips. The Rorschach test is based on the human tendency to project interpretations and feelings onto ambiguous stimuli, in this case, inkblots. His published results in 1921 drew little interest (mostly because people complained about the unsightly inkblots all over the paper) until after his death about a year later and then his findings were splattered all over the place.
1887 –Tuesday The speediest, deadliest man with a gun
1889 –Friday Montana, Montana,
1892 – Tuesday The lessons of paternalism ought to be unlearned and the better lesson taught that while the people should patriotically and cheerfully support their government, its functions do not include the support of the people…..2nd Inaugural Address…..Grover Cleveland, after enjoying a four year hiatus -having lost the 1888 U.S. election, it was to William Henry Harrison’s grandson, Benjamin, was re-elected president, (Vice President was Adlai Stevenson – grandfather of the 1952 and 1956 Presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson III) defeating incumbant Benjamin Harrison and Vice President Whitelaw Reid . Grover became the only president to win non-consecutive terms in the White House ,making him the 22nd and 24th Presidents of the United States. The Democratic ticket received 277 Electoral votes, the Republicans, 145 and Populist (Silver) Party candidate, James Weaver, 22.
1895- Tuesday, I was working with a Crookes tube covered by a shield of black cardboard. A piece of barium platino-cyanide paper lay on the bench there. I had been passing a current through the tube, and I noticed a peculiar black line across the paper. ...The effect was one which could only be produced in ordinary parlance by the passage of light. No light could come from the tube because the shield which covered it was impervious to any light known even that of the electric arc. ...I did not think I investigated. ...I assumed that the effect must have come from the tube since its character indicated that it could come from nowhere else. ... It seemed at first a new kind of invisible light. It was clearly something new something unrecorded. ...There is much to do, and I am busy, very busy………….X-rays were discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. He didn't know what to call these offshoots of cathode rays (protestant rays?). Roentgen found them quite by accident when experimenting with vacuum tubes. A week later, he took an X-ray photograph of his wife's hand which clearly revealed her wedding ring and her bones. The photograph excited the general public and aroused great scientific interest in the new form of radiation. Roentgen called it "X" to indicate it was an unknown type of radiation. The name stuck, although (over Roentgen's objections), many of his colleagues suggested calling them Roentgen rays. They are still occasionally referred to as Roentgen rays in German-speaking countries. As the wavelengths of light decrease, they increase in energy. X-rays have smaller wavelengths and therefore higher energy than ultraviolet waves.
1900 - Thursday I’ll think of it all tomorrow, at Tara. I can stand it then. Tomorrow, I’ll think of some way to get him back. After all, tomorrow is another day……..Scarlet O’Hara……….Happy Birthday, Margaret Mitchell, born in Atlanta Georgia, the author of Gone With The Wind, a saga of the Civil War and one of the most popular books of all time. The novel was published in 1936 and sold more than a million copies in the first six months. Shortly after the book's publication the movie rights were sold to David O. Selznick for $50,000, the highest amount ever paid for a manuscript up to that time. In 1937 Mitchell was awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
1904 – Tuesday I don't pity any man who does hard work worth doing. I admire him. I pity the creature who does not work, at whichever end of the social scale he may regard himself as being. Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, who had succeeded the assassinated and kaput William McKinley, was elected to a term in his own right. Vice President was Charles Fairbanks of Indiana, and yes, Fairbanks Alaska is named after him). He defeated Democrat Alton B. Parker of New York (V.P candidate Henry Davis) with 336 Electoral votes to 140. Following his election, Roosevelt announced he would not run in 1908. Big mistake. During the election campaign, Roosevelt called on the voters to support his "square deal" policies. Meanwhile, the best that Parker, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, could do was appeal for an end to what he called "rule of individual caprice" and "usurpation of authority" by the president.
1910-Tuesday As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect…… Franz Kafka…….. Insect zapping for fun and profit. The first U.S. patent -No. 974,785 - for an "electric insect destroyer" was issued to William H. Frost of Spokane, Washington. The invention used a number of electrically energized parallel wires so that a flying insect passing between them would complete the circuit by bridging the wires with its body and electrocute the insect. In the 21st century a California judge ruled it to be “cruel and unusual punishment” for insects. He decreed that insects could only be killed by forcing them to read rulings by the California supreme court for twelve hours at a time, while stinging or biting members of the American Civil Liberties Union.
1922 –Wednesday You've
gotta have heart
1923-Thursday Happy Birthday, Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer born in Jefferson City, Missouri. It was Kilby, while working for Texas Instruments who invented the first integrated circuit (IC) - a small electronic device made out of a semiconductor material., another name for a chip , for which he shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics with along with Zhores I. Alferov and Herbert Kroemer.. The microchip shrunk the size and cost of making electronics and impacted the future designs of all computers and other electronics. The first successful demonstration of the microchip was on September 12, 1958 Semiconductors have had a monumental impact on our society. You find semiconductors at the heart of microprocessor chips as well as transistors and on trains when you see just the torso and in front of orchestras when they use only one arm. Anything that's computerized or uses radio waves depends on semiconductors. Semiconductors are made of silicon (named after a convict who acted silly), Silicon is a very common element -- for example, it is the main element in sand and quartz. Kilby designed and co-invented the first pocket-sized calculator called the "Pocketronic" as well the thermal printer that was used in portable data terminals.
1926 –Monday ……..Although he may
not be the man some
1928 –Thursday Ive got a crush on you, sweetie pie
1947 – Saturday As chairman of the Senate subcommittee responsible for NASA appropriations, I say not a penny for this nutty fantasy……Senator William Proxmire…… Happy Birthday, Margaret Rhea Seddon, American physician and astronaut born in in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. In three shuttle missions, she logged over 722 hours in space, serving as a mission specialist on STS 51-D Discovery in 1985 and on STS-40 Columbia in 1991. Seddon was the payload commander on STS-58 Columbia again,in 1993. She also found time to marry fellow astronaut Robert Gibson and have three children.
1947 – Saturday I asked him
repeatedly what his favorite thing as a doctor was. He
said: ‘I love surgery. I love to fix things…..Rick Smith, Angels trainer…….Happy
Birthday, Lewis Yocum, American physician and surgeon born in Chicago. Yocum was famous for saving the careers of
baseball players, notably in what is called, Tommy John surgery – named after
the pitcher on whom it was first performed-.
Developed by Dr. Frank Jobe, it is also called UCL reconstruction. UCL
is short for ulnar collateral ligament. During Tommy John surgery, a surgeon
replaces the injured UCL with a tendon taken from somewhere else in the
patient's body. Yocum was team physician for the
1948 – Monday Let's face it, space is a risky business. I always considered every launch a barely controlled explosion…….Aaron Cohen, NASA administrator. …….Big day for astronauts, see Rhea Seddon above, Happy Birthday Dale Gardner, American captain and astronaut born in Fairmont, Minnesota. Gardner logged a total of 337 hours in space and 225 orbits of the Earth on two shuttle flights, STS 8, Challenger and STS 51A, Discovery. During 51A, he conducted the first salvage mission conducted in space history. Gardner successfully captured two satellites, loading them into the shuttle to return them to Earth for repair. Fortunately, he spotted several Kardashian barnacles on the satellites, and pulled them off. Otherwise there would be even more of them here on Earth. He performed his EVAs in space untethered using NASA’s Manned Maneuvering Unit.
1949- Tuesday I never expected to have a career in music. But I thought, ‘Geez, if I want to take a semester off from college and support myself by making $50 here and there, well. . . .’……..Happy Birthday to one of our favorite singers, we love her voice, Bonnie Raitt, born in Los Angeles,California. Daughter of Broadway star, John Raitt – Carousel, Pajama Game- , it took her a while to become a major star with 1989’s Nick of Time, which earned her four Grammys, followed by Luck of the Draw., Longing in Their Hearts – two more Grammys and double-live Road Tested, Fundamental , Silver Lining , and Souls Alike. She came out with Slipstream in 2012.
1954 –Monday The franchise was beset by problems from all sides. A bad team, sparse crowds, burdensome debt, and internal strife all were set against the backdrop of playing in an old ballpark located in a declining neighborhood with limited parking and bad transportation. Grumblings were being heard from other American League clubs that were dissatisfied with the paltry receipts they were getting from games played in Philadelphia…….Robert D. Warrington…..But other than that, things were fine. After a horrible 51-103 last place finish during the season The American League approved the transfer of the Philadelphia Athletics baseball team to Kansas City, MO. The Athletics had a great tradition but had fallen on hard times. Connie Mack’s team had been sold to Arnold Johnson who moved them to great metropolis of Kansas City….where they were just as miserable and unsuccessful as in their final years in Philly, although they had limited fame as the “farm team” of the 1950’s New York Yankees. . After the 1967 season they moved to Oakland California.
1956 –Thursday If at first you don't succeed, failure may be your style. …..Quentin Crisp……With great fanfare, the Ford Motor Company decided on the name Edsel for its new car model in development for the 1958 market year. Edsel Ford was also the oldest son of founder Henry Ford. The hideous machine was officially introduced to the public a year later. It was a disaster. Time magazine popularized the wisecrack that it looked like an Oldsmobile sucking a lemon.By 1960, the Edsel was abandoned, and its name would forever be synonymous with business failure
. 1960 – Tuesday Those who vote decide nothing. Those who count the vote decide everything……Joseph Stalin…………….John F. Kennedy and V.P candidate Lyndon Johnson, narrowly defeated Richard Nixon and V.P candidate, Henry Cabot Lodge, for the presidency. Note, if you were concerned about the role of Florida the 2000 presidential election, take note of the shenanigans in Illinois, particularly in Chicago, that resulted in Kennedy's victory in the state -Kennedy won the state by 8,858 of 4.7 million votes - and consequently the election. Kennedy earned 49.7% of the popular vote to Nixon's 49.5%. Kennedy polled only about 100,000 more votes than Nixon out of over 68 million votes cast. The electoral college awarded the election to Kennedy by a 303-219 margin, despite Nixon winning more states than Kennedy.
1962 Thursday Hold tight wait till the party's
1964 Sunday Garland, at 42, was entering the last phase of her difficult life, and while she rouses herself now and then, her singing can be mannered and out-of-breath, her diction sometimes slurred. If she is noticeably past her peak, however, her 18-year-old daughter is nowhere near hers……William Ruhlmann………Judy Garland and Liza Minelli performed together at the London Palladium, a performance recorded for American television and, surprise, the LP Live At The London Palladium. Duets included Hello Dolly, Together, Wherever We Go, a medley, and the encores, Swanee, Chicago, and San Francisco. Judy got to warble Over the Rainbow by herself.
1966 Tuesday All tragedies are finished by a death, all comedies by a marriage…..Lord Byron…….Lyndon B. Johnson signed Public Law 89-800 which allowed the National Football League ( NFL ) to merge with American Football League ( AFL ) and exempted the action from Anti-Trust restrictions. With a straight face, NFL Commissioner, Pete Rozelle promised that if the merger was allowed, no existing Professional Football franchise of either league would be moved from any city; and (2) Stadiums seating 50,000 were declared to be adequate for Professional Football's needs. The two leagues would combine to form an expanded league with 24 teams, to be increased to 26 teams by 1969, and to 28 by 1970, or soon thereafter. Those teams were the New Orleans Saints in 1967, the Cincinnati Bengals in 1968, and the Seattle Seahawks and Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 1976. The Atlanta Falcons and the Miami Dolphins were already established and set to start play for the 1966 season, before the merger was announced in June. All existing franchises would be retained, and none of them would be moved outside of their metropolitan areas. Louisiana Representative Hale Boggs and Senator Russell Long were instrumental in passage of the new law, and in surprise surprise……. Rozelle approved creation of the expansion New Orleans Saints franchise less than one month after the bill was signed into law.
1972 – Wednesday A cable TV installer walks into a bar and orders a beer. The bartender says, "You'll be served sometime between 9 and 5……HBO launched its programming, with the broadcast of the 1971 movie (base on Ken Kesey’s novel) Sometimes a Great Notion, starring Paul Newman and Henry Fonda. We miss the opening montage and music as the camera zooms through the street and ends up in a living room where a family is watching……….HBO. We also miss the fish swimming in an aquarium as time filler. The channel was one of the first movie channels available on cable television.
1974- Friday Always know there are friends somewhere rooting for you. There are people you don’t know, always praying for you and lifting you before God. - Jenee, from To the Survivors by Robert Uttaro……After returning to her Howard Johnson's hotel room in Jericho, CT, following a show at the nearby Westbury Music Fair, singer Connie Francis was attacked at knifepoint and raped. Her rapist was never caught and Francis and was so shattered by the incident she quit touring for seven years and eventually divorcesd her husband. Francis would successfully sue the hotel chain for $3 million for neglecting to repair a broken lock and torn screen on her room before the attack.
1974 Friday I would describe him being as close to being like the devil as anyone I ever met……Joseph Aloi……….See same day, Connie Francis above, serial killer Ted Bundy botched an abduction attempt. The victim was 18 year old Carol DeRonch, 18, in a Utah Shopping Mall. She was approached by Bundy, who told her that someone had been trying to break into her automobile. She thought that he was a police officer and Bundy later showed her a badge. Bundy asked her to accompany him to the car to see if anything was missing. Upon reaching the car the girl looked in and determined nothing was missing. He eventually asked her if she could go to the station to make a complaint. Bundy drove her in his Volkswagon, and pulled over on the way and forcibly placed a pair of handcuffs on her wrist. She screamed and fought her way outside the vehicle and eventually got away.
1977 – Tuesday An archaeologist is the best husband a woman can have. The older she gets, the more interested he is in her……..Agatha Christie……. Manolis Andronikos, a Greek archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovered the tomb of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, at Vergina. The tomb of Philip II had two rooms. The main room included a marble sarcophagus with a larnax made of 24 carat gold weighing 11 kilograms. In 1978, the other undisturbed tomb was discovered to belong to Alexander IV, son of Alexander the Great. Philip was assassinated in 332 B.C by Pausanias, a young Macedonian noble As for Alexander? When Mr. Great died at Babylon on the banks of the Euphrates River in June of 323 B.C., was explicit in his last wish. He wanted his body thrown into the river so that his corpse would disappear. They didn’t but his corpse has. No one is sure of his current resting place.
1980 –Saturday Well,
it's a marvelous night for a moondance
1984 – Thursday Astronomy compels the soul to look upward, and leads us from this world to another….Plato……On crew member Dale Gardner’s birthday (see 1948 above) Launch of the shuttle Discovery, STS-51-A. The astronauts successfully launched two communications satellites and then recovered two others during extraordinary spacewalks – during which the fought off attacks by both Alien and Predator- using jet-propelled backpacks and muscle power. Unfortunately, alien charmed quarks attached to the wings of the shuttle, sort of like the monster that scared William Shatner in the Twilight Zone, came to Earth, mutated and eventually caused the disease, Screen Chatinitis which causes the victim to talk back out loud to the characters while watching a movie to the delight of all those sitting near them.
1988 – Tuesday Read my lips: no new taxes………Vice President George Bush I (Herbert Walker was I and W was II) and running-mate Indiana Senator Dan Quayle were elected President and Vice-President of the United States 426 to 111 Electoral votes. They defeated Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis (famous for posing in a tank with a silly helmet on) and his running-mate, Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen (famous for telling Dan Quayle he was no John Kennedy). Bush was the first incumbent vice president to win election since Martin Van Buren won in 1836
1997- Saturday Never give up; for even rivers someday wash dams away…..Arthur Golden….Damn, dam….. the main channel of the Yangtze River in China began to be blocked in preparation for the world’s largest hydroelectric power project. The dam project – called the Three Gorges (the design was described as the gorgeous gorges) Dam, begun in 1994 and went operational in 2009. Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest at 7.575 feet long and 594 feet high. The reservoir behind the dam is 410 miles ……………..dammit. The Yangtze is the third longest river in the world, at almost 4,000 miles. It passes through some of China’s most spectacular scenery. Well there is some spectacular scenery not but a lot of it is now under water. The Communist government of the proletarian worker’s paradise relocated at least 1.24 million people. The Chinese river dolphin which is native to the Yangtze River, and the Yangtze finless porpoise have now become two of the most endangered cetaceans in the world.
2002 – Friday Over the years all these vampire movies have come out and nobody looks like a vampire anymore…..Johnny Depp….In honor of Bram Stoker and Vlad the Impaler, both born on this day see see 1431 and 1847 above, we note the premiere of the movie, Killer Barby’s Vs. Dracula, at the San Sebastián Film Festival. This Bergmanesque rumination on life and busts was produced in Spain and stars someone named Sylvia Superstar.
2007 –Thursday The Shuttle Discovery returned to Earth. This 15-day mission was longer than most — and more stressful, too, with the astronauts' impromptu repair to the torn solar wing at the space station.
2011 – Tuesday The potentially hazardous asteroid 2005 YU55 passed 0.85 lunar distances from Earth (about 324,600 kilometres or 201,700 miles), the closest known approach by an asteroid of its size - about 1,300 feet (400 meters) -wide. since 2010 XC15 in 1976. The asteroid was discovered in 2005 by astronomer Robert McMillan of the University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. There were some after effects of close encounter with a world-wide outbreak of Amplificatius Banalus Restaurantesia – people who talk loudly in restaurants.
2012 Thursday I'm Chiquita banana and I've come to say - Bananas have to ripen in a certain way - When they are fleck'd with brown and have a golden hue - Bananas taste the best and are best for you - You can put them in a salad - You can put them in a pie-aye - Any way you want to eat them - It's impossible to beat them - But, bananas like the climate of the very, very tropical equator - So you should never put bananas in the refrigerator……..words and music by Garth Montgomery, Leonard Mackenzie, and William Wirges………The world breathed a sigh a relief as The "Banana War" ended after twenty years when the European Union and ten Latin American countries came to an agreement that would end eight different WTO (World Trade Organizaion) cases. The brouhaha involved tariffs placed on Latin American bananas that the Latin American countries believed favored former European colonies.
–Friday What matters is not what the goyim say, but what the
Jews do ……David Ben-Gurion …………From
the Department of Irony………. Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accused
Jews of aiding Muslims, and then sentenced all Jews to slavery. Although the majority of the laws were hardly enforced,
especially in the major centers of Iberia and away from the capitol of Toledo,
the measures angered many in the Jews communities, and as a result, with the Muslim invasion in 711 the Spanish Jews viewed
the new Muslim conquerors as liberators.
–Friday- Bye bye love, I'll catch you later
If you're fond of
sand dunes and salty air
1720 –Saturday- Department of Irony 2 (see 694 above) - On mo’es iz tomid a to’es….. Being without money is always a mistake. The synagogue of Yehudah he-Hasid was burned down by Arab creditors, leading to the expulsion of the Ashkenazim from Jerusalem.
1731-Friday- Presumption should never make us neglect that which appears easy to us, nor despair make us lose courage at the sight of difficulties……… Happy Birthday, Benjamin Banneker, a black scientist, compiler of almanacs and writer born in Baltimore County, Maryland. Banneker taught himself mathematics and astronomy by reading borrowed textbooks. His grandfather was a slave from Africa and his grandmother, an indentured servant from England. Banneker was also a surveyor, who worked closely with Pierre L'Enfant, the architect in charge of planning Washington D.C. L'Enfant had a bad temper and it cost him the job. When he left, he took the plans with him. Banneker recreated the plans from memory, saving the U.S. government the effort and expense of having someone else design the capital.
1799 – Frenchmen, you will no doubt recognize in my conduct the zeal of a soldier of liberty and of a devoted citizen of the Republic. Liberal, beneficent, and traditional ideas have returned to their rightful place through the dispersal of the odious and despicable factions which sought to overawe the Councils……Napoleon Bonaparte, "Proclamation to the French Nation" ……..Napoleon led the Coup d'état of 18 Brumaire (Brumaire being one of those silly months made up during the French Revolution…it was their 2nd month) ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls. The Directory, which had never been a strongly popular government but rather a government of convenience decided by several different interests. Napoleon, Abbé Sieyes and Roger Ducos became the respectively the First, Second and Third Consuls under the Consulate, though Napoleon really exercised the only true authority. On December 31, Napoleon replaced Sieyes and Ducos with the more malleable Consuls Cambaceres and Lebrun. He then declared that "The Revolution is over!" So was any pretense of a Republic. In 1804, Napoleon officially declared himself Emperor of France. He would keep that title until 1814 and then again for the Hundred Days in 1815 before finally losing his crown and his freedom after Waterloo.
1801-Monday- When Rabbit said, `Honey or condensed milk with your bread?' he was so excited that he said, `Both,' and then, so as not to seem greedy, he added, `But don't bother about the bread, please …..A.A Milne……A condensed Happy Birthday to Gail Borden, American manufacturer born in Norwich, New York. Borden invented a commercial method of condensing milk by heating it in a vacuum to preserve it, patented, after three years of trying, in 1856. This was very important for people in big cities which were distant from the farm sources, as well as supplying the military, travelers and seamen. The Civil War didn’t hurt either as it created an enormous demand for the powdered stuff. Borden also patented processes for concentrating fruit juices and other beverages. He had superb powers of concentration.
1825 –Wednesday- There are certain shades of limelight that can wreck a girl's complexion……..Audrey Hepburn………… Limelight was first used in a practical way. Thomas Drummond, a British engineer had invented the limelight in 1816 but it took a while to catch on and come into the limelight. Limelight is produced by directing a sharp point of oxygen-hydrogen flame against a cylindrical block of lime. The tiny area of lime becomes incandescent and emits a brilliant white light that is soft and mellow. Drummond heated a small ball of lime to incandescent in front of a reflector. When he set it up at Ireland's Slieve Snaght, the light was seen from Divis Mountain, over 66 miles away. This new form of bright light that would be used not only in theaters, but also in lighthouses. Further experiments adding lemon for lemon limelight were less successful.
1841 –Tuesday- I thought everyone must know that a short jacket is always worn with a silk hat at a private view in the morning………..Happy Birthday, Edward VII (Bertie) rotund king of England 1901-10. Edward was sixty by the time his mother, Queen Victoria went kaput. He has the distinction of having been heir apparent to the throne longer than anyone in English or British history, although he did have an era (the Edwardian Era) named after him. So having been born during the Victorian Era it was in one era and out the other. Known as The “Uncle of Europe”, Edward was related to nearly every other European monarch and came to be known as the "uncle of Europe". The German Emperor Wilhelm II, (Stupid Willy), Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, Grand Duke Ernest Louis of Hesse, Duke Charles Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Duke Ernst August of Brunswick were Edward's nephews; Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain, Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden, Crown Princess Marie of Romania, Crown Princess Sophia of Greece, Empress Alexandra of Russia, Grand Duchess Alexandra of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Duchess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen were his nieces;
1862 –Sunday- Having lost sight of our objectives we need to redouble our efforts …..Anonymous……General Ambrose Burnside took command of the Union Army of the Potomac following the removal of George B. McClellan (again) by Abraham Lincoln. Burnside had distinguished himself by helping turn a potential route of the Confederates at Antietam into a stalemate with the infamous “Burnside’s Bridge”…..His decision to have his Ninth Corps charge across the narrow Lower Bridge at Antietam Creek (thus gumming up th works) rather than simply ford the stream came in for major criticism. "Go and look at it," sniffed Confederate staff officer Henry Kyd Douglas, "and tell me if you don't think Burnside and his corps might have executed a hop, skip, and jump and landed on the other side. One thing is certain, they might have waded it that day without getting their waist belts wet in any place." Alas poor Ambrose, we hardly knew ye. In December his army moved toward Robert E.Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Fredericksburg, Virginia He attacked Lee's entrenched troops on December 13 and suffered horrendous loses. Within one month, officers began to mutiny against Burnside's authority, and Lincoln appointed Joseph Hooker on January 25.
1864-Wednesday- ……(Germs) I
rub and scrub until my flesh is raw and bleeding
1871-Thursday I hope my studies may be an encouragement to other women, especially to young women, to devote their lives to the larger interests of the mind. It matters little whether men or women have the more brains; all we women need to do to exert our proper influence is just to use all the brains we have Happy Birthday, Florence Sabin, American anatomist (an expert in anatomy) born in Central City, Colorado. Sabin was one of the first women physicians to pursue a research career. She reversed prevailing thought about the lymphatic system (bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes and a network of thin tubes that carry lymph and white blood cells) when her investigation proved that lymphatic system developed from the veins in the embryo and grew out into tissues…..and then handkerchiefs…. Sabin was the first woman appointed to the faculty of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. In 1926, she was the first woman elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
1872 – Saturday Burn out the day
1874- Monday As the mushroom said to the toadstool “why not go out with me, I’m a fungi”. Happy Birthday, Albert Blakeslee, American botanist and geneticist whose international recognition began with his thesis on his discovery of sexuality in the lower fungi, Sexual Reproduction in the Mucorineae, published in 1904. It was significant to the understanding of sexual reproduction of the lower plants. He discovered an entire sub culture of fungi speed dating, Fungi Harmony.com, and mushroom blind dating in the dark.
1888 –Friday I’m not a butcher, I’m not a Yid, Nor yet a foreign skipper, But I’m your own light-hearted friend, Yours truly, Jack the Ripper……. Mary Jane Kelly kaput. She was the last victim of the serial killer, “Jack the Ripper”. Like the four earlier victims, Kelly was a prostitute. She was reportedly born in city of Limerick, Ireland in 1863 making her much younger than the other victims. The Daily Telegraph described her as being of "fair complexion, with light hair, and possessing rather attractive features…" Over a period of six weeks from August 31 with Mary Ann Nicols until November 9, “Jack” went on his rampage, killing and mutilating the five (confirmed – there were a possible thirteen others) prostitutes. Despite the largest manhunt in London history, he managed to elude arrest even though he killed two of his victims with some policemen in the vicinity. After Kelly’s death, poof, he vanished into thin air, disappearing as abruptly as he had arrived. Kelly’s mutilated corpse was found lying on her bed, her body was so viscously mangled that her “boyfriend”, Joe Barnett would only be able to identify her by her hair and eyes. The Editorial Board of the Gnus looked up Jack the Ripper suspects. Big mistake. The Casebook web site lists 50. Contemporary police thinking (not worth much considering he was murdering women almost under their very noses, focused on; Montague John Druitt, Seweryn Kłosowski alias George Chapman, Aaron Kosminski, Michael Ostrog, John Pizer James, Thomas Sadler, and Francis Tumblety. Later, in the interest of affirmative action and diversity, there was a “Jill the Ripper” and also Prince Albert and Doctor William Gull, Physician to Queen Victoria and the British royal family
1906 –Friday We were [in Panama] three days and we worked from morning till night. ……. Fortwo days there [were] uninterrupted tropic rains without a glimpse of the sun, and the Chagres River rose in a flood, higher than any for fifteen years; so that we saw the climate at its worst. It was just what I desired to do……Letter to his son Kermit…. Theodore Roosevelt became the first sitting President of the United States (actually he wasn’t sitting…he had to stand up and walk a few times) to make an official trip outside the country. He went to inspect progress on the Panama Canal posing for pictures at the controls of a Bucyrus shovel, then buying a tee shirt that said “Isthmus Be the Place”, a refrigerator magnet with a picture of a ship in the canal, and a small vial of “Official Panama Canal Dirt” . Roosevelt traveled by sea aboard the USS Louisiana and then by train to the Canal Zone, arriving on November 14, 1906. Roosevelt spent three days in Panama Ironically, when the Panama Canal opened officially on August 15, 1914 the attention of the world was otherwise occupied as German troops were driving across Belgium toward Paris. The ever alert media relegated Panama to their back pages. The greatest engineering project in the history of the world had been dwarfed by beginning of World War I.
1913 – Sunday………..And now
the STORM-BLAST came, and he
1921 – Wednesday You do not really understand something unless you can explain it to your grandmother……..Albert Einstein was awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with the photoelectric effect, in their words, ”"for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". In the photoelectric effect a light shines on a metal plate. This causes electrons to be knocked loose (ejected) from the metal plate. He then measured the kinetic energy of the fastest electrons ejected by the light. Extending the work of Max Planck, Einstein proposed that the incident light consisted of individual quanta, called photons. His photoelectric effect paper helped to initiate the fundamental revolution in science that we now call Quantum Physics, not to mention television…..Also, it’s why digital cameras work. In quantum theory, light is not just a particle and not just a wave: it can be one or the other, depending on how it is measured. And it was discovered later that even the electrons are not just particles but are waves too.
.1934- Friday Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known. ……Happy Birthday, Carl Sagan, astronomer, biologist, and author born in Brookln. . He was perhaps the world's greatest popularizer of science, reaching millions of people through newspapers, magazines and television broadcasts, particularly his work on the PBS series Cosmos, which became the most watched series in public-television history. It was seen by what it seems like a gazillion people in 60 countries. The accompanying book, Cosmos (1980) – one of twenty that he wrote - was on The New York Times bestseller list for 70 weeks and was the best-selling science book ever published ……although the Editorial Board of the Gnus would rank Bill Bryson’s A Short History of Nearly Everything as the best science book we’ve read. Director of Cornell’s Laboratory for Planetary Studies, Sagan also did pioneering research in biology and evolution. While studying the universe and its history, Sagan posed many theories on the origin of the earth and mankind as well as life on other planets. Sagan published over 600 papers, wrote or co-wrote more than 20 books….he was a busy guy.
1936- Monday A panda walks into a cafe. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots in the air."Why?" asks the confused waiter, as the panda makes towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife annual and tosses it over his shoulder."I'm a panda," he says, at the door. "Look it up."The waiter turns to the relevant entry and, sure enough, finds an explanation. Panda. Large black-and-white bear-like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves.”…… Lynne Truss…….. It was pandemonium as a giant panda was captured by American socialite and dress designer Ruth Harkness, who was on a mission to capture a panda, in the bamboo forests of the Szechuan mountains of southwestern China. We guess this could be construed as "panda-ing" to the tourist business. The (approximately) two month old panda, named Su-Lin, was exhibited in America at the Brookfield Zoo until it went kaput from pneumonia on April 1, 1938. It was the first panda to be exhibited outside China.
1938 Wednesday-All of a sudden, these people came around the corner screaming anti-Semitic slogans. A boy I had been in kindergarten with was shooting at me with a slingshot. It was the first time I had seen my father totally defenseless. I put my hand in his and I felt sweat from his hand on mine …….Alex Lebenstein……..Kristallnacht, or "the Night of Broken Glass," because of the cost of broken glass in looted Jewish shops--$5 million marks ($1,250,000). The Nazi terror campaign against Jews began after the shooting of a German official by a 17 year old seeking revenge for the deportation of his father. Joseph Goebbels, Nazi minister of propaganda, and Reinhard Heydrich, second in command of the SS after Heinrich Himmler, ordered "spontaneous demonstrations" of protest against the Jewish citizens of Munich. As many as 7,500 Jewish shops were looted, 20,000 Jews were arrested and there were many incidents of rape. Three days later, on November 12, Herman Goering called a meeting of the top Nazi leadership to assess the damage done during the night and place responsibility for it. Present at the meeting were Goering, Goebbels, Reinhard Heydrich, Walter Funk and other ranking Nazi officials. The intent of this meeting was two-fold: to make the Jews responsible for Kristallnacht and to use the events of the preceding days as a rationale for promulgating a series of anti semitic laws which would, in effect, remove Jews from the German economy.
1957 – Saturday I'm a big laser believer - I really think they are the wave of the future……..Courteney Cox…..Yet another example of patent delays, patent failures and patented mistakes which have rewarded some and denied credit to others as Gordon Gould , a doctoral student at Columbia University under Charles Townes, the inventor of the maser, wrote the principles of what he called a laser on a Saturday night. By Wednesday morning he had a notary witness and date his notebook. Note: notebooks must be submitted as part of the patent process. In the notebook, he had described what he called "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation," or, "laser." Unfortunately, he misunderstood the patent process, and did not file promptly. Fearing competition, Goul had abandoned his doctorate in order to get his invention into production quickly. He spent 1958 refining and improving his model, but did not file for a patent until 1959, believing that he had to build a prototype before filing. Big mistake. Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow, did file for a patent on their similar but independent discovery of how to make a laser. Gould was the first person to use the word "laser". He failed to file for a patent his invention until 1959. It took until 1977 for Gordon Gould to finally win his patent war and receive his first patent for the laser.
1958- Sunday You ain't nothin' but
a hound dog
1961 – Thursday When in doubt, hold on to your altitude. No-one has ever collided with the sky. …..Anonymous……..U.S Air Force Major Robert M. White took the X-15 rocket plane at a world record speed of 4,093 MPH – six times the speed of sound- and to 30,970 m in height. The X-15, bridged the gap between air and space flight. Half plane, half rocket, half human, half monster it would terrorize the city of Tokyo……no, no, no Professor Sy Yentz has his mutants sense of humor…. the North American X-15 took test pilots to the edge of space for the first time. Of course at that speed there was no time for a “food an beverage service” before it got to its destination but they did get a small bag of pretzels.
1961 –Thursday On 9 November 1961, Brian took his PA, Alistair Taylor, along for support and they stood at the back of the crowd and heard John, Paul, George and Pete on stage, although they can't have seen much. Nevertheless, Brian was bowled over by them. It was fortunate that Brian saw a good performance when he came down to the Cavern that lunchtime. He also liked how they behaved, and he found them very animalistic. They were unkempt, they didn't comb their hair - and, most importantly, they were lithe and physically attractive. …..Bob Wooler…..On the same day as a record flight (see above), a different kind flight began – this one involving fame and riches. Record store manager Brian Epstein went to a Liverpool nightclub called the Cavern to hear a group called the Beatles. He got one of those black light stamps so he could go in and out. Two months later, he became their manager and helped them land their first record deal, in 1962. The "Fab Four"-Paul McCartney, John Lennon, Ringo Starr, and George Harrison--recorded Love Me Do, the group's first Top 20 hit less than a year.
1963 - Saturday
…..You had a bad day
1965- Tuesday This is the type of day were you remember everything…everything you did, everything you ate. I'll remember it all. …..Anonymous…….The great "Northeast Black out" began at At 5:27 p.m. The Editorial Board of the Gnus was in a phone booth at a bowling alley talking to his girlfriend when the lights went out. Most of the Northeastern U.S lost power when a transformer burned in upstate N.Y. Don’t you hate when that happens? It was the biggest electricity grid failure in U.S. history and caused the 13-hour blackout in northeast America and parts of Canada. In the subways of New York, 800,000 people were trapped. Overall, some 80,000 square miles, and 25 million people were affected. There was virtually no looting and no violence. It was a different time.
1967 –Thursday Well we're big rock singers
1976- Tuesday I go, and it is done;
the bell invites me.
1985 –Saturday My problem with chess was that all my pieces wanted to end the game as soon as possible……Dave Barry……Becoming the Wizard of Ovs (Kaspera and Karp)…….Garry Kasparov 22, (Bobby Fischer was 29 when he became champion) of the Soviet Union became the youngest World Chess Champion by beating Anatoly Karpov, also of the Soviet Union. The chessgames.com website notes in classic Chesstopia; “The match began at Tchaikovsky Hall in Moscow on September 3, 1985. It was a closely contested battle, with Kasparov pulling ahead in the the 16th game in a positional masterpiece. In the last game, Kasparov sought counterplay in the Sicilian Defense, and sacrificed a pawn on the 26th move and then another on the 31st move, to obtain activity in a complicated position. After a blunder by Karpov, a simple tactical sequence brought the house down.” Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five…..Groucho Marx.
1989- Thursday As I looked out a moment ago from the Reichstag, that embodiment of German unity, I noticed words crudely spray-painted upon the wall, perhaps by a young Berliner: "This wall will fall. Beliefs become reality." Yes, across Europe, this wall will fall. For it cannot withstand faith; it cannot withstand truth. The wall cannot withstand freedom. ……Ronald Reagan……..East Germany, home to manly female Olympic athletes, one of the most doctrinaire and repressive of the Communist Soviet puppet states, opened the Berlin Wall, allowing travel from East to West Berlin. The following day, celebrating Germans began to tear the wall down. The wall, one of the ugliest and most infamous symbols of the Cold War was soon reduced to rubble that was quickly snatched up by souvenir hunters. It was erected in 1961 because more than 2.6 million East Germans escaped the proletarian worker’s paradise to West Berlin or West Germany from 1949 to 1961
1994- Wednesday Here today – gone in a nanosecond. Alas poor darmstadtium,, we hardly knew ye………The first atom of element 110 was detected at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. A thin lead foil target was bombarded with accelerated nickel atoms (yes, it wasn’t worth “a plugged nickel). A lead nucleus fused with a nickel nucleus to form a new nucleus of element 110, an isotope with atomic mass number of 269. After a small fraction of a thousandth of a second, it was kaput, decaying into lighter elements by emitting alpha-particles which are the nuclei of helium atoms. After rejecting suggestions for a name such as “now you see it now you don’tium” it was initially known as ununnilium, symbol Uun but officially named in 2003 as darmstadtium, symbol Ds. Darmstadtium, is a synthetic element, just like television reality show participants, that is not present in the environment at all.
2005 – Wednesday Lt. Mike Cruze: Oh, come off it! How could a bunch of women invent a gizmo like that? Lt. Larry Turner: Sure, and even if they invented it, how could they aim it? You know how women drivers are! The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Venus Express arrived at its destination on April 11, 2006, after jetting about 250 million miles (400 million kilometers) from Earth. The spacecraft fired its engines for a planned 50-minute burn to insert itself into orbit. It quickly confirmed information from the 1958 documentary, Queen of Outer Space, of a planet inhabited by beautiful women wearing short shirt dresses and high heels, ruled by a despotic queen despite the heroic efforts of Zsa Zsa Gabor to thwart her as she saved astronaut Eric Fleming of television’s Rawhide. The 2,800-pound spacecraft spent more than five years circling the shrouded planet, watching long-term trends in the atmosphere and using instruments to peek below the clouds to the surface.
2011 Wednesday In hindsight; I wish I had done more ….. well that was a bit of an understatement as legendary Penn State football coach, Joe Paterno, was fired over a child abuse scandal involving his former assistant Jerry Sandusky. Paterno had been made aware of claims of sexual abuse against boys by Sandusky but had not contacted the police over the claims. The longtime coach, the winningest in major college football, was ousted at the end of day that began with his announcement to retire at end of the season, his 46th.
just call out my name
1433 – Sunday Titles are but nicknames, and every nickname is a title…….Thomas Paine…….. Joyeux Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, Charles the Bold, Burgundy (born in Dijon) son of Philip the Good …mainly because we like French nobility nicknames…..like, Charles the Bad, Charles the Drunkard, Charles the Child , and Charles the Fat and don’t get us started on Louis or Philips. Charles the Bold was the last of the great Dukes of Normandy. Gene Chandler was the last Duke of Earl. Charles spent most of his Dukedom friending and unfriending King Louis XI.
1444 – ……most Christians, believed war against the Muslims to be justified partly because the latter had usurped by force lands which once belonged to Christians and partly because they abused the Christians over whom they ruled ……..Rodney Stark…..The Islamic invasions of Europe continued at The Battle of Varna (that’s in eastern Bulgaria for the geographically challenged) as the army of King Vladislaus III of Varna (also known as Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw III of Poland…obviously, he had an identity crisis) were crushed by the Turks under Sultan Murad II. Vladislaus was rendered kaput and his army was thoroughly varnished after Varna. This was also curtains for Constantinople as Europeans would be unable to save the beleaguered city and it would fall in 1453..
1483 –Sunday Saturday- Unless I am convinced by the testimony of the Scriptures or by clear reason (for I do not trust either in the pope or in councils alone, since it is well known that they have often erred and contradicted themselves), I am bound by the Scriptures I have quoted and my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and will not recant anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. May God help me. Amen. Alles Gute zum Geburtstag! Happy Birthday, Martin Luther, Augustinian Monk and later German Protestant reformer born in Eisleben. Luther dealt the symbolic blow that began the Reformation when he arguably nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Church in 1517. Did he actually? The webstie Lutherde. Notes that the first written account of the event comes from Philipp Melanchthon who could not have been an eye-witness to the event since he was not called to Wittenberg University as a professor until 1518.Also, this account appeared for the first time after Luther's death and he never commented on 'nailing anything up' in 1517. Announcements of upcoming disputes were supposedly regularly hung on the door of the Castle Church. But, openly hanging the theses without waiting for a reaction from the Bishops could have been seen as a clear provocation of his superiors. Luther would not have done that because he only wanted to clear up some misunderstandings, but he did publish them on October 31, 1517. That document contained an attack on papal abuses and the sale of indulgences by church officials but 16th century “theses” were and invitation to debate. Like St. Francis before him, Luther’s ideas for reform were spot on. Unfortunately, like St. Francis before him, men twisted h s ideas into mutating beliefs or sub-sects. Thanks to the printing press, Luther's '95 Theses' and his other writings spread quickly through Europe. Luther’s translation of the Bible brought the Bible to the common folk – as opposed to them relying on the Church for Biblical sources – and also helped to develop a standard version of the German language while adding several principles to the art of translation. Luther's hymns (A Mighty Fortress is Our God) sparked the development of congregational singing in Christianity. His marriage, on June 13, 1525, to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, began the tradition of clerical marriage within several Christian traditions.
1520 – Wednesday There is no more mercy in him than there is milk in a male tiger.
…….Menenius…..Coriolanus act 5, scene .4…… A big day for slaughtering the vanquished – see below 1580 - Danish King Christian II executed dozens of people in the Stockholm Bloodbath after a successful invasion of Sweden. Mostly nobility and clergy supporting the Sture party were executed, despite a promise by Christian for general amnesty. The “Bloodbath” was a consequence of conflict between Swedish pro-unionists who were in favor of the Kalmar Union, then dominated by Denmark, and anti-unionists who were supporters of Swedish independence)
– Monday Smerwick sowed with the mouthing corpses
1730 –Friday- An ugly man and a poor man is society only for himself, and such society the world lets me enjoy in great abundance. . . . I may sit down and laugh at the world, and at myself, the most ridiculous object in it ……Happy Birthday, Oliver Goldsmith, Anglo-Irish poet essayist, novelist, dramatist, and eccentric , who wrote the essays, The Citizen of the World, or, Letters from a Chinese Philosopher , the poem The Deserted Village, the novel The Vicar of Wakefield, and the play, She Stoops to Conquer.
1764 – Saturday Chemistry is all about getting lucky...Robert Curl ………Feliz Cumplea–os!/Happy Birthday, Andrés Manuel Del Rio born in Madrid. Rio was a Spanish mineralogist who discovered the element vanadium. Vanadium is an example of a transition metal. Transition metals are the elements found in the middle part of the periodic table – there it is # 23 between Titanium and Chromiium. In 1801, while examining samples from a mine in Zimpan, he arrived at the conclusion that he had found a new metallic element. He prepared various compounds of the new element which he named pancromium sent his samples to be verified by Alexander Humboldt. They were mistakenly identified as chromium and his claim was rejected. Twenty nine years later, Swedish chemist Nils Sefström rediscovered the element and named it vanadium. after the Scandinavian goddess of love and beauty Vanadis. In the same year German chemist Friedrich Wholer analyzed Del Rio's samples and found that pancromium and vanadium were the same.
1766 – Monday ….to plant a university or seminary for young men destined for study in the learned languages and liberal arts, and who are to be instructed in the philosophical sciences; also that it may be a school of the prophets in which children of God may be prepared to enter upon the sacred ministerial office in the church of God. ……petition to the government of the Netherlands. The last colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, and illegitimate son of Ben Franklin, signed the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University) allowing it to join the Big Ten. The idea came from the Dutch Reform Church but they could not get a charter from the Netherlands and so turned to the English. Queen’s College was named for Charlotte, the Queen Consort to George III.
1775-Friday- Some people spend an entire lifetime wondering if they made a difference in the world. But, the Marines don't have that problem…….Ronald Reagan…….. Semper Fi. The Continental Congress passed a resolution creating two battalions of Continental Marines, later renamed the United States Marine Corps to serve as landing troops for the recently created Continental Navy. The first Marine landing on a hostile shore occurred when a force of Marines under Captain Samuel Nicholas captured New Province Island in the Bahamas from the British in March 1776 liberating several tee shirt shops, two tea parlors, and noting that With sapphire-blue water everywhere, The Exumas are an exotic collection of dream destinations. Footprint-free beaches and ultraexclusive resorts and islands fit for celebrities make this tropical paradise an absolute gem. Here, nature outnumbers man, coastlines remain flawless and private homes play host to some of the world’s most famous stars. The Exumas truly are the ultimate escape………….Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the Continental Marines and is celebrated as the first Marine commandant. The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War and as the last of the Navy’s ships were sold, the Continental Navy and Marines disbanded. Following the formal re-establishment of the Marine Corps on July 11, 1798, Marines fought in conflicts with France, landed in Santo Domingo and conducted operations against the Barbary pirates along the "Shores of Tripoli."
1793 – Sunday A l'exemple de Saturne, la révolution dévore ses enfant …….Like Saturn, the revolution devours its children……..Jacques Mallet du Pan……….A Goddess of Reason was proclaimed by the French Convention at the suggestion of the persistently anti-Catholic Pierre-Gaspard Chaumette. As personification for the Goddess, Sophie Momoro, actress and wife of the printer Antoine-François Momoro, was chosen. The Goddess was celebrated in Notre Dame de Paris as she was put on the high altar in the Cathedral. On 23 November, Chaumette obtained a decree closing all the churches of Paris, and placed the priests under strict surveillance. Maximilien Robespierre thought the seemingly atheistic Cult of Reason excessive and counter to the objective of establishing a republic of virtue. He sought to preserve a religion based on the notion of a higher power that would replace Christianity and organized the Festival of the Supreme Being held in June 1794. Chaumette was arrested and imprisoned, condemned by the Revolutionary Tribunal and executed on April 13, 1794. Robespierre followed him on July 28, 1794
1793 Sunday Loveliest of trees, the cherry now / Is hung with bloom along the bough….
….A. E. Housman ………..Happy Birthday, Jared Potter Kirtland, American naturalist, horticulturist physician, and member of the House of Representatives, born in Wallingford, Connecticut. Kirkland is credited with originating 26 varieties of cherries and 6 of pears. In 1838, he published the first list of amphibians collected in Ohio. On 13 May 1851 he made the first discovery of a migrating song bird on his farm near Cleveland, Ohio, which was eponymously named Kirtland's Warbler. It is also one of the rarest birds in the world. Also in 1851 Kirtland served on a committee to secure safe drinking water for Cleveland. Kirtland
1808 - Thursday The United States, being anxious to promote peace, friendship and intercourse with the Osage tribes, to afford them every assistance in their power, and to protect them from the insults and injuries of other tribes of Indians situated near the settlements of the white people, have thought proper to build a fort on the right bank of the Missouri, a few miles above the fire prairie, and do agree to garrison the same with as many regular troops as the President of United States may, from time to time, deem necessary for the protection of all orderly, friendly and well disposed Indians of the Great and Little Osage Nations who reside at this place, and who do strictly conform to and pursue the counsels or admonitions of the President of the United States through his subordinate officers……Treaty of Fort Clark. We'll have Manhattan, The Bronx and Staten Island too…..Rodgers & Hart………….The Osage Indians ceded Missouri and Arkansas lands to the United States. Big mistake. Lewis and Clark reported that in 1802, the tribe comprised the Great Osage on the Osage River, the Little Osage upstream, and the Arkansas band on the Vermillion River, a tributary of the Arkansas River. The tribe then numbered some 5,500. By the terms of the treaty of 1808, the Osage title to all land in Missouri was extinguished, excepting a strip twenty-four miles wide lying eastward from the western boundary of the State, and extending from the Missouri River south into the Territory of Arkansas. Kind of a happy ending though as the Osage were eventually pushed into Oklahoma where they ended up owning major oil and gas reserves making them very rich indeed…..although of no comfort to those who suffered hardships for over 100 years.
1810-Saturday- The toilets at a local police station have been stolen. Police say they have nothing to go on…….Flushed with success, Happy Birthday, George Jennings English sanitary engineer and plumber born in Brighton. Jennings invented the first public toilets. They were first used for visitors at the Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park London, in 1851. Jennings, then a plumber from Brighton installed the toilets. He felt strongly that there should be decent public facilities. To offset the cost, visitors were charged 1 pence for using the toilet. 827,280 of them handled the matter so obviously Jennings’ investment did not go down the drain. After the success of Jennings’s Crystal Palace loos, public toilets started to appear in the streets with the next one at 95, Fleet Street, London, next to the Society of Art in February 1852. There was one for with one for women opening a little later 51 Bedford Street. Called ‘Public Waiting Rooms’ they contained water closets in wooden surrounds. The charge was 2 pence entrance fee and extra for washing or clothes brushes.
1847 –Wednesday Or shipwrecked, kindles on the coast False fires, that others may be lost. ….. William Wordsworth……..The packet ship Stephen Whitney was wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster resulted in the construction of the Fastnet Rock lighthouse. A packet ship carried mail as well as passengers. 177 feet (54 meters) high, with a lamp the strength of 1.3m candles, the lighthouse was called, from the navigator's point of view, the most important outpost of Europe. Fastnet Rock lighthouse is on a small islet in the Atlantic Ocean and the most southerly point of Ireland.
1851 –Monday ….How do you like your eggs, scrambled or fertilized? …..Happy Birthday, Francis Maitland Balfour, British zoologist, younger brother of the statesman and Prime Minister Arthur J. Balfour, born in Edinburgh. Balfour was a founder of modern embryology- the study of the development of the embryo. He showed the evolutionary connection between vertebrates and some invertebrates (a politician and an amoeba, for example) through comparative embryology. He went kaput when, recovering from Typhoid Fever in Switzerland, he cleverly attempted to climb Mt. Blanc.
1861-Sunday Astronomers, like burglars and jazz musicians, operate best at night……Miles Kington …….Happy Birthday, Robert Innes, Scottish astronomer, like Balfour –see above- born in Edinburgh. Innes discovered Proxima Centauri in 1915. Proxima Centauri is the closest star to earth after the Sun. It is about 4.2 light years away and is faint red dwarf star. It is also much cooler than the Sun , with a surface temperature of about 3100 C. just about the same as Tucson Arizona on a July afternoon. It is only visible with a good telescope, and only then from southern latitudes. Innes had gone to Australia at an early age and lived most of his adult life in South Africa. So if you’re like Professor Sy Yentz and you were taught and even read that the closest star to the Sun is Alpha Centauri what gives with this Proxima stuff? The closest star system to the Sun is the Alpha Centauri system. Of the three stars in the system, the dimmest -- called Proxima Centauri -- is actually the nearest star. The bright stars Alpha Centauri A and B form a close binary as they are separated by only 23 times the Earth- Sun distance - slightly greater than the distance between Uranus and the Sun.
1865-Friday- Do not look at stars as bright spots only. Try to take in the vastness of the universe…..Maria Mitchell………..Big day for astronomers – see Robert Innes above- The first woman professor of Astronomy in America, Maria Mitchell, began teaching at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, NY. In fact, Maria Mitchell was the first person, male or female, appointed to the Vassar faculty. This made her, briefly, THE Vasser faculty. Meetings were short and frequently broke due to arguments amongst the participants. She had the use of a twelve-inch telescope, the third largest in the United States. In 1848 she became the first woman to be permitted to join the American Academy of Arts and Scientists, allowing her access to other serious scientists. She would be the only woman allowed to join for over a hundred years.
1865 – Friday … Vat you tink dem Yankees do, if dey get me prisoner, up Nort-eh?... Dey will kill me sure! But I shall take care dey vill no catch me – but if dey do I am certain dey will kill me so quick – so quick, I tell you – dat I shall know nothing about it! …. Sgt. Henry Wirz ……..Confederate prison camp commander Henry Wirz, born in Zurich, Switzerland, was executed. The gallows were surrounded by Union Army soldiers who throughout the procedure chanted Wirz, remember, Andersonville. Wirz was put in charge of Andersonville Prison in Georgia in 1863. By August, 1864, there were 32,000 Union Army prisoners in Andersonville. The Confederate government did not provide enough food for the prison and men began to die of starvation. The water became polluted and disease was a constant problem. Of the 49,485 prisoners who entered the camp, nearly 13,000 died from disease and malnutrition. Following the war, Wirz was charged with "wanton cruelty". Wirz appeared before a military commission headed by Major General Lew Wallace (author of Ben Hur) in August, 1865.
1871-Friday-Baby, now that I've found you
1885-Tuesday- Get your
1903 – Tuesday The other day I was on my way home from work and as I sat there at a red light, out of nowhere, a bird slammed into my windshield. If that wasn’t bad enough, the poor creature got its wing stuck under my windshield wiper.
Without any other apparent options, turning on the windshield wipers seemed the only thing I could do. It actually worked. On the upswing, the bird flew off, and it promptly slammed right onto the windshield of the car behind me. …….a police car. Of course, his lights went on, and I was forced to pull over. The officer walked up and told me he saw what had happened at the light. He simply stated: “I am going to have to write you up for flipping me the bird.” …..Mary Anderson patented the windshield wiper - Patent No. 743,801. - The invention was designed to clean snow, rain, or sleet from a windshield by using a handle inside the car operated by the driver from within the vehicle via a lever. During a trip to New York City, the Alabama-born inventor noticed that streetcar drivers had to open the windows of their cars when it rained in order to see. Windshield wipers became standard equipment on all American cars by 1916
1918 – Sunday Chemistry is a class you take in high school or college, where you figure out two plus two is 10, or something…..Dennis Rodman …….Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday, Ernst Otto Fischer, German chemist born in Munich. Fischer shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Geoffrey Wilkinson for their independent pioneering work with organometallic compounds. Fischer had learned about a newly developed synthetic compound called ferrocene but the structure of ferrocene was unknown. After studying the substance, he concluded that it consisted of two five-sided carbon rings with a single iron atom sandwiched between them. Ferrocene like a ham and cheese on rye, was a sandwich compound. Fischer also worked on compounds with transition metal complexes and catalysts to hydrogenate alkenes into alkanes.
1924 –Monday- I’m gonna retire Johnny. The rackets are wearing me out. The Gennas are invading my territory and the bodies are piling up ……no more guns, no more street fights………..Dion O'Banion kaput. O’Bannion, leader of Chicago’s North Side Gang was assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio's (and Al Capone’s) gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago culminating in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre in 1929. O'Bannion was happily clipping chrysanthemums (there were no witnesses so “mum” was the word) in a back room when Mobster Frankie Yale aka, Francesco Ioele, entered the shop with Torrio/Capone gunmen John Scalise and Albert Anselmi. When O'Banion attempted to greet Yale with a handshake, Yale clasped O'Banion's hand in a “death” grip so he could not go for his gun. At the same time, Scalise and Anselmi fired two bullets into O'Banion's chest, two in his cheeks, and two in his throat. Dean O'Banion died instantly Yale would later have the dubious distinction of being the first victim of the Thompson submachine gun used in New York gangland warfare.
1925 –Tuesday- Joan Collins (about Richard's womanizing): Richard, I do believe you would screw a snake….Richard (in response to Joan): It would have to be wearing a skirt, darling, and it would have to be a female snake. ……Happy Birthday, Richard Burton, British stage and film actor bron in Pontrhydfen, South Wales. He earned seven Oscar nominations for work like The Robe, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Becket and Equus. Burton wasted his career and life drinking and marrying Elizabeth Taylor.
1928 –Saturday- Go go go migo
1928 –Saturday- Meanwhile, as Ennio Morricone was being born in Italy Notre Dame coach Knute Rockne was in the Bronx at Yankee Stadium, giving his famous “Win one for the Gipper” speech at half time of the Notre Dame – Army football game. Although historians believe that it is doubtful that Rockne's version of Gipp's last words was true, underdog, Notre Dame would go on to win the game 12-6. George Gipp, later brought to life in them movies by Ronald Reagan in Knute Rockne, All American – Pat O’Brian in the title role, had been a Notre Dame football star who went kaput in 1920 from a staph infection.
1928 – Saturday I am young, I am twenty years old; yet I know nothing of life but despair, death, fear, and fatuous superficiality cast over an abyss of sorrow. I see how peoples are set against one another, and in silence, unknowingly, foolishly, obediently, innocently slay one another……. Erich Maria Remarque published the first installment All Quiet on the Western Front in Vossische Zeitung, a German magazine. It is the story of six German soldiers who volunteered to fight in World War I, and it chronicles their deterioration, intellectually, spiritually, and physically. The novel is told from the perspective of soldier, Paul Bäumer, who exposes details of life on the Western Front –the fighting area in France and Flanders where the British, French, Belgian and American armies met the German army - from gas attacks, to fatal illnesses, to rat infestations. Remarque himself had fought on the Western Front when he was eighteen years old. The novel called into question the values set forth by Nazi Germany's "fatherland" propaganda. All Quiet on the Western Front was banned and burned in Germany along with hundreds of other books with similar themes.
1938 – Thursday- God bless america, land that I love,
should be the national anthem. Berlin had written a version of the song in 1918 and was asked by the producer of Smith’s program for a patriotic song. He updated it and voila!
1951-Saturday-Don't hang up. You've angered me, and when you anger me you anger the phone company and all the power necessary to tie up your lines for the next fifty years. Do I make myself clear? …..Lily Tomlin…………..The first direct dial long distance telephone service........Later that minute, occurred the first direct dial long distance busy signal. Mayor M. Leslie Downing of Englewood, N.J., picked up a telephone and dialed 10 digits. Eighteen seconds later, he reached Mayor Frank Osborne in Alameda, Calif (across the Bay from San Francisco)…….who announced that he was rushing to a cabinet meeting and could he call back……no,no,no Professor Sy Yentz has his long distance sense of humor, actually the mayors chatted for a while. The inauguration of the Direct Distance Dialing eliminated the need for a "number, please" operator, accelerated connection speed, and cut the cost of long-distance calls.
1955- Thursday Well, since my baby left me,
1958 –Monday- People see us everywhere
1964 Tuesday ……and its 1,2,3 what are we fightin
1969 –Monday- Now leave me alone and get lost! …..Oscar the Grouch………..Sesame Street, the brainchild of Jim Henson and created for the Children’s Television Workshop made its debut on PBS. Since then the acutely politically correct muppet/puppet and people show delighted and instructed children and their parents all over the world. During this first season, Oscar the Grouch (who was orange for the first season) and Big Bird were the only Muppets to appear regularly in Street scenes, while most of the other Muppets debuted in separate segments. Bob, Mr. Hooper, Gordon, and Susan were the original human cast members. In this episode, Gordon introduced Sally to Sesame Street
1969 –Monday Sister Michelle: [after she reveals herself to be a nun, Dr. Carpenter is shocked] Say something.
Dr. John Carpenter: I'll be damned.
Mercifully, Elvis Presley’s movie career came to an end with the opening of his last feature film, Change of Habit. Although nothing could sink to the level of Clambake or Harem Scarem, Change of Habit was pretty bad. Directed by William Graham and co-starring Mary Tyler Moore as a just about to officially become a nun, one could also find Edward Asner (later to star on Mary’s sitcom) in the cast. The advertisement for the film should have served as a warning, “When the King of Rock Meets the Queen of Comedy, Romance Rules. “
1973 Saturday …… If you were to bother to read my books, to behave as educated persons would, you would learn that they are not sexy, and do not argue in favor of wildness of any kind. They beg that people be kinder and more responsible than they often are. It is true that some of the characters speak coarsely. That is because people speak coarsely in real life. Especially soldiers and hardworking men speak coarsely, and even our most sheltered children know that. And we all know, too, that those words really don’t damage children much. They didn’t damage us when we were young. It was evil deeds and lying that hurt us. ….Kurt Vonnegut, Letter to President of Drake School Board…….Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five was burned in North Dakota. The Minot Daily News headlined: "Books at Drake Burned By School Board." This and subsequent stories noted that a 26-year-old English teacher at Drake High School named Bruce Severy had decided to assign Vonnegut's 1969 novel to his sophomores as a change of pace. Big mistake. One precocious 15 year old complained to her mother about some of the more salty language (recall this was 1973 in the days before the coarse language epidemic of the 21st century). The Drake School Board reacted calmly. They ordered that the copies of Slaughter-House Five be Farenheit 451ed and for good measuere, ordered school Superintendent Dale Fuhrman to collect and burn about 60 copies of Deliverance, by James Dickey and an anthology entitled Short Story Masterpieces, with works by Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck, among other famous writers. The teacher, after emphasizing that no student would be forced to read this or any book. He was also astounded, as was the Editorial Board of the Gnus, that books were burned in the United States of America.
1974 –Sunday- einstein
was not a handsome fellow
1975 –Monday- When suppertime came, the old
cook came on deck
1980-Monday- We must believe then, that as from hence we see Saturn and Jupiter; if we were in either of the Two, we should discover a great many Worlds which we perceive not; and that the Universe extends so in infinitum…..Cyrano de Bergerac….Voyager 1 flew past Saturn. Saturn was the last planetary flyby for this Voyager. Voyager 2 would arrive in 1981. Both Voyagers measured the rotation of Saturn (the length of a day) at 10 hours, 39 minutes, 24 seconds. Both discovered answers and questions (sort of like the Jeopardy TV Show) about the rings such as should the engagement ring be returned if the bride breaks off the engagement? And, will she really notice it it’s cubic zirconia. Voyager 1 spacecraft was launched in September 1977 and flew by Jupiter and Saturn before continuing on toward interstellar space. NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft also flew by Jupiter and Saturn and went on to explore Uranus and Neptune. Voyager 1 and 2 are currently in the "Heliosheath" -- the outermost layer of the heliosphere where the solar wind is slowed by the pressure of interstellar gas and non-handicapped people who park in handicap parking spaces are formed
1983 –Tuesday To err is human, but to really foul things up requires a computer…..Bill Gates and Microsoft introduced Windows 1.0 at the Plaza Hotel in New York City. 1.0 was a next-generation operating system that would provide a graphical user interface (GUI) and a multitasking environment for IBM computers. How quaint. They promised that the new product would be on the shelf by April 1984. Surprise! Microsoft finally shipped Windows 1.0 on November 20, 1985, almost two years past the initially promised release date.
1983 –Tuesday- I think computer viruses should count as life. I think it says something about human nature that the only form of life we have created so far is purely destructive. We've created life in our own image…..Stephen Hawking…….From the Department of Irony, on the same day as Gates introduced Windows 1.0…..Student Fred Cohen presented to a security seminar the results of his test - the first documented virus, created as an experiment in computer security. Cohen created this first virus when studying for a PhD at the University of Southern California. Cohen inserted his proof-of-concept code into a Unix command, and within five minutes of launching it onto a mainframe computer, had gained control of the system. Cohen’s academic adviser, Len Adleman (the A in RSA Security), likened the self-replicating program to a virus, thus coining the term. Now there are almost 60,000 viruses in existence and they have gone from being a nuisance to a permanent menace. Thanks Fred. Among the worst have been, The Morris Worm, The Concept Virus, CIH, the Anna Kournakova (created by an obsessed admirer of the dim bulb tennis celebrity), The Melissa, ILOVEYOU, and the Blaster Worm with more to come. Thanks Fred.
1988 –Thursday- I say thank God for government waste. If government is doing bad things, it's only the waste that prevents the harm from being greater. …..Milton Friedman……Good news….., Secretary John Herrington of the Department of Energy (quick now, explain what the Department of Energy does) announced that Ellis County, Texas would be the home of a $4.4 billion atom- smashing super collider. The superconducting super collider would become the world's largest particle accelerator, the basic research tool in high energy physics for studying the nature of matter and energy. Bad news…… in 1993 after investing over $2 billion dollars into the project, Presidential stud muffin, Bill Clinton and Congress cancelled it entirely. Highly sophisticated machinery and laboratories were simply sold to the highest bidder, and thousands of acres of empty land were parceled off and sold as well. All that now remains are 200,000 square feet of still-vacant factories and labs, and over 30 km of carved-rock tunnels slowly filling with water. Some guy wants to make it the world’s largest mushroom farm. Obviously he’s a fungi.
1990 –Saturday It doesn't sound anything like 'Under Pressure. ……. Vanilla Ice aka Rob Van Winkle, started a 16-week run at No.1 on the US album charts with To The Extreme an assault on music that would forever stain rap.
1994 –Thursday I love everything that's old, - old friends, old times, old manners, old books, old wine……Oliver Goldsmith……..The Codex Leicester, the only Leonardo da Vinci manuscript owned in the United States and the only one in the world still in private hands, was sold at auction. Microsoft chairman Bill Gates paid $30.8 million for it. The Codex Leicester was written around 1508, and is one of 30 or so similar books produced by Da Vinci across his lifetime. It is 72 loose pages with around 300 notes and detailed drawings rendered in chalk and brown ink, alongside Leonardo's famed 'mirror writing'.All of these sketches are based around a common theme: water and how it moved. Codex Leicester's – it got its name from Thomas Coke, the first Earl of Leicester who was an early owner - historical importance is further bolstered by the fact that Da Vinci is thought to have used its contents as research to paint the background of his masterwork, the Mona Lisa.
–Monday By the time I get to Phoenix she'll be rising
2012 Saturday The devil has put a penalty on all things we enjoy in life. Either we suffer in health or we suffer in soul or we get fat…..Albert Einstein….The Danish government declared that it would end the country's "fat tax" that put a tax on foods with more than 2.3 percent saturated fats. The tax was cancelled when they realized that it had only inflated food prices. It also put Danish jobs at risk and drove customers to buy food in Sweden and Germany. The fat tax was levied on all products containing saturated fats - from butter and milk to pizzas, oils, meats, and pre-cooked foods. An example cited was when the tax was introduced the price of a pack of 250 grams of butter rose by 2.20 kroner ($0.37) to more than 18 kroner ($2.95).
308 –Wednesday Compromise, n. Such an adjustment of conflicting interests as gives each adversary the satisfaction of thinking he has got what he ought not to have, and is deprived of nothing except what was justly his due………Ambrose Bierce……..The Congress of Carnuntum, in attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, declared that Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti (co-emperors), while rival contender Constantine I was declared “Caesar” of Britain and Gaul. Former emperor Diocletian had come out of retirement to organize the Congress held in present day Hainburg, Austria. His retirement had caused the chaos that resulted in almost as many emperors as Elizabeth Taylor had husbands. Constantine would emerge victorious in 312 after the Battle of Milivan Bridge just outside of Rome, leading the charge of his Gallic cavalry, and his army thoroughly routed Maxentius' army. The fleeing troops had only one escape route, over the Milvian Bridge, across the Tiber River. There was a massive bottleneck effect at the bridge (which had been destroyed by Maxentus and rebuilt as a pontoon bridge. Instead of waiting for Constantine to cross the bridge, Maxentus crossed. Not even Maxentius could get across during the disastrous retreat and tried to swim across instead. Genius that he was, he didn’t take his heavy armor off and it dragged him to kaputville.
1100 – Sunday I'm going to the backseat of my car with the woman I love, and I won't be back for ten minutes………..Homer Simpson…………..On a social note, Henry I of England married Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland. There had been a bit of a delay as Matilda's years in the convent raised questions of whether she had taken vows and was thus not free to marry legally. Henry asked Archbishop Anselm for a ruling, and Anselm convened a council of bishops. Surprise! They heard testimony from Matilda that she had never taken vows, had worn the veil only for protection, and that her stay in the convent had only been for her education. Matilda was eligible to marry Henry. Things would end badly as their daughter, also Matilda was named Henry’s heir. This was disputed by nephew Stephen of Blois. Civil war ensued.
1493 – Saturday Many have said of Alchemy, that it is for the making of gold and silver. For me such is not the aim, but to consider only what virtue and power may lie in medicines. ………Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday, - possibly…..we’ve alsi seen December 17 Paracelsus, born, Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim born in Egg. Paracelsus (ancient ancestor of football coach Bill Parcelsus) German-Swiss and alchemist who is one of the benchmarks between ending alchemy and beginning chemistry. He established the role of chemistry in treating medical ailments. Wolfram Science World notes, he was a hermit, and his works are largely unintelligible. He is also credited with introducing opium and mercury into the arsenal of medicine
1569 – Tuesday If by fire Of sooty coal th' empiric alchymist Can turn, or holds it possible to turn, Metals of drossiest ore to perfect gold. ……John Milton………A big day for German alchemists – see Paracelus above- Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and chemist and yes, (see above) alchemist, born in Lauingen, Bavaria. Ruland was influenced by Paracelus and wrote Lexicon alchemiae (The Dictionary of Alchemy).
1572 –Monday On the 11th day of November in the evening after sunset, I was contemplating the stars in a clear sky. I noticed that a new and unusual star, surpassing the other stars in brilliancy, was shining almost directly above my head; and since I had, from boyhood, known all the stars of the heavens perfectly, it was quite evident to me that there had never been any star in that place of the sky, even the smallest, to say nothing of a star so conspicuous and bright as this. I wqs so astonished of this sight that I was not ashamed to doubt the trustworthyness of my own eyes. But when I observed that others, on having the place pointed out to them, could see that there was really a star there, I had no further doubts. A miracle indeed, one that has never been prevoiously seen before our time, in any age since the beginning of the world…………A supernova was observed in the constellation Cassiopeia. Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe was on his way home when his attention was attracted by a star in Cassiopeia which was shining at about the brightness of Jupiter. The “star” had not been there before. Tycho was so impressed by this event that he devoted the rest of his professional life solely to astronomy. People have asked Professor Sy Yentz about the difference between a nova and a supernova. The difference is that in between super and just plain nova there is the "pretty good nova". Actually, a supernova is the explosive death of a massive star whose energy output causes its expanding gases to glow brightly for weeks or months. A supernova remnant is the glowing, expanding gaseous remains of a supernova explosion.
1620 –Wednesday IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the first Colony in the northern Parts of Virginia; Do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually, in the Presence of God and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid: And by Virtue hereof do enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general Good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due Submission and Obedience. IN WITNESS whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape-Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, Anno Domini; 1620. …..In what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, the Mayflower Compact was signed on, yes, the Mayflower, establishing the basic laws for the Plymouth Colony. The compact, a round, hinged beauty aide with a mirror on one side and powder on the other was only 5 inches in diameter and Professor Sy Yentz can’t figure out how they wrote all those laws on such a small surface. The Pilgrims had obtained permission from English authorities to settle in Virginia, whose northern border at the time extended up to what is now New York. The Mayflower Compact was an attempt to establish a temporary, legally-binding form of self-government until such time as the Company could get formal permission from the Council of New England. This formal permission came in the form of the Pierce Patent of 1621.
The original Mayflower Compact has been lost, almost 400 years of searching lady’s powder rooms has come up d ry. The text was first published in London in 1622
1647- Monday But to go to school in a summer morn, Oh, it drives all joy away! Under a cruel eye outworn, The little ones spend the day-- In sighing and dismay….. William Blake………..The first American compulsory school law was passed in Massachusetts. It provided for a teacher for every community of over 50 families. It is known as the Old Deluder Satan Law (after the law's first sentence). Remember, the Puritans specifically framed ignorance as a Satanic ill. Nowadays it doesn’t even prevent people from being elected to political office. Several secondary and some elementary schools were opened as a result of the edict.
1673 – Saturday Q: How did the Ottomans conquer Poland so fast? A: They marched in backwards and the Polish thought they were leaving……….During the Polish – Ottoman War (the Poles just couldn’t find something comfy to put their feet on while sitting in a comfy chair) came the Second Battle of Khotyn (Chocim) – the first had been in 1621- in the Ukraine. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski defeated the Ottoman army. During this battle, rockets made by Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully employed. Things didn’t go well for the Commonwealth as the final peace treaty ended with the Muslims keeping 2/3 of the territory taken during their invasion.
1778 Wednesday …..The enemy killed, scalped, and most barbarously murdered 32 inhabitants, chiefly women and children, as well as Colonel Alden. They committed the most inhuman barbarities on most of the dead and the lieutenant colonel; all the officers and continental soldiers were stripped and drove naked before them …contemporary newspaper report cited on examiner.com………..Seneca Indian and Tory forces attacked a village and fort in eastern New York State during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than 40 soldiers and civilians. The Seneca miffed angry about the burning of Tioga by forces led by Colonel Thomas Hartley, his accusations of atrocities by the Iroquois at the Battle of Wyoming, and the colonists' destruction of their settlement of Onoquaga. The Tories were angry that they were out of tea bags.
1675 – Monday Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five…..Groucho Marx……… German mathematician, Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x). He introduced several notations used in calculus to this day, for instance the integral sign "+ representing an elongated S from the Latin word summa and the d used for differentials from the Latin word differentia. Integral calculus is part of infinitesimal calculus, which in addition also comprises differential calculus. In general, infinitesimal calculus is the part of mathematics concerned with finding tangent lines to curves, areas under curves, minima and maxima, and other geometric and analytic problems. Isaac Newton and Leibnitz, working independently, get credit for the development of calculus. Newton considered variables changing with time, Leibniz thought of the variables x and y as ranging over sequences of infinitely close values. He introduced dx and dy as differences between successive values of these sequences. Leibniz knew that dy/dx gives the tangent but he did not use it as a defining property. On the other hand, Newton used quantities x' and y', which were finite velocities, to compute the tangent. Of course neither Leibniz nor Newton thought in terms of functions, but both always thought in terms of graphs. For Newton the calculus was geometrical while Leibniz took it towards analysis. Got it?
1729- Friday BOTANY, n. The science of vegetables—those that are not good to eat, as well as those that are. It deals largely with their flowers, which are commonly badly designed, inartistic in color, and ill-smelling…….Ambrose Bierce …….Joyeux Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, Louis Antoine de Bougainville French navigator and scientist, born in Paris. Bougainville was elected to the British Royal Society in 1754 in recognition of a work on calculus that he wrote at age 25. Bougainville was un gars occupé as he was an accomplished scholar and also a man of action who fought in the Seven Years War and explored the Pacific Ocean. He made a voyage around the world from1767–69 and visited many of the islands of the South Pacific and compiling a scientific record of his findings. The largest of the Solomon Islands is named after him, as is the colorful tropical climbing plant, Bougainvillia.
1743 – Monday What does a botanist sleep on? A monocot……….Grattis pŒ fšdelsedagen /Happy Birthday Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish botanist, entomologist, and psychologist born in Jönköping. He was a student of Carolus Linnaeus. A traveler too, Thunberg spent 3 years in South Africa where he collected over over 3000 species of plants, about a third of these were new to science and several gave him a rash.
1790- Thursday A chrysanthemum by any other name would be a lot easier to spell…..Robert C. Savage……….. Speaking of Botany – see Bougainville above - “Mums the word” - chrysanthemums were introduced into England from China. The flowering herb was described in writings as early as the 15th Century B.C. In 1753 Swedish botantist, Carolus Linnaeus had combined the Greek words chrysos, meaning gold with anthemon, meaning flower. These hardy plants have since been found native in Japan, northern Africa, and southern Europe. Their flowers come in every color except blue.
1821 – Sunday If God does not exist, then everything is permitted……. S dniom razhdjenia!/Happy Birthday, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist born in Moscow (Oct. 30 O.S calendar) He almost didn’t get to write Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, and The Brothers Karamazov as in 1849, Dostoevsky was arrested with other members of radical group and was sentenced to death. He was placed in solitary confinement in the Petropavlovsky Fortress for eight months. During this time, Tsar Nikolai I changed his sentence but ordered that this change only be announced at the last minute. On December 22, Dostoevsky and his fellow prisoners were led through all the initial steps of execution, and several of them were already tied to posts awaiting their deaths when the reprieve was sounded. This was followed by 4 years of hard labor in Siberia. No wonder he was a tad gloomy.
1831 –Friday Turner's insurrection effectively put an end to what lingering support for emancipation remained in the South, and led directly to ever more stringent restrictions on blacks, as well as on whites who dared to publicly challenge the institution of slaver……Fergus M. Bordewich…….. Nat Turner kaput. Nat Turner, the leader of a bloody slave revolt. and 75 followers had rampaged through Southampton County, Virginia attempting to instigate a general slave rebellion – which only lasted two days - while, killing about 60 whites. Turner was hanged in Jerusalem, the county seat. The aftermath included the execution of 56 blacks accused of being part of Turner's slave rebellion. In addition, two hundred blacks were also beaten and killed by white militias and mobs reacting with violence. Across south, state legislators passed new laws prohibiting education of slaves and free blacks, restricting rights of assembly and other civil rights for free blacks, and requiring white ministers ( with big gigantic hair weaves) to be present at black worship services.
1834 –Tuesday and 1858
– Thursday Goin' to
1851- Tuesday Be it known that I, ALVAN CLARK, of Cambridge, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Telescopes; and I do hereby declare that the same is fully described and represented in the following specification and accompanying drawings, letters, figures, and references thereof. …….Even though telescopes had been around since Galileo in 1610, yhe first U.S. patent for a telescope design was issued to Alvan Clark of Cambridge, Mass. - No. 8,509. Clark was a portrait painter who was interested in astronomy and had made several small lenses and mirrors as a hobby. The first observatories built in the U.S. were equipped with telescopes from Europe. Alvan Clark, along with his sons Alvan Graham Clark and George Basset Clark, improved on them and they became the world's preeminent makers of telescopes in the second half of the 19th century. Their company, Alvan Clark & Sons, built instruments for almost every American observatory as well as some overseas. Five times the Clarks beat their own record by making the lens for the world's biggest refracting telescope. That’s a 36” refractor telescope made my Clark at the Lick Observatory.
1875 -Thursday Happy Birthday, Vesto Melvin Slipher American astronomer born in Mulberry, Indiana. Slipher while working at the Lowell Observatory – Arizona -1912 took spectrographic readings of distant stars and discovered that they appeared to be moving away from us. He discovered that the universe isn’t static………it is moving.
Slipher discovered a red shift – light moving away from us shifts toward the red end of the spectrum. Light coming towards us shifts to blue. Unfortunately…….At the time, the Lowell Observatory was focused on Percival Lowell’s obsession with canals on Mars.Without Vesto Slipher there would have been no Edward Hubble.
1880 –Thursday More men than I have put men to death, but I am the last man in the world that would take a man's life. Two years ago — even if my own life was at stake — and I am confident, if I thought a man would shoot me — I would give him a chance of keeping his life, and would part with my own; but if I knew that through him innocent persons' lives were at stake, I certainly would have to shoot him if he forced me to do so; but I would want to know that he was really going to take my innocent life….49 years later, same day Nat Turner was hanged……..Australian bushranger (An outlaw living in the Australian bush), Ned Kelly was hanged at Melbourne Gaol. Kelly and his gang - brother Dan, and Joe Byrne and Steve Hart -were infamous through Australia in the 1870s for highway robbery, bank swindles and battles with local police. In 1878, the gang also constructed unusual bullet-proof, plate-metal armor and helmets from farm tools, which gave them their trademark look – think of the Monty Python knight in Holy Grail that had his arms and leg cut off. Kelly and the gang became Australian folk heroes.
1885 –Wednesday Keep on advancing… whether we go over, under, or through the enemy…..Happy Birthday, George Patton, American General born in San Gabriel, California. During the first World War (see 1918 below) Patton was deployed to the Western Front in France where he served under General John Pershing before being given command of 304th Tank Brigade. He was known as "Blood & Guts" for his hard-driving discipline, which paid off in lower casualties and great success on the battlefield. In WWII, he led the U.S. 7th Army in its invasion of Sicily and swept across northern France at the head of the 3rd Army in the summer of 1944. Late that same year, Patton’s forces played a key role in defeating the German counterattack in the Battle of the Bulge, as he turned the entire army around in 24 hours to meet the Nazi assaul, after which he led them across the Rhine River and into Germany, capturing 10,000 miles of territory and liberating the country from the Nazi regime. He was also an outspoken critic of the Soviets. Openly saying he would like to fight the Communists. Patton is now considered one of the greatest military figures in history.
1887 – Friday No power on Earth can rob the working man of his knowledge of how to make bombs- and that knowledge he possesses…..George Engel, Haymarket defendant….. Big day for executions as Anarchist Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel were executed. During a May 4, 1886 labor protest, organized by labor radicals to protest the killing and wounding of several workers by the Chicago police during a strike the day before at the McCormick Reaper Works, at Haymarket Square in Chicago, someone threw a bomb at the police. Eight people were killed and over 100 injured. Police arrested hundreds of people, but never determined the identity of the bomb thrower. Amidst public clamor for revenge, however, eight anarchists, including prominent speakers and writers, were tried for murder. It wasn’t much of a trial. The judge and jurors were prejudiced against the defendants of whom only 2 were American born. The rest were from Germany.
1889 –Monday ……..Washington
1904- Friday A mathematical proof must be perspicuous. ….. Ludwig Wittgenstein…..Happy Birthday, John Henry Constantine Whitehead British mathematician born in Chennai, India. Whitehead greatly influenced the development of homotopy theory - a special kind of mapping of topological spaces). His work in differential geometry included the paper “On the Covering of a Complete Space by the Geodesics Through a Point” which contained pioneering contributions to this area of mathematics. Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five….Groucho Marx….. He later moved on to Algebraic Topology which we think is near Cleveland.
1918- Monday But fame is theirs - and future days
– Friday Here Rests
1922 – Saturday So It Goes …….Happy Birthday, Kurt Vonnegut, American soldier, author, and academic born in Indianapolis. On December 14, 1944, Vonnegut was captured during the Battle of the Bulge- see George Patton, 1885 above- He was held as a POW during the pattern bombing of Dresden, a beautiful German city with no major industries or military presence. Vonnegut and the other POWs were some of the only survivors. They waited out the bombing in a meat cellar deep under a slaughterhouse. See Slaughter House Five,or The Children’s Crusade, A Duty-Dance With Death, his masterpiece. Famed for his satirical literary style, as well as the science fiction elements in much of his work. Vonnegut also wrote, Cat’s Cradle , Sirens of Titan and Breakfast of Champions.
1925 –Wednesday Indeed, nothing more beautifully simplifying has ever happened in the history of science than the whole series of discoveries culminating about 1914 which finally brought practically universal acceptance to the theory that the material world contains but two fundamental entities, namely, positive and negative electrons, exactly alike in charge, but differing widely in mass, the positive electron—now usually called a proton—being 1850 times heavier than the negative, now usually called simply the electron. …….Happy Birthday, Robert A. Millikan American physicist born in Morrison, Illinois. Millikan coined the name of "cosmic rays" as he announced his discovery of same. He had received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1923 for his study of the elementary electronic charge and the photoelectric effect, two major achievements - the first was measuring the charge of the electron in his famous oil-drop experiment balancing the downward gravitational force and the upward electrical and buoyant forces of charged oil droplets suspended between two metal plates. and the, 2nd, verifying Einstein's prediction of the relationship between light frequency and electron energy in the photoelectric effect, a phenomenon in which electrons are emitted from matter after the absorption of energy from electromagnetic radiation such as x-rays or visible light.
1924 –Tuesday She still comes back--stands by the stove thar in the evenin'--she can't find it nateral sleepin' an' restin' in peace. She can't git used t' bein' free--even in her grave ….Eben………….The original New York production of Eugene O'Neill's Desire Under the Elms opened at the Greenwich Village Theatre. Starring Walter Huston, Charles Ellis and Mary Morris, it would run for 49 weeks. Desire Under the Elms draws from Euripides’ Hippolytus and Jean Racine’s Phèdre, both of which feature a father returning home with a new wife who falls in love with her stepson…..always a popular theme. It wasn’t popular everywhere as first Los Angeles cast was arrested for performing an obscene work. That’s Los Angeles, home of Hollywood, thespian spawning ground of Paris Hilton, Steven Seagal, Krisin Stewart, Keanu Reeves, oy, we could go on and on……….
1926 –Thursday If you ever plan to motor west. Travel my way, the highway that's the
1930 – Tuesday We gotta move these refrigerators …..Dire Straits……….Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator. Instead of cooling the interior of the refrigerator with freon — a serious contributor to global warming — Einstein's design used ammonia, butane and water. It also required very little energy. The refrigerator never went into production. The invention came about when Einstein read about a family that was poisoned by a sulfur dioxide-emitting refrigerator.
1930 –Tuesday Happy Birthday, Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician born in Washinton D.C. Everett was a brilliant mathematician, a quantum theorist and, later, a successful defense contractor . He introduced a new conception of authenticity to physics. Science-fiction aficionados will be forever indebted to him as, the man who invented a quantum theory of multiple universes through his a famous paper Relative State Formulation of Quantum Mechanics, on the foundations of quantum mechanics describing what has become known as the ‘many worlds’ interpretation.
1933 – Saturday In the souls of the people the grapes of wrath are filling and growing heavy, growing heavy for the vintage……. John Steinbeck…….Dust Bowl – not a football game. In this one the winner gets to survive. Strong winds stripped the topsoil from the drought affected farms of South Dakota and within two days, dust from the storm had reached all the way to Albany, New York (of course, being Albany, they immediately put a tax on it). This was just one of a number of winds that took topsoil from farmland due to the soil turning into dust through severe drought. Houses were shut tight, and cloth wedged around doors and windows, but the dust came in so thinly that it could not be seen in the air, and it settled like pollen on the chairs and tables, on the dishes…Steinbeck……Out of adversity, many changes in farming practices were developed from these periods of time including introduction of hedges and other soil conservation techniques . The jet stream normally flows west over the Gulf of Mexico and turns northward pulling up moisture and dumping rain onto the Great Plains. As the jet stream weakened and changed course, it traveled farther south than normal starving the Midwest of precious rain. The number and severity of dust storms increased over the next two years as the severe drought continued turning 100,000,000 acres of previously fertile farming land into dust bowls forcing farmers and their families to leave their land. The worst effected states were Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, South Dakota and Kansas.
1935-Monday Well, the odds must be against anybody being able to fly around the world in a balloon on the first attempt. All of us who are attempting to go around the world in balloons are effectively flying in experimental craft because these craft cannot be tested. …..Richard Branson……A then record 72,395 feet was reached by Lt. Col. Albert William Stevens and Capt. Orvil Anderson, by helium balloon in a sealed gondola, Explorer II. They were high enough to see the curvature of the Earth. This set a sub-stratosphere record that stood for 21 years until Malcolm D. Ross and Victor E. Prather went 113,740 feet over the Gulf of Mexico in 1961. They also almost set a record for distance traveled as the Ross, ever the practical joker, stuck a pin in the balloon and they whooshed and zig zagged all over the Caribbean, southern U.S.A, Central America, Venezuela, and Bermuda before landing in Tierra del Fuego. Of course in October 2003, a 46-year-old man from England made it into the record books by setting a new world record for a flight powered by party balloons. Ian Ashpole, reached a height of 11,000ft, while strapped to 600 balloons in a harness.
1938 – Thursday- God bless america, land that I love,
1940 – Monday Why does the New Italian navy have glass bottom boats? To see the Old Italian Navy! …..Henny Youngman……. Off by one vowel while looking for a city in Canada, came the Battle of Taranto - a coastal city in Puglia, Southern Italy- as the Royal Navy launched the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto. British Swordfish – not the password but torpedo planes, eft the battleship Conte di Cavour kaput and the battleships Littorio and Caio Duilio heavily damaged. They also badly damaged a heavy cruiser. British losses were only two Swordfish. In one night, the Royal Navy had succeeded in halving the Italian battleship fleet and had gained a tremendous advantage in the Mediterranean. As a result of the strike, the Italians withdrew the bulk of their fleet farther north to Naples and toured Pompeii.
1940 Monday - Reporter Johnny Layton: [to Dr. Paul Carruthers] Not so funny when it's your own jugular vein that's in danger. Is it, doc? The premiere of The Devil Bat, starring…a stretch for him…..Bela Lugosi as …no, not vampire, a mad scientist who develops a lotion that causes bats to attack anyone wearing it. Also on hand for the fun were, well no one we ever heard of and IMDb doesn’t even have their pictures in the cast listing.
1943 Thursday Even with Jimmy Savo in the cast and George Balanchine as director, it was not an auspicious debut ….Stanley Green…………The songwriting team of Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe made their Broadway debut with a now-forgotten musical, What's Up?, which starred Jimmy Savo and was directed by (later) famed choreographer George Balanchine. It lasted just 63 performances at the National Theatre. If at first you don’t succeed……the team went on to write Brigadoon, Camelot and My Fair Lady, among other shows.
1958 – Tuesday
Come on baby
1963- Monday Dear kindly Sergeant Krupke,
1966- Friday There is just one thing I can promise you about the outer-space program - your tax-dollar will go further…..Wernher Von Braun……Astronauts James Lovell – who would become famous for commanding the aborted Apollo 13 Moon mission in 1970, and Buzz Aldrin, who would become the second man on the Moon in July 1969, completed the last of the two-man Gemini flights, Gemini 12. The principal goal of the Gemini missions was to work on docking procedures with another space craft that would be necessary for return to Earth after Moon landings. The Gemini-Titan achieved low earth orbit and docked with its Agena target vehicle which had been placed aloft only an hour and a half earlier. Aldrin then spent over five hours working outside the spacecraft….before Lovell would let him back in only if he promised to “do the dishes”. There were also 14 scientific experiments were frog egg growth under zero-g, synoptic terrain photography, synoptic weather photography, nuclear emulsions, airglow horizon photography, UV astronomical photography, and dim sky photography. The frog egg growth had unpleasant side effects as on return to Earth, the tadpoles mutated, escaped to the wild and would eventually reappear as people who pass wind in their airplane seats.
1967-Saturday Ro ro ro ro ro ro ro rosey,
1973-Sunday I'm a
1978 - Saturday Just'a good ol' boys
1978 - Saturday – ……MacArthur's Park
is melting in the dark
I don't think that I can take it
1982- Thursday From the very beginning I often wondered, if it had not been an anonymous entry 1026 but rather an entry by Maya Lin, would I have been selected?....The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, designed by twenty one year old Chinese-American architect, Maya Lin, was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C. It would be dedicated on Nov. 13. There are 58,191 names are inscribed in chronological order of the date of the casualty on the a V-shaped wall showing the war as a series of individual human sacrifices and giving each name a special place in history. Several of the names on the wall are those of friends of Professor Sy Yentz. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was built without government funds. Jan C. Scruggs, a wounded Vietnam War vet, was the moving force. All donations, however, came from the private sector. And celebrities, notably, Bob Hope helped with fundraising, and by 1981 over275,000 Americans, along with corporations, foundations, veterans groups, civic organizations and labor unions, had given $8.4 million to the project
1987 Wednesday Now I still have to tell you that the exhibition of the Indépendents is open, and that your two pictures are there, the "Irises" and "The Starlit Night." The latter is hung badly, for one cannot put oneself at a sufficient distance, as the room is very narrow, but the other one makes an extremely good showing. They have put it on the narrow wall of the room, and it strikes the eye from afar. It is a beautiful study full of air and life. Vincent Van Gogh letter to his brother, Theo………Sotheby's ( U.S.A. ) sold the painting "Irises" by Vincent Van Gogh for the then record price of $49m….with the 10% commission, the buyer paid over 53 million. “Irises” was painted in 1889 during the artist's first week at the asylum at St.-Remy. The painting is currently on display at the Getty Museum, Los Angeles. Van Gogh (supposedly) sold only one painting in his lifetime, “The Red Vineyard,” for 400 Francs to the impressionist painter and heiress Anna Boch
1988 Friday The sewer's backed up …..Dorothea Puente (explanation of the smell at her house)……….Apparently, Ms. Puente’s boarders did not check out. Well, they checked out, but they didn’t leave. On this day police found them residing under the Puente lawn at 2100 F Street in Sacramento, California. Puente cashed the Social Security checks of her elderly and mentally disabled boarders. Those who complained were poisoned and buried in her yard. Seven bodies were eventually found. Puente was charged with a total of nine murders, convicted of three, two life sentences, and died in prison in 2011.
1988 – Friday It isn't easy to become a fossil. ... Only about one bone in a billion, it is thought, becomes fossilized. If that is so, it means that the complete fossil legacy of all the Americans alive today - that's 270 million people with 206 bones each - will only be about 50 bones, one-quarter of a complete skeleton. That's not to say, of course, that any of these bones will ever actually be found …..Bill Bryson…….The oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) were reported in Science. They appeared to be actresses Joan Collins and Faye Dunaway. Professor Sy Yentz has his entomological sense of humor. The well-preserved specimens were discovered in a chunk of mudstone on the north shore of Quebec's Gaspe Bay. They were described as a bristletail, a member of the most primitive order of insects and a distant relative of the silverfish that infest modern households. It is also the oldest record of terrestrial animal life from North America, surpassing Larry King. The findings pointed to the possible emergence of land animals in the late Silurian period of geologic time, from 421 million to 408 million years ago.
1992 – Wednesday It strongly affirms that the gifts which women bring to the ordained ministry are quite significant and complement the priesthood in a way that has been needed for many, many centuries. ….Bishop David E. Johnson…..The General Synod of the Church of England voted to allow women to become priests. After approving draft legislation in 1988, the snail like pace of progress came to 38 out of 44 Diocesan Synods voted in favor, in General Synod and in Convocation, the measure to permit women to be ordained as priests where it received the necessary two-thirds majority in all three Houses. General Synod also approved a measure providing for financial provision for clergy who resigned their offices over the theological issue of women's ordination.
1994 –Friday Louis - Her blood coursed through my veins sweeter than life itself. And as it did, Lestat's words made sense to me. I knew peace only when I killed and when I heard her heart in that terrible rhythm, I knew again what peace could be. ……54 years after Devil Bat - see 1940 above - Interview with the Vampire made its debut. The movie stayed fairly faithful to Ann Rice’s novel. Less fortunate was the casting, notably Tom Cruise as Lestat which was painful to watch. Also on hand for the fun were Brad Pitt, Antonio Bandaras, Kirsten Dunst, Stephen Rea, and Christian Slater for the 123 minutes of period gloom.
2000 Saturday A spark neglected makes a mighty fire..Robert Herrick…… 155 skiers died in cable-car fire and only 12 people survived the accident at the Alpine resort of Kaprun when fire raced through the cable car inside a tunnel. The cable train was in a steep, narrow underground tunnel nearly two miles long which carries skiers up Mount Kitzsteinhorn in the ski resort of Kaprun, south of Salzburg. In 2004 a court in Austria acquitted 16 people charged over the fire - mainly train operators, suppliers and inspectors. The judge in Salzburg ruled there was insufficient evidence to find them to blame for the blaze. The disaster was blamed on a faulty heater. A report by experts found the heater, at the back of the train, ignited oil dripping from a system for hydraulic brakes. The fire then spread to the plastic-coated floor.
2004 – Thursday He lied all the time. And he knew it. I'd say, 'Abu Ammar [Yasser Arafat's war name], cut the crap. Let's talk serious.' And then he could either talk serious or not talk serious. He'd say nonsense…….Terje Roed Larsen …..Palestinian leader and terrorist, Yasser Arafat died in Paris at age 75. Presumably he went straight to hell. He was diagnosed with a serious blood disorder and died of a stroke on 8 November 2004 There was an attempt to blame it on radiation exposure, by Swiss and French investigators following accusations by Al Jazeers (an unbiased source if ever there was one) meaning it was murder but the Russians, who have some experience in radiation poisoning of dissidents, in a 3rd investigation said no, it was death by natural causes
2008 – Tuesday I know always that I am an outsider; a stranger in this century and among those who are still men…..H.P. Lovecraft ……..RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) set sail on her final voyage to Dubai. It was built in Scotland in 1967 but sold to Dubai in 2008 for £70million. The Dubsters planned to turn the former pride of the Cunard Line into a luxury hotel but the world- wide financial collapse of 2008 put kibosh on that brilliant idea. In 2013 there was another, even more final voyage as the ship was sold to different Arabs. We last heard of it being sent to Singapore for refitting as a hotel.
1330 –Sunday Ambush in the night,
1439 –Tuesday I was eight years old and running
with a dime in my hand
1602 – Tuesday Of all the dilapidated, miserable-looking places I have ever seen, this was the worst...an altogether dreary, sunblasted point of departure for nowhere.......
Mary Chase Walker, San Diego’s first school teacher, 1865………….
Burnt Corn, no - Toad Suck, no - Skidoo & Weed,no - Slaughter Beach, no - Kickapoo, no - Gnaw Bone, no………How about naming it San Diego? Sebastian Viscaino landed at and named San Diego, California. You thought it’s slow travel with airline delays? Vizcaíno left Mexico City on March 7, 1602, and arrived in Acapulco on the 19th, watched some cliff diving, bought shot glasses that said Sebastian’s Bar, and then sailed on May 5. They reached Cabo San Lucas on June 8, where they were forced to abandon the long boat and turn it into a beach front condo. They finally reached San Diego on November 10--a voyage of six months and five days! San Diego was chosen as the name of the port for the feast of San Diego de Alcalá on November 12.
1775 Sunday Let us separate, they are unworthy to be our Brethren. Let us renounce them and instead of supplications as formerly for their prosperity and happiness, Let us beseech the almighty to blast their councils and bring to Nought all their devices ……Abigail Adams, letter to John. Abigail was miffed after madcap King George III rejected the Olive Branch Petition which expressed hope for reconciliation between the colonies and Great Britain.
1793 – Tuesday How many biologists does it take to change a light bulb? Four. One to change it and three to write the environmental-impact statement. ……..Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!/Happy Birthday, Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz, Livonian physician and botanist born in Dorpat. Eschscholtz participated in a circumnavigation of the globe sponsored by Russian Tsarina, Catherine the Great. Under the command of Captain Otto von Kotzebue, the object of the voyage was……..surprise!.... to search for a northern passage between the Pacific and Atlantic, meanwhile exploring the coast of North America and the Pacific Ocean. Eschscholtz was the naturalist.
1793 –Tuesday A l'exemple de Saturne, la révolution dévore ses enfants…. Jacques Mallet du Pan….Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, was guillotined. To think that nowadays impeachement is a big deal. Lavoisier wasn’t the only scientist to bite the dust during the madness of the French Revolution. Bailly was an astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet in 1759 and for his studies of the four known satellites of Jupiter. Elected deputy from Paris to the Estates-General, he was led the famous proceedings in the Tennis Court on June 20. He was proclaimed the first mayor of Paris on July 15, 1789.
1795 – Thursday An old
farmer and his wife lived near the village
1799 – Tuesday …. whole heaven appeared as if illuminated with sky rockets, flying in an infinity of directions, and I was in constant expectation of some of them falling on the vessel. They continued until put out by the light of the sun after day break…….The first record of a meteor shower in North America, as Andrew Ellicott Douglass, an early American astronomer born in Vermont, witnessed the Leonids meteor shower from a ship off the Florida Keys. Douglass was looking up while listening to Wasted Away in Margaritaville. The Leonids meteor shower – which appears out of the constellation Leo, is an annual event that is greatly enhanced every 33 years or so by the appearance of the comet Tempel-Tuttle. When the comet returns, the Leonids can produce rates of up to several thousand meteors per hour that can light up the sky on a clear night.
1815 – Sunday … I would have girls regard themselves not as adjectives but as nouns ……Happy Birthday, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American suffragette born in Johnstown, New York. In 1848, Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the first Woman’s Rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York. She wrote “The Declaration of Sentiments,” calling for changes in law and society - educational, legal, political, social and economic - to elevate women’s status, and demanding the right to vote. Those present at the convention signed the Declaration. In 1868, she worked with Susan B. Anthony on the Revolution, a weekly paper. The two then formed the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) in 1869. Stanton was the NWSA’s first president - a position she held until 1890. She also found time to have 7 children.
1833 – Tuesday Respectable people do not write music or make love as a career……….S dniom razhdjenia! Happy Birthday, Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist born in St. Petersburg. Chemist/Composer is an interesting mix. Borodin earned a doctorate in organic chemistry with his dissertation "On the analogy of arsenic acid with phosphoric acid in chemical and toxicological behaviour." He also did advanced research on aldehydes and in 1872, discovered the "Aldol-reaction/condensation" - an organic reaction in which an enolate ion reacts with a carbonyl compound to form a ß-hydroxyaldehyde or ß-hydroxyketone, followed by dehydration to give a conjugated enone. Why a child of five could understand this. Someone fetch a child of five……….Groucho Marx…..He studied piano and taught himself the cello. Borodin became part of the so-called "Mighty Five" or "Mighty Handful," a loose group of composers who aimed to write a "Russian" music, as opposed to a "German" one. It took him four years to complete his first symphony. He is also famous for two string quartets, and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the musical Kismet
1840 – Thursday I choose a block of marble and chop off whatever I don't need…. Joyeux Anniversaire/Happy Birthday, August Rodin, French sculptor, born in Paris. He is considered to be one of the greatest and most prolific sculptors of the 19th and 20th centuries. He is best known for is best known for Le Baiser 1886 and The Thinker 1880, of which there seem to be thousands of them. Success came late. He worked as a decorative bricklayer for nearly two decades, from the late 1850s to late 1870s. He esculpted his first piece, The Vanquished (renamed "The Age of Bronze"), which was exhibited in 1878.
1842- Saturday But oh they
love to watch him strut
1847 –Friday ….the lady to whom it was first exhibited during parturition had been previously delivered in the country by perforation of the head of the infant, after a labour of three days duration. Three hours and a half after labour commenced, I placed her under the influence of the chloroform by moistening with half a teaspoonful of the liquid, a pocket-handkerchief rolled up into a funnel shape and with a broad or open end of the funnel placed over her mouth and nostrils. The child was expelled in about 25 minutes after the inhalation was begun……(In gratitude the child was baptised ‘Anaesthesia')……….. In Great Britain, Sir James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician and the father of modern anesthetics, (note: ancient anesthetics usually consisted of getting the patient very drunk) used chloroform ("perchloride of formyle") for the first time as an anesthetic in an operation. The obstetric procedure was performed on the wife of Dr Carstairs of Edinburgh and the report was published in the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh in 1847. Simpson had already been using ether – in January of 1847-, but soon began searching for an anesthetic that was less of an irritant (sort of like watching Meet the Press) He was not the first to use chloroform but it was his advocacy which led to its acceptance. In fact, in 1853 and 1857 John Snow, the royal anesthetist, delivered Queen Victoria's children with the aid of chloroform possibly because he didn’t want her to faint when she saw the rather ugly children she was producing. Note: Anna Sthetic was a Greek Philosopher who put everyone to sleep with her boring soliloquies
1864 Saturday You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end…………The destruction of Atlanta began. Atlanta was the gateway through which most of the traffic passed between the south Atlantic seaboard and the regions to the west, and the city became a major prize during the Civil War. General William Tecumseh Sherman captured the city in September after a five-month campaign, but he knew he couldn’t hold it for long, as his army’s supply line ran hundreds of miles back to Nashville, Tennessee. He ordered the business district of Atlanta, Georgia, destroyed before he embarks on his famous March to the Sea.
1866 –Monday It is only after mature deliberation and thorough preparation that I have decided upon the Program of Revolution and defined the procedure of the revolution in three stages. The first is the period of military government; the second, the period of political tutelage; and the third, the period of constitutional government. …….Sun Yat Fai Lok!/Happy Birthday, Sun Yat-sen, Chinese physician and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China born in Cuiheng village, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province. He was leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang and is known as the father of modern China. Sun Yat-sen was influential in overthrowing the Manchu dynasty, served as the first provisional president of the Republic of China and later as de facto ruler from 1923–25.
A million million spermatozoa,
1891Thursday Seth Barnes Nicholson was an American astronomer best known for discovering four satellites of Jupiter. As a graduate student at the University of California, while photographing the recently-discovered 8th moon of Jupiter with the 36-inch Crossley reflector, he discovered a 9th (1914). During his life career at Mt.Wilson Observatory, he discovered two more Jovian satellites (1938) and the 12th (1951), as well as a Trojan asteroid, and computed orbits of several comets and of Pluto.
1892 – Saturday If a man watches three football games in a row, he should be declared legally dead…..Erma Bombeck ………..Joe Montana? John Elway? Brett Farve? Tom Brady? Johnny Unitas? Bronco Nagurski? ......The first professional football player was William "Pudge" Heffelfinger. Heffelfinger was paid $500 as ringer by Pittsburgh’s Allegheny Athletic Association $500 to play in the S game against its rival Pittsburgh Athletic Club. The payment did not become public for almost 80 years until the Pro Football Hall of Fame received and displayed a document – an expense accounting sheet of the Allegheny Athletic Association that clearly shows a "game performance bonus to W. Heffelfinger for playing (cash) $500. In the pre-Heffelfinger era players had traded their services on the field for expense money, "double expenses," or knickknacks that players could pawn back to the team--but no one had ever openly accepted a cash payment to play football. Heffelfinger scored the game's only touchdown when he forced a fumble, recovered it, and ran 25 yards into the endzone. Touchdowns counted four points in 1892, so Allegheny won 4-0. Pudge went on to become a prominent insurance executive and congressman from Minnesota.
1894 –Monday Used as kites, these rigid stable aeroplanes are superior to the very best cellular kites I can make; they are lighter, pull harder per square foot, attain a greater angle of elevation, and have fewer parts…..Lawrence Hargrave……Australian, Lawrence Hargrave achieved flight thanks to a train of four of his "cellular kites". He had connected four huge box kites (a kite shaped like a box open at both ends ) together, added a sling seat, and flew - attached to the ground by piano wire. The Hargrave-designed box kite was to provide the theoretical wing model that allowed the development of the first generation of European (and American) airplanes. Hargrave developed several styles of kites and gliders, refined and developed the concept of curved surface wings, and also invented the rotary engine. He never patented any of his inventions, preferring them to be available for the advancement of mankind.
1906 Monday ….But I ain't up to my baby tonight
1912 –Tuesday …Had we lived, I should have had a tale to tell of the hardihood, endurance, and courage of my companions which would have stirred the heart of every Englishman. These rough notes and our dead bodies must tell the tale, but surely, surely, a great rich country like ours will see that those who are dependent on us are properly provided for. …..Robert Falcon Scott, final entry in journal………..Talk about a run of bad luck. The body of explorer Robert Scott was discovered in a tent by a mission sent to find them. Scott and two companions were in the tent, two others had died in a few days earlier. Scott had gone kaput eight months earlier after reaching the South Pole, and finding that Roald Amundsen and a team of Norwegian had beaten them to the pole by four weeks. So, Scott endured months of hardship to be the first at the South Pole and then found someone had beaten him to it , then died on the journey back. Scott left behind letters and a journal detailing the disastrous northward trek.
1926 – Friday If Barbie is so popular, why do you have to buy her friends?.....Steven Wright…..Happy Birthday, Jack Ryan, American inventor. He redesigned the Barbie doll, which had been invented by Ruth Handler in 1959. Ryan also developed Hot Wheels, Chatty Cathy, and military missiles, the Hawk and Sparrow. Dr. Ryan invented the joints that allowed Barbie to bend at the waist and the knee. He actually sued Mattel Toy Company seeking recognition as inventor of the Barbie Doll but lost. Before he designed that very first Barbie, Ryan worked at the Pentagon He was also the sixth husband of serial bride, actress Zsa Zsa Gabor but found the Barbie doll had a higher I.Q.
1927 – Saturday The light at the end of the tunnel is not an illusion. The tunnel is. ……..The Holland Tunnel, (a twin-tube design by Clifford Holland, a pioneer in tunnel construction opened. In 1919, Holland became chief engineer of the tunnel that eventually bore his name connecting New Jersey and New York – under the Hudson River. It officially opened on November 13 at midnight. However on this day, after an opening ceremony, 20,000 people walked the 9,250 feet length of the tunnel from shore to shore, of which 5,480-ft runs under the river. The trip took five hours since most people didn’t have E Z Pass and had wait in line at the cash lanes.
1927 Saturday These
last few weeks of holding on
1931 – Thursday Well, you can't have everything and doubtless the Leafs will show better hockey when a bit of the shine wears off on the new furniture. Any way, it was a great house warming and those who were in charge of handling the monster crowds, both inside and out, deserve credit for the minimum of inconvenience which was caused to customers ……The Evening Telegram ……Maple Leaf Gardens opened in Toronto as the Chicago Blackhawks beat the Leafs, 2-1. The first goal in Maple Leaf Gardens was scored by Chicago's Mush Marsh at 2:30 of the first period. From 1946-1990 there wasn't an unsold seat in the arena during Leafs Games. The last Leafs game at the Gardens was played Feb 13, 1999. It’s still there although lately as a Loblaws grocery store and an athletic facility for Ryerson University.
1933 – Sunday Four Sundays ago after church I went for my usual walk near where the river enters the Loch. The Loch was like a mill pond and the sun shining brightly. An object of considerable dimensions rose out of the water not very far from where I was. I immediately got my camera ready and snapped the object which was two or three feet above the surface of the water. I did not see any head, for what I took to be the front parts were under the water, but there was considerable movement from what seemed to be the tail, the part furthest from me. The object only appeared for a few minutes then sank out of sight. ……Around noon, near the mouth of river Foyers, Hugh Gray took the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster. Gray was walking back from church when he saw an “object of considera